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Full text of "Historical sketch of the old Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, during its three campaigns in 1861, 1862, 1863, and 1864. Containing the history of the several companies previous to 1861, and the name and military record of each man connected with the regiment during the war"

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Old Sixth Regiment 

ouRma ITS 


IN 1861, 1862, 1863, AND 1864 





By JOHN W, HANSON, Chaplain. 

IliLUSTl^A'^ED BV PilOrooi'.Jfc'liS. 



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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1865, by 


In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the DiBtrict of Massachusetts. 

CambriOgc ^rcBS. 

T)AKIX AND Metcat 

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Thb Frontispiece. At the top of the page is a photograph of Nefd- 
HAM, and under him is his monument in Lawrence. On the left hand is 
Whitkey, on the right is Ladd, with the Lowell monument between. 

OoL. Jones, his Field and Staff. Dr. Paine occupies the upper left- 
hand corner; Lizzie Jones, the Daughter of the Regiment, is next; and Q. 
M. Monroe is next. Below Dr. Paine, is Lieut. -Col. Watson; Col. Jones is 
next; and Maj. Sawtell is next. On the lower left-hand corner is Dr. 
Smith; Adj. Farr is next to him; and Chaplain Babbidge is on the right- 
hand lower comer. 

CoL. Follansbee, his Field and Staff. Dr. Sargent is at the top 
of the page; Q. M. Cobum is below on the left of him. Dr. Pinkham, on 
right of him ; and Q. M. Farrar, immediately under him. On the left, 
under Q. M. Cobum, is Maj. Allen; and on the right is Adj. Coleman. 
Col. Follansbee fills the centre of the picture. Dr. Buraham on the right, 
and Chaplain Hanson on the left. Lt.-Col. Beal is below Col. Follansbee, 
on the left of the page, and Maj. Stott on the right. Immediately under 
the colonel, is Q. M. Wise. Dr. Humphrey is on the left-hand lower 
corner, and Dr. Bass on the right-hand lower comer. 

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The author has endeavored to keep pace with the rapid 
changes that have taken place during the progress of these 
pages through the press ; and he believes he has recorded 
most of those relating to the members of the regiment. 
The rosters have been shown to a large number of officers 
and men, and he has sought to make them as complete as 
possible. He has given a plain, unvarnished account of 
the adventures of the regiment during its three campaigns ; 
and he believes that it is as nearly a literal record of the 
transactions it professes to narrate as it is possible to write. 
Nothing has been omitted that the most careful inquiry 
could elicit, and no attempt has been made to exercise the 
imagination. He sends his sketch forth, commending it, 
with his best wishes, to those whose acquaintance and 
friendship he will ever value, — the present and past mem- 
bers of 
The Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers. 

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^t ^xet P0itt^s' Campion. 

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%^t Cl^m p;0irtl^s' Campfaign. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 



N the history of the greatest, as well as most 
groundless, rebellion that ever convulsed the 
earth, the part performed by the Sixth Regi- 
ment of Massachusetts Volunteers will always 
occupy an honorable place ; for it was fortunate 
enough to furnish the first hero-martyrs to lay 
down their lives for their country, and to stand at the 
head of the long, bright roll inscribed with the names 
of the brave men who have sealed their patriotism 
with their blood, during the tremendous civil strife of 
1861-5. This honor should not, however, be ascribed 
to its mere good fortune ; for it was an exalted, patriotic 
zeal and fervor that impelled it to be first, rather than 
any stroke of luck, that placed the name of the regi- 
ment on so bright a page of its country's history. 

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-a9':/.1>H«i T^«ER Months' Campaign. 

Many of its members had long cherished the military 
spirit, and that, too, at a time when that spirit was nearly 
dead in Massachusetts ; and some of the company organ- 
izations were among the earliest formed in the State, and 
had for years been the propagating nurseries of that pa- 
triotism which rallied to the defence of Constitutional Lib- 
erty and Law, when they were assailed by traitors. It 
was the drill in quiet times ; the holiday show which 
evoked the derision of the philanthropist, and the op- 
position of the advocate of peace ; the parade and mus- 
ter, on which too many looked as the mere entertainment 
6f a day, of no practical utility ; it was this that pre- 
pared, and had in readiness, the men and the arms, and 
the needed skill, when the occasion called for their use 
in the stern work of actual service. 

At such a time, — when the military spirit had nearly 
died out in the State ; when the militia of Massachusetts 
was about obsolete, and the soldier in uniform was looked 
upon by thousands as a mere popinjay, half fuss and half 
feathers, — one far-seeing man, in whose prophetic mind the 
events of the near and fast-approaching fi||ure had begun 
to shape themselves, commenced to revive the State mil- • 
itary ; and by his influence as chief executive, and, also, 
through the legislature and the people, he resurrected the 
myitia system, and gave it new vitality and force. And it 
is largely to the influence of Gov. N. P. Banks, that we 
owe the re-organization and efficiency of that system that 
was in comparative readiness, when the great occasion 

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The Thhee Months' Campaign. 11 

called for it, to stand between the Government and trea- 
son, — the country and its enemies. 

As will be seen in the course of the following pages, 
the regiment whose history is here chronicle J occupies 
its distinguished position because it had given heed to 
the injunction of the Father of his Country, and had, in 
time of peace, prepared for war. It was owing to the 
cultivation of the military spirit through the previous 
years, that it waa ready when the great emergency came. 


The latent treason that had been ripening its poison 
for forty years in the southern portion of the Republic, 
on the election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency of 
the United States proceeded to overt rebellion. It was 
confined to resolutions and words, until April 12, 1861, 
when it assaulted the flag of the country. The telegraph 
flashed the tidings as soon as the act was perpetrated ; so 
thai on the same day that the guns of South Carolina 
were turned on the gallant garrison in Fort Sumter, 
they found echoes in twenty million loyal hearts. The 
anxiety and excitement that everywhere prevailed were 
terrible. A handful of soldiers had been forced to sur- 
render to thousands of traitors, and the entire people 
were resolved to punish the perpetrators to the bitter 
end. Civil war was inaugurated; and the President 
called for a special session of Congress, and for seventy- 
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12 The Three Months' Campaign. 

five thousand men to " rally round the flag," and rush to 
the defence of their country and government. The re- 
sponse was magnificent. The plough, the loom, the ledger, 
the bar, ihe pulpit, all the avocations of ordinary life, 
were abandoned ; and men of all conditions and circum- 
stances flew to arms, and gave their cheerful response 
to the call of the nation's Chief Magistrate. 

First to offer its services; first to reach its State's 
capital ; first to reach the nation's capital ; first to in- 
*flict suffering on traitors ; first to attest its sincerity with 
its blood, — was the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment of 
Volunteer Militia. 


When it seemed probable to far-seeing men that there 
would be trouble with the refractory spirits in the South, 
and while the most of people did not foresee the coming 
storm, a meeting was called at the suggestion of Maj. Gen. 
B. F. Butler, of the officers of the regiment, to arrange for 
future contingencies. It was held in the American 
House, Lowell, January 21, 1861. At that meeting, 
Major B. F. Watson presented a resolution, pledging the 
services of the regiment to the Government ; and the 
proposition received the unanimous support of the officers. 
It was carried to Boston by Gen. Butler, who was then 
in the Massachusetts Senate, and was by him read in the 
Legislature. The resolution reads as follows : — 


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The Three Months' Campaign. 13 

Resolved, That Col. Jones be authorized and requested, forth- 
with, to tender the services of the Sixth Regiment to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief and Legislature, when such service may be- 
come desirable, for the purposes contemplated in General Order 
No. 4. 

This was probably the first act of the volunteer militia 
of the country to meet the approaching strife. 

The readiness of the regiment to meet the danger 
thrust upon the nation is largely, perhaps entirely, due to 
Gen. Butler's sagacity. When the time comes to write 
the history of the war, his name will fill a space second 
to that occupied by but few others. In devotedness to 
his country, in fertility of resources to overcome new and 
trying emergencies, in complete suc^ss where most 
would have failed, Gren. Butler has had no superior, ff he 
has had an equal. 


When at length the call came, telegrams and expresses 
flew to all parts of the command, notifying the members 
of the regiment; some of the officers — Col. Jones 
among them — riding all night on their patriotic errands. 
The "Middlesex villages and farms" then heard the 
pounding of hoofs and the alarum cry of danger, as in 
the olden time they had listened to the midnight ride of 
Paul Revere. The official call came April 15th, as fol- 
lows : — 

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14 TriE Three Months' Campaign. 

Commonwealth op Massachusetts, 

Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Api-il 16, 1861. 
Col. Jones: 

Sir, — I am directed by His Excellency the Commander-in 
Chief to order you to muster your regiment on Boston Common, 
forthwith, in compliance with a requisition made by the President 
of the United States. The troops are to go to Washington. 

By order of His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief. 

WM. SCHOULER, Adjutant General. 

The members of the regiment, when its numbers were 
fully made up, were scattered over four couiities, — Mid- 
dlesex, Essex, Suffolk and Worcester, — and in more 
than thirty towns ; and yet, with but few hours' notice, 
the bulk of them mustered early on the morning of the 
16th, and the rest within a few hours after, making in 
all about seven hundred men and officers, ready at this 
first call to don the armor of actual war. 


The Groton, Acton, and Lawrence companies received 
most enthusiastic farewells, the whole of those communi- 
ties, indeed, being roused to the intensest pitch of excite- 
ment ; and bidding good-by to their friends, they hast- 
ened to the rendezvous in Lowell, where, with the four 
Lowell companies, they made up the original Sixth. 

Lawrence manifested its patriotism in manifold ways. 
On the departure of the two Lawrence companies, the 
city government made an appropriation of five thousand 
dollars towards the assistance of the members, and the 
comfort of their families; spontaneous mass meetings 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 15 

were held, attended by the people, and addressed by the 
clergy and the principal citizens ; and resolutions were 
passed, approving the action of the city government, 
and pledging the entire resources of the city in aid of 
the war. The first meeting held after the fall of Sumter 
was organized by the choice of Hon. Artemus Harmon, 
President ; Dr. S. Sargent, Hon. Albert Warren, Hon. 
Daniel Saunders, Jr., Major B. F. Watson, Levi P. 
Wright, John C. Hoadley, N. W. Harmon, Geo. S. Mer- 
rill, Geo. W. Hills, and Lamson Rice, Vice Presidents ; 
and E. T. Colby and John K. Tarbox, Esqs., Secretaries. 
The spirit that animated the people was one that will ever 
honor the city in the minds of all who hereafter shall read 
that page in her history. , 

As the companies left for Lowell, the enthusiasm of the 
people knew no bounds. The day was cold and dismal ; 
rain and sleet were falling : — but the multitude of the 
population attended the companies to the cars; and, at the 
station, the largest crowd ever seen in the city bade them 
God-speed mth tears and prayers. 

When the regiment had assembled in Huntington 
Hall, Rev. Amos Blanchard, D. D., read the Eightieth 
Psalm, after which addresses of a patriotic character 
were made by the Mayor, Hon. B. C. Sargent, A. R. 
Brown, Esq., T. H. Sweetzer, Esq., Capt. Peter Hag- 
gerty, Hon. Linus Child, Col. G. F. Sawtell, and Hon. 
Tappan Wentworth. All party divisions and distinctions 
were abandoned ; and those who, during subsequent 

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16 The Three Months' Campaign. 

stages of the struggle, endeavored to embarrass the Gov- 
ernment, were prompt to urge the citizen soldiery to rally 
to the capital. 

Future generations will find it diflScult to imagine the 
excitement that pervaded all classes and conditions of 
this portion of the people of the old Bay State. The 
fires that burned at Concord and Lexington, in the days 
of '76, had only been smouldering, and they flashed with 
all their old brightness at the first demonstration of armed 
rebellion. After the eight companies had been addressed 
by Hon. B. C. Sargent, Mayor of Lowell, and as they 
were departing, thfe entire population of that busy city 
thronged after them. Never did that city know a sensa- 
tion more profound. 

Men in all positions encouraged those who went. 
Money was contributed by the wealthy ; professional men 
profiFered their services gratuitously; and the soldiers and 
their families became objects of the tender regard of all. 
Mayor Sargent, on his own authority, assured the sol- 
diers, ere they departed, that they and their families 
should be cared for by the city ; and the city government 
promptly responded by imanimously voting eight thou- 
sand dollars, to be used for that purpose, by a joint com- 
mittee. Sacrifices were made by men and officers, such 
as might, before the fact, have been, deemed impossible. 
Not only, like their revolutionary ancestry, did they leave 
the plough in the furrow, but business and professional 
men, without a moment's hesitation, abandoned every 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 17 

prospect and engagement. Many instances might be 
given. Major Watson had but two Tiours' notice ; but 
he locked the door of his law office, leaving a large 
docket to look out for itself, and most important business 
interests, and for four months saw and knew nothing of 
them. Nor was he alone. Lucrative positions, profita- 
ble professional pursuits of the most important character, 
were counted as nothing, and were abandoned as cheer- 
fully and with as noble a spirit as men ever carried into 
their country's defence. In the uniforms of privates 
stood many qualified to grace any station in life, — thp 
peers of any in high official position, — who had forsaken 
places of great emolument for a soldier's poor remunera- 

In Boston, excited thousands escorted them to Faneuil 
and Boylston Halls, and, on the next day, to the State 
House 3^ where they exchanged their old muskets for the 
modern rifle, and where they were addressed by Gov. 
Andrew in language glowing with patriotic fervor, and 
full of faith in their effi^rts to sustain the government. 
He then presented the regimental colors to Col. Jones. 

On presenting the flag, Grov. Andrew said : — 

Soldiers, summoned suddenly, with but a moment for prepara- 
tion, we have done all that lay in the power of men to do, — all 
that rested in the power of your State Government to do, — to pre- 
pare the citizen soldiers of Massachusetts, for this service. We 
shall follow you with our benedictions, our benefactions, and 
prayers. Those whom you leave behind }"0u we shall cherish in 

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18 The Three Months' Campaign. 

our heart of hearts. You carry with you our utmost faith and 
confidence. We know that you never will return until you can 
bring the assurances that the utmost duty has been performed, 
which brave and patriotic men can accomplish. This flag, sir, 
take and bear with you. It will be an emblem on which all eyes 
will rest, reminding you always of that which you are bound to 
hold most dear. 

In reply, Col. Jones said : — 

Your Excellency, you have given to me this flag, which is the 
emblem of all that stands before you. It represents my whole 
command ; and so help me God, I will never disgrace it ! 

Before leaving the city, the youthful daughter of the 
colonel, Lizzie Clawson Jones, was adopted as Daughter 
of the Regiment. 

During the day, the companies from Worcester, Stone- 
ham, and Boston joined the regiment, — attached to 
other regiments in the organization of the State militia, but 
detached from their own regiments for that purpose ; 
and, at seven in the evening, they took up their line of 
march for the Worcester depot, where the cars were 
taken for Washington. Along the route, the firing of 
cannon, ringing of bells, shouts of people, and all possible 
demonstrations of applause, were heard ; and at Worces- 
ter, *the miUtary, fire-department, and thousands of peo- 
ple, lined the track as the train passed along. In New 
York, the streets were literally packed with soldiers and 
people to honor them. At noon, the 18th, they left 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 19 

the city, via Jersey City, at which place, and all through 
New Jersey, similar crowds attended them, makmg their 
entire journey one grand ovation, such as no regiment 
ever before received. At Philadelphia, beyond all other 
places, their reception was enthusiastic. So dense were 
the crowds, that the regiment could only move through 
the streets by the flank. The officers were sumptuously 
entertained at the Continental Hotel ; and the soldiers 
were quartered at the Girard House, then new, and en- 
tirely empty and unfurnished. Worn out with the fatigue 
and excitement of two days, they were glad to spread 
their blankets for the soldier's great blessing, sleep. 


The regiment had scarcely retired to rest in Philadel- 
phia, when the long roll sounded, and they were obliged 
to turn out, leaving Philadelphia at one o'clock, A. M., 
April 19, to write the first bloody line in the history of 
the sanguinary war, the opening scenes of which were 
distinguished by some of those singular coincidences that 
have been numerous in its progress. If it had been in 
the power of the government, for dramatic and patriotic 
efifect, to arrange the programme in the best possible 
manner, could any other day have been so propitious for 
treason to strike down its first victims, as the anniversary 
of the day, on which was 

" Fired that shot — heard round the world " — 

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20 The Three Months' Campaign. 

at Lexington, April 19, 1775 ? And is it not remark- 
able, that some of the descendants of the very men who 
then shed their blood in the beginning of ttie first great 
war for independence, should have been the first to fall 
in the last, and that, too, on the same immortal day ? 
The nineteenth of April will, hereafter, unite Lexington 
and Baltimore on the page of American history; for 
each begun a long and bloody war, and Middlesex county 
was represented in both conflicts. 


The regimental dress at this time was far from " uni- 
form." Each company was literally an independent one 
in apparel. Company A had changed its name to the 
National Greys, and its uniforms were being made ; but 
they were unfinished, and they left for Washington with 
blue frocks and black pantaloons, tall round caps, and 
white pompons. Company B wore the United States 
regulation uniform ; that is, dark blue frocks, and light 
blue trowsers. Company C wore gray dress coats, caps, 
and pantaloons, and trimmings yellow. Company D, the 
same as C, with buff trimmings. E and F were dressed 
like B ; and G wore blue dress coats. Company H, gray 
throughout. Company I, caps, and dark blue frocks and 
red pants, in the French style. Company *K wore gray ; 
and company L was dressed in blue. 

At the instance of Gen. Butler, Gov. Andrew provided 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 21 

all with excellent gray overcoats, so that quite an ap- 
pearance of uniformity was preserved. 

Before coming home, however, they were furnished 
with a sort of Zouave suit, consisting of gray voltigeur 
jackets, single-breasted, with full trowsers, and Fez caps 
with dark tassels for fatigue, and gray hats turned up at 
the side, with red trimmings, for " dress." Some of the 
boys thought there was a march of two or three hours 
inside their trowsers' legs. The oflScers wore the Mas- 
sachusetts State uniform, — dark blue frocks, light blue 
trowsers, with broad white stripes on the sides. 

The adoption of gray by the rebels, gradually induced 
our soldiers to wear the old national color, blue, until it 
was compelled by army regulations. 


While the soldiers were seeking repose, Col. Jones 
had a conference with Brig. Gen. P. S. Davis, of the 
First Brigade, Massachusetts Militia (afterwards colonel 
of the 39th Massachusetts, — killed' at Petersburg, July 
11, 1864), who had been sent forward by Gov. Andrew, 
to arrange subsistence and transportation, and who had 
heard the most exciting rumors and threats from Balti- 
more. Gen. Davis related them to Col. Jones, and also 
the opinions of prominent Philadelphians, as well as his 
own, that there would be a stormy time of it when the 
regiment should reach the Monumental City; and he 

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22 The Three Months' Campaign. 

declined to take the responsibility of ordering the re^- 
ment either to go on, or to wait further information. 
Col. Jones' reply was, "My orders are to reach Washing- 
ton at the earliest possible moment, and I shall go on." 
Gen. Davis, extending his hand, replied, '* Colonel, if you 
go on, I shall go with you." The only fear Col. Jones 
expressed, in continuing the conference, was, that the 
train might be destroyed by an obstruction on the track, 
or by the destruction of a bridge, causing a wholesale 
slaughter, for which the friends of the regiment would 
hold him responsible; but he added, "My orders are 
peremptory, and, whatever may be the consequences, I 
must proceed." 

These oflScers then went to the depot of the Phila- 
delphia and Baltimore G. G., and had an interview with 
Hon. S. M. Felton, President of the road, and arranged 
that he should despatch a pilot engine, in advance of the 
train, and take every precaution to avoid a casualty. 
Then the regiment was aroused ; and all possible care was 
taken in embarking the men, so that, if called upon to de- 
bark suddenly, they would be in regimental line. The 
car containing the field and staff was at the head of the 
train. At Havre-de-Grace, the cars were not run off 
the ferry-boat in the order in which they went on, and 
the train for the rest of the way, of course, did not con- 
vey the regiment in its proper order. This derange- 
ment, as will be seen subsequently, changed the fate of 
men, conferring the laurel crown of martyrdom on those 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 23 

who otherwise would have lost that distinguished honor. 
Man proposes ; God disposes. 

Company K, Captain Sampson, was to have had the 
left, and thus, with Major Watson, would have had the 
post of honor, but for the derangement at Havre-de- 
Grace, which misplaced the companies, so that, on their 
arrival in Baltimore, company D occupied the position 
of company K, and company L, which belonged on the 
right, was transferred to the left. Thus the projected 
programme was broken up, so that, on a sudden call, con- 
fusion would be sure to ensue. This derangement does 
not seem to have been observed ; for, on debarking, Maj. 
Watson took his position with company K, supposing he 
was with the extreme left of the battalion. 


At every station, communication was had with the 
railroad officials in Baltimore and constant assurance 
was received, that there would be no trouble unless the 
regiment provoked it. Orders wer9 therefore given to 
the band, to confine their music to tunes that would not 
be likely to give offence, especially avoiding the popular 
air, " Dixie." Quartermaster Munroe distributed twenty 
rounds of ball cartridges ; and Col. Jones went through 
the cars, issuing an order, that the regiment should 
march across Baltimore in column of sections. The reg- 
iment here loaded and capped their rifles. As soon as 

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24 The Three Months' Campaign. 

the cars reached the station, the engine was unshackled, 
horses were hitched to the cars, and they were drawn 
rapidly away. Col. Jones was unacquainted with this 
practice of drawing the cars across the city by horses, 
and supposed that they had not yet reached the Balti- 
more station, but that when it was reached, his march 
would commence. He had not the remotest idea that 
the cars were thus to be drawn across the city, or he 
would have compelled them to stop, and have carried out 
Lis programme. The railroad authorities had not con- 
sulted him, but made unusual haste, in order to get 
across at that early hour, before the mob would be ready 
to do violence, for the regiment was not expected until 
about noon. At that time there was no crowd in the 
streets, and the whole appearance of the city was un- 
usually quiet. The early arrival of the regiment, at 
about 10 o'clock, A. M., evidently took the people by 
sut'prise.* Of course, under these circumstances, the 
jirof^ramme could not be changed, and the cars rapidly 
followed each other, all but one arriving without particu- 
lar incident. 

* Chaplain Babbidge was subsequently in a reading-room in Annapo- 
1i?i and heard one member of the Maryland Legislature accuse another 
of employing a steamboat load of " roughs " to go to Baltimore, and help 
destr-Lsy the Sixth Massachusetts ; and, in the conversation that followed, it 
nppsared that this gang, and many others, were defeated in their plans by 
the ftarly morning arrival of the regiment There can be no doubt that a 
later hour would have made sad work for them. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 25 

the attack. 

Some slight demonstrations were made on one or two 
of the cars containing the fifth and sixth companies ; but 
nothing like an attack was made until the seventh car 

Major Watson, as he had been ordered, just before 
reaching Baltimore, repaired to the left, company K, 
Captain Sampson, to see the rear of the battalion across 
the city. He took his position ; and as he was about 
ordering those in the car, some fifty guns, to debark, 
standmg on the ground himself for that purpose, the 
cars in advance were set in motion, and whisked away 
as by magic, across the city, and in a moment his own 
car started, which he thought was the last one, containing 
as it did, the left of the regiment. He, of course, could 
only spring aboard, and follow the rest of the regiment. 
It was no sooner started, than it was attacked by clubs, 
paving-stones, and other missiles. The men were very 
anxious to fire on their assailants ; but Maj. Watson for- 
bade them, until they should be attacked by fire-arms. 
One or two soldiers were wounded by paving-stones and 
bricks ; and at length one man's thumb was shot, when, 
holding the wounded hand up to the major, he asked 
leave to fire in return. Orders were then given to lie 
on the bottom of the car and load, and rising, to fire 
from the windows at will. These orders were promptly 

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26 The Three Months* Campaign. 

In the passage across the city, the car was three times 
thrown from the track ; Maj. Watson each time getting 
out, and compelling the driver to assist in removing ob- 
structions, and getting in motion again. 

Referring to the roster of company K, the reader will 
see the names of the first men who were wounded in 
this war, — four in number. Moving with as much rar 
pidity as possible, and receiving an occasional musket or 
pistol shot, or a shower of rocks and bricks, the car 
reached the main body of the regiment, when all were 
surprised to learn that the change of cars at the ferry 
had left a portion of the regiment still behind. Here 
they halted until the four companies arrived from their 
perilous march across the city. 

By the time the rear car had arrived, an immense 
and increasing crowd had gathered. The police were 
present in force, and requested Col. Jones to order the 
blinds of the cars drawn, and the regiment to avoid any 
movement to excite the mob. The cars ceased arriving; 
and Wm. P. Smith, Superintendent of the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad, informed the commander that the 
track was so obstructed across the city, that the four 
companies still behind could not be drawn across ; but 
he said, " If you will send an order for them to march 
across, I will deliver it." He passed Col. Jones a rail- 
road blank, on the back of which he wrote in pencil, " To 
the officer in command of detachment of Sixth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment: you will march to this place as 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 27 

quick as possible ; follow the railroad track." This order 
was never delivered. In a few minutes, Hon. Thomas 
Garrett, President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
came to Col. Jones, saying, " Your soldiers are firing 
upon the people in the streets." " Then," said the com- 
mander, " they have been fired upon first." " No, they 
have not," was the response. Col. Jones returned, 
" My men are disciplined : my orders were strict, and I 
believe they have been implicitly obeyed." Events 
proved him correct. 

Meanwhile, the remaining four companies found that 
the rails were so torn up, and the streets so barricaded, 
that the cars could not go on ; and they debarked, and 
formed to march on foot, the mob, which had been ac- 
cumulating until it must have reached many thousands, 
filling the streets as far as the eye could see. 

Capt. Follansbee, at the desire of the other officers, 
and agreeably to his own wishes, took the command. 
There were but about two hundred and twenty in the col- 
umn; and the mob soon reached ten thousand, at least. 
The air was filled with yells, oaths, taunts, all sorts of 
missiles, and soon pistol and musket shots; and Capt. 
Follansbee gave the order to fire at will. But few of the 
crowd were on the front of the column, but they pressed 
on the flank and rear more and more furiously. At one 

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28 The Three Months' Campaign. 

of the bridges in Pratt Street, a formidable barricade, 
with cannon to sweep the streets, not quite ready for 
service, had been arranged. Here the mob supposed that 
the column would be obliged to halt ; but Capt. Fol- 
lansbee ordered his command to scale the barricade. Be- 
fore the ruffians could follow over the bridge, or run 
around to intercept them, the soldiers had succeeded m 
getting quite a distance up Pratt Street. Had they 
been compelled to halt at the bridge, it is probable that 
the small detachment would have been annihilated ; for 
arms were multiplying among their assailants, and they 
were becoming more furious every moment. Cheers for 
"Jeff Davis," and for " South Carolina, and the South ; " 
all sorts of insulting language, — such as "Dig your 
graves ! " — " You can pray, but you cannot fight ! " and 
the like, — were heard; but the little battalion went 
steadily ahead, with no thought of turning back. 

As the gallant detachment passed along Pratt Street, 
pistols and guns were fired at them from the windows 
and doors of stores and houses ; and our boys, getting 
a little accustomed to the strange circumstances in which 
they were placed, loaded their guns as they marched, 
dragging them between their feet, and, whenever they 
saw a hostile demonstration, they took as good aim as 
they could, and fired. There was no platoon firing what- 
ever. At one place, at an upper window, a man was in 
the act of firing, when a rifle ball suggested to him the 
propriety of desisting, and he came headlong to the side- 
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The Three Months' Campaign. 29 

walk. And thus the men, whose rare good fortune it 
was to contribute the first instalment of blood to pay the 
price of our redemption,* hurried along their way. They 
were hampered by their orders to fire as little as pos- 
sible ; they were anxious to get to the capital, even then 
supposed to be in danger ; they were separated from the 
larger part of the regiment, and knew not where their 
comrades were ; and thus assaulted on each side, and by 
all sorts of weapons and missiles, they kept on their 
way, loading and firing at will, marching the entire dis- 
tance, — a mile and a half, — bearing several of their 
wounded with them, and rea<Jhed the station, and joined 
the rest of the regiment. 

When the four companies reached the rest of the com- 
mand at the Washington depot, an immense crowd sur- 
rounded them ; and rushing towards the car windows, 
they brandished revolvers, knives, clubs, and other 
weapons, in angry fury, and with fearful shouts and 
yells and curses ; the police having — and many of them 
caring to have — no power to stay the tumult. 

The column proceeded in the following order : C at 
the head, I next, then L, and D last. The colors were 
with the platoon under command of Lieut. Lynde, of 
company L. After having marched about two squares, 
the order to double-quick was given, and the rear of the 
column, somewhat separated from the head, was more 
and more fiercely assailed, and L and D were mingled 

* " Without the shedding of blood is no remission." See Heb. ix. 22. 

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30 The Three Months' Campaign, 

together. Captain Dike was wounded, and left behind ; 
and being too far in the rear to see his superior officer, 
Lieut. Lynde, in the exercise of his discretion, gave the 
order to fire on the mob. 

His orders were to escort the band across the ciiy ; 
but, being unarmed, they refused to leave tiie station, and 
he left without them, keeping near the gallant bearer of 
the flag till the cars were reached, when tearing it from 
the staff, which could not conveniently be got into the 
cars, it was carried in safety to Washington, and now 
hangs in the State House in Boston. 

In a private communication to me, Col. Jones says, 
" Capt. Follansbee proved himself worthy of the con- 
fidence which I had always placed in him, and never 
after, while under my command, did he do aught to sac- 
rifice one particle of the esteem and respect I entertained 
for him." It was rare good fortune that gave Capt. Fol- 
lansbee this opportunity, to which he was fully equal. 
There were other officers in the regiment who would 
have given the best ten years of their lives, to have had 
the same privilege. 


Arrived at the station, officers and men were tried se- 
verely. They burned to avenge the wounds and death 
of their comrades, and were exasperated to the utmost; 
but the orders to hasten to Washington were strict and 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 31 

imperative, and the city authorities were urging the de- 
parture of the regiment ; the mob meanwhile becoming 
more and more furious. The president of the road said, 
" For God's sake, colonel, do give orders to start the 
train, or you will never get out of the city, for they are 
already tearing up the track." Knowing the temper of 
his officers. Col. Jones dared not consult them, fearing 
that their voice would be, under such circumstances, to 
stay, and "fight it out on that line," notwithstanding 
orders. Reluctantly the command was given to start, the 
railroad authorities doing all in their power to assist, by 
putting tools and workmen on board with them, who 
would remove obstructions, and repair the road as the 
train went slowly on. In refutation of aspersions, freely 
indulged m at the tim^, concerning the managers of this 
road, especially of Hon. Thomas W. Garrett, President, 
and Wm. P. Smith, Master of Transportation, it is the 
testimony of Col. Jones himself, that he ever found them 
loyal gentlemen, anxious always to do all they could to 
serve the interests of the government, during four months 
of intercourse between them and the regiment. 

Seeing the train about to start, the mob ran on ahead, 
and placed telegraph poles, anchors, etc., on the track. 
The train moved a short distance and stopped ; a rail 
had been removed ; it was replaced, and the cars went 
on; stopped again, the road was repaired, and the 
train went on again ; stopped again, and the conductor 
reported to the colonel that it was impossible to proceed. 

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32 The Three Months' Campaign. 

that the regiment must march to Washington. Col. 
Jones replied, "We are ticketed through, and are going 
in these cars. If you or the engineer cannot run the 
train, we have plenty of men who can. If you need 
protection or assistance, you shall have it ; but we go 

The crowd went on for some miles out, as far as Jack- 
son Bridge, near Chinkapin Hill, and the police followed, 
removing obstructions ; and at several places shots were 
exchanged. At length, they reached the Relay House, 
where the double track ended, and where they waited 
two hours — and long hours they were — for a train 
from Washington that had the right of way ; and at length 
started again, reaching Washington late in the afternoon. 
Maj. M'Dowell, — since Maj. Gen. M'Dowell, — of Gen. 
Scott's staff, was in waiting at the station to receive 


The loyal men of Baltimore, many of whom saw the 
whole transaction, and endeavored to assist the volunteers 
as far as possible, and who were of great service, speak 
in the highest terms of the conduct of the four companies, 
officers and men, declaring that they bore themselves 
with rare coolness and courage, and elicited the admira- 
tion of all who saw them, who were not infuriated with 
rage against them. Hundreds might have been killed, 
had the mob been promiscuously fired at. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 33 


Fireside critics, fighting chimney-corner campaigns, 
have said that the fatal mistake was in allowing the regi- 
ment to remain packed in cars, and drawn by horses, in 
single companies, across the city, when an attack was 
anticipated ; and that it was manifestly the duty of the 
regiment to march, instead of riding, and thus be ready 
at all points ; but it should be considered that then the 
whole thing was new, and was met very differently to 
what it would be now ; and the misapprehensions to which 
reference has been made, explain such criticisms away. 
The events that have since transpired were not antici- 
pated ; for that madness that has since prevailed, and 
destroyed its victims, was scarcely considered possible. 


Only they who remember those times will ever be able 
to imagine the sensation caused by the news of this trans- 
action. Massachusetts, especially, w^s stirred from Es- 
sex to Berkshire, and it would have been easy to raise 
men enough to lay Baltimore in ashes ; and had the ex- 
istence of that city proved a permanent impediment to 
the passage of loyal troops to the capital, it would have 
been destroyed. Throughout the North, the determina- 
tion was all but universal to make a highway " through 
Baltimore *' to Washington. " Through Baltimore " be- 
came a rallying cry, until it was settled that the Monu- 


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34 The Three Months' Campaign. 

mental City — its " roughs," who had always disgraced 
it, emptied into the rebel anny — had become loyal and 
true to the Union. 

THE governor's CONDUCT. 

Gov. Andrew immediately transmitted the following 
characteristic despatch to the Mayor of Baltimore : — 

To His Honor the Mayor: 

I pray you to cause the bodies of our Massachusetts soldiers, 
dead in Baltimore, to be immediatelj laid out, preserved with ice, 
and tenderly sent forward by express to me. All expenses will 
be paid by this Commonwealth. 

John A. Andrew, 

Governor of Massachusetts. 

Mayor Geo. Wm. Brown, of Baltimore, responded to 
Gov. Andrew ; and, in the course of his despatch, he 
alluded to the passage of our troops through Baltimore 
as an invasion of the soil of Maryland ; declaring, how- 
ever, that the dead and wounded should be tenderly 
cared for, and that " Baltimore would claim it as her 
right to pay all expenses incurred." 

Gov. Andrew responded by saying : •. — 

I appreciate your kind attention to our wounded and our dead, 
and trust that at the earliest moment the remains of our fallen 
will return to us. I am overwhelmed with surprise that a peace- 
ful march of American citizens over the highway to the defence 
of our common capital, should be deemed aggressive to Baltimo- 
reans. Through New York the march was triumphant. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 35 

Alluding to the Jx)uclimg use of the word " tenderly '* 
in the governor's despatch, the New York " Tunes '* elo- 
quently said : — 

Few men can read it without tears. Yes, those bodies, bat- 
tered and bruised by the brutal mob, are sacred. " Tenderly " is 
not too gentle a word to be used for the care of them. Yes, bear 
their bodies ** tenderly ** ; they are more sacred than the relics of 
the saints. Wherever they pass, let the nation's flag, which they 
died to defend, wave over them ; let cannon thunder the martial 
honor, and let women and children come to drop a tear over the 
Massachusetts dead, who died for Country and Liberty. 

Never was exhortation better heeded, or less needed. 
It were worth an early deatii to receive such veneration 
from the people. Everywhere tears and admiration, and 
love too deep for tears, were poured out ; and from their 
silent lips came such inspirations to patriotism as roused 
thousands of hearts to rush to battle, to avenge Iheir 
deaths. Living, tiiey were brave and true ; but, dying, 
their blood baptized many an otherwise indifferent one to 
deeds of devotion to country that have since been chron- 
icled, and that will be rehearsed by grateful generations 
to come. 


There were four men killed and fifteen wounded in the 
regiment ; and loyal men in Baltimore, who were careful 
to collect all the facts as far as possible, are of the opin- 

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36 The Three Months' Campaign. 

ion that about one hundred of the mob were killed by the 
guns of our soldiers. About a thousand rounds of am- 
munition were fired ; and, considering the size of the tar- 
get, it is probable that the estimate is not far from the 
truth. The company rosters present the names of the 


On that day the colored people began that kindness 
to the " Yankee soldiers " which they uniformly mani- 
fested during the war. A short time after the regiment 
had returned, one of the soldiers, who was wounded on 
the 19th, was in the State House, when he recognized a 
colored man who had ministered to his wants, and whose 
wife had torn up her under-garments to bind his wounds. 
Being a slave, he embraced the opportunity to flee from 
bondage, and related many incidents illustrative of the 
kindness of the slave for our wounded soldiers. At one 
place, afraid to be seen, colored women threw down from 
the windows of houses such articles as were needed by 
our wounded. 


Among the loyal men^ of Baltimore who employed ev- 
ery exertion to assist our wounded, William Robinson, 
Esq., 79 Camden Street, Mass. State Agent during the 
war, should be mentioned as one who was untiring in their 
behalf. He was a native of Wilmington, Del., but had 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 37 

resided in Baltimore for thirty years ; and he expressed 
the undoubted truth to Col. Jones, when, deploring the 
calamity of the 19th, he said that two thirds of the people 
of the city were loyal to the government. To the exer- 
tions of such men oar wounded were greatly indebted, 
and to their eflTorts should largely be attributed the 
speedy vindication and redemption of Baltimore and 
Maryland from the iron rule of secessionists. 


Col. Jones, in his oflScial report to Maj. William H. 
Clemence, Maj. Gen. B. F. Butler's Adjutant, dated in 
Washington, 22d April, says : — 

* * * After leaving Philadelphia, I received intimation that 
our passage through the city of Baltimore would be resisted. I 
caused ammunition to be distributed, and arms loaded ; and went 
personally through the cars, and issued the following order, viz. : — 

" The regiment will march through Baltimore in column of sec- 
tions, arms at will. You will undoubtedly be insulted, abused, and 
perhaps assaulted, to which you must pay no attention whatever ; 
but march with your faces square to the front, and pay no attention 
to the mob, even if they throw stones, bricks, or other missiles ; 
but if you are fired upon, and any one of you is hit, your officers 
will order you to fire. Do not fire into any promiscuous crowds ; 
but select any man whom you see aiming at you, and be sure you 
drop him." 

Reaching Baltimore, horses were attached the instant that the 
locomotive was detached, and the cars were driven at a rapid pace 

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38 The Three Months' Campaign. 

across the citj. After the cars containing seven companies had 
reached the Washington depot, the track behind them was barri- 
caded, and the cars containing the band and the following com- 
panies, viz. : company C, of Lowell, Capt. Follansbee ; company 
D, of Lowell, Capt. Hart ; company I, of Lawrence, Capt. Pick- 
ering ; and company L, of Stoneham, Capt. Dike, were vacated ; 
and they proceeded to march in accordance with orders, and had 
proceeded but a short distance before they were furiously attacked 
by a shower of missiles, which came faster as they advanced. They 
increased their step to double-quick, which seemed to infuriate 
the mob, as it evidently impressed them with the idea that the 
soldiers dared not fire, or had no ammunition ; and pistol-shots 
were numerously fired into the ranks, and one soldier fell dead. 
The order, " Fire I " was given, and it was executed ; in conse- 
quence, several of the mob fell, and the soldiers again advanced 
hastily. The Mayor of Baltimore placed himself at the head of 
the column, beside Capt Follansbee, and proceeded with them 
a short distance, assuring him that he would protect them, and 
begging him not to let the men fire ; but the mayor's patience 
was soon exhausted, and he seized a musket from the hands of 
one of the men, and killed a man therewith ; and a policeman, 
who was in advance of the column, also shot a man with a 

They, at last, reached the cars, and they started immediately 
for Washington. On going through the train, I found there were 
about one hundred and thirty missing, including the band and 
field music. Our baggage was seized, and we have not as yet 
been able to recover any of it. I have found it very difficult to 
get reliable information in regard to the killed and wounded. 

As the men went into the cars, I caused the blinds to be 
closed, and took every precaution to prevent any shadow of 
offence to the people of Baltimore ; but still the stones flew thick 
and fast into the Itrain, and it was with the utmost difficulty that I 

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The Three Months* Campaign. 39 

could prevent the troops from leaving the cars, and revenging the 
death of their comrades. * * * 

Edward F. Jones, 
Col. sixth Regt., M. V. M., in service of U. S. 


Those who have since been made familiar with scenes 
of war, and with the true method of dealing with such 
men as those who intercepted the march of the Sixth, 
might, at first thought, be surprised at the gentle treat- 
ment the mob received. But the regiment was anxious 
to reach Washington, then supposed to be in imminent 
danger ; and it was hoped that the demonstration in Bal- 
timore would not be serious. Besides, the people of the 
North were trying conciliation. No blood had been 
shed, and it was universally desired to treat Maryland 
and other border states with all the forbearance pos- 
sible. The regiment had been drilled in street-firing, 
and was amply able to strew the streets of Baltimore 
with traitor dead ; and would have done so but for these 
considerations. Place the same men under the same cir- 
cumstances to-day, and there would be grief in hundreds 
of homes where one mourned on the 19th of April, 1861. 


Capt. FoUansbee, under date of Washington, April 
20, wrote a letter to H. H. Wilder, Esq., of Lowell, 
which embodies the observations of as cool a head and 

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40 The Three Months' Campaign. 

brave a heart as were among the two hundred heroes of 
that day. He says : — 

We arrived in Baltimore about 10 o'clock, A. m. The cars 
are drawn through the city by horses. There were about thirty 
cars in our train ; there being, in addition to Col. Jones' command, 
about 1200 troops from Philadelphia, without uniforms or arms, 
they intending to get them here. After we arrived, the cars were 
taken, two at a time, and drawn to the depot at the lower part of 
the city, a mob assaulting them all the way. The Lowell Me- 
chanic Phalanx car was the ninth ; and we waited till after the 
rest had left, for our turn, till two men came to me and informed 
me that I had better take my command, and march to the other 
depot, as the mob had taken up the track to prevent the passage 
of the cars. I immediately informed Capt. Pickering, of the Law- 
rence Light Infantry, and we filed out of the cars in regular 
order. Capt. Hart's company, of Lowell, and Capt. Dike's, of 
Stoneham, did the same, and formed on the sidewalk, llie cap- 
tains consulted together, and decided that the command should 
devolve upon me. I immediately took my position upon the 
right, wheeled into column of sections, and requested them to 
march in close order. Before we had started, the mob was upon 
us, with a secession flag, attached to a pole, and told us we could 
never march through that city. They would kill every " white 
nigger " of us, before we could reach the other depot. I paid no 
attention to them, but, after I^ had wheeled the battalion, gave the 
order to march. 

As soon as the order was given, the brick-bats began to fly 
into our ranks from the mob. I called a policeman, and re- 
quested him to lead the way to the depot. He did so. After we 
had marched about a hundred yards, we came to a bridge. The 
rebels had'torn up most of the planks. We had to play " Scotch 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 41 

bop," to get over it. As soon as we had crossed the bridge, they 
commenced to fire upon ns from the street and houses. I ordered 
the men to protect themselves ; and then we returned their fire, 
and laid a great many of them away. I saw four fall on the 
sidewalk at one time. The^ffollowed us up, and we fought our 
way to the other depot, — about one mile. They kept at us till 
the cars started. Quite a number of the rascals were shot, after 
we entered the cars. We went very slow, for we expected the 
rails were torn up on the road. 

I do not know how much damage we did. Report says, 
about forty were killed, but I think that is exaggerated : still it 
may be so. There is any quantity of them wounded. Quite 
a number of horses were killed. The mayor of the city met 
us almost half way. He said that there would be no trouble, and 
that we could get through, and kept with me for about a hundred 
yards; but the stones and balls whistled too near his head, and he 
left, took a gun from one of my company, fired, and brought his 
man down. That was the last I saw of him. We fought our way 
to the cars, and joined Col. Jones, and the seven companies that 
left us at the other end of the city; and now we are here, every 
man of the old Phalanx safe and sound, with the exception of 
* a few marks made by brick-bats, and all we want now is a chance 
to go to Baltimore, and clean out all the roughs there. If Col. 
Jones would march his command there, we would do it. There 
are five or six of the regiment missing, and all of the band. I am 
in hopes that most, if not all of them are alive. Where a man in 
Baltimore showed his pistol, axe, or palmetto flag, he was about 
sure to drop. 


A. S. Young, a member of the band, after relating 
that one of the musicians had left the car to consult with 
Gen. Small, of the unarmed Pennsylvanians, says : — 

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42 The Three Months' Campaign. 

As he was returning, he was set upon, and driven into the car, 
followed by a number of the roughs. We fought them off as long 
as we could ; but coming thicker and faster, some crawling from 
under the cars, others jumping from the tops, they forced their 
way in, in spite of our utmost ex^ions. The door was then 
partly thrown open by the exertions of our men inside, and 
partly torn open by the mob outside ; and we attempted, by leap- 
ing from the car, and running in all directions, to escape from the 
mob. We were obliged to leave everything behind. Music, in- 
struments, coats, caps, knapsacks, and haversacks. On our way 
we saw squads of police, who took no notice of us, evidently 
regarding the whole thing as a good joke. The writer of this saw 
and spoke to two of them, and was told to " run — run like the 
devil ; " and he did. They could do nothing ; they would take 
care of our property, but could do nothing for us. After running 
in this way for a half mile, as near as we could judge, we were en- 
countered by a party of women, partly Irish, partly German, and 
some American, who took us into their houses, removed the 
stripes from our pants, and we were furnished with old clothes of 
every description for disguise. We were treated here as well as 
we could have been in our own homes. Everything we wished 
was furnished, and nothing would be taken therefor; but we 
were told that it would be an insult to offer it 

Under the protection of four hundred policemen, 
these unarmed musicians were able to reach the station, 
and take the cars back to Philadelphia. 


Timothy Crowley, the standard-bearer of the regi- 
ment, bore himself gallantly on that trying day. He 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 43 

might have rolled up his colors, and have escaped the 
position of prominence which otherwise would subject 
him to the greatest danger. But, no; he unfurled 
them to the breeze, and bore them on, and, like the 
white plume of Henry of Navarre, they became a guide 
and inspiration. Without music, they could only look 
on that, and follow where it l^d. All sorts of missiles 
flew at him; but "left," "right," "left," "right," he 
kept his face to the front, and his colors proudly flying, 
and the* detachment, attended it onward. The most con- 
spicuous object that day, his was courage of a high 
order, that carried him on with proud defiance, and en- 
abled him to " stand by the flag," that he had sworn to 
defend. Mr. Crowley afterwards distinguished himself, 
as will be seen on a subsequent page. 

The recipient of a splendid revolver, shortly after, 
from the honorary members of the Watson Light Guard, 
he returned a handsome acknowledgment, in the course 
of which he said : — 

Thus far, I have only done what I deemed to be my duty, 
in this hour of peril and treachery to our time-honored flag. 
In the hour of adversity and oppression, that flag afibrdecf a home 
and protection to those whom I hold dearer than life itself, and I 
trust that their descendant will not forget his duty, and help 
to strike an efl^ctual blow in defence of the laws and insti- 
tutions under and by which he has been nurtured into man- 

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44 The Three Months' Campaign. 


Chaplain Babbidge relates that Crowley and his aids, 
Marland and Sticknejr, were 

The target for many a missile; for the mob knew that to 
disgrace the regiment it was only necessary to down with the 
standard. Paving-stones flew thick and fast, some just grazing 
their heads, and some hitting the standard itself. One stone, 
as large as a hat, struck Marland, just between the shoulders, 
a terrible blow, and then rested on his knapsack. And yet he did 
not budge. With a firm step, he went on, carrying the rock on 
his knapsack for several yards, until one of the sergeants stepped 
up and knocked it off. 

Manjr hand-to-hand fights were had. As private Bry- 
ant, company C, was marching along in the ranks, he was 
struck to the ground by a piece of plank, thrown from a 
window. Lieut. Jepson stooped down to assist him to 
his feet, when a gigantic rough seized him by his sword- 
belt, and drew him into the crowd. Before he could ex- 
tricate himself his company was some ways off, and Lieut. 
Jepson only got away by giving the fellow a blow, with 
his sword, in the face. The weapon was a '* regulation" 
sword, more for ornament than use, or the brute's head 
would have been cloven. The blow was hard enough, 
however, to bathe the sword in blood ; and, as new and 
better sabres were given to the oflScers on their arrival 
in Washington, the blade was never cleansed, and the 
traitor's blood remains to-day on the weapon, telling the 
story of the conflict. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 45 

As the column was moving on, a brawny rough 
rushed out with a secession flag attached to a pole, calling 
the Massachusetts men, "nigger thieves," and employing 
other similar epithets, when Lieut. Lynde, of company 
L, left his place, and driving the hilt of his sword 
into his face, knocked him on his back. Then tearing 
the rag of treason from the stick to which it was at- 
tached, he buttoned it beneath his coat and resumed his 
position with his company, as though nothing had occurred. 

Victor Lorendo, a musician of company L, a boy of 
seventeen, was in the car with the band, when the mob 
burst into it, and he was just able to get under the train 
and make his escape into the country, where, tearing 
oflF the stripes from his pantaloons, so that he might 
not be known, he succeeded in getting to Philadel- 
phia, and thence to Boston, incognito^ whence he 
walked out to Stoneham. He had been reported as dead. 

Hiram P. Marston, of company L, since a gallant 
captain in the Massachusetts 33d, displayed admirable 
coolness. A ruffian fired at him, when Marston pursued 
him into a grain store, and gave him the contents of his 
rifle across the counter ; and, as the rear of his company 
came up, he was seen standing by the curb, loading his 
gun, as though firing at harmless game. 

These are but a few of the many incidents that might 
be procured, could the scattered members of the regi- 
ment be conferred with. A statement of what each man 
experienced and saw that day would be a thrilling story. 

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46 TuE Three Months' Campaign. 

The wound of Capt. Dike was a severe one, though far 
less serious than would have been deemed probiable. The 
ball passed through his thigh, verjr near the artery. He 
was able to hobble to the sidewalk, and happened to be 
at the door of a public house. He entered, and was 
carried by a kind friend, a stranger, — Dorsey, a tobac- 
conist, a Union man, — to a distant room, where, unknown 
to others, he was carefully nursed and cared for. He 
had scarcely left the bar-room in which he sought refuge, 
when it was filled with the ruffians, who, had they known 
his whereabouts would have murdered him. Indeed, the 
landlord answered their inquiries for him by assuring 
them that he had left. Here he remained in a helpless 
condition for more than a week; and, meanwhile, he was 
fully believed to have been killed by the mob. Those 
who were in Stoneham at the time can remember what 
few others can ever realize, — the terrible excitement 
caused among the people of that patriotic town by the 
tidings of the death of their townsman. No subsequent 
events of the war created so profound a sensation, either 
there or anywhere else in the region of the state repre- 
sented by the regiment, as did the occurrences of that 
initial day in the history of the war. 


The killed and wounded during the day were as follows : 


Addison O. Whitney, Co. D. Luther C. Ladd, Co. I). 
Sumner H. Needham, Co. L Charges A. Taylor, Co. D. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 47 


Capt. John H. Dike, Co. L. Harry G. Jewell, Co. I. 

Lt. Leander F. Lynde, Co. L. Geo. Colgan, Co. K. 

Lt. James F. Rowe, Co. L. Henry Gardner, Co. K. 

Chas. B. Stinson, Co. C. Wm. D. Gurley, Co. K. 

Serg. W. H. Lamson, Co. D. Geo. T. Whitney, Co. K. 

Serg. John E. Ames, Co. D. Chas. L. Gill, Co. L. 

Alex. George, Co. D. Daniel Brown, Co. L. 

Chas. H. Chandler, Co. D. Henry Dike, Co. L. 

Ed. Cpburn, Co. D. Horace W.Danforth, Co. L. 

Geo. W. Lovrein, Co. D. Stephen Flanders, Co. L. 

Ira W. Moore, Co. D. John B. Fortier, Co. L. 

Daniel C. Stevens, Co. D. John W. Kimpton, Co. L. 

WnL R. Patch, Co. D. James Keenan, Co. L. 

Daniel B. Tyler, Co. D. James S. Moody, Co. L. 

Wm. G. Withington, Co. D. Julian Putnam, Co. L. 

Serg. George G. Durrell, Co. I. Ephraim A. Perry, Co. L. 

Victor G. Gingass, Co. I. Andrew Bobbins, Co. L. 

Michael Green, Co. I. Wm. H. Young, Co. L. 

Four killed, and thirty-six wounded ; the particulars of which 
will appear further on. 


The heroic dead who fell, and whose blood rendered 
the pavement of Pratt Street immortal, are four. 

Charles A. Taylor came to Boylston Hall on the 
morning the regiment left, and enlisted in company 
D. He was a stranger to all, and represented himself 
as a fancy painter by profession, about twenty-five years 
old, and was of light complexion and blue eyes. Such 
was the haste with which the companies were organized. 

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48 The Three Months' Campaign. 

and the lack of system with which the books were kept, 
in those first days of the war, that his loss was not 
even known until his overcoat was received by Capt. 
Hart. The gentleman who sent it, saw him fall, and 
testifies, that after he fell the brutes who killed him 
crushed him with clubs and rocks, so that almost all 
trace of humanity was beaten out of him. He did not 
wear a uniform, and so was taken for a civilian ; and was 
therefore buried in Baltimore. No trace of his family 
or friends has ever been discovered by the officers of his 
company or regiment ; though a box was received for 
him from Boston, a short time after the regiment left 

Luther Crawford Ladd, of company D, son of 
John and Fanny, a native of Alexandria, N. H., re- 
siding in Lowell, was a young mechanic of only seven- 
teen years. He was bom Dec. 22, 1843. He 
was full of patriotic ardor; and when the call was 
made for the first volunteers, the earnest solicitations of 
his friends could not induce him to remain behind. 
While gallantly marching along the streets of Baltimore, 
he fell bleeding on the pavement ; and the last words his 
comrades heard him utter, were, " All hail to the 
Stars and Stripes." 

The murderer of Ladd was probably a drunken, disso- 
lute wretch, residing inWilliamsport, Md., named Wrench. 
He afterwards often boasted of the deed, and rejoiced 
in having killed that " boy soldier who shouted for the 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 49 

Stars and Stripes when he fell." In the summer of 1862, 
he was engaged in a quarrel, and discharged two bar- 
rels of a revolver at a man he intended to kill; but 
missing his aim, he was shot through the heart, and in- 
stantly died. 

Addison Otis Whitney, company D, — son of John 
F., and Jane B., — was bom m Waldo, Me., Oct. 30, 
1839, and had lived in Lowell about two years. He 
worked in No. 3 spinning-room, Middlesex Corporation. 
He had been a member of the City Guards about a year 
and a half, and was a young man held in high esteem 
by all who knew him. 

Sumner Henry Needham was bom in Bethel, Me., 
March 2, 1828, and had lived in Lawrence about 
twelve years. He was a corporal in company I, having 
been a member about five years. He was an upright 
man. He is supposed to have been the first mortally 
wounded on that day. After he fell, he was conveyed to 
the Lifirmary, where he lingered till April 27, when his 
spirit took its flight for a happier world. 

As Needham was getting out of the car, he placed 
his hand on the shoulder of private J. S. Knights, of 
company I, and said, " We shall have trouble to-day, and 
I shall never get out of it alive. Promise me, if I fall, 
that my body shall be sent home." Knights smiled at 
the apprehension as not well grounded, but assured his 
friend that whoever suflFered would be well looked after ; 


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50 The Three Months' Campaign. 

saying which, they fell into their places, and the two 
never met again. 


The body of Taylor was buried in Baltimore ; but the 
remains of Ladd, Whitney, and Needham were brought 
to Boston, in charge of Merrill S. Wright, who was de- 
tailed by Col. Jones for that purpose. They arrived in 
Boston at 5 o'clock, on the afternoon of May 2, and 
were escorted from the station of the Worcester Railway 
by the Independent Corps of Cadets, and the Brigade 
Band, accompanied by Gov. Andrew and staff. Gen. 
Schouler, and others. They were draped with the Amer- 
ican colors, and received with military honors, and es- 
corted to the Vassall tomb under King's Chapel. The 
buildings along the route were clad in mourning ; and 
flags everywhere were at half-mast. The mayors of 
Lowell and Lawrence were entreated by Gov. Andrew 
that the Massachusetts Executive might assist in the 
funeral services of the heroic dead ; and the obsequies 
were arranged in mutual conference. 

On the 3d of May, the body of Needham was con- 
veyed to Lawrence by a Committee of the City Govern- 
ment, and placed in the City Hall, where it was viewed 
by thousands of people. The services were solemn and 

The City Hall was appropriately draped ; the seats 

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The Three Months* Campaign. 51 

were filled ; and every inch of standing room was occu- 
pied. On the rostrum were the clergy of the city ; and 
an eloquent sermon was preached by the pastor of the 
deceased, Rev. G. S. Weaver, of the Universalist 
Church, assisted by Rev. C. E. Fisher, of Lawrence 
Street Congregational Church ; Rev. W. L. Jenkins, of 
the Unitarian Church ; Rev. Henry F. Lane, of the First 
Baptist Church; Rev. C. M. Dinsmore, of the Garden 
Street Methodist Church; Rev. Daniel Tenney, of the 
Central Congregational Church ; and Rev. George Pack- 
ard, of the Episcopal Church, in the devotional exer- 

As this was the funeral of the first soldier killed in the 
war, a brief extract from the discourse may well be 
printed here. 

The text was in Hebrews, xi. 4. " He being dead yet speak- 
eth." The orator said : " He speaks from that scene of conflict, 
with a silent yet terrible eloquence, which is heard all over our 
great country, and which stirs the moral indignation of twenty 
millions of freemen at home, and ten times that number abroad. 
That blow that broke in upon his brain, struck upon the con- 
science of a nation. That wound has a tongue, speaking with 
a trumpet of thunder, among the Northern hills, and along the 
Western prairies. The blood spilt from it is the seed of a mighty 
harvest of patriots, who will pour upon rebels the indignation of 
their outraged souls. His shattered form calls, from its coffin, 
upon an outraged country, to arouse in its might, and crush out 
the reckless and imperious spirit of treason which has reared it- 
self against our prosperous land, and our benignant form of gov- 

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52 The Three Months' Campaign. 

eminent. Yes, being dead, our brother calls upon us, his neigh- 
bors and friends, to stand up in our patriotism and manhood, and 
maintain and defend the honor of that country for which he gave 
his life. He calls upon our state to prove that her sons are 
worthy descendants of the blood of Plymouth Rock and Lexing- 
ton ; upon our country to prove that her people are worthy of 
the institutions under which they live." 

In the beautiftJ cemetery in Lawrence lie the re- 
mains of Needham, under a granite monument of chaste 
design and finish, on which is recorded the following in- 
scription : — 

By the City Government of Lawrence this monument is 
erected, to endear to posterity the memory t)f Sumner H. Need- 
ham, of company I, Sixth Regiment, M. Y. M., who fell a victim 
to the passions of a Secession mob, during the passage of the regi- 
ment through the streets of Baltimore, marching to the defence 
of the nation's capital, on the memorable 19th day of April, A. d., 
1861. Aged 33. A loyal North, in common with his widow 
and an only child, mourn his loss. 

A. D. 1862. 

On the base of the monument is the word — 

Monday, May 6, Mayor Sargent and the City Gov- 
ernment, and a detachment of the Richardson Light 
Infantry, escorted the bodies of Ladd and Whitney 
to Lowell. The Mayor, President of the Common 
Council, and Alderman J. P. Folsom, and Messrs, 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 53 

Keyes and Norris, of the Common Council, were the 
Committee of Arrangements. This committee received 
the remains of the soldiers, enclosed in metallic coffins 
and sealed in boxes, of the Executive of the Common- 
wealth, and placed them in state in Huntington Hall. 
Thousands of people were unable to gain admission to 
witness the funeral obsequies, which were as follows : — 

1. Dirge ■=- Brigade Band. 

2. Reading of Scriptures — Rev. C. W. Homer. 

3. Prayer — Rev. Dr. Cleaveland. 

4. Anthem — St. Anne's Choir. 

5. Discourse — Rev. W. R. Clark. 

6. Original Hymn, written by Rev. C. W. Homer — Read by 
Rev. J. J. Twiss, and sung by St. Anne's Choir. 

7. Prayer — Rev. D. Mott. 

8. Benediction — Rev. Frederic Hinckley. 

The pall-bearers were Lieutenants W. E. Farrar, 
Gr. E. Dana, Edward S. Hunt, Surgeon W. H. Bradley, 
James Francis, H. H. Fuller, David Hyde, and Capt. 
Temple Tebbetts. The city authorities caused every 
token of respect and reverence to be manifested ; and 
the people of Lowell and vicinity, in immense numbers, 
participated in the solemn ceremonies of the day. 

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54 The Three Months' Campaign. 

The orator, in the course- of his address, said : — 

" Thus early in life these sons of aged, pious parents have fallen 
in the service of their country, on a day precious to every 
American patriot, — the eighty-sixth anniversary of the first 
blood spilled in the struggle for our liberties at Concord and 
Lexington. Their spirits are gone to God who gave them, and 
who administers his awards with impartial and unerring regard 
to the fidelity with which his creatures shall have discharged the 
trusts he has committed unto them. Henceforth, the heroes of 
Concord, Lexington, Bunker Hill, and Baltimore, shall blazon 
together on the pages of their country's history, like the stars in 
the flag whose honor they died to uphold." 

The funeral hymn is as follows : — 

Before thy throne, great God, we bow ; 

Humbly we bend the sorrowing head, 
And ask Thy pity, while we now 

Commit to earth our Patriot Dead I 

Our Patriot Dead ! for them we claim 

A place in memory's holiest shrine : 
A sacred treasure shall their name 

Be handed down to coming time. 

In Freedom's cause these first fruits sleep ; 

In peril tried they proved true men ; 
And, while we o'er their ashes weep. 

Their martjT-seed springs up again. 

Their glorious death shall make us brave ; 
We wipe away the falling tear ; 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 55 

'Tis hallowed ground — the soldier's grave — 
'Tis sacred dust reposes here. 

Choose we with them the patriot's part ; 

Our country's cause doth loudly cry ; 
Be this most dear to every heart, — 

The noblest lot to do and die. 

The body of Ladd was conveyed to Alexandria, 
where other services were celebrated, after which it 
was returned to Lowell. 

On the 8th of May, Mayor Sargent addressed a letter 
to the father of Whitney, communicating the unanimous 
desire of the people of the city that his son's remains 
should be finally deposited in Lowell. Mr. Whitney 
replied wUh great decorum, assenting " with feelings of 
gratitude and melancholy pleasure." 

The bodies of both Ladd and Whitney were deposited 
in the Lowell cemetery, one of the finest burial-places in 
the world ; but, as will appear on a subsequent page, they 
were destined to be removed to a more fitting resting- 

The Commonwealth^ in conjuction with the City of 
Lowell, has erected a beautiful monument to the mem- 
ory of Ladd and Whitney. The Legislature appro- 
priated $2000, and Lowell expended some $2700 more. 
It is of elegant design and finish, as will be seen by the 
photograph in this volume. A full description, and the 
particulars of the consecration, will be found at the close 
of this book. ^ 

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56 The Three Months' Campaign. 

The remains of Taylor are unmarked by any memo- 
rial ; and it cannot here be said whether their plape of 
burial is even known. If it shall never be ascertained 
where he was laid, let his memory be sacred in all loyal 
hearts, and his noble deeds stand forever as his honor- 
able epitaph. 


The ashes of these proto-martyrs consecrate the soil in 
which they repose, and hereafter their graves will be the 
shrines to which men shall resort to obtain inspirations of 
liberty. And has not their blood sanctified the soil it 
drenched ? But four years have passed since they laid 
their lives down, on the pavements of Baltimore, and 
that city has not only become one of the most loyal in 
the land, but Maryland has wiped the stain of slavery 
from her fair escutcheon, and now stands forever free ; 
and the gigantic treason which struck them down has 
been crushed, and once more peace and a united 
republic are the possession of the American people. 
Who shall say that the pure blood of those heroic men 
who fell in her streets on the immortal Nineteenth of 
April, 1861, did not contribute gloriously to that great 
end, and wash out the dark stains of years of oppression 
and violence ? " The blood of the .martyrs is the seed 
of the church." Thus the Nineteenth of April is twice 
hallowed hi the memory of every child of Massachusetts, 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 57 

who will experience new emotions of patriotic pride as 
he remembers the deeds of 1775 and 1861. And, as 
though to teach us that one state must not be the 
exclusive custodian of the honor of that great day, we 
are reminded, that, while the native state of Taylor is 
not known, Ladd was born in New Hampshire, and 
Whitney and Needham in Maine. Thus at least three 
states share the honor of the day. If Massachusetts 
sent these heroes forth, they drew their first inspirations 
of patriotism from Maine and New Hampshire. 


On reaching Washington, the regiment was welcomed 
with great joy by the national authorities, who were 
fearing an immediate assault from the enemy. They 
were the first armed force to come to the relief of the 
capital ; and their presence was of itself a defence, 
though their position was one of great danger and 
importance, for the enemy was supposed to be within a 
short distance, and all connection with the North was 
cut off for several days. They were quartered in the 
Senate Chamber and adjoining rooms and halls, and on 
their first night in Washington were able, for the first 
time since leaving home, to sleep. Their long and 
eventful march had indeed been checkered. FSted by 
friends during the first part of their journey, and 
assaulted by their foes during the last part, they were 

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58 The Three Months' Campaign. 

glad at length to rest in the quiet of their stately quarters. 
It will be long before the Senate Chamber presents a 
sight like that which greeted the eye of the spectator 
during the nights of the last of April. The colonel was 
accustomed to sleep in the Vice President's chair, with 
sword and equipments on ; the rest of the oflScers and 
men were prostrate all over the floor around him, each 
with sword or musket within reach ; the gas-lights 
turned down to sparks, and no sound but the heavy 
breathing of sleepers and the hollow tramp of sentinels 
on the lobby floors. Thus the gallant fellows slept on 
their arms for several nights. The iron ornaments, and 
rough and polished ashlers, and barrels of cement that 
lay about the capital, were speedily extemporized into 
formidable barricades ; and soon everything was in readi- 
ness for an attack, which, though confidently expected, 
never came. 


The feeling in Washington when our troops arrived is 
illustrated by the following brief note : — 

National Hotel, April 21. 
Col. E. S. Jones, 

Dear Sir, — The ladies, whose names are on the enclosed card, 
tender their services to your command, to perform any sefvice 
necessary which they can ; would be glad to do any sewing, 
mending, &c., or to nurse the sick. At any time they will 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 59 

respond to any call upon them to aid the brave Massachusetts 
soldiers who have come to Washington at the call of their 

In behalf of the ladies, I am, 

Very respectfully, yours, 

Z. K Pangborn. 

The ladies' names are — Mrs. Z. K. Pangborn, Mrs. 
Col. F. W. Lander, Miss Harriet Lander, and Mrs. 

how the first flag was kept. 

During the first few days in Washington, Col. Jones 
became anxious for the preservation of the flag placed in 
his care by Gov. Andrew; and he entrusted it to the 
custody of Chaplain Babbidge, with orders to keep it 
about his person. The chaplain folded it carefully, and 
buttoned it across his breast, beneath his coat, saying 
occasionally to himself, *' I hope, if I'm hit, it will be 
in the breast, and that the old flag will stop the ball." 


Next day after reaching Washington, the regiment 
marched up Pennsylvania Avenue in column of platoons, 
open order and open files, thus having the appearance, 
tp an inexperienced eye, of being a brigade rather than 
a regiment. The effect was to intimidate the secession- 
ists not a little by the idea that the government had a 

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60 The Three Months' Campaign. 

large force at hand. The stores were closed, there were 
few people about, and the streets were more quiet than 
on any Sabbath since. There was no music, not even a 
drum ; but eye-witnesses describe the marching as mag- 
nificent, and the scene as one of the most imposing 


During those early weeks of the war, they drilled, built 
ovens, tanks, stored immense quantities of flour in the 
vaults of the building to withstand a siege, and wrote 
letters on the desks of " honorable " gentlemen who had 
practised treason and fraud at the government expense, 
and enjoyed their new experiences immensely. Reen- 
forcements arriving, they were under less restraint ; and, 
as they moved about the streets of the capital, they were 
the objects of great regard to the loyal people and oflS- 
cials, and no less of disgust to the disloyal men and 
women, of whom in those days Washington had quan- 
tities. It is not probable that the honored and glorious, 
and now martyred President, with all his other experi- 
ences, ever forgot the evening when the Sixth Massa- 
chusetts regiment arrived, and saved the capital. 


The coming of other troops, and the danger that 
threatened another place, caused the regiment to be 

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The Three Months* Campaign. 61 

removed to the Relay House, May 6th ; and on Elk 
Ridge Heights, ten miles from Baltimore, they bivouacked 
that night, and, without tents or other shelter, with a 
cold storm raging, built booths of boughs and leaves, and 
made a camp more unique than useful or ornamental. 
Here they remained till May 13th, when they were 
ordered to Baltimore, and left in fine spirits for the 
scenes of their late hurried transit, notwithstanding the 
declarations of many Baltimoreans that the Sixth Massa- 
chusetts should never enter their city again. They 
reached there in the evening ; and, in the darkness of a 
furious thunder shower, they raised the national flag on 
Federal Hill, and kept their position there as a check 
on any rebel plans in the city. While there, rebel 
arms were seized; and, on the 14th, their tents ar- 

May 16th, the regiment was ordered back to the Relay 
House, where they remained guarding the railway. Im- 
mediately after Maj. Watson, with fifty men, went on 
an interesting expedition to capture Ross Winans, a 
notorious rebel. 

At this time, these words made their appearance, and 
" Baltimore " became the rallying cry of the regiment ; 
and this constituted the 


The night is dark, the camp is stilled ; 
Each soldier's heart with joy is thrilled; 

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62 The Three Months' Campaign. 

He dreams of home and scenes gone past, 
Not conscious but his dream can last. 
Chorus — Baltimore, Baltimore, 

. He starts at the cry of Baltimore. 

A mystic grandeur fills his breast, 
While peaceful slumber brings him rest ; 
He little thinks of danger near,^— 
His dream unmixed with dread or fear. 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

At length the guard, with watchful eye. 
Discovers danger lurking nigh : 
Reminded of the days before, 
He gives the cry of Baltimore. 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

Quick the soldier's ready ear 
Warns him of the foe thaf s near ; 
He springs out in the dreary night, 
From slumber to defend the right. 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

** Baltimore ! " the alarming word 
Thrills the heart whene'er 'tis heard, — 
Suggests the loss of brothers gone, 
Justice calls the foe to atone. 

Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

When duty calls so loud and plain, 
With sorrow he recalls the slain ; 

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The Three Months* Campaign. 63 

And sacred as the brothers' dust, 
So sacred is the cause, and just 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

As long as the free their blood shall give. 
Our country shall so long survive ; 
And where the weak the strong implore. 
The rallying cry shall be " Baltimore I " 
Chorus ^- Baltimore, &c. 


May 25th, the regiment was drawn up in line as a mark 
of respect to a passing train bearing the dead body of 
Col. Ellsworth. May 29th, several gentlemen of New 
Jersey presented a stand of colors to the regiment. The 
New Jersey committee expressed what was undoubtedly 
the feeling of the nation at that time toward the 

regiment. » ^ 

Bergen Point, N. J., May 25, 1861. 
Sir, — Please accept from the undersigned the accompanying 
regimental colors, to be by you presented to your gallant com- 
mand, the Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts. In common with 
the whole country, our eyes have been upon you, and we have 
witnessed with admiration the alacrity with which you tore your- 
selves from the duties of civil life, and the endearments of home, 
and hurried to the aid of the government, and the defence of the 
flag. Our gift is but a slight acknowledgment of our apprecia- 
tion of your moral and soldierly deportment, your gallantry at 
Baltimore, and your timely rescue from danger of the capital of 
our common country. 

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64 The Three Months' Campaign. 

We, without fear, commit these colors to the descendants of 
Concord, Lexington, and Bunker Hill, confident that the Sixth 
will never permit dishonor to tarnish the glories of the flag. 

RuFus Story. 
John H. Watson. 
Henry Paret. 
To Lieut. Col. B. F. Watson, commanding Sixth Regiment. 

Col. Watson returned an appropriate reply. 


While here, they were constantly apprehensive of an 
attack, the air being full of rumors ; but all alarms proved 
unfounded, and they remained without other incidents 
than such as are always rife in camp, till June 13th, 
when they were ordered to Baltimore to remain and pro- 
tect the polls during the election. With the New York 
Thirteenth and Cook's Battery, they took position on 
Mount Clare, and prevented the ruffians of Baltimore 
from interfering with the polls. 

While the regiment was in the city, it expected, and 
was amply ready for, an attack. The Thirteenth New 
York lay on the hill as a reserve, if needed ; and the 
guns of Fort McHenry were all ready for action, 
under the direction of Gen. Banks ; and our boys went 
through the streets at double-quick, manoeuvred at street- 
firing, charging bayonets, firing down cross-streets, and 
the like, the whole length of Pratt and East Baltimore 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 65 

Streets ; but this time the mob was silent. Learnrag that 
the Union candidate was defeated, they returned to the • 
Relay House. 


June 17, they marched to the railway station, to 
honor the arrival of the Massachusetts First, then on its 
way to Washington. 

June 20, the regiment had 176 married, and 427 
single men:* all but 149 followed mechanical pursuits. 
Of the 149, 30 were from Acton, and 27 from Groton, 
and were chiefly farmers. In the Stoneham company of 
67 men, 51 were shoemakers, and 2 curriers. 

A banner was presented by ladies of New York, 
June 21. 

June 26, the regiment was again sent to Baltimore, 
where it encamped on Mount Clare, and in a neighboring 
grove. On the 31st, at two o'clock in the morning, it 
marched through the city to the residence of Charles 
Howard, President of the Board of Police Commis- 
sioners, and conveyed him a prisoner to Fort Mc- 
Henry. The next day it returned to the Relay House. 
The Declaration of National Independence was com- 
memorated on the Fourth of July ;* and a magnificent silk 
banner was presented by loyal citizens of Baltimore, 
bearing this inscription : " Loyal Citizens of Baltimore, 
to the Sixth Mass. U. S. V. Pratt Street, April 19, 


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CO The Three Months' Campaign. 

July 16, the non-commissioned officers and privates 
• presented the Daughter of the Regiment with a costly 
and beautiful uniform, — a dark velvet jacket, trimmed 
with gold lace ; a skirt of red, white, and blue silk ; and 
a light-colored hat, with red, white, and blue feathers, 
on one side of which was a gilt wreath, in which was 
a figure 6. The canteen was of silver, handsomely 
embossed. The presentation speech was made by Ser- 
geant Crowley, to which the Daughter appropriately 

July 22 arrived, and the three months for which the 
regiment had entered the service had expired ; but no 
orders had been received to move homewards. An 
alarm had been given early in the morning ; ammunition 
was served out ; and a despatch from Gen. Banks re- 
quired them to hold themselves in readiness for duty, as 
tidings had reached him that our forces were falling 
back from Manassas Junction. An earnest desire was 
expressed by some of the regiment to return home ; and 
Gen. Banks came out and addressed them, asking them 
to volunteer to remain a short time longer; assuring 
them that their services would not be needed more than 
six days beyond the period of three months, for which 
they enlisted, and that they were needed then. The 
question was put to the regiment, and it voted to remain. 
Col. Jones informed such as wished to go home, under 
those circumstances, that they were at liberty to leave ; 
and twenty-one left. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 67 

The Baltimore " Clipper," referring to their decision, 
said : — 

They are as willing now to obey the call of their country 
as when, three months ago, they left happy homes and firesides to 
protect the capital from invasion by Southern traitors. 


The popular branch of Congress passed a vote of 
thanks, which was handsomely engrossed on parchment, 
and forwarded, and is now in the- possession of Col. 

Thirty-sevhnih Congress of the United States, at the First Session, 
in the House of Representatives, July 22, 1861. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this House are due, and are 
hereby tendered, to the Sixth Regiment of the Massachusetts Vol- 
unteers, for the alacrity with which they responded to the call 
of the President, and the patriotism and bravery which they dis- 
played on the 19th of April last, in fighting their way through 
the city of Baltimore, on their march to the defence of the Fed- 
eral Capital. 

Galusha a. Grow, 

Attest, Weaker of the Bouse of Representatives, 

£m. Etheridoe, Clerk. 


Maj. Gen. Dix published a congratulatory order on 

relieving the regiment from duty, dated July 29, 1861. 

The following is one of many proofs that might be 

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68 The Three Months' Campaign. 

presented to show how prudently the delicate duties 
entrusted to it were discharged by the regiment : — 

Baltimore and Ohio B. B. Co., July 29, 1861. 
Col. E. F. Jones, 

( Commanding Camp at Belay House, Washington Junction.) 

Dear Sir, — We understand that you are soon to depart from 
your post, on your return to Massachusetts, the term of your regi- 
ment having expired some time since. Before you leave our midst, 
we cannot omit to express to you our appreciation of the extreme 
courtesy and manliness which have been shown by you during 
oui; almost constant intercourse, beginning in our station, at 
Baltimore, during the fearful morning of the 19th of April 
last. While at all times rigidly performing your duty to the 
government, you have acted so as to command universal respect. 

W. P. Smith, Master of Trans, 


July 29, orders came to break camp for home ; and 
that military manoeuvre, never performed with unwilling- 
ness, was executed at six o'clock in the morning ; and, 
three hours later, Baltimore was again, and for the last 
time in the campaign, visited. The regiment re- 
ceived quite a cordial reception this time, very diflferent 
from its first, and remained in the city till five in the 
afternoon, when it left for Philadelphia, and started 
for New York at ten next day, and for Boston at 
six in the evening. Everywhere the people flocked 
to see the men who received the first blows of the enemy, 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 59 

and who had been able to be at the post of danger 
so opportunely. The most gratifying attentions were 
lavished on them by all. 

They reached Worcester, the home of company G, at 
ten in the morning of August 1st; and there were 
greeted with a welcome worthy of the heart of Mas- 
sachusetts, and more gratifying than the plaudits of 
strangers. They staid till three in the afternoon, and 
then departed for Boston, where they were received 
more heartily than elsewhere they had been, and es- 
corted to the Common, and addressed by Mayor Wight- 
man ; to whom Col. Jones replied. They then partook 
of a collation, and marched to Faneuil Hall, where they 
were quartered for the night; all but company K, which 
was quartered in its armory. Next morning (Aug. 2), 
after breakfast on the Common, they were mustered 
out of the United States service, by Col. Amory, and 
proceeded to the Lowell Depot. 

The regiment was dismissed by the following order 
from the executive : — 

The Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Col. 
Jones, has returned home. It was the first which went forward 
to the defence of the national capital. It passed through Balti- 
more, despite the cowardly assault made upon it, and was the first 
to reach Washington. 

Its gallant conduct has reflected new lustre upon the Common- 
wealth, and has given new historic interest to the 19th of April. 
It has returned, after more than three months of active and respon- 

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70 The Three Months* Campaign. 

able service. It wiU be received by our people with warm 
hearts and generous hands. 

The regiment is now dismissed till further orders, v 

Gov. Andrew was unable to be {)resent at the recep- 
tion of the regiment; but the following note expressed 
his regrets: — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

XEcuTivK Dei 
BosUm^ August 1, 1861. 

Executive Department, J 

To Col. Jones, 

Commanding Sixth Regiment Mass. Vol. Militia, 

Colonel, — His Excellency, Governor Andrew, regrets ex- 
ceedingly that the condition of his health prohibits him from meeting 
you and your gallant regiment personally, to-day, and expressing 
to you and them his congratulations upon their return, afler a 
period of such efficient service. He directs me, in his absence, to 
express in his behalf, how highly he appreciates their conduct, 
from the hour they left the Commonwealth to this moment of 
their return. 

He looks to such of them as may again proceed to the field, 
for a longer term of service, for the surest means of promoting the 
efficiency of our volunteer regiments, and of maintaining the mili- 
tary reputation of Massachusetts, which they have helped already 
so much to illustrate. 

By order of the Governor and Commander-in-chief. 
I am, very truly, 

Your obedient servant, 

A. G. Browne, 

Military Secretary, 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 71 

Leaving Boston at noon, the regiment arrived in Low- 
ell at half-past one, where it was saluted by nineteen 
guns ; and led by the Brigade Band, which had been 
with it some two weeks, and a drum-corps of nineteen, it 
was escorted by the fire department and other bodies, 
amid the sound of cannon, bells, and enthusiastic cheers, 
to the South Common, where a cordial welcome was given 
by Mayor Sargent, to which Col. Jones appropriately 
responded. The regiment then passed through some of 
the principal streets, to Huntington Hall, and partook of 
a bountiful collation, and separated after the heartiest 
greetings. The entire population welcomed the gallant 
fellows, whose appearance was unlike that of our soldiers 
to-day. With suits of Garibaldi gray, they looked 
more like rebel zouaves, than like the good Union soldiers , 
they were. A thousand times the hardships they had 
experienced would have been slight to win such plaudits 
from a virtuous and grateful people. 

In the afternoon, the diflferent companies separated for 
their homes, — those in Lowell disbanded for the time 
being, to their families and friends ; and the others to 
meet a hearty public welcome in their own localities. 

Company B received a grand demonstration on the part 
of all the people of the patriotic and famous old town of 
Groton, worthy the renown of the place, and the charac- 
ter of the ancient company. 

Company E was welcomed to Acton in a similar manner. 
The town voted the funds for a fine celebration ' and a 

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72 The Three Months' Campaign. 

military, civic, and popular procession was got up ; and 
four military companies — three of which were organized 
for the occasion — added to the interest of the day, — 
one of the most joyous in the annals of Acton. 

The Lawrence companies were welcomed, by the public- 
spirited city they represented, in a manner worthy of all 
concerned. Everybody was out. Firemen, military, 
city officers, a cavalcade, floral cars, and other accom- 
paniments, made the day the most imposing ever seen in 
Lawrence. The wife and sisters of the lamented Need- 
ham, dressed in black, rode in the procession ; and when 
passing his late residence, arms were reversed, and a 
dirge was played by the band. The procession then pro- 
ceeded to the Common, which was magnificently deco- 
rated; and here congratulatory and patriotic speeches 
were made by Mayor Barker and Lieut.-Col. Watson ; 
after which, a collation closed the enjoyments of the day. 
Lawrence, ever liberal and enthusiastic, was never more 
so than when she welcomed home these gallant sons, who 
had done her and themselves so much honor. 

Company G received a double welcome from the heart 
of the Commonwealth when the regiment passed through ; 
and again, August 3d, with a fine public reception and 

Company L did not find Stoneham behind the other 
towns in her cordial welcome of the returning soldiers. The 
population came to the station, which is connected with 
the village by horse-cars, on foot and in carriages, with 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 73 

music and banners ; and escorted them to their homes with 
every demonstration of joy. There they gave them such 
proofs of their appreciation of their services, as made the 
occasion one of unalloyed pleasure. It can scarcely again 
be possible that returning soldiers, whether for a short or 
long period of service, can receive a welcome so enthusi- 
astic and feeling as was received everywhere by the 
Heroes of Baltimore. 


With the exception of the remarkable events of the 
19th of April, the experience of the Sixth does not seem 
to have been very notable ; but when the novelty of their 
position ; the readiness with which they rushed to arms ; 
the cool, calm courage they exhibited when surrounded 
by an infuriated mob ; their obedience to orders, and their 
readiness to meet every emergency ; the position of dan- 
ger and importance they occupied at Washington, — the 
first regiment to arrive for the defence of the capital ; 
their efficiency at the Relay House and Baltimore, both 
at the beginning of the campaign, and their willingness to 
remain after their time had expired, when the disaster at 
Bull Run made their presence of the greatest importance ; 
— when all this is considered, crowded into the brief 
period of three months, it will be confessed by poster- 
ity, that theirs is a historic name and fame that should 
never be forgotten. 

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74 The Three Months' Campaign. 

That their patriotism was not the ebullition of a mo- 
ment, but a fixed principle, that they are worthy sons of 
noble sires, can be seen in the subsequent military history 
of most of them. After this brief campaign, the larger 
part of them reentered the service, and fought their coun- 
try's battles, not only in many of our own state's corps, 
— about four hundred of them having entered sixty-five 
difierent Massachusetts regiments and batteries, — but 
they distributed themselves through bodies of troops from 
every New England state ; and were found in Regulars, 
Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, New Jersey, and 
District of Columbia corps, and in the navy. The battle- 
fields and hospitals of nearly every Southern State have 
borne witness to their fidelity ; and the histories of those 
— a hundred difierent military organizations, and a thou- 
sand battles — must be consulted, to complete the sum of 
their noble efibrts to serve their country. 

At the close of the campaign, the organization was 
preserved, in spite of the scattering of a large number of 
its officers and men into other organizations. Its further 
history will be seen in the sketch of the Nine Months' 



I had intended to trace the field and staff officers of the 
regiments to which the several companies have belonged, 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 


from the beginning of our regimental organizations ; but 
the re^mental changes have been so numerous in the 
past, and the old records at the office of the Adjutant 
General are so obscure, that it is very difficult, if not im- 
possible to do so ; and I have only attempted to trace it 
while designated as the Fifth and Sixth. It dates from 
the earliest years of our militia system. It has several 
times had its number changed ; though, in 1778, it com- 
prised the same territory as now, and was known then as 
the Sixth Regiment. Between 1840 and 1855, it was 
called the Fifth ; and since then it has resumed its orig- 
inal number. 

The field and staff, since 1840, have been composed 
as follows : — 


Colonel, Jefferson Bancroft, 
Lieut-Colonel, Timothy G. Tweed, 
Major, Samuel P. Shattuck, 
Adjutant, Stephen Parker, 
Quartermaster, Salmon D. Chace, 
Surgeon, John W. Graves, 
Chaplain, Abel C. Thomas, 
Colonel, Timothy G. Tweed, 
Lieut-Colonel, Samuel P. Shattuck, " 
Major, George Shattuck, " 

Adjutant, Gilbert Ferrin, ** 

Quartermaster, J. L. Huntrkss, " 

Surgeon, Otis Perham, *' 

Chaplain, A. A. Minbr, " 

Colonel, S. P. Shattuck, 
Lieut-Colonel, George Shattuck, 








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The Three Months' Campaign. 



Major, Abijah Watson, 1845 

Quartermaster, Christopher Bellows, " 
Chaplain, L. H. Sheldon, ** 

Surgeon, Charles £. Parker, ** 

Colonel, S. P. Shattuck, " 

Lieut.-Colonel, George Shattuck, ** 

Major, Abijah Watson, " 

Adjutant, Gilbert Ferrin, " 

Quartermaster, Christopher Bellows, *^ 
Chaplain, Luther H. Sheldon, " . 

Surgeon, Charles E. Parker, " 

Lieut-Colonel, Abijah Watson, 
Major, Charles £. Stanley, 
Colonel, Abijah Watson, 
Lieut-Colonel, Charles E. Stanley, 
Major, Benj. F. Butler, 
Quartermaster, Holland Streeter, 
Chaplain, Uriah Clark, 
Surgeon, Luther B. Morse, 
Chaplain, Theodore Edson, 
Lieut-Colonel, B. F. Butler, 
Major, George F. Bancroft, 
Major, Edmund A. Parker, 
Adjutant, George F. Sawtelle, 
Colonel, B. F. Butler, 
Lieut-Colonel, Alden Lawrence, 
Surgeon, Walter Burnham, 
Major, John Avery, Jr., " 

Lieut-Colonel, Josiah G. Clarke, 1854 















In 1855, the number was changed to the Sixth Regi- 
ment, M. V. M. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 


Colonel, George F. Sawtelle, 1855 

Lieut-Colonel, L. D. Sargent, " 

Major, Edward F. Jones, " . 

Adjutant, Alpha B. Farr, " 

Quartermaster, Benj. F. Watson, " . 

Surgeon, Joel Spalding, " 

Colonel, Edward F. Jones, 1857 

Lieut-Colonel, Walter Shattuck, " 

Major, B. F. Watson, " , 

Chaplain, Charles Babbidge, " 

Surgeon, Norman Smith, " . 

Quartermaster, James L. Williams, " 

Quartermaster, James Munroe, 1859 . 
Lieut-Colonel, B. F. Watson, at Belay House, 



. Pepperell. 


. Lawrence. 


. Pepperell. 


. Lawrence. 




. Cambridge. 



Among the poetry which burst from the hearts of the 
people, the following pieces are presented here as worthy 
of preservation : — 

APRIL 19, 1776-1861. 

Once more, our dear old Massachusetts 1 
How the thought comes over us, and well it may I — 

Of the drops wherewith the ancient green was reddened, 
It is six and eighty years this very day. 

Six and eighty years — and it seemed but a memory — 

Little left of all that glory, so we thought: 
Only the old firelocks hung on farm-house chimney, 

And rude blades the village blacksmith wrought 

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78 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Only here and there a white head that remembers 
How the frocks of homespun stood against King George, — 

How the hard hands stretched them o'er the scanty embers, 
When the sleet and snow came down at Valley Forge. 

Ah me ! how long we lay in quiet and in error, 
Till the snake shot from the coil he had folded on our hearth, — 

Till the dragon fangs had sprouted, o'erhatched of hate and terror, 
And hell in armdd legions seemed bursting from the earth. 

Once more, dear Brother State 1 thy pure, brave blood baptizes 
Our last and noblest struggle for freedom and for right 

It fell on the. cruel stones ; but an awful nation rises, 

In the glory of its conscience, and the splendor of its might 

H. H. B 

Habtfobd (Conn.) Press. 



When home returning from the fight, 

They wend their way with noble scars. 
They'll point to wounds by traitorous hands. 

Which fought against the Stripes and Stars. 
But noble wounds will be forgot. 

As each his blood-stained sabre wipes. 
And thinks how rose that dying voice, — 

" All hail the glorious Stars and Stripes I ** 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 79 

« All hail the Stars and Stripes I " The words 

Are graven now on every heart : 
A nation's watchword, Freedom's song, 

Of every future act a part. 
" All hail the glorious Stars and Stripes ! " 

The echo leaps from hill to hill ; 
We first drew breath beneath its folds, 

We'll live and die beneath it still. 

"All hail the Stars and Stripes ! " the cry 

From forest home to ocean shore. 
Ten thousand times ten thousand hands 

Are raised to free that flag once more. 
To each proud heart new hope is sent, 

To* each strong arm new strength is given ; 
And, raised aloft from every home. 

The Stars and Stripes float nearer heaven. 

New York Tribune. 



" Decet et dulce, pro patria mori." 

Ebbed the purple life-tide slowly ; 
Drooped the eyelids yet more lowly ; 
On the face, the shadow holy 
Told that Death had come. 

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80 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Will he die without one token ? 
Will there be no last word spoken, 
That shall soothe some heart nigh broken 
In his far off home ? 

Suddenly new strength seemed given : 
' Upward looking toward heaven, 
Sought his gaze the starry pennon 

Floating 'gainst the sky. 
Love and Faith and Hope seemed meeting, 
While with hands reached forth entreating. 
Spake his dying lips their greeting, 

Writ in gold on high. 

Passed his life away, forth sending 

Words whose triumph seems unending : 

" All hail the Stars and Stripes! " whose blending 

Tells of Freedom won. 
In his agony of glory, 
Spake he what in letters holy. 
Gleaming *mid our nation's story, 

Patriots ofb have done. 

Words of old, yet now new spoken ; 
Cling we to them as a token. 
That our Union stands unbroken. 

Safe each Stripe and Star. 
Grod-preserved from desolation, 
May we find a firm duration. 
While above our happy nation 
Freedom shines afar. 
Still River, Worcester County, Mass. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 81 


Our country's call awoke the land 
From mountain height to ocean strand. 
The Old Keystone, the Bay State, too. 
In all her direst dangers true, 
Resolved to answer to her cry, 
For her to bleed, for her to die ; 
And so they marched, their flag before. 
For Washington, through Baltimore. 

Our men from Berks and Schuylkill came — 
Lehigh and Mifflin in their train : 
First in the field they sought the way, 
Hearts beating high and spirits gay ; 
Heard the wild yell of fiendish spite, 
Of armed mobs on left and right ; 
But on they marched, their flag before. 
For Washington, through Baltimore. 

Next came the Massachusetts men, 
Gathered from city, glade, and glen : 
No hate for South, but love for all. 
They answered to their country's call. 
The path to them seemed broad and bright ; 
They sought no foemen and no fight, 
As on they marched, their flag before. 
New England's braves, through Baltimore. 

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82 The Three Months' Campaign. 

But when they showed their martial pride, 
And closed their glittering columns wide, 
They found their welcome in the fire 
Of maddened foes and demons dire. 
Who, like the fiends from hell sent forth. 
Attacked these heroes of the North, — 
These heroes bold, with travel sore. 
While on their way through Baltimore. 

From every stifling den and street, 
They rushed the gallant band to meet : 
Forgot the cause they came to save ; 
Forgot that those they struck were brave ; 
Forgot the dearest ties of blood 
That bound them in one brotherhood ; 
Forgot the flag that floated o'er 
Their countrymen in Baltimore. 

And the great song their spn had penned, 
To rally freemen to defend 
The banner of the stripes and stars, 
That makes victorious all our wars. 
Was laughed to scorn, as madly then 
They greeted all the gallant men 
Who came from Massachusetts' shore 
To Washington, through Baltimore. 

And when with wildest grief at last 
They saw their comrades falling fast, 
Full on the assassins in their track 
They wheeled, and drove the cowards back. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 83 

Then, with their hearts o'erwhelmed with woe, 
Measured their progress, stern and slow ; 
Their wounded on their shoulders bore, 
To Washington, through Baltimore. 

Yet while New England mourns her dead, 
The blood by Treason fouHy shed. 
Like that which flowed at Lexington, 
When Freedom's earliest fight begun. 
Will make the day, the month, the year. 
To every patriot's memory dear. 
Sons of great fathers gone before, 
They fell for right, at Baltimore. 

As over every honored grave. 
Where sleeps the " unreturning brave," 
A mother sobs, a young wife moans, 
A father for his lost one groans. 
Oh, let the people ne'er forget 
Our deep, enduring, lasting debt 
To those who left .their native shore. 
And died for us in Baltimore. 

CoL Forney, the distinguished editor of the Philadel- 
phia " Press," wrote these lines, which give expression to 
the universal feeling that went out toward our regiment. 
The second stanza describes the men of Pennsylvania as 
having been first in the field. It should be remembered 
that the Pennsylvanians were unarmed and undrilled, 
and could have been of no possible service. The Sixth 

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84 The Three Months' Camjpaign. 

Massachusetts were the first soldiers to reach Wash- 


[SuDg by Private Ephraim Peabody, on the night after the march 
through Baltimore.] 

Come, all ye true Americans, that love the stripes and stars, 
For which your gallant countrjTuen go marching to the wars. 
For grand old Massachusetts raise up three rousing cheers. 
Three times three and a tiger for the Yankee Volunteers. 

The 19th day of April, they marched unto the war, 
And on that day, upon the way, they stopped at Baltimore, 
And trustingly expectod the customary cheers 
Which every loyal city gives the Yankee Volunteers. 

But suddenly in fury there came a mighty crowd, 
Led on by negro drivers, with curses long and loud ; 
With frenzied imprecations, with savage threats and sneers, 
They welcomed to the city the Yankee Volunteers. 

So furious grew the multitude, they rushed at them amain. 
And a great storm of missiles came pouring like a rain : 
Amid a thundering clamor, such as mortal seldom hears. 
They tried to cross the city, did the Yankee Volunteers. 

The murderous storm of missiles laid many a soldier low. 
Still the unswerving hearts forbore to give the answering blow, 
Till all the miscreants shouted, " They're nearly dead with fears ; 
We'll hurry up and finish these Yankee Volunteers ! " 

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The Three Mohtns' Campaign. 85 

But lo ! the guns are levelled, and loud the volleys roar, 

And inch by inch they fight their way through the streets of 

Before them shrank the traitors, above them rise the cheers, 
As, though they throng a myriad strong, march on the Volun- 

Hurrah, then, for the old Bay State, that stood so well at bay I 
Hurrah for those who shed their blood, and gave their lives 

For grand old Massachusetts, boys, let's give three rousing cheers ; 
Three times three and a tiger for the Yankee Volunteers. 


In the following roster the author has endeavored 
to give the name of each officer and soldier, and to 
append to Hs name his subsequent military service, 
up to the close of the war ; and, so far as he could, 
he has given the death or wounds of those who have 
been wounded or died, — on the authority, of course, 
of others. Brief notes of reference to the Massachusetts 
corps into which they have subsequently gone are ap- 
pended. To see the whole of the varied service in 
which they have engaged, the reader will be obliged 
to consult the published records of other states. Indeed, 
the history of the members of the Old Sixth impinges 
on almost every important event in the war, — on land 
and on many a glorious achievement on the seas. 

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86 The Three Months' Campaign. 


Colonel — Edward F. Jones, Pepperell. — Col. Jones had 
distinguished himself as the inventor of the famous arrangement 
by which the kerosene lamp-wick is moved. He afterwards 
recruited the Twenty-sixth regiment,* of which he was Colonel, 
until he resigned his commission, July 27, 1862. The old town 
of Pepperell has the distinguished honor of furnishing two colo- 
nels, who, from the places they have occupied in the country's 
service, can never be forgotten, — Col. Prescott, who was the 
commander on Bunker Hill, and Col. Jones, the commander at 
Baltimore. She can never cease to be proud that these two of 
her sons will forever be associated with June 17, 1775, and April 
19, 1861. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Benj. F. Watson, Lawrence. — Col. 
Watson was in the legal profession in Lawrence. He was pro- 
moted from the majority, August 17, 1861. The Lieutenant- 
Colonel, Walter Shattuck of Groton, started for Washington with 
the regiment; but he resigned from age and infirmity. Col. 
Watson was appointed U. S. Paymaster, September 25, 1861, 
and was seriously injured in the performance of his duties, Janu- 
ary 30, 1864, and resigned in consequence, in October, 1864. He 
was in command of the post at Relay House, from May 13 to 
May 16, 1861, by order of Gen. Butler, and commanded the 
regiment from May 16 to July 25. 

^ The Twenty-sixth Massachusetts Regiment was recruited in Lowell, 
by Col. Edward F. Jones, commander of the Old Sixth. It contained 
many of the officers and men of the old regiment, about a hundred in all. 
It sailed from Boston, Nov. 21, 1861, and was stationed most of its term 
of service In the Department of the Gulf. It returned from the wars in 
the autumn of 1864, after three years of honorable service, leaving behind 
a goodly representation of veterans. 

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. -^^ 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 87 

Major — JosiAH A. Sawtelle, Lowell, was promoted from 
the Captaincy of compBny A, May 17, 1861. On raising the 
Twenty-sixth regiment, he was appointed to the majority, and 
promoted to the Lieutenant-Colonelcy, July 29, 1862, and was 
discharged October 14, 1864. 

Surgeon — Norman Smith, Groton. 

Chaplain — Charles Babbidge, Pepperell. — Mr. Babbidge 
was pastor of the Unitarian Church in Pepperell, and was the 
first clergyman who was called into actual service to suppress the 
rebellion, as he was also the first graduate of Harvard University 
to enter the service. He was graduated in the class of 1828. 
Mr. Babbidge subsequently served three years as Chaplain of the 
Massachusetts Twenty-sixth. 

Adjutant — Alpha B. Farr, Lowell. — Adjutant Farr en- 
tered the Twenty-sixth as Lieutenant-Colonel, and was promoted 
to the command, July 28, 1862, and remained in command till 
the expiration of his service, November 7, 1864. 

Quartermaster — James Mux roe, Cambridge, was also 
Quartermaster of the Twenty-sixth, and died in the faithful per- 
formance of his duties, November 18, 1862. 

Paymaster — Rufus L. Plaisted, Lowell. 

Assistant Surgeon — Jansen T. Paine, Charlestown. Sub- 
sequently Post Surgeon in the Department of the Gulf. 

Sergeant-Major — Samuel W. Shattuck, Groton, — became 
Adjutant of the Eighth Vermont, and was subsequently promoted 
to the rank of Captain, and held the position of Assistant Ad- 
jutant General, 2d Brig. Ist Div. Nineteenth Army Corps. 

Quartermaster Sergeant — Church Howe, Worcester, — was 
Quartermaster of the Massachusetts Fifteenth,* and was promoted 

*The Massachusetts Fifteenth Was organized in Worcester County, 
under command of Col. Charles Devens, Jr., and was mustered, June 2, 
1861. It was at Bairs Bluff, in the Peninsula battles under McClellan ; 

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88 The Three Months* Campaign. 

to the rank of Captain, January 8, 1863. He was discharged 
from the service, April 10, 1863. 

Commissary Sergeant — John Dupee, Boston. 

Drum Major — Frederick K. Stafford, Lowell. 

Hospital Steward — William H. Gray, Acton, — has since 
held the position of Surgeon in the U. S. colored regiment 


These celebrated musicians accompanied the Sixth to 
Baltimore. Their transportation was in a baggage-car, 
in the rear of the train ; and, through.some misapprehen- 
sion, it remained at the station after the regiment had 
left. There the band stayed, awaiting orders to move, 
and without arms, when the mob began to make hostile 
demonstrations. The doors of the car were closed by the 
band ; but the mob soon broke them open, and the musi- 
cians were forced to leave, abandoning their instruments 
and other property. The Baltimore police, many of 
them evidently in league with the roughs, were appealed 
to in vain to assist them, and they fled for their lives. 
A crowd of women, mostly foreigners, concealed them 
in their houses, and exchanged their uniforms for other 
clothing, in which disguise they were conveyed by a 
strong body of police, late in the afternoon, under in- 
structions from the mayor, on board the Philadelphia 

at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg; and with Grant at the begin- 
ning of his successful advance on Petersburg. It has a most eDviable 
record of service. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 


train. They arrived in Lowell, April 22. In the music- 
store of Rugg and Carlton, Lowell, may be seen some 
of the battered relics of the day, in the shape of a bass 
drum and a brass instrument, much the worse for wear. 
Their names were — 

George Brooks, 
Eli B. Carlton, 
Charles Colburn, 
Abel F. Crocker, 
Oliver T. Davis, " 

William K. Doe, " 

Jolin M. Lovett, " 

Greenleaf W. Metcalf, " 
Eugene S. Muzzey, " 

Coffern Nutting, 
Henry G. Parshley, 
John H. Parshley, 
Charles J. Patterson, 
James Poison, 
George A. Wilson, 
Artemas S. Young, 

Lowell ; subsequently, 26th Mass. Band. 


Lowell ; subsequently, 26th Mass. Band. 

17th Mass. Band;* 59th Mass. Band.* 
6th Mass. 9 months. 
'^ subsequently, 26th Mass. Band. 
Lowell, 13th N. H. Band. Deceased. 

« . 13th N. H. Band. 


" subsequently, 26th Mass. Band. 

1 The Seventeenth Massachusetts left Lynnfield, August 23, 1861, and 
was stationed in Baltimore several months. It then went to New Berne, 
in and near which it remained during the larger part of its service; 
meanwhile engaging \n most of the battles of 1868-4. Eight of its compa- 
nies were from Essex, one from Suffolk, and one from Middlesex. Kin- 
Bton, Washington, and Weldon, testify to its gallantry. 

'The Fifty-ninth Massachusetts was raised by the gallant Col. J. P. 
Gould, Major of the Thirteenth, and arrived in Washington, April 28, 1864. 
Ten days after leaving Massachusetts, it had its first fight. It performed 
noble service in the closing scenes of the war. 

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90 The Three Months' Campaign. 


Re-enlisted as a company nine months^ 1862-3, in the same regiment. 
Disbanded hy general order in 1865. 

The Lawrence Cadets were originally named for Dr. 
Ambrose Lawrence, of Lowell ; and the company was 
organized in 1855. In 1860, the name was changed to 
National Greys. Its officers have been as follows : — 

Captain — J. A. Sawtelle held command from the organiza- 
tion of the company till May 17, 1861. 

Lieutenants — James H. Ward, Enoch W. Barker, 
James W. Hart, Francis N. Carr, E. W. Richardson, 
Charles E. Pevey, P. V. Thomas, R* H. Tyler, An- 
drew J. Johnson, George W. Lawrence. 

The Greys promptly responded to the Governor's call, 
and assembled in Huntington Hall, on the morning of 
the 16th, with companies C, D, and H, where a great 
and intensely excited crowd had assembled to say good- 
by. The Mayor, Hon. B. C. Sargent, addressed them, 
and they departed, as already related. 

The company roster, with such facts appended as I 
have been able to procure, reads thus : — 

Captain^ Josiah A. Sawtelle, Lowell ; promoted Major, May 
1 7 ; Lieut.-CoI. 26th Mass., S years. 

Lieutenant^ Andrew J. Johnson, Lowell; Ist Lieut. Co. A, 
26th Mass. ; discharged, April 10, 1862. 
»* Andrew C. Wright, Lowell; Capt. Co. A, 6th 
Mass., 9 months ; resigned, November, 1862. 

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The Three Months' Campaign. 91 

Sergeanty Enoch J. Foster, Lowell; Ist Lieut. 6th Mass., 

9 months ; discharged, sick, and died. 
" George M. Dickerman, Lowell ; Capt, May 18, 1861. 

Capt Co. A, 26th Mass. ; prisoner in Shenandoah 

" George W. Snell, Lowell; 2d and 1st Lieut. Co. 

A, 6th Mass., 9 months; Capt., January, 1865, 

when disbanded. 
" John F. Swett, Lowell. 

Corporal, Linus M. Cadwell, Lowell ; N. H., Color Serg. 

" W. F. LovREiN, Lowell; Serg. Maj. 6th Mass., 9 

months; U. S. R. R. service, prisoner, 1864. 
" Alfred J. Hall, Lowell; 2d Lieut, and Capt. 6th 

Masi-'., 9 months. 
" John W. Carter, Lowell. 
" Solomon Clark, Lowell; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass., 9 

" Aaron Andrews, Lowell; discharged at Relay 

House, May 16, 1861. 
Musician, Frank W. Greenwood, Lowell ; Drum Major, 

26th Mass. 
" Lewis A. Young, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 


Julius T. Adams, Lowell ; Mass. 

Oren L. Bowker, Lowell ; since in a Maine regiment. 
Frederic A. Barron, Lowell ; 2d Sharpshooters,* Mass. 
John Bulmer, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass. 
Isaac Chesley; Lowell. 

iThe Second Massachusetts Sharpshooters were attached to the Mas- 
sachusetts Fifteenth and subsequently to the Twentieth. The history of 
those regiments includes that of this company. 

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92 The Three Months' Campaign. 

George S. Crocker, Lowell ; 6 th Mass., 9 months. 
Horace T. Durgin, Lowell. 

George W. Dightman, Lowell ; N. H. 

Charles F. Emerson, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass. 

John Foss, Lowell ; since in Mass. 

John Frost, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass. 

Joseph Fields, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass. 

Frank R. Grout, Lowell ; Co. A, 26lh Mass. 

Andrew J. Herrick, Lowell ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 9 months ; died 

November 30, 1863. 
Thomas H. Huntington, Lowell ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 100 days. 
A. J. Howe, Lowell. 

Winthrop H. Hall, Lowell ; Adj. 23d Maine. 
William H. Higson, Lowell. 

Gilb rt A. Hood, Lowell ; 2d Mass.^ H. A. or Ist Mass. Batt., killed. 
James F. Hudson, Lowell ; Co. D, 26 th Mass. 
Stephen Homans, Lowell ; 33d Mass.* 
Alfred G. Jones, Lowell; Sergt. Co. C, 27th Mass.* 
William H. Luce, Lowell. 
Joseph Marshall, Lowell; Sergt. Co. G, 19th Mass.^ 

1 The Second Masssachusetts Heavy Artillery left for the seat of war ia 
the beginning of 1864, and was distributed along the coast of Virginia 
and North Carolina, in various fortifications. 

* The Thirty-third Massachusetts left the state, August 14, 1862, and 
was encamped near Washington till January, 1863. It has taken part in 
the battles of Gettysburg, Chattanooga, and Lookout Mountain, and has a 
national reputation. 

8 The Twenty-seventh Massachusetts was raised in the western part of 
the state, and was mustered September 20, 1861. It tool^ part in the 
principal engagements in North Carolina, and did valiant service. 

* The Nineteenth Massachusetts was organized at Lynnfield, and left 
Massachusetts under Col. Hinks, August 28, 1861. They were in BalPs 
Bluff, before Richmond, second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Get- 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 93 

Charles Miner, Lowell ; in Mass. 

Robert Motley, Lowell ; Navy. 

Bradford JS. Norton, Lowell ; Co. A, 26th Mass. 

Merrill D. Pevey, Lowell ; 1st N. H. Batt. 

William H. Packard, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Sharpshooters.^ 

Gordon Reed, Lowell ; in Mass. 

J. G. Reed, Lowell. 

Charles H. Richardson, Lowell ; 26th Mass. 

Martin Richards, Lowell 

Scott Stewart, Lowell ; Mass. killed. 

Warren M. Tuck, Lowell ; re-enlisted in 

James M. Torsey ; 1st Sergt. 6th Mass., 9 months. 
Henry M. Woodward ; Sergt. 6th Mass., 9 months. 


Re-enlisted as a company in the same regiment^ in the nine months* 
and one hundred days* carnpaigns. It still retains its organization. 

With the exception of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery, Boston, this is. probably the oldest military 
company now existing in the state. Amos Famsworth, 
of Groton, was commissioned as first lieutenant of a 
company of artillery, October 19, 1778, to be attached 
to the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment. It had, at that 
time, been in the habit of meeting for drill since 1775, 
and was commanded by Capt. William Swan. Lieut. 
Farnsworth's commission, signed by fifteen members of the 
Council of Massachusetts Bay, is here printed verbatim : — 

tysburg, and other great battles, in all of which, they have covered them- 
selves with glory. 

* The First Company Sharpshooters was attached to the Massachusetts 
Nineteenth, and shared the dangers and honors of that regiment. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 


The Three Months' Campaign. 

^ . , , ) The Maior part of the Council of 

State of Massachusetts, > 

\ Massachusetts Bay, in New En gland ^ 

To Amos Farnsworth, Gentleman, Greet- 
ing: You being appointed First Lieu- 
tenant of a Company of Matross^ Com- 
[seal.] manded by William Swan, raised in the 

Sixth Regiment of Militia, in the County 
of Middlesex, -whereof Jonathan . Reed, 
Esquire, is Colonel, to Rank as Captain ; 
By virtue of the Power vested in us, We 
Jon. Powell do by 'these Presents, (reposing Special 

Artemas Ward Trust and confidence in your Loyalty, 

T Gushing Courage, and good Conduct,) Commission 

Benj Austin you accordingly. You are therefore 

H Gardner carefully and diligently to discharge the 

J Hopkins Duty of a first Lieutenant, in Leading, 

Saml Danielson ordering, and exercising said Company in 

N Gushing Arms, both Inferior Officers and Soldiers, 

B. White and to keep them in Good Order and Dis- 

Danl Davis cipline, and they are hereby commanded 

Oliver Prescott to obey you as their first Lieutenant, and 

Oliver Wendall you are yourself to observe and follow 

A S Fuller such orders and instructions as you shall 

E Brooks from Time to Time receive from the 

F M. Dana Major Part of the Council, or your Supe- 

rior Officers. 

Given under our hands, and the Seal of the said State, at 
Boston, the nineteenth day of October, in the year of our Lord 

the Command of the 
jor part of the Council. 

John Avery Dy Secraty 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 95 

This company has been well known to the people of 
Middlesex county, for three generations, as the " Groton 
Artillery." Until the rebellion of 1861 broke out, it 
had always kept two brass field-pieces in its possession, 
at its head-quarters, though it had, at the same time, for 
many years done duty as Company B, Sixth Mass. 

In the war of 1812, it was stationed on Dorchester 
Heights, commanded by William Farnsworth. It has 
uniformly been ready for duty for almost a century. 
Some years after, it was attached to the Fifth Regiment 
of Artillery, and afterwards it was returned to the Sixth. 

I have been able to obtain the following among the 
captains and lieutenants previous to 1861. Unfortu- 
nately, the books of this ancient company were lost in 
Annapolis, in 1861 : — 

Captains. — James Lewis,* William Farnsworth,* William 
Daliymple,* Aaron Brown,* Jonathan Pierce,* P. G. Prescott 
(twice), Sumner Shattuck,* Joel Shattuck, Albert Shattuck, 
Andrew Blood,* * Andrew Shattuck, Charles Prescott, William 
Shattuck (twice), Bradford Russell,* Walter Shattuck, George 
Shattuck (twice), T. S. Farnsworth. 

Lieutenants. — Most of the above, and Charles Blood, 
Charles Woolley, Rodney D. Cragin, Ezekiel Needham, Asa T. 
Whiting (Pepperell), William P. Taylor (Pepperell), Norman 
Kemp (Dunstable), Joseph Fitch. ^ 

* Deceased. 

1 Andrew Blood was Lieut.-Colonel, Third Louisiana, Dec. 6, 1862. 

* These names are recollected and furnished me by Colonel Walter 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

96 The Three Months' Campaign. 

April 15, 1861, late in the day, Capt. Clark re- 
ceived a despatch from his colonel, to report for duty 
the next morning, at seven o'clock, in Lowell; dnd, 
though the members were scattered through eight or 
ten towns, at the designated time the company was on 
hand, " armed and equipped, as the law directs," and 
sustained itself nobly in the part assigned it. 

Captain, Eusebius S. Clark, Groton ; Capt. in 26th Mass. ; also 
Maj. July 29, 1862; wounded, Shenandoah ; died, 
Winchester, Oct. 1864. 
1st Lieutenant, George F. Shattuck, Groton ; promoted to 1st 
Lieut. May 2 ; Capt. in 6th Mass., d months, 
and 100 days. 
2d Lieutenant, Samuel G. Blood, Groton ; 1st Lieut, in 9 months* 

campaign, 6th Mass.; Ensign in Navy, 1864. 
Sergeant, E. Dexter Sawtel, Groton ; 2d Lieut, in 6th Mass., 
9 months; killed, Jan. 30, 1863. 
" William T. Childs, Groton ; Sergt. in 6th Mass., 9 

months; 1st Lieut, in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
" Wood J. Burgess, Groton. 
" John S. Cooke, Groton ; 1st Lieut 26th Mass., 3 years ; 

also Q. M. and Capt. in same. 
" Joseph Stedman, Medfield, Capt. and Lieut.-Col. in 
Mass. 4 2d,^ 9 months ; also Lieut.-Colonel in 100 
days ; now a physician in Roxbury. 
Corporal, George K. Cragin, Groton. 

" Abbott A. Shattuck, Groton; 1st Lieut, in 25th 
U. S. Colored Keg. ; also, Capt. in the same. 

1 The Forty-second Masssachusetts was a nine months' regiment, organ- 
ized in November, 1862, under Col. Burrill. Its career was a very event- 
ful one, chiefly in the Department of the Gulf. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 97 

Corporal^ Joseph A. Bacon, Groton ; 2d Lieut 9 months, 6th 
Mass.; also, 100 days, 6th Mass., 1864. 
" Charles H. W. Haynes, Groton; 3 years in 11th 
U. S. Regulars. 
Musician^ Eugene A. Turner, Groton. 

" Solomon Story, Jr., Dunstable; Musician in 1st 
Mass. Heavy Art^ 


Avander N. Blood, Pepperell; returned with- the music by 

order of the Mayor of Baltimore. 
Amos L. Ames, Groton; joined Relay House, May 20. 
Theodore Brigham, Groton. 

John N. Brown, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
George V. Barrett, Shirley ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

1st Lieut, in — — Mass. 
D. F. Blighton, New York. 
Charles F. Cox, Groton. 
Aaron Carter, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

26th Mass ; killed in Shenandoah Valley. 
Henry A. Dickson, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

Ord. Sergt. 33d Mass. 
Samuel R. Dickerman, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 

20 ; 1st Lieut, in N. H. 

George A. Fullick Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 26th 

Mass. ; killed in Shenandoah Valley. 

1 The First Massachusetts Heavy ArtUlery was raised as the Fourteenth 
Infantry, and left Massachusetts, August 7, 1861. It remained in the forts 
around Washington nearly three years, with the exception of one com- 
pany, which was in the Winchester fight. During the last scenes of the ' 
war, it experienced great losses, and achieved great honor. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

98 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Benjamin Ford, Groton ; 26th Mass. 

Thomas Gilson, Groton ; Corp. 6th Mass., 9 months ; in U. S. 

Signal Corps. 
George A. Gleason, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

•26th Mass; reenllsted, wounded, and died in Washington. 
Adams J. Hartwell, Groton ; 36th Mass. ; * died in service. 
Timothy W. Heald, Carlisle; Sharpshooters; wounded. 
Samuel D. Hoyt, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

2d Lieut 26th Mass. 
Russell O. Houghton, Lunenburg ; joined at Relay House, May 

20 ; 2d and 1st Lieut. 26tb Mass. 

Samuel J. Jaquith, Groton ; Q. M. Sergt. N. H. Cav. 

George D. Jaquith, Groton ; 7th N. H. 

Frederick A. Jones, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

Mass. 26th. 
Edwin H. Knowlton, Groton ; 26th Mass. 
Rufus Livermore, Groton ; Lieut in R. L Cavalry. 
Charles M. Lovejoy, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 

20 ; 6th Mass., 9 months, Corp. 
Benjamin Mclntire, Dorchester. 
Charles E. Moore, Groton. 

Robert Munroe, Groton ; 26th Mass. ; discharged for disability. 
Noah J. Moulton, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

26th Mass. 
George V. Mansur, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

in Navy. 
Andrew J. Ockington, Groton. 
William H. Priest, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; in 

26th Mass. ; killed in service. 

1 The Thirty-sixth Massachusetts entered the U. S. service September, 
1862, and was in the battle of Fredericksburg; and then went West, and 
saw Vicksburg fall, and participated in the glories of, the Mississippi cam- 
paign. It has suffered incredible hardships and privations. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 99 

Henry J. Parker, Townsend; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

1st Lieat. 33d Mass. ; killed, May 15, 1864. 
John Quigg, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
James L. R. Russell, Groton; 26th Mass. 
John Reed, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
James E. Richardson, Winchendon^ joined at Relay House, May 

Wm. E. Sartell, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
Jodah F. Sartell, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

3 2d Mass.^ 
Greo. H. Stall, Groton ; Sergt. 6th Mass., 9 months. 
John R. Shattuck, Pepperell. 

Andrew J. Shattuck, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
Henry E. Smith, Groton ; Sergt. 33d Mass. 
John S. Selden, Pepperell. 
Ansel A. Stall, Lunenburg ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

Mass. ; died at Washington. 

Geo. N. Spalding, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
Daniel M. Sidlinger, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
Alfred A. Tolman, Boston. 
Henry E. Tozier,* Groton ; Orderly Sergt. 3 years, 8th Maine ; 

reenlisted ; became Lieut., then Capt. ; and shot through the 

heart, Dec, 1864. 
Benjamin Thompson, Groton ; 26th Mass. 
Wm. H. Tenney, Groton. 

1 The Thirtynsecond Massachusetts was raised on the basis of the First 
Battalion in the winter of 1861-2. It was before Richmond, at Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. 

* Bev. J. Eastwood, Chaplain of the Massachusetts Universalist Soldiers' 
Mission, who describes his last moments, characterizes him as a splendid 
•soldier, and a noble man. His last words were, " Boys, take oflf my sabre: 
don't let it fall into the enemy's hands ! " 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

100 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Stephen W. Wheeler, Shirley ; 26th Mass. 

Sabnon Whitney, Groton; 5 2d Mass.^; 9 months; died after 

leaving service. 
Franklin Wilson, Groton. 
Chas. H. Whitney, Groton. 
Chas. H. Wright, Pepperell. 

Henry C. Wynn, Pepperell ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
Wm. N. Warren, Pittston, Me. ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
Henry F. Whitcomb, Groton ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 
Robert F. Webb, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20 ; 

Sergt. Mass. ; killed. 

Ransom C. Watson, Townsend ; joined at Relay House, May 20. 


Re-enlisted in the same regiment, in the Nine Months* and in the 
Hundred Days* Campaign, It is still an organized company. 

The old Mechanic Phalanx, one of the most cele- 
brated companies in the State, and now one of the oldest, 
was organized in Chelmsford, now Lowell, February 16, 
1825, in answer to the prayer of Isaac Anthony and 
others, as a part of the Third Regiment, Second Brigade, 
and Third Division. The enlisting papers were signed 
by Col. John Baldwin, of Billerica. The original mem- 
bers were : — 

^ The Fifty-second Massachusetts was recruited m Hampshire and 
Franklin counties, and proceeded to the Gulf Department Nov. 19, 1862. 
It completed its campaign of nine months at Port Hudson, Baton Rouge, 
and the other famous places in that region ; and was the first regiment 
to make the voyage of the Mississippi after the fall of Vicksburg and Port 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 101 

James Derby, Captain ; Leonard Mitchell, Lieutenant ; Thomas 
J. Greenwood, Ensign ; Sergeants — N. S. Ramsay,* H. S. Smith, 
Thomas Mayo, Isaac Anthony ; Corporals — Daniel Ferguson, 
Ezekiel Merrill, Nath'l Currier, Judson W. Rice ; * Musicians — 
Luke Holt, John T. Spofford, Warren Cudworth,* Ephraim An- 
drews,* W. P. Q. Badger ; Privates — Pardon Derby, Wm. Davis,* 
Danford Atherton,* Abram Van Doom, John Houghton, John 
Jewett, Samuel P. Emerson, Elisha Bunce, John Abbott, Samuel 
W. Brown,* John P. Emmes, Hiram Chase, John L. Haines, 
Daniel Hall,* Albert Griswold, Luther Anthony, Geo. W. Hovey, 
Prentiss Richardson,* Richard Bartlett, Moses Quinby, J. R. Pur- 
rington, Samuel Tower, John Newman, Paul Hills,* Carlton 
Reed, Leander P. Cobb. 

The officers of the company from its organization to 
the year 1861 were: — 

Captains — James Derby, T. J. Greenwood, Daniel Ferguson, 
* N. S. Ramsay, * Hiram Cobbett, Jona. Kendall, * James Dennis, 
O. W. Bailey, * Timothy G. Tweed, James M. Varnum, J. G. 
Peabody, *I. W. Beard, Chas. Stanley, J. L. Huntress, T. G. 
Farmer, A. W. Adams, Ephraim Hartwell, V. Garson, J. G. 
Chase, E. Stackpole, A. S. FoUansbee. Lieutenants — Wm. Mil- 
ler, and most of the foregoing ; Wm. H. Oliver, J. Brooks Brad- 
ley, J. J. Dana, J. J. Burgess, Leonard Brown, John Billings, 
J. M. Dodge, David Emerson, Joseph Stevens, W. H. Clemence, 
Samuel Bentley, G. H. Pearsons, H. K. Barnard, A. R. Brown, 
C. S. Hopkins, Reuben Frye, J. R. Melvin, J. L. Rollins, J. B. 
Kimball, John McCarty, Sumner Hylan, John Mack, Thos. D. 
Bradley, S. D. Shipley, J. W. Hadley. 

* Deceased. 

1 Mr. Andrews was drum major " off and on " for some thirty years. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

,«•• •• ••••• 

• • •••••• ••«• 

102 The Three Months' Campaign. 

The Phalanx received orders at 8 o'clock, p. M., April 
15, and reached Boston the next day at noon, and pro- 
ceeded with the rest of the regiment to Baltimore. 


Captain^ A. S. Follansbee, Lowell ; Col. of 6th Mass., 9 months, 

in 1862-8, and also 100 days in 1864. 
First Lieutenant^ Samuel D. Shipley, Lowell. (1st Lieut 

Geokge H. Piesson,* of Dracut, discharged, April 

22,1862.) Capt. Co. C, 30th Mass.; also May 

Second Lieutenant^ John C. Jepson, Lowell ; Captain Co. C, 6th. 

Mass., 9 months, 1862-8. 
Sergeant^ John W. Hadley, Lowell; 1st Lieut, in Co. C, 6th 

Mass., 9 months, 1862-3. 
" Brent Johnston, Jr., Lowell; Capt Co. F, Mass. 

80th; wounded in Shenandoah Valley, October, 

" Ira Stickney, Lowell; Sergt Co. C, 6th Mass., 100 

days in 1865 ; 7th Mass. Batt' 

1 G. H. Pearson went out as First Lieutenant, but declined to be sworn 
into the service, and returned home. 

* The Massachusetts Thirtieth was organized Dec. 81, 1861, and had an 
eventful campaign in the vicinity of New Orleans, contributing largely to 
the work of regenerating Louisiana. It was engaged in the principal bat- 
tles of the Lower Mississippi. 

* The Seventh Battei-y lefl Boston May 22, 1861, among the first of the 
three years' men, under command of Capt. Phineas A. Davis. It was 
stationed in South-eastern Virginia some two years, at Fortress Monroe and 
Suffollc, where it did excellent service. It was stationed a short time in 
New York, during the riots, and spent its last few months in New Orleans. 
The writer of this sketch saw it under trying circumstances, and can tes- 
tify to its valor and efficiency. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 103 

Sergeant, Thos. O. Allen, Lowell; Adjutant 6th Mass., 9 months; 

and Major 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Corporal, John H. Lakin, Lowell; Sergt. Co. C, 6th Mass., 9 
months, 1862-3. 
" Isaac N. Marshall, Lowell ; 2d Lieut Co. C, 6th 

Mass., 9 months, 1862-3. 
" Charles H. Arlin, Lowell. 

" Richard A. Elliott, Lowell ; 2d Lieut. Co. C, 30th 
Mass. ; transferred to 2d Louisiana as Adjutant. 
Musician, Andrew J. Burbank ; Corp. Co. C, 6th Mass., 9 
months, 1862-3. 

" Joseph J. Donahue ; Lieut, in N. H. ; Adjutant 

10th N. H. 


John Arlin, Lowell ; joined the company in Boston, April 1 6 ; 
7th Mass. Batt. 

Seth Bonney, Lowell ; Lieut, and Capt. 26th Mass., 3 years ; re- 

George W. Barnard, Lowell. 

Tristram Barnard, Lowell; joined after the company arrived 
in Washington. 

Theron A. Bryant, Lowell. 

Andrew W. Bartlett, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Cav.;* wounded at Olus- 
tee, Fla., died Beaufort, S. C. 

Thomas Burns, Lowell ; in Mass. 

Frank Calvert, Montgomery, Ala. ; reached and joined the com- 
pany May 16, having abandoned business and property for 
that patriotic purpose. 

1 The First Mass. Oavalry was organized in September, 1861, and the 
different battalions of this — " the eyes of the army " — have fought in 
Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia, Gettysburg, Florida, and wherever 
there has been any considerable fighting; and has always proved itself a 
noble corps. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

104 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Jeremiah Crowley, Lowell. 

Edwin R. Clark, Lowell ; returned from New York, sick ; Capt. 

Co. B, 30th Mass. 
George A. Coburn, Dracut ; in 7th Mass. Battery. 
Erastus Dennett, Lowell ; Sergt, Co. D, 1st Mass. Cavalry. 
Charles W. Doming, Lowell ; Colonel's Clerk. 
Josiah E. Flanders, Lowell ; 18th N. H. 
George D. Fairbanks, Lowell. 

Charles E. Fitzpatrick, Billerica ; joined at Relay House, June 3d. 
Albert George, Lowell ; 3d Mass. Batt.^ ; 2d Lieut. 1st Mass. H. A. ; 

re-enlisted in the same. 
Reuel Greenleaf, Lowell; Corp. Co. C, Mass. 30th; killed. La. ; 
Bonj. F. Goddard, Lowell ; 1st Sergt. 9 months, 6th Mass. ; 

Capt. Co. C, 6th Mass. 100 days. 
Daniel W. Gray, Lowell ;• 1st N. H. Battery. 
Amaziah N. Goodwin, Lowell; Lieut. 9th Maine; killed. 
Moses Harmon, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery.' 
Frank C. Horn, Lowell. 
Thomas B. Johnson, Lowell ; joined at Relay House, May 27 ; 

Lieut. 30th Mass. ; wounded, Shenandoah, October, 1864. 
William C. Kent, Lowell ; in Berdan's Sharpshooters. 
Charles P. Lord, Lowell ; Lieut. 8th Maine. 
Martin V. B. Libbey, Lowell. 
George Lawrence, Boston ; 13th N. H. 
Angus McKenzie, Lowell ; Corp. Co. F, Mass. 33d ; died in the 

Wm. B. McCurdy, Lowell ; Sergt. 6th Mass., Co. C, 9 months 

1st Lieut. 100 days. 

1 The Third Mass. Battery's history is the honorable history of the Ar- 
my of the Potomac from October, 1861, till October, 1864. Its three years 
were most eventful. 

« The Fifteenth Light Battery was mustered Feb. 17, 1863, and was sta- 
tioned in the G\ilf Department. It was commanded by Capt. T. Pearson. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 105 

Joseph Mansur, Lowell ; joined at Relay House, June 1st. 

Baldwin T. Peabody, Lowell ; 1st Lieut. Co. G, 33d Mass. ; dis- 
charged, March, 1863. 

Wm. H. Phelan, Lowell. 

Dudley M. Prescott, Lowell ; Capt. Mass. 33d. 

Henry H. Pearsons, Bloom ington. 111. ; joined at Washington, 
April 22d ; Capt. and CoL -^ N. H. ; killed. 

Edward C. Rice, Lowell. 

Geo. W. Swain, Lowell ; Corp. in Co. C, 6th Mass., 9 months ; 
died Dec. 24, 1862. 

Emilius Stackpole, Lowell ; died after leaving service. 

Charles B. Stinson, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore (nose broken) ; 
and discharged May 9th ; Sergt. Mass. 30th ; discharged ; 4th 
Mass. H. A} 

Joseph F. Tebbetts, Lowell ; Sergt., 33d Mass. ; Veteran Reserve 

Alexander Wilson, Dracut. 

Merrill S. Wright, Lowell ; joined April 28, in Washington ; de- 
tailed to convey killed to Boston. ♦ 

James L. Williams, Tewksbury ; joined, Washington, April 28 ; 
reentered the service, Mass. 33d. 


The City Guards was organized Sept. 21, 1841. It 

has served through the three campaigns, and still holds its 

organization. Its Captains have been Edward Beal, 

Abijah Watson, James Townsend, Benj. F. Butler,^ 

1 The Fourth Mass. Heavy Artillery was raised during the very last of 
the war, and is still in the service. 

* The name of Benj. F. Butler appears on the roster of the company, and 
on that of the regiment, in each grade up to that of Colonel. It has since 
been indelibly written on the pages of the country's history. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

106 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Geo. F. Sawtelle, Swan L. Lesure, Samuel Lawrence, 
Benson Hazleton, Ezekiel Eastman, R. B. Caverly, A. S. 
FoUansbee,! J. W. Hart. 

Zdeutenants. — Most of the above, and E. Messinger, 
James L. Huntress, Francis Bowers, S. J. Vamey, M. 
N. Home, Benj. P. Twiss, S. S. Stacy, Henry A. Sar- 
gent, John E. Ames, James S. Coleman, Wm. H. Lam- 
son,2 Nath'l P. Melvin, James T. Lancaster, Chas. H. 
Arlin, Wm. F. Persons, .Andrew C. Wright, Andrew J. 
Johnson, Chas. F. Williamson, Levi Stiles, Levi Wood-: 
bridge, D. H. Gordon, E. Simonds, C. J. Shackford, 
Timothy Pearson,^ Stillman Bushee. 

Co. D was equally zealous with the other Lowell com- 
panies, and suffered most severely of all, as it was on the 
extreme left of the column, when attacked. 


Captain, James W. Hart, Lowell ; Capt. Co. D, 6th Mass., 9 
months; Capt. also Co. D, 100 days. 

First Lieutenant^ Charles E. Jones, Lowell ; Capt. Co. G, Mass. 
33d; discharged, March 28th, 1863. 

Third Lieutenant, Samuel C. Pinney, Lowell; 1st Lieut. Co. 
D, 9 months, (6th Mass.) 1st Lieut. Co. D, 100 days, 

Fourth Lieutenant, Llewellyn L. Craig, Lowell. 

1 Captain of Co. C, and afterwards Colonel of the Sixth. 

* Lieutenant in Twenty-sixth Massachusetts, and Major Thirty-third 

» Timothy Pearson was Captain of the Fifteenth Massachusetts Battery, 
raised in 1863. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 107 

Sergeant, William H. Lamson, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore, 

eye and head, paving stones; Co. D, 26th Mass., 

1st Lieut.; 33d Mass. Major; discharged March 

8th, 1864. 
" John E. Eameb, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore, and 

returned home ; died after leaving service. 
** Frank L. Sanborn, Lowell ; 26th Mass., discharged. 
" Wm. p. Cummings, Lowell; Sergt. 9 months, Co. D, 

6th Mass. 
" John H. Gilmore, Lowell. 
Corporal, Arthur J. Withey, Lowell ; 33d Mass. 

" Amory W. Webbkr, Lowell; Co. L, 3d Mass. 

" VViNSLow A. Dodge, Lowell; Sergt. Co. G, 33d 

Mass.; discharged. 
** Joseph L. Wood, Lowell ; Corp. 1st Sharpshooters. 
Musician, Charles H. Edmonds, Lowell. 


George Alexander, Lowell; wounded April 19th, Baltimore, 

head, brick; Co. D, Mass. 30th. 
William H. Bickford, Lowell ; Sergt. 26th Mass. ; died in service. 
John R. Chamberlain, Lowell ; Co. A, Mass. 26th ; discharged. 
James Conroy, Lowell ; in Navy. 
Chas. Chandler, Cambridge ; wounded in Baltimore, April 1 9th, 

head, brick ; Co. G, Mass. 33d ; in Navy ; in H. A. 

Simeon Chandler, Lowell ; in Mass. ; discharged. 

Edmund Colburn, Dracut; wounded in Baltimore, April 19th; 

Mass. 33d. 

1 The Third Massachusetts Cavalry left the State, as the Forty-First 
Infantry, in November, 1862. In June, 1863, it became a cavalry regi- 
ment, and has performed extraordinary service in the Gulf Department. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

108 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Martin Davis, Dracut ; Wagoner, Co. G, Mass. 33d. 

Horace R. Finn, Lowell. 

Frederic W. Glover, Groton. 

Wm. P. Gilmore, Lowell; 3d Mass. Cav.; discharged. 

Wm. B. Gass, Dracut ; Co. D, Mass. 26th. 

Henry L. Huckins, Tewksbury ; Co. G, Mass. 33d. 

Aldis B. Harvey, Lowell. 

Daniel A. Ham, Lowell. 

John A. Jacks, Lowell ; 7th Mass. Battery, discharged. 

Alonzo Kincaid, Lowell. 

Geo. W. Lovrein, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore, April 19th; 

Co. D, Mass. 26th. 
Luther C. Ladd, Lowell ; killed in Baltimore, April 19th. 
Hiram C. Muzzey, Lowell ; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 6th Mass., 9 months ; 

2d Lieut. Co. D, 100 days ; Frontier Cavalry.^ 
Robert Marshall, Lowell; Co. G, Mass. 19th, Vet. Res. Corps. 
Hugh F. Mehill, Lowell ; Lieut. Mass. H. A. 
Ira W. Moore, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore, April 1 9th, left 

arm, brick ; Sergt. Co. B, 80th Mass. ; died after leaving 


Joseph B. Peaks, Lowell ; in Maine Reg. 

Wm. R. Patch, Chelmsford ; wounded in Baltimore, April 19. 

Andrew S. Peterson, Lowell ; 26th Mass. 

John B. Rushworth, Lowell ; Co. F, 33d Mass. ; died 1864. 

Henry A. Sinclair, Lowell ; Serg. Co. G, 33d Mass. 

James M. Sanborn, Lowell; Corp. Co. D, 6th Mass. 100 days; 

Frontier Cavalry. 
Wm. H. H. Sunderlin, Lowell ; died 1861. 
David C. Stevens, Lowell ; wounded in Baltimore ; Co. A, 
^ Mass. 26th. 

1 The Frontier Cavalry was raised in expectation of troubles on the Can- 
adian frontier. It performed a great deal of provost duty. 

Digitized by CjOOQIS 

The Three Months' Campaign. 109 

Chas. I. Taylor, Lowell ; 8d Mass. Cavalry ; discharged. 

Chas. W. Taylor, Lowell. 

Edward Taylor, Lowell ; 26th Mass. 

Chas. A. Taylor, Boston ; killed and buried in Baltimore, April 

19th, 1861. 
Daniel B. Tyler, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore, April 16, 1861 ; 

Co. M, 1st Mass. Cavalry ; discharged. 
James O. Winn, Lowell ; Co. H, 26th Mass. 
Addison O. Whitney, Lowell; killed in Baltimore, April 19th, 

Wm. G. Withington, Lowell; wounded in Baltimore, April 19, 

1861 ; Corp. Co. C, 80th Mass. 


Me-enlisted in the Nine Months* and One Hundred Days* Cam- 
paigns, still an organized company. 

The Davis Guards, named in honor of Captain Isaac 
Davis, who fell at Concord Bridge, in 1775, was or- 
ganized April 19th, 1851. The members of the com- 
pany were scattered over a wide area of territory ; but 
the night was devoted to transmitting the call to arms ; 
and at 4 o'clock, at the ringing of bells, the company 
assembled to the number of forty. The day was stormy ; 
and through the rain, after a sad parting with friends, 
the Guards started for Lowell, reaching that city at 7, 
A. M. Few in numbers, the company was always 
prompt and efficient, and did honor to the name it bears. 

The commissioned officers, since the organization and 
previous to 1861, are as follows : 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

110 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Captains. — Winthrop E. Faulkner, Daniel Jones, 
Rufus Holden, Moses Taylor, Daniel Tuttle (twice), A. 

C. Handley (twice). 

Lieutenants. — All who were captains except Faulk- 
ner ; and Wm. R. Lothrop, Cyrus Noyes, Wm. F. Wood, 
James E. Harris, Abraham H. Jones, Luke Smith, John 

D. Moulton, Henry Robinson. 


Captain, Daniel Tuttle, Acton. 

First Lieutenant, Wm. H. Chapman, Acton ; Captain Co. E, 26 tb 

Mass., 3 years ; Major and Lieut. Col. 26th Mass. ; 

wounded at Winchester, Sept. 19th, 1864. 
Second Lieutenant, Geo. W. Rand, Acton ; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass., 

Co. E, 9 months. 
Third Lieutenant, Silas P. Blodgett, Acton ; 2d and 1st Lieut. 

26th Mass., Co. E, 8 years. 
Fourth Lieutenant, Aaron L. Fletcher, Acton; 1st Lieut. 6th 

Mass., Co. E, 9 months. 
Sergeant, Luke Smith, Acton ; in 26th Mass., Co. E ; discharged, 

disability; 6th Mass. 100 days, 1864. 
" Geo. W. Knight, Acton ; 2d Lieut. Co. E, 6th Mass., 

9 months; 1st Lieut. 100 days. 
" Henry W. Wilder, Stow; 26th Mass., Co. E; killed 

Sept. 19th, 1864. 
** Granville W. Wilder, Stow ; 26th Mass., Co. E. 

discharged, disability; 5th Mass.,* 100 days, 1864. 
Corporal, Charles Jones, Acton. 

* The Fifth Massachusetts recruited for a hundred days, in the fall of 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. Ill 

Corporal^ John F. Blood, Jr., Acton ; 26tli Mass., Co. E ; dis- 
charged, disability. 

" Luke J. Robbin8, Acton ; 26th Mass., Co. E, 3 years. 

" Levi Robbins, Acton ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 
Musician^ Geo. F. Campbell, Acton; Lieut. 118th N. Y. Vols. 

" George Russee, Baltimore, Md. ; 20th Mass.^ 


George Blood, Acton ; 2d Mass. 

John Brown, Stow ; Sergt. 26th Mass. ; wounded, Sept. 19th, died, 
Dec. 1864 ; buried in Acton. 

Henry L. Bray, Acton ; Co. E, 6th Mass., 9 months ; Musician 

Charles Brooks, Acton ; 26th Mass., 8 years; re-enlisted. 

Edward D. Battles, Littleton. 

James L. Durant, Littletoy. 

Aaron J. Fletcher, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted. 

Abel Farran, Acton ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Henry Gilson, Acton. 

Nathan Goss, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted. 

\Vm. H. Gray, Acton ; appointed Hos. Stew. May 7th ; 1st U. S. 

Gilman S. Hosmer, Acton; 26th Mass., 3 years; wounded in bat- 
tle, Oct. 19, 1864; re-enlisted. 

"Wm. S. Handley, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted. 

Charles Ilandley, Acton ; accidentally shot while hunting, Jan'y 
29, 1862. 

1 The Twentieth Massachusetts left for the seat of war Sept. 4th, 1861, 
•ander command of Col. Wm. Raymond, and was at Ball's Bluff, before 
Kichmond, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and 
constantly in active service when any was being performed, never failed 
to honor itself and the Commonwealth. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

112 The Three Months' Campaign. 

George Jones, Acton ; Ca £, €di Mas&, 9 months. 

Waldo LittlefieM, Bodboro*. 

Heniy W. Jj^neil, Acton; 26tli Hass.; died of disease, in New 

James Moolton, Acton ; 26tli Mass. ; re-enlisted. 

Charles H. Moolton, Acton ; 3Stli Mass} ; died of disease, in Ac- 
ton, Dec 26, 18W. 

Charles Moi^e, Acton ; 26th Mass. ; re-enlisted. 

John Putnam, Actcm; 26th Mass.; died in Acton, Dec. 23, 

Vanmm F. BoblMns, Acton ; 6th Mass^ 9 months. 

William Beed, Actffli ; Co. £, 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Wm. R Eeed, Actcm; 26th Mass.; died in New Orleans in 

Chas. W. Reed, Littleton; Mass. 

Geo. A. Reed, Litdeton ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; Te-enlisted« 

Luke J. Robbins, Acton ; 26th Mass., 3 years. 

Ephraim A. Smith, Acton ; 26th Mass. ; discharged, disability. 

And. J. Sawyer, Acton; 6th Mass. 9 months; and 100 days, 1864. 

Edwin Tarbell, Acton ; appointed Assist Com., May 1 7 ; 26th 
Mass., 3 years. 

John Whitney, Qnincy. 

Wm. F. B. Whitney, Actcm ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted. 

£ben F. Wood, Acton; naTy, 1 year; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Samuel Wilson, Acton. 

Hiram Wheeler, Acton. 

John Wayne, Acton; 26th Mass., 3 years; re-enlisted. 

John £L F. White, Acton; 2d and 1st Lieut 26th Mass.; died 
July 10, 1863, in New Orleans. 

I The Tbtrty-«igbth ILt^achasetts left the C<nii]iioowealth September 
tif 1^2, and was actirely engaged in the Lower Missifisippi campatgos 
and i»U*inimdoah Valley, and ha« made a brUliaot reccn-d. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 113 


Consolidated mth Company /, in the same regiment^ in the Nine 
Months* Campaign, 

The " Warren Light Guard " was organized March 
3d, 1855, and was named in honor of General Joseph 
Warren. The Lawrence companies received their orders 
on the 15th, and with great ardor proceeded to perform 
their duty. Early on the morning of the 16th, they 
were ready to march to LowsU. Thousands of their 
friends and fellow-citizens thronged to bid them adieu, 
amid the most intense excitement; and they were 
received in Lowell with the wildest enthusiasm, and 
proceeded with the Lowell companies to Boston, and so 
on to the scene of strife. 

The commissioned officers of this company from its 
organization to 1861, and to its consolidation with Com- 
pany I in 1862, were as follows : 

Captains. — Jeffard M. Decker was Colonel of the Tenth Mas- 
sachusetts in 1858; Lieut-Colonel when the Tenth volunteered for 
three years, and served eleven months ; resigned in ill health, and 
was Adjutant of the Fifty-second Massachusetts nine months. J. D. 
Drew served as Captain in the First New Hampshire during the 
'61 campaign of three months ; also Major and Lieut-Colonel, New 
Hampshire Fourth, for three years. L. Bradley, B. T. Durgin, 
B. F. Chadbourne, Melvin Beal. Jerome Cross was Captain 
when the company was consolidated with Company I. 

Lieutenants. — Most of the above ; and Ira Hoford, Franklin 
Grant, D. S. Yeaton,* Thos. J. Cate,* Jesse C. Silver, Andrew J. 

1 Served in the war of lS61-'65. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

114 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Butterfield, and Charles Stone. Lieut. Stone has since been 
Lieutenant and Captain in the Fortieth Massachusetts. 


Captain, Benj. F. Chadbourne, Lawrence; resigned May 4, 

Second Lieutenant, Melvin Beal, Lawrence; elected Capt 

May 6 ; Lieut-Col. 6th Mass., 9 months; and 100 

Third Lieutenant, Thomas J. Cate,* Lawrence; elected 2d 

Lieut, May 6 ; 1st Lieut 16th U. S. Regulars ; 

now Ist Lieut, in Col. Inf. 

Fourth Lieutenant, Jesse C. Silver, Lawrence ; elected 8d 

Lieut. May 6. 
Serjeant, Andrew J. Butterfield, Lawrence; Co. K, 6th 
Mass., 9 months. 

" Chas. B. Foster, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Art 

" Chas. E. Drew, Lawrence ; 1st Lieut. 26th Mass. 

" W. Marland, Andover ; 1st Lieut in Nims's Battery.* 
Corporal, Gilbert P. Converse, Lawrence. 

" SuRRiLL Flint, Lawrence ; Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 mos. 

*♦ Thomas C. Ames, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artil- 
lery ; killed June 16, 1864. 

i Lieutenant Gate built the first army ovens, eight in number, in the 
basement of the Capitol. They were very busy during the first of the war 
Id manufacturing the staff of life. Lieutenant C. has since been detailed 
at different posts, to the same valuable service. 

8 Nims's Battery [Second Massachusetts] entered the service July 81, 
1861, and, after a few months at Fortress Monroe, debarked for the Gulf 
Department, April 19, 1862. They took part in the bombardment of 
Vicksburg, and in the battles of Baton Rouge, Brashear City, and other 
affairs in that localitv. It hns an envinble name. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 115 

Corporal, James A. Troy, Methuen; 2d and 1st Lieut 26th 

Mass., 3 years. 
Musician, Justin H. Kent, Lawrence; 3d Mass. Cavalry, 3 

" Westley W. Knowlton, Lawrence; N. H. 



A. Allen, Lawrence. 

Henry Beal, Lawrence ; 2d District of Columbia Regiment. 

Geo. F. Bailey, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry. 

Augustus Burrill, Lawrence ; 26th Mass. 

William A. Bailey, Lawrence ; 3d Mass. Cavalry. 

Chas. F. Belcher, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Romanzo C. Bailey, Lawrence ; Penn. 

Chas. H. Cummings, Lawrence. 

Wm. S. Carter, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Thos. H. Cooper, Manchester, N. H. ; 30th Mass. 

Micajah S. Cole, Manchester, N. H. ; in N. H. 

Willard Chaffin, Lawrence ; Mass. Battery. 

Oliver W. Chowdrey, Lawrence ; 26th Mass. 

Albert L. Dame, Methuen ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Lawrence N. Ducheney, Lawrence ; 1st Lieut. 1st Mass. Cavalry . 

prisoner ; Capt. Mass. Battalion, 26th N. Y. Cavalry. 
Wm. M. Doil, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry. 
Wm. H. Dyer, Lawrence. 
Lyman V. B. Furber, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry ; discharged ; 

Wm. K. Foster, Lawrence; in Co. 1, 6th Mass., 9 months; in 11th 

Unattached Heavy Artillery. 
Chas. E. Greenlaw, Lawrence ; in Co. H, 4th Mass.^ 9 months. 

* The Fourth Massachusetts was recruited at Camp Joe Hooker for nine 
months, and sailed for the Department of the Gulf December 27, 1 862, and 
arrived February 13 ; a part of the regiment having been on shipboard 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

116 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Enos T. Hill, Lawrence; died 1865. 

Frank Hinman, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry ; killed at Aldie. 

Amos G. Jones, Methuen ; 26th Mass., 3 years ; re-enlisted. 

Josiah N. Jones, Lawrence ; Capt. 6th N. H. 

Frank Kent, Lawrence ; 4th N. H. 

Greo. A. Kent, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Geo. P. Leighton, Lawrence. 

Geo. W. Littlefield, Amesbury ; 3d Mass. Cavalry ; killed. 

Chas. G. Merrill, Lawrence. 

Frank H. Merrill, Lawrence; 40th Mass. May 16, 1864; killed. 

John A. Mills, Lawrence. 

Geo. W. Morgan, Lawrence ; 3d Mass. Cavalry ; killed. 

Benj. G. Morse, Lawrence ; 12th Mass.^ ; transferred to 39th Mass.' 

James A. Morse, Lawrence. 

Wm. L Patterson, Lawrence ; 25th Mass.* ; discharged, disability ; 

in Co. I, 6th Mass. 9 months; in 11th Unattached Heavy 

T. Morton Richardson, Lawrence. 
Frank Hiissell, Lawrence. 

forty-seven days. It bore a conspicuous and important part in the siege 
of Port Hudson, and other engagements. It was one of the first regiments 
to enter the fort at Port Hudson ; and after gallant and efficient service 
having been on duty more than two months over its time, it arrived home 
August 17. 

* The Twelfth Massachusetts was raised by Fletcher Webster in the 
summer of 1861, and commanded by him till he was killed, Aug. 30, 1862. 
It fought at Cedar Mountain, the second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericks- 
burg, the Wilderness, and Gettysburg. 

* The Thirty-Ninth Massachusetts left Boxford for Washington, Sept. 6, 
1862. Up to January, 1863, it was in the defences of Washington. After 
that, it was in the various engagements of the Army of the Potomac. 

^ The Twenty-Fifth Massachusetts left camp for the seat of war, Oct. 81, 
1861. It has been in many engagements from Roanoke to Olustee, and 
has always borne itself with honor. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 117 

Samuel D. Rogers, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Cavalry. 

Frank Sandborn, Methuen ; 26th Mass. ; 59th Mass. ; killed at • 

Petersburg Mine explosion. 
Robert I. Smith, Lawrence. 

Charles Stone, Lawrence ; Capt 3d Mass. Cavalry. 
Charles M. Shattuck, Lawrence ; in Navy. 
Geo. W. Thurlow, Methuen. 

David Tufts, Lawrence ; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Henry Turkington, Methuen. 
Thomas P. Tuttle, Lawrence. 
Horace Wentworth, Lawrence ; 30th Mass. 
John T. Williams, Lawrence ; 26th Mass. 

This ancient company, the "Worcester Light In- 
fantry," was formed in the year 1803, by Governor 
Levi Lincoln and others. It served in the war of 1812, 
commanded by Captain John W. Lincoln, brother of the 
governor. It was formerly Company B, Third Battalion 
of Rifles ; but during the first three months of the rebel- 
lion it was attached to the Sixth. Late in the night of 
the 16th April, it received orders to report in Boston at 
noon next day, to start for Washington. Its members 
were scattered through several towns ; yet, in spite of a 
violent storm, ninety-seven men and officers reported for 
duty. Several military organizations, and the people en 
masse, escorted them to the cars ; and on the evening of 
the same day they left Boston. I have not been able, 
after much effort, to obtain the officers of the company 
previous to 1861. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

118 The Three Months' Campaigk. 


Captain, Harrsion W. Pratt, Worcester ; Maj. 34th Mass. ; ^ 
wounded Cedar Creek; died Sept 25, 1864. 

First Lieutenant, Geo. W. Prouty, Worcester; Capt Co. D, 
51st Mass.' 

Second Lieutenant, Tnos. S. Washburne, Worcester ; Capt in 
21st Mass.; • discharged March 2, 1862. 

Third Lieutenant, J. Waldo Denny, Worcester ; Capt. in 25th 

Fourth Lieutenant, Dexter F. Parker, Worcester ; Quarter- 
master in Couch's Brigade ; also Major 10th Mass. ; ♦ 
died of wounds May 12, 1864. 

Sergeant, John A. Lowell, Worcester; 1st Lieut. 34th Mass. 
Capt. do., June 25, 1863. 
" J. Stewart Brown, Worcester ; Adjt. 51st Mass. 
" Chas. H. Stratton, Worcester ; Sergt. in 25th Mass. 
" James A. Taylor, Worcester; 11th U. ^. Infantry. 

Corporal, Joel H. Prouty, Worcester ; 2d Lieut Co. D, 51st 

1 The Thirty-Fourth Massachusetts left the State Aug. 15, 1862, and 
remained for some time near Washington and Harper's Ferry, performing 
guard and picket duty. During the last year of the war, it was in nine 
battles and several skirmishes, and experienced severe losses. 

« The Fifty-First Massachusetts left Boston Nov. 25, 1862, for nine 
months' service. It was stationed in North Carolina till June 24, — 
long enough to earn the names " Kinston," Whitehall," and " Golds- 
boro'," on its flag, — and then left for Fortress Monroe, arriving home 
July 21. 

8 The Twenty-first Massachusetts left Massachusetts Aug. 28, 1861, for 
three years' service. It had a most eventful experience, the history of 
which will doubtless one day be written. 

* The Tenth Massachusetts left Boston July 25, 1861, and was before 
Riciimond, and at Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg, Rappahannock Sta- 
tion, &c. It was commanded by Colonel Henry S. Briggs. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 119 

Corpora/, Edward S. Stone, Worcester; Sergt Co. D, 51st 
Mass. ; discharged, disability, Nov. 2$, 1862. 

** Brown P. Stowell, Boston. 

" Wm. H. Hobbs, Worcester. 
Musician, Edward Stall worth, Worcester. 

" Wm. C. Roundy, Worcester. 


Caleb F. Abbott, Worcester ; in Reed's Mounted Rangers. 

Benj. F. R. Alden, Worcester ; in 25th Mass. 

E. W. Al^en, Worcester ; in 22d Mass.* 

John W. Bacon, Worcester. 

Algernon S. Badger, Boston ; 2d Lieut, in 26th Mass. ; Capt. 1st 
Texas Cavalry. 

David H. Ball, Worcester ; Com. Dept. Couch's Brigade 

Thos. E. Ballard, Worcester; 11th U. S. Regular Infantry; died 
in service. 

Wm. F. Belser, Worcester; 2d and 1st Lieut. 34th Mass. 

Henry Bemis, Worcester ; Sergt. 7th Conn. 

Robert M. Brainard, Worcester. 

Joseph L. Brown, Worcester ; Sergt. 7th Conn. 

John E. Caligan, Worcester. • 

Edwin A. Campbell, Worcester ; 25th Mass., or 5th N. Y. Cav- 

Edward C. Capron, Worcester ; 31st Mass." 

Luther Capron, Jr., Worcester; Ist Lieut. Co. D, 51st Mass." 

iThe Twenty-Second Massachusetts left the State Oct. 1, 1861. It 
was recruited by Hon. Henry Wilson. It has been one of the most gal- 
lant in the service. 

* The Thirty-First Massachusetts sailed from Boston Feb. 21, 1862, and 
has since been in the Department of the Gulf. It has ever been con- 
spicuous in the stirring scenes of that department. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

120 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Thori. J. Casey, Worcester. 

Joseph Clissold, Worcester. 

Thos. E. Cogger, Newburyport. 

Wm. Conner, Worcester; 25th Mass.; discharged March 30,1863. 

David W. Corson, Worcester. 

Moses W. Comsett, Worcester. 

Geo. H. Conklin, Worcester ; 31st Mass. ; in Unattached Artil- 
lery, Co. A. 

Marcus Curtis, Worcester. 

Charles E. Dart, Worcester. 

John B. Dennis, Norwich, Conn. ; Capt. 7th Conn. 

Thos. A. Doherty, Worcester; 31st Mass. 

E. L. Drury, Worcester. 

Luke T. Drury, Worcester ; 25th Mass. 

Joe Dyson, Worcester ; 15th Mass.* 

John Emerson, Milbury. 

Josiah S. Estabrook, Worcester. 

Adan^ Gurnhard, Worcester. 

Rudolph Hacker, Worcester ; Sergt. 25th Mass. 

Henry Hardy, Worcester ; U. S. Navy. 

Ira B. Hastings, Worcester; 15th Mass. 

Henry R. Haven, Worcester ; U. S. Navy. 

Edward S. Hay, Worcester; U. S. Navy. 

John Henry, Worcester. 

Orlando Hodgkins, Worcester ; Sergt. 25th Mass. 

Geo. A. Houghton, Worcester. 

Adalbert D. V. Hoar, Danielsville, Conn. ; Sergt. 7th Conn. 

Church Howe, Worcester; promoted Quar. Mast. Sergt. 6th Mass. ; 
Capt. 15th Mass. 

1 The Fifteenth Massachusetts left Worcester for Washington Aug. 8, 
1861. It has been in most of the battles from Ball's Bluflf till the summer 
of 1864, — a gallant regiment. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 121 

George P. Johnson, Springfield ; Captain of Ordnance, Strong's 

John M. Knapp, Worcester ; 25th Mass. 
Frederick J. Kidder, Worcester. 
ISamuel O. La Forest, South Boston ; 1st Lieut. 21st Mass.; Capt 

Co. H,47th Mass.i 
William Lincoln, Worcester. 
Henry Lawrence, Barre. 

George F. IVlinter, Boston ; sent home sick from Camp Relay. 
Charles A. Moulton, Worcester; discharged, disability. May 18. 
John F. Methven, Worcester. 
John F. Mulcahy, Worcester. 
Myron J. Newton, Worcester, 3d R. I. 
Dennis H. Nolan, Boston. 
Edward B. Perry, Worcester; Navy. 
William H. Piper, Worcester. 

J. M. T. Pierce, Worcester ; Com. Dept., Couch's Brigade. 
Elbridge M. Rice, Worcester. 
Joseph O. Rice, Worcester. 
Henry M. Richter, Worcester ; was in Crimean war ; 1st Lieut. 

25th Mass. ; died June, 1863. 
Calvin Riggs, Worcester. 
Meilleux Seif, Worcester; was in Ciimean war; Sergt. 20th 

Mass ; killed at Ball's Bluff. 
James D. Shaw, Worcester. 
Dennis M. Shehan, Worcester ; 2d Lieut. 25th Mass. ; wounded 

at Roanoke ; discharged Feb. 6, 1863. 
George Schwartz, Worcester. 
J. Baxter Smith, Worcester. 

1 The Forty-Seventh Massachusetts left for New Orleans Nov. 29, 1862, 
for nine months' service in the Department of the Gulf, and returned to 
Boston Aug. 18, 1863, after valuable service to the country. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

122 The Three Months' Campaign. 

John W. Stiles, Worcester; 2d Lieut. 34th Mass.; discharged 

June 27, 1863. 
Timothy Sweeney, HoUiston. 
Thomas Talbot, Worcester ; went to Ireland. 
Edwin P. Thompson, Worcester. 
John F. Towle, Worcester. 

Charles P. Trumbull, Worcester ; Quar. Mas. 34th Mass. 
Peter J. Turner, Worcester ; 1st Lieut 4th R. L 
William H. Valentine, Worcester; 2d and 1st Lieut 21st Mass. ; 

Capt, Sept, 1863. 
Albert C. Walker, Worcester ; 1st Lieut. 34th Mass. ; died of his 

wounds Aug. 23, 1864. 
Frederick Weigand, Worcester ; was in Crimean war ; 2d Lieut. 

25th Mass.; discharged March, 1862. 
Charles E. Whipple, Springfield. 
A. J. Whitcomb, Worcester ; 7th R. L 
Daniel Wilkins, Worcester. 

James Wilkins, Worcester; Sergt 5th N. Y. Cavalry. 
Charles H. Wilson, Worcester; 11th Mass.^ 
John Wolf, Worcester. 
Ira Woodcock, Worcester. 
J. Wallace Woodward, Worcester. 
Silas E. Young, AVorcester. 


Re-enlisted in the same regiment, in the Nine Months* Campaign, 
Disbanded, by general order, 1865. 

1 The Eleventh Massachusetts was organized May 9, 1861, at Fort War- 
ren, and was at Bull Run, the Peninsula campaign of 1862, and before 
Richmond, second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorville, Gettysburg, 
Locust Grove, etc, 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Thbee Months' Campaign, 123 

The " Watson Light Guard '' was organized in the 
year 1851, and at the breaking out of the war was pos- 
sessed of no little esprit du corps. It was named for 
Col. Abijah Watson, of Lowell. The officers of the 
company, previous to 1861,#were, — 

Captains. — Henry A. Sargent, A. Mason Hyde, Andrew Blood 
(Capt 26th Mass.), Jonathan Ladd (Paym'r in U. S. service), 
John F. Noyes. 

Lieutenants, — George E. Davis (Adjt. 26th Ma8s.)t Charles H. 
KodUffe, Benjamin W. Frost (Capt.. 26th Mass.), A. H. Pulcifer 
(Lieut, in 6th Mass. 9 months, and Lieut, and Capt. in 2d Mass. 
Heavy Artillery), Frank E. Jewett, B. W. Davis, D. D. Colby, 
David E. Grimes, L N. Wilson (Capt. U. S. service), Andrew F 
Jewett, C. H. Mansur, Benjamin W. Warren (Capt. 26th Mass.). 

Like the other Lowell companies, it received orders on 
the evening of April 15th, and the next morning was 
ready for. action. It of course participated in all the 
stirring scenes that characterized the departure of the 
Sixth, and that made those days the most excitmg that 
Lowell ever knew. 

COMPANY roster. 

Captain, John F. No yes, Lowell ; Capt. 26th Mass. Feb. 7 , 

1862; discharged Aug. 21, 1^62.. 
First Lieutenant, George E. Davis, Lowell; Adjt. 26th Mass.; 

discharged Dec, 1863. 
Second Lieutenant, Andrew F. Jewett, Lowell ; acted as Judge 

Third Lieutenant, Benjamin W. Warren, Lowell ; Capt. Co. D, 

26th Mass. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

124 The Three Months' Campaign. 

SergtanU Nathaniel K. Reed, Lowell; Lieut. 30tli Mass.; 1st 
Lieut Mhss. SOth. 
** Charles E, Poor, Lowell ; 1st Lieut. Co. H, 6tli 
Mass., 9 months; 1st Lieut 88th U. S. Colored. 
Benjamin W. Frost, Lowell; Capt Co. H, 26th 
Mass., Feb. 7, 18^ 
** Timothy A. Crowley, Lowell ; carried regimental 
flag through Baltimore, April 19 ; Capt. Co. F, 
80th Mass.; died Oct 5, 1862. 
Corpoml^ Edward J. Grimes, Lowell. 

** Hiram W. Gordon, Lowell; Sergt. Co. D, 26th 

" Caleb Philbrick, Lowell ; Capt Co. G, 33d Mass. 
" Warren C. Crosby, Lowell. 
^fHsmany George Robertson, Lowell ; Corpl. Co. G, 33d Mass. * 
** Levi Brown, Lowell ; Corpl. Co. H, 6th Mass. ; 9 

Charles C. Atwood, Lowell ; Co. L, 1st Cavalry. 
Frank S. Avery, Lowell ; Co. G, 83d Mass. 
John Brady, Lowell. 

Charles R. Bills, Lowell ; Co. C, 6th Mass. ; in the Navy since. 
Warren L. Braddock, Lowell. 

Reuben P. Charters, Lowell; 1st Mass. Batt; re-enlisted in same. 
Charles F. Clark, LqwcU; in Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months; 2d 

Lieut Colored. 

Raeburn G. Clifford, Lowell; Frontier Service Cavalry, 1865. 
George Dobbins, Lowell ; Co. G, 2d Mass. 
Edwin Hapgood, Lowell. 
Alexander Harper, Lowell; 1st Mass. Battery. 
Silas S. Holmes, Lowell ; Sergt. Co. L, 1st Battery ; died after 
leaving service. 

Digitized by CjOQQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 125 

Edwin Huckins, Lowell ; re-enlisted in Mass. 

Enoch Ingalls, Lowell. • 

Geo. F. Johnson, LowelL 

Greo. H. Keene, Lowell ; 59th Mass. 

John J. Marshall, Lowell ; Lieut. Co. H, 26th Mass. 

Edwin P. McCoy, Lowell ; Co. L, 1st Cavalry. * 

Angus McGilvery, Boston. 

James M. Mitchell, Lowell ; 4th Mass. Battery.* 

Frank J. Milhken, Lowell ; Hospital Steward 6th Mass., 9 months. 

John H. Nourse, Lowell ; Sergt. Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Chas. P. Palmer, Lowell; Co. H, 26th Mass. 

Albert Pinder, Lowell; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass., Co. H, 9 months 

2d Lieut. 59th Mass.; Capt. in same, March 25th, 1865. 
Chas. W. Bicker, Lowell; Co. D, Mass. 26th; Capt in Cavalry. 
Nathaniel Koberts, Lowell. 

Chas. F. Kolie, Lowell ; 1st Sergt. Co. H, 6 Mass., 9 months. 
Daniel W. Bussell, Lowell ; Co. K, 19th Mass. ; Lieut. Co. B, 10th 

^. H. ; killed in service. 
Alfred VV. Scaddmg, Lowell. 
William Short, Lowell ; Co. A, 29th Mass. 
Wm. Smith, Lowell ; Sergt Co. F, 33d Mass. 
Frederic J. Small, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery. 
Martin V* B. Strong, Lowell ; 1st Sharpshooters ; killed. 
Frederick K. Stafford, Lowell ; promoted to be Drum Major. 
Augustus Warren, Lowell. 

Joseph B. Whiting, Lowell ; 2d Lieut. Co. D, 26th Mass. 
George B. Winn, Lowell ; Sergt. Co. H, 26th Mass. ; Capt. 3d 

Louisiana ; died after leaving service. 
Geo. Wilkins, LowelL 
Wm. T. Willis, Lowell ; joined regiment June 3d ; Co. G, 33d Mass. 

' The Fourth Massachusetts Battery left Lowell for Ship l&iand, i^oy. 20, 
1861, and was engaged at Pontichoula and Baton Bouge, and took active 
part in several important expeditions. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

126 The Three Months' Campaign. 


Re-enlisted in the same regiment in the Nine Months* Campaign ; 
also in Ninety Days* Campaign, Galloupe*s Island, 1865 ; stUl 
an organized company. 

The "Latwiencb Light Infantry" was organized 
in 1849, and was rallied and reported with the same 
promptness that distinguished the other companies. All 
that has been previously related of the rest of the regi- 
ment is equally applicable to them. 

The officers in company I were as follows, from 1849 
to the present time : — 

Captains, — Samuel C. Oliver,* (Senior Major 2d Mass. Heavy 
Artillery), Joseph M. Dodge (died at Acapulco, CaL, June 2, 1852), 
Chas. B. Wilkins, Geo. W. Holt,*' Lorenzo D. Sargent (Col. 3d. 
Mass. Cavalry),* Joshua Pillsbury, John Pickering,* Leverett 
Bradley,* Augustine L. JHamilton,* Frederick G. Tyler.* 

Lieutenants, — Most of the above, and John Phillips, Samuel 
J. Thompson, Henry J. Livermore, Daniel Saunders, Jr., Chas. 
O. Putnam, Chas. W. Fuller, Elisha T. Merriam (died at New 
Orleans,' Aug. 1853), Isaac W. Blake, Thos. B. Lour, James 
Ward, E. W. Clark, J. G. Abbott,* John Brown, David W. Cook, 
G. G. Kimball, J. C. Baker, Richard O. Greenleaf,* Sumner H. 
Needham,* Frank Benson,* Oilman S. Ladd,* Geo. W. Cutter, 
Stephen D. Stokes,* Edward J. Sherman,* Frank A. Rolfe,* 
(Maj. Mass. 1st Heavy Artillery, killed in action), D. S. Yeaton* 
(Capt. Mass. 26th, died, New Orleans), Eben H. Ellenwood,* 
Eugene J. Mason,* R. G. Barr,* Frederick G. Tyler,* James S. 
Roberts,* F. H. Morrill. 

* In the above, those marked * have served in the war of 1861-6. Some 
forty officers, in various parts of the service, took their first lessons with 
the musket in this company, among whom was Col. Sumner Carruth, since 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 127 


Captain, John Pickering, Lawrence ; Capt. in 26th Mass. 

First Lieutenant, Daniel S. Yeaton, Lawrence ; Capt. in 30th ; 
died Nov. 28, 1862. 

Second Lieutenant, A. Lawrence Hamilton, Lawrence ; Capt. 
Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months ; also Capt. Co. I, Unat- 
tached, 90 days. 

Hiird Lieutenant, Eben H. Ellen wood, Lawrence ; 1st Lieut 
Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months ; also Capt Co. I, Unat- 
tached, 90 days. 

Fourth Lieutenant, Eugene J. Mason, Lawrence; 1st Lieut 
40th Mass. ; * resigned Jan. 1863. 

Sergeant, Stephen D. Stokes, Lawrence ; Capt 40th Mass. ; 
discharged Jan. 1863. 
'* Joshua C. Ramsden, Lawrence. 
" George G. Durrell, Lawrence ; wounded Balti- 
more, April 19, head, brick; 19th Unattached, 1 
year, com. August, 1864. 

Corporal, Wm. A. Huntington, Lawrence ; Serg. 26th Mass. 
** George E. Yerrington, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut 26th 
Mass. ; 1st Lieut, do ; Major 13th, Corps d'Afrique, 
La., August, 1863. 
*» Sumner H. Needham, Lawrence; killed in Balti- 
more, April 19, 1861. 

1 The 40th Mass, left the State Sept 8, 1862, under command of Lieut- 
Col. Dalton, and after some months of duty in the vicinity of Washington, 
it went to assist in the defence of Suffolk, then to the Peninsula, and 
ultimately to South Carolina, where the regiment was mounted. It then 
went to Florida, where it behaved most gallantly at Olustee, and it made 
some of the most arduous and brilliant expeditions of the war. When the 
writer of this was in Florida, in February, 1864, it had the reputation of 
being the best regiment in the department. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

128 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Corporal, Wm. F. Carleton, Methuen. 

" Frederic G. Tyler, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. Co. I, 6th 

Mass., 9 months ; in Co. I, unattached, 90 days. 
" Robert J. Barr, Lawrence; 2d Lieut. Co. I, 6th 
Mass.; killed Dec. 12, 1862. 
Musician J John D. Emerson, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut 6th Mass.; 
100 days, 1864. 
" Edward Carlton, Lawrence ; 40th Mass., Lieut, 
killed June 3, 1864. 


Horace S. Berry, Lawrence ; 40th Mass. 

Milton Blood, Lawrence ; 40th Mass. ; killed . 

Wm. E. Bardsley, Lawrence. 

Edward Caufy, Lawrence ; discharged, disability, May 8 ; 1st 

Lieut. 26th, Sept. 20, 1861 ; Capt. 26th, Feb. 11, 1862. 
Geo. A. Drew, Lawrence ; 4th N. H. ; 1st Lieut. 1st S. C, colored. 
Frederick M. Farwell, Lawrence. 
Victor O. Freeman, Lawrence. 
Victor G. Gingass, Lawrence ; wounded in the arm, April 19, 

1861, Baltimore. 
Michael Green, Lawrence; wounded in the leg, April 19, 1861 ; 

sent home. 
Edwin C. Heath, Lawrence. 

John M. Harmon, Lawrence ; Corp. in Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months. 
Joseph Home, Lawrence. 
Daniel Harkins, Lawrence. 
William Holton, Lawrence. 
John E. Harriman, Lawrence. 
Alonzo Joy, Lawrence ; fingers shot off, April 1 9, in Baltimore 

Co. G, 30 th Mass. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 

Harry G. Jewell, Lawrence ; wounded in Baltimore. 

James S. Knights, Lawrence; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-6S 

William Knott, Lawrence ; Co. F, 26th Mass. ; re-enlisted. 

David Kittredge, Lawrence. 

William Miller, Lawrence. 

John H. Norton, Lawrence. 

John Oliver, Lawrence ; in Co. B, 4th Mass., 9 months. 

Samuel B. Pierce, Lawrence ; Co. I, 26th Mass. 

John M. Page, Boston. 

Henry A. Rolfe, Lawrence ; 26th Mass. 

Charles M. Swain, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. 26th Mass. 

Edwin F. Spofford, Lawrence ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Charles H. Standley, Lawrence. 

George W. Shorey, Lawrence ; 26th Mass. 

Joseph H. Safford, Lawrence ; in Co. I, 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Hiram A. Stevens, Lawrence. 

Caleb Saunders, Lawrence ; 1st Lieut. 1st Mass. Heavy Artil 

discharged Dec. 10, 1862. 
Charles T. Woodbury, Lawrence; 26th Mass. 
Edwin Wentworth, Lawrence ; Co. F, 22d Mass., Oct., 186 
Charles J. Weymouth, Lawrence ; Co. I, 26th Mass., Oct., 


The " Washington Light Guard " was organiz< 
1810 as the Washington Artillery, and was for a 
time compapy C of the First Regiment. A few I 
after it was* notified to appear for duty, sixty-four 
reported; and the Guard left with the Sixth, attach( 
it for the time being as company K. 

The following are among those who served as con 


Digitized by CjOOQIC 

130 The Three Months' Campaign. 

sioned officers since the organization of the company, 
previous to 1861 : — 

Captains. — William Cunningham, John Wilson, Ephraim B, 
Richards, Isaiah R. Johnson, Danforth White, Samuel D. Steele, 
Daniel Cragin, Samuel Steele, Caleb Page, Jerome B. Piper, Wm. 
W. Bullock, John B. Whorf, Isaac S. Burrill, Robert Cowdin, 
Joseph N. Pennock. 

Lieutenants. — Most of the Captains; and D. C. Parkhurst, 
Norman Joseph, Saunderson Joseph, H. K. White, Samuel Hink- 
son, George C. Oilman, Samuel C. Fiske, William Clarke, Henry- 
Taylor, Charles Gill, Richard W. Lakeman, Matthew Graham, 
James W. Allen, James T. Hig^ns, Solon Fisher, W. A. Morris, 
Samuel Morrison, Hiram Studley, James C. Singleton, William 
P. Chase, Levi Flint, 8. M. Rogers, J. L. Rogers. 


Captain, Walter S. Sampson, Boston; Capt 22d Mass.; dis- 
charged Sept. 25, 1862. 

First Lieutenant, Ansel D. Wass, Boston; Capt. 19th Mass., 
Aug. 22, 1861; Maj. 19th Mass., July 1, 1862; 
Lieut.-Col. 8d Cavalry, Aug. 28, 1862; Lieut- 
Col. 19th Mass., May 23,1863; Col. 19th Mass., 
Feb. 19, 1864; Col. 60th Mass.,* 100 days; Col. 
62d Mass.,"* 1865. 

Second Lietttenant, M08E& J. Emert, Boston; Ist Lieut 28th 
Mass. ;' resigned afler Antietam. 

^ The Sixtieth Massachusetts was a hundred-days' regiment, raised in 
the fall of 1864. It served in the West 

3 The Sixty-second Massachusetts was the last infantry regiment raised. 
The war closed before it could engage in its country's service. 

^ The Twenty-eighth Massachu^^etts was composed chiefly of Irishmen, 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 131 

Third Lieutenant, Thomas Walwork, Boston. 
Fourth Lieutenant, John F. Dunning, Boston ; Capt Co. D, 22d 
Mass. : killed at Gaines' Mills, June 27, 1862. 

Sergeant, Levi F. McKenney, Boston ; Maine. 

" James C. Rogers, Boston ; Capt. 48th Mass. ; ^ Heavy 
' " George W. Gordon, Boston; Sergt Co. A, 22d 
Mass. ; killed at Gaines' Mills. 
" David C. Sisson, Boston ; Sergt. 11th Mass.* Battery ; 

Clerk in Quar. Mas. Dept., Washington. 
" George A. Gurnett, Canada; joined May 4; 22d 
Mass. color-bearer. 
Corporal, James E. March, Boston ; 1st Lieut and Capt 3 2d 
" Washington J. Corthell, Boston ; Sergt. Co. D, 

22d Mass. 
'^ Joseph Sanderson, Jr., Boston ; 2d Lieut 42d Mass., 
9 months and 100 days. 

" Abraham Holland, Boston ; in N. J. . 

Musician, Wm. H. H. Forster, Boston. 

" Gilbert W. Homan, Boston; Maryland Cavalry; 

and started from home January 11, 1862, and spent a few months in South 
Carolina, and thence proceeded to the Army of the Potomac. They were 
engaged at the second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, 
and other minor affairs. It has a great list of casualties to prove its gal- 

* The Forty-eighth Massachusetts left New York for New Orleans, De- 
cember 27, 1862, and was a part of the force that reduced Port Hudson. 

2 The Eleventh Massachusetts Battery was the only nine months* bat- 
tery raised. ^ It was mustered August 25, 1862, and was employed in 
picket and scout duty in and near Washington. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

132 The Three Months' Campaign. 


Elisha C. Boden, Boston. 

George W. Batler, Boston ; re-entered service. 

George Bell, Boston. 

Charles H. Chester, Boston ; discharged, disability, at Relay House. 

William P. Chester, Boston. 

Edward W. Cady, Boston ; went as far as New York. 

George Colgan, Boston; wounded in Baltimore, April 19 ; re- 

James B. Daly, Boston ; wounded April 1 ; discharged for dis- 
ability, in Philadelphia ; 4 2d Mass., 9 months. 

William H. Daly, Boston ; 4 2d Mass. ; Capt Corps d'Afrique. 

Le Preble Drake, Boston ; in Co. D, 2 2d Mass. 

John Dupee, Boston ; promoted Com. Sergt ; discharged for dis- 

Joseph F. Ennis, Boston ; Mass. Cavalry. 

Harold M. English, Boston. 

Lewis F. Francis, East Cambridge ; Battery ; wounded. 

Charles H. Frye, Boston. 

Edward P. Fisk, Boston ; re-enlisted. 

Henry Gardner, Boston ; wounded at Baltimore, April 19. 

William D. Gurley, Cambridgeport ; wounded at Baltimore, April 
19 ; 1st Mass. Cavahy. 

John J. Gillespie, Boston ; Sergt. 28th Mass. 

Charles M. Hamilton, Chelsea ; Lieut. Co. A, 22nd Mass. ; dis- 
missed Feb 18, 1863. 

Charles H. Hall, Boston. 

Lysander J. Hume, Calais, Me. ; Capt 19 th Mass. Fire Zouaves. 

Erastus D. Holt, Fredonia, N. Y. ; joined May 4 ; Capt. N. Y. 

Edward T. Knowlton, Boston. 

James W. Keller, Boston ; Capt. N. H. 

James H. Le Favor, Boston ; 2 2d Mass. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 133 

Orrick Look, Boston ; 1st Lieut Co. A, 22d Mass. ; severely 
wounded July 4, 1863. 

Orville W. Leonard, East Boston ; Capt. 4 2d Mass. ; 9 months. 

Lemuel Q. Morton, Boston ; Corp. Co. D, 2 2d Mass. ; in 

Heavy Artiller} . 

Joseph O. Matthews, Boston. ^ 

Thomas Meadows, East Boston. 

William H. H. Mallory, Cambridgeport. 

John G. Meserve, Boston ; Mass., 9 months ; Lieut. Corps 


Henry C. Mann, Chelsea ; Sergt. 4 2d Mass. 

James F. Moore, Boston ; Capt 2d Maine. 

Edward Nudd, Boston. 

Robert Nodine, Boston ; Sergt. in Co. D, 22d Mass. 

James G. Peaks, Boston. 

William Parks, Boston ; in Co. A, 22d Mass. 

Henry Roberts, Boston ; joined May 4. 

Henry J. Symonds, Boston; Lieut, and Capt 22d Mass.; re- 
signed Aug. 26, 1863. 

Charles F. Sloan, Jr., Jamaica Plain. 

Greorge A. Spinney, Boston. 

Charles C. Story, Boston ; joined May 4. 

Edwin J. Sanborn, Boston. 

Adams Shepard, Boston. 

Alexander Sproul, Boston. 

Horace H. Small, Boston. 

Mendall C. Spencer, Boston ; joined May 4 ; re-enlisted. 

James C. Spencer, Boston ; joined May 4. 

G«o. W^. Stevens, Boston ; died August, 1861. 

Geo. Temple, Boston ; Corp. Co. D, Mass. 2 2d. 

Geo. T. Whitney, Boston; wounded at Baltimore, April 19; 
Sergt. Co. D, Mass. 2 2d. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

134 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Isaac, B. White, Boston ; Ist Lieut 4 2d Mass. 9 months ; and Capt. 
42d, 100 days. 

James Wood, Boston ; re-enlisted in , Mass. 

Henry F. Young, Boston. 


Re-enlisted in company C, Fiftieth Mass., 9 months} 

The " Stoneham Light Infantry " was organized in 
1851, and belonged to the Seventh Regiment, but the 
Governor detached it from the Seventh, and placed it in 
the Sixth, to fill its ranks to the required number. Though 
it received its orders latest of all the companies — not till 
2 o'clock, A. M., April 17, — Capt. Dike was at the 
State House, with his command, at 11 o'clock. The bells 
were rung, the flags were unfurled, and all business was 
suspended, while the people, with one mind and purpose, 
went to work to furnish the men with needed articles. 
The company's departure created a profound sensation 
in that community. 

The captions from the organization have been : Lyman 
Dike, Osbom Richardson, R. A. Locke, Chas. C. Dike, 
Samuel Tidd, Darius N. Stevens. The company is now 

1 The Massachusetts Fiftieth was formed out of the old Seventh, for a 
nine months' campaign, and left Boxford Nov. 19. It encountered great 
peril by sea, but arrived at last in New Orleans, in three parties, January 
20 and 27, and February 9, 1868. It took active part in the seige of Port 
Hudson, and other engagements, and returned home up the Mississippi. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 135 


Captain, John H. Dike, Stoneham ; wounded at Baltimore, April 
19, severely. (Capt Dike has ever since his wound 
been lame.) 

First Lie,ut€nant, Leander F. Lynde, Stoneham ; Lieut, com- 
manding from April 19 to Aug. 2. (Kicked by a 
ruffian, April 19, and afterwards hurt by a fall in 
camp, which disabled him for two years.) 

Second Lieutenant, Darius N. Stevens, Stoneham; Capt. Co. 
C, 50th Mass., 9 months. 

Jliird Lieutenant, James F. Rowe, Stoneham ; wounded in the 
head with a brick, April 19, at Baltimore ; Capt 
Co. F, 33d Mass., 8 years ; on staffs of Hooker 
Howard, and Mower. 

Fourth Lieutenant, Wm. B. Blaisdell, Stoneham ; private in 
26 th Mass. ; discharged sick. 

Sergeant, Samuel C. Trull, Stoneham; 1st Lieut. Co. C, 50th 
Mass., 9 months. 
" Jefferson Hayes, Stoneham ; 1st Sergt. Co. C, 50th 

Mass.; also 1st Sergt. Co. K, 5th Mass., 100 days. 
" Francis M. Sweetser, Stoneham; 1st Sergt. Co. C, 
50th Mass., 9 months; Capt. Co. K, 5th Mass., 100 
" Sidney L. Colley, Stoneham; 1st Sergt. Co. D, 33d 
Mass., 3 years. 

Corporal, James Whittaker, Stoneham ; promoted to Sergt. 
" Geo. p. Stevens, Stoneham ; 9th Company Unattached 

Heavy Artillery. 
" Andrew J. KimptOn, Stoneham ; Co. C, Unattached 

Heavy Artillery. 
" Chas. L. Gill, Stoneham ; wounded at Baltimore April 
19 ; discharged, disability, May 3. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

136 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Musician, Victor 'Lorendo, Stoneham; left at Baltimore, 
April 19. 
" Eugene Dkvit, Stoneham ; Navy, 8 years. 


AV^alter B. Berrj-, Stoneham ; Co. D, 33d Mass., 3 years.' 

Wm. G. Butterfield, Stoneham; wounded April 19, discharged, 
disability, May 30; Co. K, 5th Mass., 100 days. 

Chas. H. Barry, Stoneham ; 33d Mass. 

Daniel Brown, Stoneham ; third finger of left hand shot off, April 
19, at Baltimore; Co. C, Unattached Heavy Artillery. 

John W. Craig, Stoneham ; ip — Mass. 

Chas. H. Carr, Stoneham ; 1st Sergt 22d Mass., killed when 
leading, his company to a charge, at Gaines' Mills, the officers 
all having been killed ; commission reached him the day after 
his death. 

Otis M. Clement, Stoneham ; 1st Batt. Heavy Artillery. 

Richard McCormack, Stoneham ; 11th U. S. Infantry. 

Henry Dike, Stoneham; wounded in leg by ball, April 19, 1861, 
at Baltimore ; Andrews' Sharpshooters ; wounded in arm at 

Joel N. Ducett, Stoneham. * 

Horace W. Danforth, Stoneham ; wounded, and beaten after- 
wards ; left in hospital, Apr. 19 ; U. S. Navy, 1 year. 

James Eastman, Stoneham ; U. S. Navy, 3 years. 

John B. Eastman, Stoneham. 

Stephen Flanders, Stoneham; wounded severely, April 19, at 
Baltimore, in head with brick. 

John B. Fortier, Stoneham ; wounded severely, April 19, at Bal- 
timore, in head with stone. 

Orrin A. Green, Stoneham ; 2d Co. Mass. Sharpshooters. 

John A. Gerr}', Stoneham ; U. S. Navy ; 3d Mass. Battery. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Three Months' Campaign. 137 

Henry W. Green, Stoneham; 2d Co Mass. Sharpshooters; Mass. 

Aaron S. Hadley, Stoneham ; Co. K, 5th Mass., 100 days. 
Watson H. Hayes, Stoneham. 

Levi W. Hayes, Stoneham ; Corp. 1st Mass. Cavalry. 
Andrew £. Hill, Stoneham. 

Battelle E. Hosmer, Stoneham ; artificer U. S. Engineers. 
Warren Holden, Stoneham; sent home sick, i/La,y 7. 
Wm. H. Jones, Stoneham. 
Samuel S. Johnson, Stoneham ; 1st Mass. Batt. 
John W. Eimpton, Stoneham; wounded in legs and arms, by 

paving stones, April 19, at Baltimore; U. S. Navy. 
James Keenan, Stoneham; wounded at Baltimore, April 19, leg 

shattered by a ball. In hospital at Baltimore till July 31st ; 

Co. E, 5th Mass. 
Chas. Lamore, Stoneham. 
Joseph La Clair, Stoneham; Co. D, 33d Mass.; killed May 16, 

Dearborn S. Moody, Stoneham ; 4th New Hampshire, and then 

Ist Lieut in U. S. Col. Infantry. 

James S. Moody, Stoneham ; wounded at Baltimore, April 19 ; 

Hospital Steward from June 1 to Aug. ; Co. C, 50th Mass. 
Hiram P. Marston, Stoneham ; Capt. Co. B, 33d Mass. 
James A. Meader, Stoneham ; Sergt Co. D, 33d Mass. 
Wm. H. Madden, Stoneham ; 1st Sergt. 2d Co. Mass. Sharpshoot- 
Sidney F. Mellen, Stoneham; 8th Mass. Battery; killed, at 

Maurice Mead, Stoneham; 11th U. S. Infantry, taken prisoner, 

and escaped from Andersonville. 
Samuel H. Finkham ; Stoneham. 
Fernando P. Pinkham, Stoneham ; U. S. Cavalry, dead. 

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138 The Thbee Months' Campaign. 

Alphonso Pinkham, Stoneham ; dead. 

Julian Putnam, Stoneham; wounded at Baltimore, April 19. 
Ephraim A. Perry, Stoneham; wounded at Baltimore, April 19. 
Augustus M. Parker, Stoneham ; 4th New Hampshire. 
Joseph W. Pennell, Stoneham ; 5th Mass., Co. K, 100 days. 
Andrew Robbins, Stoneham; wounded in head with pistol-ball, 

Apr. 19, and returned home. 

James D. Sanborn, Stoneham ; captain in New Hampshire. 

Henry A. Stevens, Stoneham. 

Henry F. Stoddard, Stoneham ; dead. 

Benj. F. Tay, Jr., Stoneham ; Co. C, 60th Mass. 

John B. Wheeler, Stoneham ; 3d Mass. Battery ; Frontier Cavalry. 

Archelaus Welch, Stoneham ; Lieut S3d ; wounded and discharged. 

Wm. H. Young, Stoneham ; wounded, brick, Apr. 19, and unfit for 

duty ; detailed as Hos. Stew. June 10 ; 3d U. S. Cavalry. 


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^^t |txm p;0ttll^s' Campaign. 

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The Nine Mooths' Campaign. 




HEN, in the year 1862, the call of the Govern- 
ment was made for men to serve nine months, 
the quota of Massachusetts was seventeen 
regiments and one battery ; and the Sixth, for 
the second time, gave the first response. It 
reported in Washington, ready for duty, before 
any other regiment arrived. It preserved the same or- 
ganization, with such changes of officers and companies 
as such times would inevitably produce. Seven com- 
panies were the same,namely, A (Lowell), B (Groton), 
C and D (Lowell), E (Acton), H (Lowell), and I 
(Lawrence). Company F (Lawrence) was partially 
recruited for the present campaign, and then was con- 
solidated with company I. The place of the old 
company F was filled by a new company from Cam- 
bridge ; and the old company G was supplied by 

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142 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

company G from Lowell ; and company K, a new com- 
pany from Chelmsford and the neighboring towns, 
completed the ten. With these exceptions, the regi- 
mental organization, with the old books and papers, was 
identical with that of the three months, and was, in fact, 
the old State organization preserved and continued, with 
about seventy-five officers and men, among whom during 
the campaign, were twenty-seven commissioned officers, 
who had served during the three months ; so that the 
Sixth of the " Nine Months' " campaign was the " Old 
Sixth " of the " Three Months,"* and of Baltimore, and 
of the Nineteenth of April. The history of the original 
seven companies having been given in the account of the 
three months' campaign, it remains to trace the remain- 
ing three. Company F was recruited expressly for the 
nine mohths' campaign, and was mustered in last of all 
the companies. Companies G and K were also recruited 
for the campaign, and have no previous history ; and these 
three new companies sustained themselves throughout 
in a manner fully worthy the place they occupied in the 
regiment. Of the privates, 324 were bom in Massa- 
chusetts ; while 112 were bom in Maine, 107 in New 
Hampshire, 32 in Vermont ; and 168 were born in foreign 
countries, England, Ireland, France, Canada, etc. 319 
followed the diffisrent mechanical trades, giving some to 
every one -ever heard of ; 132 were farmers, 50 were 
clerks, and 141 worked at various departments of manu- 
facturing, mostly in cotton or woollen factories. There 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 143 

were 10 sailors, several theological and other students, 1 
clergyman, 1 physician, and printers, teamsters, teachers, 
apothecaries, and one or more following almost every 
branch of business known in New England, with the 
exception of the legal profession. There was not a 
lawyer in the regiment, — a remarkable fact. 


At length, at half-past ten o'clock, on the morning of 
September 9th, the regiment left Camp Wilson, Lowell, 
for the seat of war, and without incident, except the 
greetings from crowds of people at every railroad depot 
on the route, reached Boston at noon. The United 
States oflScial, Q. M. McKim, ordered the regiment di- 
rectly across the city, to the Providence Railway Station, 
and thus deprived it of a handsome collation that had 
been provided for it by the state authorities, and of the 
Governor's farewell and God-speed. 

Taking the will of Boston and Massachusetts, and es- 
pecially of Governor Andrew, never deficient in good 
offices for the soldier, for the deed, the regiment left the 
Providence Station at about four o'clock, and proceeded, 
through continuous groups of applauding people, assem- 
bled all along the road, to Groton, Conn., where the regi- 
ment embarked on board the Steamer Plymouth Rock. 

In the early morning, tie regiment debarked, and 
moved up to Union Park, under a misapprehension ; for 
the " Sons of Massachusetts" were in waiting at the 

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144 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Shore-Line Depot, where it was expected to arrive ; but 
after a while the hospitable committee found it, and a 
bountiful breakfast was furnished the men at the Park 
Barracks, while the oflScers were entertained at the Astor 
House. Col. Howe, Massachusetts State Agent, pre- 
sided ; the divine blessing was invoked by Chaplain 
Hanson ; and addresses were made by Hon. Parke 
Goodwin, Gen. Wetmore, Rev. Dr. Hitchcock, Hon. E. 
A. Alger, Maj. C. A. Stott, and others. The occasion 
. passed ofiF unexceptionably. 

At about three o'clock in the afternoon, the regiment 
moved for the Jersey Ferry ; and a more enthusiastic 
ovation never greeted a body of soldiers than met the 
Sixth. The whole route was packed with men cheering, 
and women waving handkerchiefs and flags ; while the 
doors, windows, and balconies were thronged with the 
smiling and cheering populace. A cannon greeted it 
from the roof of the New England Rooms, as it passed 
down Broadway ; and it left the city with a most cordial 

The journey to Philadelphia was marked by nothing 
eventful. We arrived at about ten o'clock, p. m., and 
the reception here will never be forgotten by oflScers or 
men. It made the blood leap with electric force to see 
that the men of other States knew our history so well ; and 
we resolved more than ever that the page written in the 
blood of Needham, Whitney, Taylor, and Ladd, should 
be followed by pages as illustrious. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 145 

A delegation met us at Camden, N. J., headed by- 
Mayor Henry ; and on our way into the city, Mr. Thomas 
Webster addressed Col. FoUansbee. In the course or 
his remarks he said : — 

* * The Sixth Massachusetts has but to be named to be 
honored. The recollection of its steadiness and bravery in the 
streets of Baltimore, on the 19th of April, 1861, when suddenly, 
savagely, and cowardly assailed by traitors and ruffians, from 
their windows, their house-tops, and in their streets, is familiar to 
the nation, and has passed into history. First to shed its blood in 
defence of law, order, and right, may it be its privilege to combat 
on that final field which cannot be far off, where treason shall be 
crushed, traitors exterminated, and Union re-established. 

Men of Massachusetts, it is the glory of your patriot sires that 
they inaugurated the revolution ; it is yours, that you have had 
the proud distinction of being the first to shed your blood in de- 
fence of our precious inheritance, against the assaults of rebellion 
and anarchy, and the first to wreak vengeance on the audacious 
wretches who rally under the unholy standard of revolt and seces- 

Lexington, — the 19th of April, 1775, — is illustrious in our 
annals, and glorious to Massachusetts ; but not more glorious to 
the old Bay State, than Baltimore, and the 19th of April, 1861. 
Justice Gardner, Captains Isaac Davis, and Jonathan Wilson, 
Sergeant Elisb^ Mills, and Deacon Josiah Uaynes, — patriot 
yeomen of Massachusetts, the first martyrs in the cause of 
American liberty, — sleep in honored graves, and their memory 
is revered by generation after generation. 

Sumner H. Needham, of Lawrence, Addison O. Whitney, of 
Lowell, and Luther C. Ladd, of Lowell, of your own gallant 
corps — , the first to die for the cause of self-government and 

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146 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

order, — are names not less hallowed by every loyal American 

His eloquent speech was frequently applauded ; and at 
its close Col. Follansbee responded in behalf of the reg- 
iment. His words were few, but soldier-like, and to 
the point. He accepted, in behalf of his command, the 
hospitaUties of the city, and paid a high and deserved 
compliment to Philadelphia, but could not promise to 
remain in the city longer than to refresh his men, as it 
was his duty to proceed to the front, in obedience to orders. 
The officers were sumptuously entertained at the Con- 
tinental, and the men at the Cooper Saloon, where not 
only substantials but luxuries were profusely spread be- 
fore them. Immense crowds attended them at every 
step, and the whole city seemed poured into the streets 
to do them honor. 

The following address was printed, and laid on each 
man's plate : — 

Union Saloon's* Welcome I 

Hail to the Massachusetts Sixth ! 

Wednesday evening, September 10, 1862. 

Hail to you, noble old Sixth of the Old Bay State 1 The Key- 
stone State clasps hands with you. We have fought with you. 
Our blood has mingled with yours. Our sons have fallen with 
you. Our honors are united forever. 

Hail to you I Welcome I 

1 The Philadelphia Volunteer Refreshment Saloons, after having hospi- 
tably entertained more than a million soldiers, were closed in August, 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 147 

Again you are going forward to do battle for our common 
country. It is the highest honor any man can seek in this life. 
You have won it : you may proudly wear it. 
Hail to you I Thfice welcome I 

We follow yoii fast. You will find many of our state's children 
already in the field ; and they will pour down after you in such 
overwhelming numbers that your combined powers will instantly 
sweep away all traces of infamous rebellion. This firesh and 
mighty northern wind will blow into annihilation the insidious 
pestilence that is seeking to rot the heart of our land, and vigorous 
health will once more course in the veins of our old Union made 

Hail to you ! Our welcomes as you come , our blessings as 
you go I 

We will not say be strong : you have proved your strength. 
We will not say be patient : you have endured insults as well as 
blows. But we do say, that the 19th of April, 1861, can never 
£ule from our minds till life itself fades. We have faith in you, — 
an unswerving faith. 

God bless you» as we say farewell. 

After the repast was finished, Mr. James Milliken 
addressed the re^ment, and Dr. Burnham responded. 
Rev. Abel C. Thomas, of Philadelphia, once chaplain of 
the regiment before the war, replied to a sentiment in 
reference to the chaplain, who had accompanied the 
regiment as far as New York, and had returned home to 
complete his arrangements ; and he assured all, from his 
knowledge of the chaplain, he would not only lead their 
devotions, but would, if the occasion called, fight as well 
as pray. After an exchange of cheers, the men retired 

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148 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

to repose. The Philadelphia " North American " devoted 
two columns to the reception of the regiment, in the course 
of which it said : — 

** The Sixth Massachusetts Infantry will live iii history. • Like 
the Sixty Ninth of New York, and the Second Regiment of the 
Reserves of Pennsylvania, they have made their ineffaceable mark 
in the record of this struggle. Their adventures in the earlier 
stages of the war are known to every school child among us. ♦ ♦ ♦ : 
Regiments like this are produced but rarely. From the colonel 
downward, there is, in the appearance of every man, a superiority 
that commands respect." 

• At eleven o'clock, the regiment left Philadelphia, arriv- 
ing in Baltimore at 7, P. M. Here a great reception had 
been ^prepared, but the lateness of the hour of arrival 
permitted only a part of it to transpire. An immense 
crowd of people escorted them through the principal 
streets, and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed, and was 
exhibited in cheers long and loud, — cheers for Massa- 
chusetts, the Old Sixth, and the Union; the soldiers 
vainly trying to match the shouting of the pieople. The 
flag which the regiment carried, presented by the ladies 
of Baltimore, July 4th, 1861, was hailed with every mani- 
festation of delight ; and the fair donors rewarded the 
regiment for its tender care of the memorial by waving 
handkerchiefs and cheering smiles. The regiment ar- 
rived in Baltimore on the forty-eighth anniversary of the 
repulse of the British troops at Fort McHenry, which 
served to make the event one of greater enthusiasm. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 149 

After supper at the Relief Rooms, the regiment started 
at midnight for Washington. Owing to a collision on the 
track in advance of th3m, the train was delayed several 
hours near the familiar locality of the Relay House, and 
many of the officers and men visited the scenes of their 
three months' encampment. A heavy rain did not throw 
cold water enough to cool the ardor of the men ; and they 
reached Washington cheerful and happy, a little after 
noon. If they had not enjoyed such hospitalities already, 
the reception in Washington would have been pronounced 
as surprising, as it was generous and gratifying. 

They were quartered for the night at the " Soldier's 
Rest ; " and Gen. Casey, to whom Col. Follansbee had 
reported, ordered the regiment to Fortress Monroe. It 
started early in the morning, a portion of the men, under 
Col. Follansbee, in the steamer John A. Warner, and the 
rest, under Lieut.-col. Real, in the Swan. The weather 
was pleasant ; the men had plenty of room ; and the his- 
torical objects along the banks of the Potomac afiForded 
great satisfaction to the soldiers, many of whom looked 
upon them for the first time. 


Arrived at Fortress Monroe, Gen. Dix ordered the reg- 
iment to Suffijlk ; and the Warner transferred her load to 
the Connecticut, and that steamer and the Swan con- 
veyed the regiment to Norfolk, and after a night's sleep 
in the steamers, at the wharf in Norfolk, it proceeded to 

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150 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

SuflFolk, on the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. The 
ride, for a portion of the way, is through the strange 
vegetation of the Dismal Swamp ; and the dead trees, 
with their drapery of Spanish moss (^Tillandsia Usneoi- 
(fes), and the glossy evergreens constituting the under- 
growth, the rhododendron, andromeda, and other shrubs, 
gave a charming novelty to the journey. Suffolk was 
reached in the afternoon of Monday, the 15th inst., and 
the tents were pitched in an orchard, and life in camp 
was fairly inaugurated. At this time, Suffolk was an 
outpost of Norfolk, and was occupied by a force of about 
five thousand men, under command of Gen. 0. E. Terry. 
It was. then a pretty village, somewhat slipshod, as is the 
manner of Southern villages, with a population consisting 
mainly of women, children, and superannuated old men ; 
loyal, in the southern acceptation of the term, that is, 
willing to hold their property, should the government be 
sustained. Interspersed, of course, were all shades of 
negroes, having the F. F. V. blood unmistakably coursing 
in their veins. In its palmy days, Suffolk had a popula- 
tion of about twenty-five hundred, dependent on its ne- 
groes, who produced lumber from the s^tamp, and sup- 
ported their owners with the profits. At this time, the 
negroes were doing nothing : their owners had fled ; and 
the women and few men remaining, too proud to work, 
but not too noble to beg, lived largely on the charity of 

^ By looking ut the map, the reader will see the situation. We Occupied 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 151 


Tuesday, September leth, the routine of camp life 
commenced. The common " wedge " tents were received, 
into each one of which five soldiers were stowed, while 
the officers were comfortably quartered in " flies." 
Hardly were we domiciled, when, on the 17th, Gen. 
Terry notified his command that an attack was liable to 
be made, at any moment, by a rebel force of thirteen 
thousand men, reported as being in the neighborhood. 
At midnight, ammunition was received, and sixty rounds 
were delivered to each man ; and at four o'clock the next 
morning a line of battle was formed, jvaiting an attack, 
in vain. During the day, the men were engaged in ob- 
structing an artillery road, and were constantly ready to 
resist an assault. Gen. Dix, commander of the depart- 
ment, came up from Fortress Monroe, to view the dispo- 
sition of troops. 

From this time, the men of the regiment were actively 
employed : some on picket, others in cutting trees, and 
others in constructing rifle-pits, forts, and other intrench- 
ments. During the more than eight months of pur stay 
in Suffolk, a line of works, nine miles in extent, flanked 
by the Dismal Swamp, was erected ; and the first spade- 

the eastern bank of the Nansemond, and the rebels the western bank of 
the Blackwater. About two miles out, the two railroads that traverse 
Suffolk cross each other, — the Petersburg going northwest to the city of 
that name, and the Weldon southwest, to North Carolina. This belt of 
country is some twenty miles in width. 

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152 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

fill of earth was thrown up by a working party under 
Lieut. Hadley, of the Sixth. 


On Sunday, the 2l8t, divine service was celebrated 
for the first time in camp, the chaplain having arrived in 
the night of the 19th. Sunday was usually observed by 
the exhibition of a quieter demeanor than usual, on the 
part of the men, and by a general abstinence from the 
amusements and employments of camp life. For a few 
Sundays, a great deal of fatigue labor was ordered by the 
general in command, until after a memorial had been 
drawn and presented to him by the chaplain of the Sixth, 
signed by most of the chaplains of the post, when the 
custom was discarded.^ The re^ment was true to its 
New England antecedents ; for, whenever the assembly 
was sounded, on Sunday, the men generally, though al- 
ways voluntarily, attended service. Several hundred 
usually formed a square in front of head quarters, the 
chaplain standing on a box, behind a pile of drums, and 
discoursing briefly, to an attentive audience, with singing 
of the first order. Worship was always had, when the 

1 The chaplains at this post cordially united in consultation fo^ ihe 
welfare of their large and precious flocks. They represented the Presby- 
terian, Lutheran, Universalist, Wesleyan, Episcopalian, and Methodist 
Episcopal Churches ; and on Monday of each week they held harmonious 
and profitable meetings, to consult concerning the wants and interests of 
their regiments. Their union of action and spirit gave a very good ex- 
ample to those of their profession out of the army. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 153 

exigencies of the service could possibly permit. Two or 
three times, a chapel in the village, belonging to the Chris- 
tian Baptists, was used ; but it was too small, and the 
open air was on the whole preferred. Beside the reg- 
ular services of Sunday, a prayer meeting was held on 
Sunday evening, and also on Wednesday, — sometimes 
in the streets, and at others in the post-office, chaplain's, 
or other quarters. Several men made a profession of 
religion during the campaign ; and the opinion of those 
deeply interested in the moral welfare of the regiment 
was, that the habits and character of the men improved 
during the campaign. This was largely due to the great 
number of letters constantly received from home. We 
were known in Suffolk as the *• writing regiment." The 
mail-bag we .regularly received was a wonder to other 
soldiers, for it often contained several hundred letters at 
a time. These gentle messengers from home kept alive 
and active the restraining influences of social life, and 
prevented many a one from relapsing into the rough hab- 
its too fretjuently found in camp. Religious papers and 
books were procured and distributed in large quantities, 
and cheap checker-boards, dominoes, and other amuse- 
ments, served to while away hours of leisure that might 
otherwise have been worse employed.^ 


Nor should the delightful society of several of the offi- 

1 Ours was a writing regiment. I have counted two hundred and fifty 
letters of a morning in the mail-bag for home. 

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154 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

cers' wives, "who after a time joined the regiment, be 
omitted among the civilizing agencies that acted on the 
character and conduct of the men. Their very presence 
exerted an influence for good, and cheered the atmos- 
phere "with social sunshine. A woman in camp, like " a 
babe in a house," is " a well-spring of pleasure." 

On the 23d, a picket of eighty — our first detail — was 
sent out. A reconnoissance in force had gone from other 
regiments ; and our boys, under arms, distinctly heard 
the artillery engaged in a skirmish. It was the first 
sound of real war they had heard during the campaign, 
and they stood under arms during the afternoon with no 
little anticipation. 


On the 24th, Maj.-Gen. John J. Peck arrived, and 
took command of the forces stationed in and near Suffolk ; 
and the same day the regiment was brigaded with the 
Thirteenth Indiana, and One Hundred and Twelfth and 
One Hundred and Thirtieth New York, and placed under 
the command of Col. R. S. Foster,^ of the Thirteenth 
Indiana. We were afterwards brigaded with the New 
York One Hundred and Sixty-Ninth, and Pennsylvania 

1 CoL^Foster and staff were as follows: Colonel (now Major General 
Robert Sanger Foster of Thirteenth Indiana, Acting Brigadier General; 
Acyntant General, Samuel M. Zent, Thirteenth Indiana; Quartermaster, 
Geo. W. Bader; Commissary of Subsistence, W. G.Wise, of Massachusetts 
Sixth ; Aide-de-Camp, George W. Wells. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 155 

One Hundred and Sixty Fifth and One Hundred and 
Sixty Sixth.^ We always considered ourselves fortunate 
in being placed in such relations with these officers. 
With Gen. Peck and his staflf, of which Major B. B. 
Foster, of the Maine Eleventh, was chief, all official 
intercourse was of the pleasantest character, and his 
opinion of the regiment will be seen by his parting 
order, at the close of the campaign, found &t the end of 
this sketch. With Col. Foster our relations were more 
immediate and intimate ; and all, men and officers, en- 
thusiastically admired him. Gallant, generous, affable, a 
man, a gentleman and a soldier; his appearance was 
always the signal for hearty greetings from our boys. 
His opinion of us will be found in the order sent us at 

our departure, printed at the close of this sketch. 



On the 26th, we struck tents for a new camp-ground, 
previously occupied by Gen.Wessel's Brigade,* — an eleva- 
ted and pleasant spot, on which we had " ample room 
and verge enough" for all the appointments of a perfect 
camp. The streets were wide, the various quarters were far 
apart, deep wells were digged, and health and regularity 
were consulted in as neat and perfect a camp as is usually 

1 Our brigade was several times changed, but was chiefly comprised of 
the Thirteenth Indiana, One Hundred and Thirtieth and One Hundred 
and Twelfth New York, One Hundred and SixtyTifth and One Hundred 
and Sixty Sixth Pennsylvania. 

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156 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

seen. In a short time the boys began to stockade for 
cold weather ; and the various expedients devised for 
stoves, fire-places, and furnaces, were creditable to the 
ingenuity of the men. The mortar was Virginia mud, 
that " sticketh closer than a brother ; " the chimneys were 
barrels, or clay and sticks, or bricks in some instances ; 
while the walls were " daubed with untempered mortar," 
but were nevertheless tight and warm. The men's roofs 
were generally tents ; but the oflScers succeeded in ob- 
taining roofs of " splits," huge slabs of cedar, a sort of 
compromise between a shingle and a board, which kept 
out the rain, though not the wind, for often it was diffi- 
cult to keep a candle lighted.^ 

* A great many accounts of the lack of comforts experienced by soldiers 
have appeared in the prints. Some have boasted that they were entirely 
destitute of the commonest conveniences of life, and seemed to take pride 
in relating the story of their deprivations. They, had the bare ground as 
the floor to their tents; they sat on their haunches, without chair or seat; 
their beds were on the ground ; they cooked without dishes, and ate with 
their fingers, a Jd lived a la pig, generally. There are times, of course, on 
the march, when all this, or a part of this, is necessary. But if one is en- 
camped a week in a place, if he has any love for civilized life, and pos- 
sesses any gumption, he will begin to accumulate easy substitutes for past 
comforts. If he cannot find old boards, by reason of distance from houses 
or fences, and if unable to procure boxes with which to floor his tent, it 
does not take long to split sticks of wood in halves for a tolerable floor of 
puncheons ; while a bedstead, chairs, table, and any other household con- 
venience, can easily be extemporized with an axe, and the wood of which 
Virginia forests are full. Our regiment had rough but convenient furni- 
ture, such as bedsteads, chairs, tables, and the like, and a large number of 
log-houses, with furnaces and chimneys, made of wood, clay etc. ; and, 
though coarse and rough, our accommodations were really excellent. 
Yankee ingenuity always kept us comfortable. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 157 

The quarters of the writer of this were a rustic cottage, 
in an ornamental style of architecture, constructed of red 
cedar and cypress, with the bark on, the interstices filled, 
and the inside plastered with mud, and lined with illus- 
trated newspapers and shelter tents, and the shingled 
roof covered with tent-flies, so that it was handsome, dry, 
and warm. The bricks were exhumed from an old cel- 
lar, on the principal street in Suffolk, the remains of a 
house destroyed by Comwallis on his march to York- 
town, so that the little cabin, 20x20, was quite commo- 
dious and picturesque and historical. 


Anxious for the good name of his regiment, on reach- 
ing this ground the colonel made a little speech, — direct 
and to the point, — urging the boys not to maraud ; at the 
close of which he received hearty cheers, as an assent to 
his Words, and a proof of the estimate in which he was 
held. I believe few acts of marauding were ever com- 
mitted by them, aside from that little foraging that the 
soldier feels entitled to, and that few officers care to treat 

But it was on this day, the 25th, that the Confisca- 
tion Act took effect, — an extraordinary measure it was 
thought by many, — and when it was convenient to get a 
little pork or poultry, or a few vegetables, to eke out the 
proverbial " salt mule " that so many have spoken of but 
never seen, it was usually done. Should a stray pig 

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158 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

come within reach, and refuse to give the countersign, he 
was brought to with a bayonet (^fomr-mnner of the fate 
of the property of rebels), and soon after, the agreeable 
smell of roasting pork " wasted its sweetness on the Suf- 
folk air." About this time, I remember I saw a fellow 
enjoying some fine-looking sweet potatoes. "Do you 
draw those ?" said I. " Yes, sir," said he. '' How do 
you do it ? " " Oh, easy enough, — by the top% ! " 


The first casualty in the regiment occurred on the last 
day of September, when Lieut. S. (x. Blood, in practis- 
ing with his revolver, accidentally put a ball through his 
foot, which disabled him from duty for several weeks. 


The fare of camp was helped out considerably at this 
time by sweet potatoes, scuppemong grapes, persim- 
mons, chinkapin nuts, etc., which would find their way 
into camp from the surrounding country. To a New 
Englander, the vegetation presented a peculiar look. The 
cypress, gum, sweet bay, magnolia, rhododendron, holly, 
and laurel abound ; and the air is constantly blotted by 
the buzzard or vulture, watching his prey from afar, or 
descending to regale himself on some animal abandoued 
by man. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 159 


At the close of the first month, we had seen nothing 
of war, having been, during that time, acting the roU of 
Micawber, "waiting for something to turn up"; but we 
were consoled in our inactivity by remembering that 

" They also serve who only stand and wait ; " 
for the force of which we constituted a part occupied a 
threatening attitude, at a position about equi-distant from 
Petersburg and Weldon, and thus co-operated with the 
army of the Potomac and of North Carolina. Though 
idle, we were not useless. As long as we lay inactive 
even, Petersburg and the line of the Blackwater must be 
well fortified, and held by rebel forces that would other- 
wise be able to act against McClellan and Foster. 


During those days, the provisions served were ample 
in quantity, and generally good in quality. Obtained 
as they were, in such immense, quantities, occasion- 
ally an inferior article would of course come. But bread, 
or other vegetable or animal food, was speedily con- 
demned, if of an inferior character; and in quality, the 
rations averaged as well as the same articles in any New 
England village. That the quantity was ample will 
appear from the savings of the companies. Whatever a 
company was entitled to, and did not draw, was commuted, 
and returned to the company in cash. There were five 

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160 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

companies from Lowell, and one each from Lawrence, 
Cambridge, Groton, Acton, and Chelmsford. During the 
month of September, the Lowell companies saved f 305, 
or an average of more than $61. The Lawrence com- 
pany saved $60.92 ; Acton, $33.34 ; Groton, 47.36 ; 
Cambridge, $27.36 ; and Chelmsford, $74.53. The cost 
of a ration (the daily allowance of food) in Suffolk was 
seventeen cents. 


October 1st the regiment was gladdened by the arrival 
of the Seventh Mass. Battery, Capt. P. A. Davis, from 
Yorktown. This corps was the Richardson Light In- 
fantry, from Lowell, most of whom were old friends of 
many of ours; and, during the rest of our term of service, 
the pleasure of our stay was much increased by their 
location within a few rods of our camp. 


Large numbers of contrabands were continually com- 
ing into our lines ; and all told one story, and that was, 
that there was a universal desire for freedom among the 
colored people of the South, and a general expectation ' 
that the hour of their deliverance from slavery was about 
to dawn. They always told that their owners assured 
them that lean fare and cruel treatment were meted to the 
black people by the Yankees, and that the Southerners 
were their only friends. We listened to many a story of 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 161 

wrong and outrage ; and day by day the long files of 
dusky pilgrims came in, with nondescript vehicles, harness- 
es and animule%y as the travellers styled them ; sometimes 
a horse, but as often a mule or a cow, dragging the house- 
hold penates ; and while the men were set at work on the 
fortifications, — for then we had not risen to the sensible 
position of colored soldiers, — the women and children 
were supplied with rations and clothing, and soon their lit? 
tie settlements sprang up, neatly laid out, and filled with a 
happy populace. Simple-minded, good-natured, patient, 
and possessed of a cert§iin natural shrewdness, we gener- 
ally found them as intelligent as, and every way the 
equals, and in ability to take care of themselves the 
superiors of, the white people left in our neighborhood. 
I wrote at the time in the Boston " Journal " : — 
" The contrabands continue to come in here, from 
North Carolina mostly, in schools^ if such a term is allow- 
able to such a poor, ignorant race. They tell but one 
story. Scarcity at home, long-cherished desires for 
freedom, willingness to work for hire, love of the Union 
troops, and hatred of secession. But alas, poor souls, 
they little know what to do with themselves, or what is 
before them ! I have no doubt that their condition will 
be improved, when these troubles are over ; but there is 
a transition period between now and then, during which 
these poor victims of generations of oppression must ex- 
perience much less physical comfort than they yet have 
done. Government sees that they do not want ; and the 

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162 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

able-bodied men among them — which are few — are em- 
ployed wherever they can be made useful. God help 
them ! " 

At first their treatment by Union officers and men, was 
in many instances, most brutal ; but in a short time a 
better policy was pursued. 

Among the "contrabands" in our mess, first and 
foremost stood the major's boy, Tom Jones, the concen- 
trated essence of Africa; and after him w'ere Clem, John, 
Willis, Lam Babb, and others, whose comicalities helped 
the mess far more than any other service they rendered, 
and whose principal efibrt seemed to be always to be present 
when they were not wanted, and always absent when 
needed. Such was the force of their bringing or com- 
ing up. A volume could be filled with reminiscences of 
our sooty attendants, some of whom — at least Clem and 
Lam — have since done good service for the country in 
the army. Our only reliable information of the enemy's 
movements was derived through them; and the com- 
manders of our scouting parties often assured me that 
they never were deceived or betrayed by a negro. Some- 
times they exaggerated numbers ; but they rarely mistook 
a fact, and never betrayed a trust. 


There was a singular attraction in the religious meet- 
ings of the colored population of Sufiblk ; and, fond of a 
new sensation, I several times entered their assemblies 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 163 

when they were engaged in worship. At the time, I 
wrote an account of my impressions for the Boston " Trum- 
pet and Freeman," an extract from which here follows. 

I never wanted the pen of a Dickens and the pencil of 
a Hogarth, combined in one magic instrument, as I have 
since I have been here, in SuflFolk, Va., when attending 
the prayer and praise meetings of the negroes of the Afri- 
can Methodist church. 

Fancy a plain, common-looking meeting-house, very 
• much like one of our own poorest New England country 
chapels, " a little back from the village street," with a 
sprinkling of army uniforms in the audience, but other- 
wise crowded, below and in the gallery, with "God*s 
image carved in ebony," mahogany, and even lighter 
shades ; for that horrible " amalgamation," which has been 
so great a possible bugbear at the North, is here a patent 
reality. Both sexes and all ages are present. And the 
styles of costume are a wonder. Many of them are ex- 
quisitely neat; but I never knew what extravagances of 
rags and ribbons combined ; what tawdry finery ; what 
model dilapidations in the way of hats and garments, — 
can be made to adhere to the " human form divine," until 
I saw the hats, caps, bonnets, and other garments, in such 
a meeting. That, however, by the way. 

The utmost decorum pervades the congregation, till at 
length the preacher, an intelligent-looking mulatto, enters 
the pulpit, and begins the (Services of the evening. He 
reads a hymn, " deaconing " the words off, — a line read 

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164 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

at a time, and then sung, — so that his illiterate hearers 
can keep the connection ; and the reading is of a kind 
not taught in any school of elocution, while the singing is 
really superb. The diflFerent parts are not given ; but the 
soft, mellow voices of the women, and the clear, rich voices 
of the men, all in unison, render the air with a power and 
effect seldom heard. 

The prayer is an earnest utterance of unfeigned de- 
votion, characterized, perhaps, with some marked depart- 
ures from the President's American, but, on the whole, it 
would do no discredit to any Christian, or any church. 

The sermon is peculiar. Its construction is not artistic. 
Its drift is frequently varied by eddies, — very considerable 
eddies ; but its allusions are quaint ; its appeals power- 
ful ; its utterance full of devout, if homely unction ; and it 
has the greatest apparent effect on its hearers, if one can 
judge by the constant ejaculations from all parts of the 
audience, of such expressions as ''Dafs so ! " " De Lord 
kmws dat are ! " " Bless G-od, yes ! " and the like, amount- 
ing at times to a perfect fusillade of comments, accom- 
panied by grotesque words, and all sorts of gestures, not 
even excepting hearty laughter as some point is well 

The sermon finished, the preacher descends tx) the altar- 
rail; and this is the signal for several of the leading 
" brethren " to approach him, and for such as have been 
pricked in the conscience by the sermon, to come forward 
and kneel around the altar, as " mourners." Immediately 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 165 

one of the best singers strikes up a devotional song, or, 
as they prefer to call it, a " spiritual jig," usually to a 
most lively air, and with words such as I am unable to 
find in print, and suppose to be purely traditional. I have 
taken down several from their own lips. Here is one : — 

** Blow, Grabriel, blow ! 
Oh, how loud shall I blow ? 
Loud as seven peals of thunder 
From ebery church-yard. 
We'll see him as he is 
In dat eternal day. 
From ebery church-yard I 

** We'll try on de long white robes, 
We'll wear a starry crown, 
Walk up and down "de golden streets. 
From ebery church-yard. 
We'll see him, &c. 

** You'll hear King Jesus say. 
Oh, Father, these are they 
Who've come up through tribulation. 
From ebery church-yard ! 
We'll see him, fee." 

Here the whole audience drop on their knees, and a 
fervent prayer is offered, the words of which, though 
shouted at the top of powerful lungs, are not distinguish- 
able amid the shouts, groans, ejaculations, and sometimes 
shrieks of the excited multitude. Such expressions as 
these are heard : " Don't 'top yet ! " " Pray away! " 
"Pray away!" "Bear down, bear down, brudder!" 

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166 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

When the prayer is finished, all rise, and another "jig" 
is snug. Here is one : — 

" Go seek him early in tte morning, 
Go seek him early in the morning, 
Go seek him early in the morning, 

I hope I shall join dat band. 
I hab a little time, it is not long, 
I hab a little time, it is not long, 
I hab a little time, it is not long, 

I hope I shall join dat band." 

Other verses follow, ad libitum^ by substituting "Pray- 
ing soon, early," &c. ; or " Religion soon, early," &c. ; 
or any other words that strike the fancy of any of the 
worshippers ; and then comes another prayer, perhaps as 
excellent as would be heard in almost any social religious 
gathering, with the accompaniment already referred to. 
Sometimes some well-known hymn would be sung, al- 
most 8olu8^ such as " Come, ye that love the Lord," &c., 
with a chorus like this : — 

'* Brethren, move round de altar. 
Brethren, move round de altar, 
De Lord will answer prayer. " 

One very lively song was usually sung when some soul 
among the mourners had been made happy. It ran on 
this wise : — 

" Oh, mourner, whar was you, 
Oh, mourner, whar was you. 
Oh. mourner, whar was you, 
When de Lord was passin* by ? 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 107 

He's bin hyar, he's bin hyar, 
He's blest my soul and gone ! 
He's bin hyar, he's bin hyar, 
And dare's glory in my soul 1 " 

Substituting the word seeker, brother, sister, sinner, 
or any other word, for mourner, gives any number of 
stanzas that the enthusiasm of the meeting can sustain. 
I was very much interested in the fact that the worshippers 
would pray with great fervor for our soldiers. One elo- 
quent petition referred to them as dashing through the 
" roar of cannon, the smoke of battle, and the flash of the 
rifle," and supplicated the Divine protection for them, in 
terms that would have done honor to any prayer. I re- 
call some of the words of one of their freedom songs : — 

** Go down, Moses, 
Way down Eg}'pt's land. 
Tell King Phar'oh 
Let my people go. 

" De Lord told Moses what to do : 
Gro away down Egypt's land. 
Lead the children of Israel through 
Way out of Egypt's land. " 

And much more of the same irregular structure, but to 
the same purpose. 

During the singing of these songs, the whole congre- 
gation was thoroughly alive. Some were keeping time 
by a constant tramping of their feet ; others would raise 

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168 The Nine Months* Campaign. 

and let fall both hands as far as they could ; others would 
bow the head in keeping with the time ; while some would 
leap back and forth in the aisle, or, if the crowd was too 
dense, up and down, as though striving to go over the 
heads of the rest ; and one girl sprang into the pulpit, 
with her hands swinging above her head, and body and 
head swaying, and feet moving in the precise attitude of 
a waltz ; while one venerable old lady, " darkly, deeply, 
beautifully" black, seized a gallant New York colonel 
near me, and spun him round and round before he could 
extricate himself, dashing me from their swift and eccen- 
tric orbit ; while others meanwhile were shaking hands, 
laughing, slapping shoulders, and in general ecstasy. It 
was a scene not soon to be forgotten. 

But the inexorable rule of the provost marshal cuts off 
all devotion at half past eight ; and the excellent colored 
preacher dismisses his flock with a benediction, keeping 
right along in the same tone of voice, " And now, don't 
ye go to loafing round after you leave here, but go right 
straight home, all of you ; if ye don't, ye'll jist get chucked 
into the guard-house, and good enough for you, too ! " 

Of course one cannot help seeing the grotesque that 
overlays what is said and done ; but no one who surveys 
the scene candidly can avoid perceiving and acknowledg- • 
ing that there is much genuine devotion, and that the 
manner of conducting the worship is adapted to minds 
that would not be reached by the colder and more formal 
worship that characterizes the colder temperament of a 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 169 

more phlegmatic people. Though the act is unlike our 
own devotion, it is still true, that in such ways " Ethiopia 
stretches her hands to God." 

Among my reminiscences of the colored people, at that 
early stage of the war, before our government had 
recognized their manhood, or had learned to treat them 
better than mules were treated, I recall my eflforts to ob- 
tain some of the lines printed above. So interested was 
I in the exercises that I found it impossible to report the 
words they sang ; and so, one day I asked a venerable 
darkey I met in the street, and whom I had heard singing 
in the congregation, to repeat some of their songs. He 
asked me if I wanted a " book piece," or a " holy jig." 
Of course it was the jig I desired, and he began to en- 
deavor to recall some of the pieces ; but not a line would 
enter his cranium. At length I said, " Sing one ! " 
and sure enough, without the least difficulty, he struck 
out into one, and pausing at the end of each line, to give 
me space to report, he would go back to the beginning, 
and sing on to the line I required. Of course, some of 
the lines were repeated a great many times ; but I suc- 
ceeded thus in obtaining what I have reported above, and 
many besides. 

I might also illustrate the hberality of those simple- 
minded people, by relating another incident. The col- 
ored preacher of the congregation above alluded to came 
to my quarters, and earnestly invited me to attend his 
church one Sunday, and administer the communion. Ask- 

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170 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

ing private Fields, who was also a Methodist clergyman, 
to accompany me,* and with an audience of white and 
black, of ministers and laity, and of many denominations, 
we, a Uiiiversalist and Methodist preacher, administered 
fte communion. It seemed a foregleam of the millen- 
nium, as we all worshipped together ; for, though speak- 
ing many sectarian dialects, we were united in one 


It aflforded us pleasure to be welcomed by the citizens 
of Suflfolk, with the assurance that they preferred a 
Massachusetts regiment to any other, having had expe- 
rience with one, the Sixteenth, once stationed there. 
This gave us a new desire to do nothing unworthy the 
name of our noble old Commonwealth ; and I am proud 
to say that the campaign closed without any disgrace 
being inflicted on the honored fame of Massachusetts by 
any of our officers or men. 


One of our social pleasures consisted in masonic 
greetings. A regimental lodge was held in the room 
of the Suffolk Lodge (organized in 1790) ; and officers 
and men, from various regiments, frequently assembled 
to celebrate the rites of the mystic fraternity. 


At this time, the " allotment " system was just begin- 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 171 

ning to work ; and large numbers, instead of wasting 
their income in sutlers' trash, had made an allotment 
to their families of ten dollars a man; so that each 
one's family could draw that large proportion of his pay 
of the State Treasurer, In company C, 101 men allot- 
ted ah average of ten dollars a month. 


October 3d we achieved our first expedition. We 
went out to support an expedition against Franklin, the 
report of whose guns we had heard for several hours. 

We moved in silence. Orders were given in low 
tones. No music was allowed. Only the katydid and 
locust, with sibilant voices, were heard, as we plodded on 
in the glorious light of the moon, A little way on we 
met two ambulances coming in. In one was stretched 
the stiffening body of a man just slain, and in the other 
were the poor fellows who were wounded. Ah, that 
told us, more eloquently than words, on what an errand 
we were out ; and I could not help saying. Who will be 
the fated ones who will never return, and over whose 
remains dear ones will never lean, but who will perhaps 
lie in unmarked graves in these swamps or woods ? 
Thus we went on, and at length the moon went 
down, and the narrow road pursued its way through 
swamp and forest, the tall cypresses hanging their ven- 
erable beards of Spanish moss, and the lofty pines 
rising like spires, mixed with the sweet gum, the oak, 

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172 Tbe Nine Months' Campaign. 

and the red cedar, — till, exhausted with loss of sleep, 
with hunger and fatigue, at four in the morning we 
reached an open space in the woods, in front of a farm- 
house occupied by a woman and her three little ones, 
whose negroes had all run away, the husband and father 
being with Jackson. Here we tried, for a^ short time, to 
make ourselves comfortable, our regiment forming in 
line of battie with guns stacked, while the men lay 
around them and slept. As for myself, I took the ac- 
coutrements from my horse, picketed her to a tree, gave 
her some oats, ate a little bread and raw bacon, and, 
lying down on my saddle, dozed a short time on my first 
bivouac, when we were again roused, and camp-fires were 
built, and the men cooked their breakfast of sweet pota- 
toes found in the fields, and of frizzled pork, and ham, 
and bread. Our position was near Western Branch 
Church, so called, — a little country school-house-looking 
building, standing alone in a majestic forest ; and we 
were to hold a road here, and prevent any rebel force 
from descending, from the direction of Petersburg, to cut 
oflf the return of our advance forces. 

With an Ohio regiment, and a regiment of mounted 
riflemen, we kept our position under arms till the force 
returned, when we resumed our march, arriving home 
at about seven in the evening, having accomplished 
some twenty-two miles within twenty hours. 

The men bore it finely, though some of them were 
rather used up. I left the regiment about six miles 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 173 

before it reached home, and pushed on alone, in order 
to have a good supper ready for the men on their arrival. 

Old campaigners, who know the heavy roads there- 
abouts, the creeks to wade, the ditches of mud to 
fathom, and the hardships to be met by new troops 
on their j6rst march, after a week of hard digging on 
fortifications, will know what a trying tramp this must 
have been. 

This section of country is all after one pattern : wide 
tracts of forest ; at long intervals " plantations," on which 
scattering stalks of com, long and lean, stand on a thin 
and famished soil ; roads of the wretchedest kind ; houses, 
with rare exceptions, perfect tumble-down concerns, in- 
habited by old men, women, and children ; and a gen- 
eral poverty-strickenness everywhere. Really, of itself 
alone, not worth conquering; and were it not for the prin- 
ciple involved in this struggle, we often said that we 
should be better off without than with such a tract as 
South-eastern Virginia. 

Probably no subsequent military experience has 
equalled the impression made on the minds of us " raw 
recruits " by that lonely and almost silent march through 
the forest ; the halt to load and fix bayonets, in moment- 
ary expectation of meeting the enemy, and that most 
exhilarating of sights, so often enjoyed afterwards, the 
night bivouac, when the camp-fires are lighted, and as 
far as the eye can penetrate the darkness, the stirring 

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174 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

scenes of the supper are exhibited, soon followed by the 
silence of the sleeping host. 


October 6th, we lost our first man by death. Alonzo 
M. Woodward, of company E, of Boxboro', aged twenty- 
six years, died of typhoid fever. He was an excellent 
man. His body was embalmed and sent home, as were 
subsequently the bodies of all our dead. Not one rests 
in the adhesive mud of Virginia, except those who died 
in rebel hospitals, hereafter mentioned. On the 11th 
inst., Luke Lovrien, of Lowell, company D, died of 
asthma. He was a patriotic man, but too old to endure 
the hardships of camp-life, his age being about fifty. 

The most of the month of October was pleasantly 
passed : the weather was fine, and drilling, brigade and 
division reviews, and arranging quarters for cold weather, 
and making themselves comfortable generally, occupied 
the men. The weather was for the most part as warm 
as a New England June. 

A brisk skirmish was had outside the lines, near tiie 
Blackwater, on the 15th, between our cavalry and the 
rebels, and orders were received for us to keep one hun- 
dred and fifty rounds of ammunition on hand at all 


On the 8th, several large boxes from the city of 
Lowell were received through Hon. H. Hosford, mayor, 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 175 

containing all sorts of comforts and luxuries. It was 
pleasant then and subsequently, on the arrival of city 
or private boxes, to witness the distribution of the arti- 
cles, and the enjoyment of the boys, as they received 
them. Their contents were rejoiced over, and added a 
great deal of pleasure to those who received and shared 
them with others. 


The exertions of Surgeon Bumham, ever careful to 
secure good accommodations for the sick, obtained, as 
our regimental hospital, one of the best buildings in Suf- 
folk, the residence of a clergyman, surrounded with a 
garden, and embowered in trees ; and, during our stay, 
we found plenty of room, and the best of care and at- 
tention for all who became its inmates. 


On the 24th inst., we started on a reconnoissance, 
with a force about 4,000 strong ; and during a march of 
two days we accomplished about fifty-one miles (resting 
but nine hours in all), — more than twice the distance 
necessary to accomplish all the objects of the expe- 
dition. The reason was, " some one had blundered ; " 
and we were half the night stumbling in the darkness to 
find our way back from the wrong into the right road ; 
and the result was, the infantry and artillery failed to 
reach the position from which they could support the 

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176 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

cavalry, until it was too late for the latter to make what 
otherwise might have proved a successful raid. 

We went to the Blackwater, to a point about half way 
between Zuni and Franklin, where we lay until the cav- 
alry crossed by fording, and went as far as Zuni, re- 
crossed and returned, when we took the homeward 
march. We captured five of the enemy's pickets, but 
saw no rebel force, and met no rebel resistance, except a 
few shots from their pickets. A little forage and a good 
deal of experience in marching was the sum total of ad- 
vantage that remained. 

The country over which we went resembles the most 
of this part of Virginia, and consists of vast level tracts 
of forest, with an occasional plantation or smaller farm, 
with mostly dilapidated buildings, and a general appear- 
ance of slip-shod about everything. Most of the men, 
vrith the exception of the old, are gone ; and women, 
negroes, and children seem to constitute the population. 
But what besides poverty could prevail in a section where 
the raising and selling of " niggers " and the distilling 
and drinking of applejack had so long been the chief 
business and employment ? 

Apropos of applejack, this diabolical fluid — a sort of 
cross between camphene and fire-and-brimstone (distilled 
from cider) — is one of the worst enemies our soldiers 
encountered. A small drink sets a soldier's brain on fire, 
with the fearfullest frenzy of drunkenness possible to man. 
In passing along our route, an oflScer was detailed to pre- 

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The Nii^*e Months' Campaign. 177 

cede the column, and destroy what liquors could be found. 
Riding to the front, on the banks of the Blackwater, 
I saw our pickets, on the very brink of danger, so drunk 
that they could Scarcely sit their horses ; and I do not 
wonder that our army has sometimes been surprised by 
the enemy. One soldier from a Western regiment, iivan 
altercation with a comrade, was struck over the head 
by a blow that broke his skull, and drove the hammer 
of the lock into his brain. The surgeon left him for 
dead, in charge of another ; and, on the arrival of the 
regiment in camp, preparations were made for his 
funeral, and his grave was dug. But when the rear 
guard of cavalry came along, not clearly understanding 
the case, he was made to mount a horse and ride home, 
a dozen miles. He did so, and then walked a half mile 
from the cavalry camp to his own, poising by Mb grave, 
and recovered. 

About the first of November many of the regiment 
were detached to man the heavy guns in the forts, and 
to serve in the batteries. They occupied those positions 
till their term of service expired. 



On the 7th of November, though in the " Sunny 
South," we were all startled from our propriety by wak- 
ing in the morning to see a couple inches of snow, and a 
driving storm, followed by snow on the ground and bleak 
weather for several days, making us think of home ; and 


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178 The Nine Months* Ca*mpaign. 

great exertions were necessary to keep the quarters com- 
fortable, unprepared as we were for such a change ; for 
the weather, day and night, had continued delightful up to 
that date. All working parties, camp guard, etc., were 
dispensed with during the day. That apocryphal person- 
age, " the oldest inhabitant," was reported to have de- 
clared that it was the coldest weather for sixty years.^ 


Onthid 11th, the weather became as warm as before the 
storm, and it was improved by the Chaplain and Assist- 
ant Surgeon Humphrey, who made a pretty excursion to 
the Lake of the Dismal Swamp, some ten miles outside of 
our pickets, in the heart of the swamp. The voyage was 
made in a flat-bottomed boat, propelled by two negroes 
from the shore. It was a unique trip, though nothing 
was seen of that fair maid, who 

** Down in the Lake of the Dismal Swamp, 
All night long, by her fire-fly lamp, 
Paddles her white canoe." 
On the 15th, Corp. Orrin Park, a good soldier, belong- 
ing to company A, of Dracut, aged twenty-four, died of 
typhoid fever, after a brief illness. 


On the 17th, we were all in line at one o'clock, p. M., 
on a pleasant day, with three days' rations, and our faces 

^ I asked my contraband the reason of such weather, and he replied : 
" 1 speck you folks brung it down yere I " 

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The Nine' Months' Campaign. 179 

turned in the direction of what proved to be the ultima 
thule of our journeys southward, the Blackwater. 

One or two cavalry dashes having been made at our 
pickets at Providence Church, some four or five miles 
out, about the 12th and 13th, it began to look as though 
a new order of things was being established, or that ad- 
ditional forces, of which these cavaliers were the advance 
guard, had reinforced the Blackwater troops ; and a large 
force, consisting of 3500 infantry, 1000 cavalry, and Fol- 
lett's Battery, left Suffolk for the Blackwater at day- 
break Tuesday, for a place about seven miles above Frank- 
lin, and thirty from Suffolk, known as Ludlow Lawrence's. 
This is one of those immense farms where the lord of the 
plantation bears sway over his many acres and his ebony 
vassals. The buildings were fine, and spoke of wealth 
and power ; the long avenue of red cedars, the lawns 
and gardens, and the lavish display of means of enjoy- 
ment, gave a good specimen of the gentleman of the F. F. 
V.'s. But alas, the lean and famished acres of this once 
opulent soil told of the ruinous institution that impover- 
ished them ; while the empty halls and rooms of the lordly 
mansion were eloquent in reprehension of the mental 
madness that made '^ unfenced desolation " of the 
"Ancient Dominion," And one solitary and ancient 
darkey, in one of the negro huts, was sole survivor, like 
the " Last rose of summer, left blooming alone." 

The Sixth Regiment had the post of honor assigned to 
it, the right of the column, on this march, and was moving 

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180 The Nine Months* Campaign. 

on to cross the Blackwater ford, just in the rear of Law- 
rence's house, when the advance guard of cavalry was 
saluted by rebel shots, and by the sight of three "gray- 
backs" retreating down the bluff just across the stream ; 
for this Blackwater River, though quite deep, as are 
most of the " rivers" in this part of the state, is no more 
than a good-sized canal in width. 

As we pushed on a few rods farther, frequent and 
rapid firing saluted us, and the battery was ordered into 
position, and immediately commenced shelling the woods 
on the opposite shore, when the rebel force skedaddled. 
The Sixth supported the battery, and was consequently 
immediately under fire ; though, as in their fright the 
rebels fired some thirty or more feet above our heads, I 
must say that we were a good ways under. But it was 
not the less exciting for all that ; for as the reveille saluted 
us, — it was just at daybreak (and day broke a little 
louder than any of us remembered to have heard it be- 
fore), — none of us knew, of course, that the humming 
messengers, whose ticklish music we for the first time 
heard, might not select either of us as their victim. I 
was where I could see all our oflScers and men, and I was 
delighted to observe that they were as cool and uncon- 
cerned in manner as though going to a holiday drill. 
As I passed along the line, I saw some of the men filling 
their pipes preparatory to a smoke ; while I — and I might 
as well confess it — could not, on two occasions, avoid 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 181 

ducking my head as the prolonged hum-m^m of the bul- 
lets tingled my ears. 

When the rebels had scattered, company H, of Lowell, 
Capt. Ferson, was sent across the stream to support a • 
squad of cavalry ; and they found the camp of a regiment 
of North Carolina soldiers. Had our battery been able 
to cross, we should have gone over the Blackwater ; but, 
on reaching the place of crossing, we had the misfortune 
to break one of our pontoons, — a long canal boat, — and 
it was not deemed safe to go with that part of our force 
which was at Lawrence's. We were misled — for the 
first time since we have had forces in Suffolk — by the 
information ^ven us by a contraband. But the ford had 
been destroyed by the enemy, who had been warned of 
our coming with pontoons. 

While we held our position we heard part of our pro- 
gramme being carried out, in the shape of heavy cannon- 
ading at Franklin ; and at about ten we were ordered to 
fall in, and proceeded to a point near the Widow Cobb's, 
some mile and a half from Franklin, where we found the 
rest of our battery in position, vigorously shelling the 
woods some two miles off, across the stream. Before our 
arrival, when the battery and cavalry first reached the 
place, there was a rebel cavalry force on this side ; but 
they speedily placed running water between us, and re- 
turned our compliments with solid shot and shell, and 
several discharges from the famous Rocket.Battery, which 
was captured from McClellan. 

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182 The Nike Months' Campaigk. 

Here, too, we held the advance, and remained till our 
battery had sent some three hundred shot and shell, and 
while the enemy had dropped the iron exponents of his 
regard for us all around us ; and I must say, little as I 
had admired the sound of the minie bullets, that I was less 
in love with the sound of shell, three of which I saw drop 
and explode within a few rods, while several went as 
near to us as we cared to have them. But there was no 
flinching on the part of our boys. Two of our men — 
James L. McKcever of the Cambridge company, and 
Luke Gray of Lowell — fell out of the ranks, and were 
taken prisoners.^ 

On the return from this expedition, we enjoyed the 
pleasantest bivouac of the campaign, near Beaver-Dam 
Church. The field and staff found plenty of rails, which 
were laid, one end on the ground, and the other on the 
second rail of the Virginia fence, and, well covered with fine 
boughs, they made a bed beyond description refreshing. 

During the rest of this month, little occurred of special 
interest, as the men were busy in preparing for winter, 
and in recovering from the fatigues of the expedition. 
The hospital inmates always increased in number, and 
usually death followed in the track of a Blackwater ex- 
pedition. On the return from this march, Capt. A. C. 

1 They were &f^ed, entered a bonie to reft, when tbej were gobbled, 
and carried to Richmond. They were f bortljr after exchanged, and went to 
Annapolis, whence Qrey soon returned to camp. McKeever, a BaHi- 
morean, though be got oi far as Annapolis, never made 1^ appearance. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 183 

Wright, of company A, applied for his discharge, and 
his application was granted.^ 


Private Chas. A. Cutts, company D, Lowell, died of 
typhoid fever, on the 25th ; and A. J. Herrick, a marker, 
formeriy of company A, of the same disease, the SOth. 
These were both faithful soldiers and excellent men. 


A Blackwater expedition was ordered on the 26th ; but 
a heavy rain setting in, it was " postponed on account of 
the weather." This was pleasant news ; for, the night 
before, we had received more than two tons of roasted 
poultry, pies, puddings, etc., from home ; and, on the pre- 
vious Sunday, the Governor's proclamation of Thanks- 
giving was read in church, and all were anticipating the 
festivities of that time, for which, all over the land, thou- 
sands of feathered bipeds had been 

" Butchered to make a Yankee holiday." 

The 27th was indeed a holiday in camp.^ The rough 
" board " (literally) of each soldier contained the tradi- 

> At this time we received the news of McGlellan*s removal. There were 
many in the regiment who admired him, but the course of the government 
was fully acquiesced in. No one would have known tliat any change had 
taken place by the conduct of the soldiers. 

2 For a long time there was no little foraging, to forelay that poultry 
without which the genuine New Englander feels that the honored festival 
is not duly kept. To secure that article there was many & fowl proceeding 

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184 Thb Nine Months' Campaign. 

tional luxuries of the day, — roast turkey, plum pud- 
ding, pies, fruit, — all from home, with the cooking 
done by beloved hands, so that it had the familiar taste 
and flavor, and, under such circumstances, more than 
the usual relish.^ The day was full of pleasant inci- 
dents that might be chronicled. I wonder if a certain 
corporal, who received two fine turkeys, roasted, from 
home, and who, in the fulness of his heart, gave one 
away, remembers that he gave away the wrong one, and 
recollects the hearty laugh that went round camp, when 
the receiver of the gift, in carving the fowl, found that 
his knife would not cut through the dressing, which, on 
further investigation, turned out to be a little black bot- 
tle, the contents of which would hardly have got into 
camp in any other way, but would probably have gone 
down the neck of some provost marshal ? 

All sorts of games were indulged in, the most mirthful 
of which was the sack-racing, by our colored servants. 
Tied up in a bag, each one did his best to outstrip the 
others, and the result was side-splitting in the extreme. 
Now Clem, now Tom, now Lam, was ahead ; and the spec- 

in the yicinity of our camp; though it must be confessed that the chief re- 
liance of the boys was a long way off, and that they expected something 
good from home. 

1 There was not a canvas roof of ours in Suffolk whose occupants did 
not fondly remember and bless the wives and sisters, the mothers and 
daughters, and all the other home folk far away; and the blue-coated 
boys in each rough log camp were more than ever desirous that the wheels 
of time should roll more rapidly, and transport them to " home, sweet 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 185 

tators were convulsed with laughter, until the goal was 
reached, and the prize was won. Thanksgiving in camp 
will long be remembered. A large number of spectators 
was present, among whom was the rare and welcojne 
spectacle of beautiful Northern ladies. The sight of 
them rejoiced our .hearts for a moment, until each of us 
was saddened, as he remembered " the gu-l he left be- 
hind him." 

" THREE days' RATIONS." 

Dec. 1, at twelve, m., the regiment was ordered to report 
at the South Quay Bridge, at three o'clock. Fatigue parties 
and pickets were called in, and all was ready at the 
appointed time. The force consisted of twenty-three 
hundred infantry, eight hundred cavalry, and six pieces 
of artillery, — the Seventh Massachusetts, — all com- 
manded by Colonel Spear, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania 
Cavalry, a gallant officer as ever charged a foe. He 
was a Boston boy, a pupil of the old Franklin-Street 
School, and early entered the City Guard, and the 
United States Dragoons, He served through the Flor- 
ida war, went to Mexico, where he was seriously wounded 
at Cerro Gordo, in the memorable charge under Harney. 
He was promoted to the lieutenant-colonelcy for gallant 
conduct. Major Stratton, as well as Colonel Spear, was 
a Massachusetts man, bom in Greenfield. The quarter- 
master — Mr. Sherman -7- was a Lowell boy ; so that 
though this gallant corps was a Pennsylvania one, it was 
oflkered by Bay State boys. 

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186 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

A curious coincidence attended us on this march. 
When the Seventh Battery was originated, it was in- 
tended to be company G in the Sixth regiment. It 
entered the service, however, as Richardson's Light 
Infantry, eighteen months before, and served as such a 
year at Fortress Monroe, when it became a battery. It 
had done good service in garrison and as artillery, but 
never moved on any expedition promising real work, 
until it left camp with the Sixth, which entered the 
service a year and a quarter after it. 

We marched, with a brief halting, till after sunrise 
next morning, when we camped around Beaver-Dam 
Church, three miles from Franklin. We were comfort- 
ably cooking our breakfast, when the mounted pickets 
brought our commander news that sent all his available 
men to their saddles, and we soon saw that finest of mili- 
tary spectacles, a cavalry charge. Mounted on splendid 
horses, — bold riders and brave oflScers, led by Major 
Stratton, — this crack corps swept like a tornado through 
our ranks, and out of sight. Soon we heard firing, and 
knew that work was going on ; and ere long the bespat- 
tered squadron returned, with prisoners and spoils. We 
learned from ttiem that they encountered a force equal 
to their own, — four companies, — with the addition of 
two pieces of the Rocket Battery. This latter " gun" 
throws a rocket with great force, and accompanied by a 
fearful noise, that introduces the utmost confusion among 
horses, and it has long been the terror of our cavalry. It 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 187 

consists of fourteen pieces, presented to General McClel- 
lan, and then taken from him bj the rebels, on the Penin- 

Our men charged with the greatest impetuosity on the 
foe, who made no resistance, but put their horses on their 
wind and mettle, to escape over the Blackwater. But 
they were overtaken about a mile out of Franklin, and 
twenty cavalry and battery men were captured, — most of 
whom were more or less sabred, — together with thirty- 
five guns, horses, saddles, etc., but most important of all, 
— a prize that elated the captors immensely and justly, — 
two of the guns, a caisson, and the horses and men of the 
Rocket Battery. At the request of Colonel Spear, one 
of the gunners shot off fcur of the rockets, and the sight 
was novel enough to us all. 

The captured men answered the description we had 
all so often read of secesh soldiers. Clad in coarse but- 
ternut; or gray clothing, with the cheapest saddles and 
military equipments, and with a %mished expression of 
countenance, their appearance told of their poverty, while 
the avidity with which they seized food and coffee spoke 
of their long hunger. One told me that his drink of 
coffee was " worth three ' dollars, sure, for it is not rye 
coffee, but coffee coffee." 

The battery was composed of men from Halifax coun- 
ty, Va. ; and the cavalry was the Second Georgia, Colonel 
J. R. GriflBn, commander. I conversed with those who • 
were not too much injured to talk. With one exception, 

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188 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

they assured me that they were forced into the rebel 
service, and that they were rejoiced at the opportunity 
to take the oath of fidelity to the government ; that the 
war was ruining everything in the South, and that they 
longed to see it close. Their colonel was out with them, 
but having a better horse than his followers, he succeed- 
ed in escaping, reversing the Scriptures, which declare 
that " a horse is a vain thing for safety." 

Next morning, the chaplain, as usual, rode into camp 
ahead of the regiment, to forward dispatches, and have 
warm food ready for the boys on their arrival. Frr 
twelve miles, through a desolate realm, on a most dismal 
day, he saw not a soul but one ancient darkey, in a re- 
gion intersected with cross-roads, and just the place for 
" guerillas." Two of our pickets were shot on this road, 
two miles from camp, the following night. 


On the 6th of December, Gen. Wessel's brigade 
having gone to North Carolina, we were ordered to oc- 
cupy their camp, and take their position at the front. 
We removed very reluctantly, for the place was low 
and swampy, and we at once and unanimously designated 
it as Camp Misery. But we transported our houses, piece- 
meal, and our " furniture," and at once began to drain 
and grade the land; and ere long we had a very pleas- 
ant camp, and one which is, doubtless, remembered more 

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The Nine Months* Campaign. 189 

kindly than either of the others. A handsome engraving 
has been published, representing Camp Misery. 


Alfred A. Richardson, of company B, Groton, died of 
diphtheria, Dec. 8. He was a young man of promise 
and character, aged about twenty-two; was perfectly 
conscious to the last, aware that he was going, and passed 
away in perfect trust in God, finding the dying bed " soft 
as downy pillows are. " He laid off the armor of battle 
for that of the celestial host on high. 

At this time, we received quite a donation of useful ar- 
ticles for the hospital, from the Sanitary Commission. 
We received no hospital stores from any other source 
than the Sanitary Commission, and the Haverhill Sol- 
diers' Aid Society, Mrs. E. P. Hill, President, and Mrs. 
I. E. Chase, Sec. and Treas., during the campaign. 

Some amusing stories might be told of our sentinels. 
One day a Dutchman from Pennsylvania was being drilled 
in his duties. After he had received his lesson once, 
his instructor caused him to advance as though he were 
a stranger, when he called out, " Who goes there ? " 
" BonneUon^'* was the response, giving the countersign. 
Another demanded of a soldier if he had a pass. He had. 
He asked to see it. It was shown. " Would you have 
the kindness to read it to me ? " said Pat, for it was not 
a Dutchman this time. 

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190 The Nine Months' Campaign. 


The familiar order, " Fall in with three days' rations ! " 
was again heard on Thursday, Dec. 11. The regiment 
was promptly on the South Quay Road, at the appointed 
time, — half past eleven, — and with full ranks, for it was 
always noticed with pride that not even dress-parade or 
drill called out so many officers and men as the prospect 
of a hard march and rough work. Even the hospital 
sent out its inmates, who suddenly discovered that they 
were not sick, at the prospect of a brush .with the foe. 

Our brigade had the advance ; and, after marching all 
night, we reached a place about two miles below Zuni, on 
the Blackwater, where we intended to cross with our 
pontoon train ; but we found the place so swept by a fire 
of rebel sharpshooters as to make the sacrifice of life too 
great, until that force was disposed of; and the cannonad- 
ing, dictated by a proper regard for our own men- so noti- 
fied those we went out to visit, that we concluded not to 
cross, as we might easily have done. 

When we first reached the place, we found a force of 
rebel sharpshooters in rifle-pits, guarding the only avail- • 
able crossing ; and even there the water was some twelve,, 
feet deep. The Thirteenth Indiana had the front as skirm- 
ishers, and company I (of Lawrence) , Capt. Hamilton, was 
with them. The rest of the Sixth stood in support of How- 
ard's battery. The fire of the rebels was rapid and exact. . 
Almost as soon as company I was in position, a rebel fired 
at Lieut. Barr, and killed him almost instantly by a ball 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 191 

through the heart. He was seeking to keep his men in 
cover, with too little regard for himself, when he fell. 
He had placed one man in position, and was just direct- 
ing another, when the fatal messenger came.^He stepped 
forward, saying, " I am shot ! " and continued his direc- 
tions to his men. His last act was to serve those com- 
mitted to his care : his last words were in hehalf of his 
men. This was the first death in battle the regiment had 
experienced. He was a most estimable man, beloved by 
his company and regimental associates, and held by his 
colonel in high regard. He fell nobly, though so early 
in life. Let his townsmen and countrymen pray to be 
fcmnd at the end of life doing their duty as was he. 
Lieut. Barr was born in Fall River, and was about 
twenty-two years old. 

The rest of the regiment remained in support- of the 
battery ; and two companies of the Thirteenth Indiana 
crossed the river at a point about an eighth of a mile distant, 
and approached the enemy's rifle pit under cover, to within 
a short distance, when with loud cheers they rushed upon 
the foe, who had not time to run, but at the sight of the 
cold steel they surrendered. There were three killed or 
mortally wounded, others slightly so, and twelve prisoners. 
Some had escaped previously by a trench leading to the 
woods. We had hardly recrossed, when we were furi- 
ously shelled by a battery that was run down on the rail- 
road, — large guns on platform cars, — a very rapid and 
effective method. Here the Sixth was particularly ex- 

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192 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

posed to a hot fire, for a long time, and though there were 
close escapes, there were none injured. Shells passed 
among them, and exploded all about them, but not a hair of 
their heads AiflFered. The regiment behaved splendidly. - 
One shell, the moment the order to lie down was obeyed, 
passed over, within two feet of the ground, and struck 
the earth within a rod of the rear of the line, and then 
ricochetted over the One Hundred and Twelfth New 
York, in the same manner. The enemy fired with re- 
markable precision. Several of ours were hit in their 
clothing. There were several killed and wounded in 
other regiments. 

Our battery silenced the enemy's fire, when the order 
was given to fall back, as the noise of our cannonading 
had put the force we went out to take on their guard, 
and there was therefore no utility in crossing. 

While our engagement was going on, we had a small 
force at Zuni, and another at Franklin, shelling the enemy 
in those places. The " diapason of the cannonade," as 
" the Death Angel touched the swift keys," and sounded 
the " miaerere^^ of the battle, was among the sublimest 
and most exhilarating of sounds I can imagine to fall on 
the human ear. 

In the stillness of night. Col. FoUansbee and myself 
rode into camp, fourteen miles. Liable at any moment 
to be challenged by guerillas or rebel scouts, each kept 
one hand in his overcoat pocket, grasping his revolver, 
ready to reply to a challenge with the bark of the pistol. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 193 

We were unmolested ; but the loneliness and excitement 
of the ride will long be remembered. 

The body of Lieut. Barr was escorted by the chaplain 
to his home in Lawrence, and imposing services were 
held in the Baptist Church, on Sunday, the chaplain and 
another clergyman conducting the services. The fire 
department and citizens generally thronged the church, 
and testified to their regard for the departed. 

Notwithstanding the unusual size of the regiment, it 
rarely appeared as it should, in consequence of the large 
number detached to other branches of the service. At 
one time nearly two hundred were thus detailed. There 
were orderlies, clerks, and detailed men in every part 
of the department, and not one of them ever betrayed 
his trust, or was punished for any neglect of duty. 
Dec. 22d, Corp. Leonard Brown, company C, was detailed 
as Division Post-master. 


Nahum H. Whitcomb of Littleton, company E., died 
of pneumonia, December 12th, an upright man, an obe- 
. dient and willing soldier. The eighth death, by disease, 
occurred Dec. 23d, when Hiram A. Legro, company D, of 
Lowell, died of swamp fever ; and on the following day 
Corp. G. W. Swain, company C, of Dracut, died. Both 
were prompt, eflScient, excellent soldiers. 

Christmas was enjoyed as a holiday throughout the 
division. While some of the regiments decorated their 


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194 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

grounds, and celebrated the day with much hilarity, a 
quiet Christmas supper arrived from home, and furnished 
most of the boys of the Sixth with a handsome entertain- 

Dec. 28th, Spinola's brigade left for North Carolina, 
over land, and Gibbs' brigade, with two sections of the 
Seventh Massachusetts, went out toward the Blackwater, 
to effect a diversion in their favor. A little skirmishing 
was had with quite a force under Gen. Pryor, and the 
designed effect was produced, in enabling Spinola to cross 
the Chowan, and reach his destination unobstructed in 
spite of the Confederate forces. The day following 
Ferry's brigade commenced its departure for the same 


NEW year's. 

New Year's was a hoUday ; and among the excellent 
things that made the time pass off pleasantly were 
twenty boxes full of " goodies," from the city of Lowell. 
There were in all about seven hundred packages. 

January 4th, the chaplain returned to duty, after a 
short absence, during which he visited the towns in 
which all the companies in the regiment were raised 
and communicated to the friends of the soldiers their 
condition, and brought a large number of letters, pack- 
ages, and messages from home. 


January 7th, Charles H. Balcom, of company B, 
from Pepperell, died of swamp fever. Private Balcom 
had won the respect of his officers and fellow-soldiers. 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 195 

At this time, our new camping-ground, situated on low 
land, and in the woods, was, one vast pool of mire and 
mud. Frequent rain and occasional snow kept it wet 
down all the time ; and locomotion, except on the railroad 
track, was very diflScult. The word " mud " has a new 
emphasis to all who have waded through it in the vicin- 
ity of Suffolk. 


On the 12th, certain indications seemed to point 
toward an attack from the enemy; and Col. Foster 
directed, in case of sudden attack, that five companies 
should rally to Fort Nansemond, four behind the rifle- 
pits to the left of the fort, and the other to the Petersburg 
Railroad bridge, which passed across a deep ravine, and 
was very defensible. Gen. Peck, about this time, as we 
then thought with too much caution, was constantly on 
the qui vive^ and sent extra forces here and there to sup- 
port pickets, and to watch, ready to defend exposed places, 
and kept the boys busy in strengthening the defences ; 
but we learned, after a while, that his course was a most 
judicious one. A great deal of complaining and fault- 
finding was indulged in, but much life was preserved ; 
and perhaps Sujflfolk itself was saved from capture, the 
next April, by the labors performed this winter, by order 
of Gen. Peck. Very much to our astonishment, a 
Blackwater expedition was organized on the 12th, and 
the Sixth Regiment was left out. We were less sorry 
than surprised. 

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196 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

At this time Q. M. Wise sent in his resignation. He 
had a fine business opportunity, which he thought he 
could not afford to lose for so short a time as remained 
of the regiment's service ; and his request was granted. 
Lieut. Wise discharged the duties of his office with great 
fidelity, and was entirely honorable and upright in all his 
conduct. He was succeeded by Com. Serg. Coburn. 

During the last of January, the weather was so warm 
that ordinary dress-coats were uncomfortable. Frogs 
were plenty, and mosquitoes were not uncommon. 


January 27th, Dennis McCarthy, of company I, of 
Lawrence, was instantly killed by a falling tree. He was 
at fatigue duty in the woods. He was a faithful soldier. 


Wednesday, January 28th, came the most agreeable 
day in the calendar to the soldier, except the day when 
he honorably closes his term of service; and that was 
pay-day. It was our first. What soldier has not expe- 
rienced its pleasures ? It is the fruition of which the 
mu^tering-in is the anticipation. There is no man so 
welcome as the paymaster, and no day so welcome as 
pay-day, especially, if, as was our case, five months had 
passed, during which nothing had been received. For 
some weeks, letters had gone home without stamps, but 
with the chaplain's endorsement, so that they could be 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 197 

paid at the other end of the route, and sometimes with 
the significant words by the writer, on the envelope, 
" narry a red." All sorts of expedients have been 
resorted to in order to obtain the soldier's chief comfort, 
tobacco. Everything else, except his rations, he has 
long since gone without. Several times, it has been 
reported that the pay-master had been seen in some 
neighboring regiment. One reports that he heard he was 
in one, and another is confident he is in another place. 
All th6 reports are false : " the wish is father to the 
thought." But at last an ambulance is seen commg 
toward camp. It stops before the colonel's. Out 
jumps a major, and with him a gentleman dressed as a 
citizen, and lifting a trunk, which both of them hold very 
carefully, not ordering others to handle it like a com- 
mon trunk. Ah, it contains reams of greenbacks. It's 
the paymaster ! The word " Greenbacks ! Green- 
backs ! " runs like fire ; and soon the aggregate length of 
face in the regiment has shrunk several yards. The pro- 
cess of paying commences immediately. The boys march 
up by companies ; and, after deducting what the sutler has 
trusted them, — too often a large sum, — the money is 
passed over, and the boys' pockets are lined once more. 
Those who have not allotted any portion of their pay 
have a goodly sum, and all have something ; and it is 
fun, indeed, to go to the sutler's, the shops in town, and 
everywhere that the boys can visit, and see them lay in 
the good things. Aside from his emoluments, I really 

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198 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

think I should like to wear the shoulder-straps of the 
paymaster, he is so welcome wherever he goes. There 
are several kinds of welcome that have passed into prov- 
erbs : but, of them all, commend me to a paymaster's 
welcome, when the boys have waited months for their 


At this time, there was a good deal of despondency at 
home ; and the papers began to intimate that the army 
was discouraged, and the war a failure. It was far from 
that. I wrote at the time in the Boston " Journal : " " It 
is true that the enthusiasm with which men are animated 
on entering the service soon evaporates. It is so always. 
Who of us does not know that the position, to which we 
have struggled and aimed for years, when reached is 
seen in a different light, and that possession is cool where 
anticipation is ardent ? It is also true that there is 
no little fault-finding and grumbling. Where is this also 
not true ? Men who at home found fault with their din- 
ner and the weather, cannot of course undergo the hard- 
ships of camp without indulging in the old habit. The 
boys feel far better than one might infer from hearing 
9ome of their talk. For instance, one night one of ours 
was scolding generally, — running a muck at government, 
the paymaster, the army, and so on. A good-natured fel- 
low, who perhaps may sometimes have felt just so himself, 
said : " Suppose you heard a secesh, down town, talking 
that way, what would you do? " " Knock him over,'* 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 199 

was the quiet response. This anecdote is representative. 
We find fault ; we scold ; we grumble ; we long to be at 
home ; but, if anybody thinks we are discouraged or de- 
moralized, he is infinitely mistaken. We are here as 
ready and as eflScient as ever we were ; and I must be- 
ieve that is true of our army generally." 


At midnight of January 29th, another Blackwater ex- 
pedition began ; and, with three days' rations, and under 
the light of a clear moon, but with the whole country 
sheets of mud and ponds of water, alternately, we took 
up our line of march on the old and familiar road. Our 
boys were as usual in the finest spirits, and tramped 
along through the " horrible pit and miry clay " with as 
much nonchalance as though a muster instead of a prob- 
able battle were on the tapis. 

The expedition was projected to attack and rout, and 
if possible capture, a large rebel force under General 
Pryor (the redoubtable hero who did not fight Potter, 
and whom we always found to be a general of retiring 
manners), known to be in strong position at the Deserted 
House, a well known landmark to all Sufiblk soldiers, 
about ten miles on the road to Carsville. Our forces 
were all under command of Gen. Corcoran, who had 
a portion of his own brigade, with Spear's Eleventh 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, Follett's, and the Seventh Massa- 
chusetts Batteries, the Indiana Thirteenth, New York 

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200 The Ninb Months' Campaign. 

One Hundred and Thirtieth, and Massachusetts Sixth, 
and other infantry. 

The advance guard — Eleventh Pennsylvania — had 
proceeded but six miles, wheti a rebel picket squad of fifty, 
of thereabouts, poured a volley into them, seriously wound- 
ing one i&an, but inflicting no other damage. Not know- 
ing the number of their assailants, the advance fell back, 
when thq Indiana Thirteenth, with fixed bayonets, and 
those cheers that have been heard on many a battle-field, 
charged on the unseen foe, putting them to rapid flight. 

We then pushed on till we had gone about eight miles 
from Suffolk, when the enemy assailed us with great fufy 
with solid shot, shell, and rockets, served with great pre- 
cision and effect, from guns so posted as to bo unseen 
and yet rake the roads and open fields in which our line 
of battle was formed. The range was about nine 
hundred yards. Here FoUett's and the Massachu- 
setts Seventh Batteries were brought into action, 
and the guns were served so well and supported so 
efficiently by the Indiana boys and our own, that 
after two or three hours of fierce artillery duelling, 
accompanied by the tattoo of rifles, the rebels were 
driven back from point to point, until they made a stand 
very near the Deserted House. So well had they ob- 
tained the range, and so accurate was their aim, that 
they troubled us a good deal, but though fighting an un- 
seen enemy, in the night, our forces were not the leas 
undaunted, but fought their waj step by step, the varioos 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 201 

corps being handled so well that shortly after daylight 
the enemy was again driven back ; at which time the 
Sixth, as supports, formed and held its line of battle on 
the exact spot just occupied by the rebel artillery, the 
batteries and cavalry sharply following the retreating foe. 
At about daylight, the iSring on both sides was fierce and 
cpntinuous, and to us was quite galling ; and though our 
advance was necessarily so slow that it aflTorded the 
rebels ample time to remove most of their wounded and 
dead, the bodies we saw, the large number of dead horses 
left by them, and the havoc committed on trees and 
buildings, on the exact spots they occupied, gave ample 
proof that they suffered far more than we did. Our 
regiment never before so well knew by experience the 
character of an artillery fire. The whole air at times 
seemed full of the noise of the flying missiles, and the 
fallen forms of dead and wounded comrades taught them 
bitterly what a sad work was going on. I shall never 
forget this, my first shelling. Dismounted, holding my 
horse by the bridle, my back against a big tree between 
myself and the enemy, I stood, like Paul, when he was 
shipwrecked, and " wished for day." My contraband 
left for the extreme rear as soon as the firing began. 
Next day, he reported that when he passed through a 
ditch in the road, at a two-forty gait, " dere came one 
of the biggest shells, and fried like anything in the 

The most of our casualties were at about the time of 

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202 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

daybreak ; and, in the midst of the sinking of the heart 
I experienced over the wounds and death of dear friends, 
I could not help noticing that the pink of sunrise was 
just as fair as on a marriage morn, and that the robins 
and blue birds played their mellow flutes as though no 
such scenes were transpiring. 

** How strikingly the course of Nature tellsj 
By its light heed of human sufferings 
That it was fashioned for a happier world.** 

We had a brief but melancholy chapter of disasters to 
record, the most and the worst of which related to the 
excellent Groton company (B). 

Lieut. E. D. Sawtelle of Groton, aged twenty-eight, 
was killed by a shell-wound on the chest and thigh. How 
well I remember him all along the march, within a few 
feet of me, the gayest of the gay, cheering his men with 
lively and pleasant words, and moving to the battle as 
though to festive scenes. 

Lieut. S. G. Blood was slightly scratched in the face 
by the same shell. 

George W. Blodgett, of Westford, aged eighteen, was 
instantly killed by a shell-wound in the head. 

A. Withington, Townsend, aged nineteen, killed. 

Augustus Reed of Westford, company B, was so 
wounded in the right arm as to render amputation neces- 
sary. He died Feb. 27, of secondary hemorrhage. 

Francis I. Howard, of Westford, company B, lost his 
right leg, and died Feb. 3. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 203 

Besides these, the rest were but slightly wounded. 
Lieut. I. N. Marshall, company C, slight injury from piece 
of shell near the knee ; Lieut. W. F. Wood, company K, 
contusion of the head by a piece of shell ; W. H. Smith, 
company K ; J. T. Smart, company C ; W. Whitcomb, 
company B; C. W. Hildreth, company B. Capt. 
Bartlett was slightly lamed in the foot by a wheel, 
and Adjutant Allen somewhat injured by the falling 
of his horse across him, when he, together with Col. 
Follansbee, had a fearfully narrow escape. Both 
were sitting together, by the side of their horses, when 
a shell passed through both animals, killing them both, 
and throwing them across the adjutant. The colonel's 
noble horse " Jim " was one of the finest animals in 
the service. The shell that killed these horses, tore 
the back out of the blouse of Wm. Spalding, the 
colonel's clerk, without inflicting a scratch on him. And 
others of us had close but safe escapes. 

Besides the above, one was killed and one wounded, 
of those detached from the regiment into another depart- 
ment. B. F. Leighton, of Cambridge, aged twenty-five, 
was killed by the explosion of a caisson in Follett's Bat- 
tery, to which he had been attached. 

In the Seventh Battery, every tenth man was injured 
or killed, — a literal decimation. 

Officers higher in rank than any in our own regiment 
spoke of the Sixth to me in terms that would bring the 
same glow of honorable pride on their cheeks, and 

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204 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

those of their friends at home, that I felfc on my own. 
Officers and men, with scarcely an exception, honored the 
state they represented. 

Col. FoUansbee was complimented on the field by Gen. 
Corcoran ; and Lieut. Col. Beal, Major Stott, and Adjt. 
Allen were just where they should have been, and their 
conduct was perfect. Nor do I know of a line or non- 
commissioned officer or private who failed to do his duty. 
Indeed, when we went up to support the battery, we were 
ordered to follow a certain New York regiment. We did 
80 till it halted short of the post of duty, when we 
pushed by it, and obeyed the order given us. 

At daybreak, our whole force pursued the enemy some 
eigBt miles further, till they escaped over the Black- 
water. One or two infantry engagements accompanied 
the pursuit, and several casualties occurred, none of 
which were in the Sixth. Thus our boys performed the 
task of marching some thirty-six miles through mud and 
mire, and of undergoing the terrible ordeal of hours of 
silent submission to shell and cannon-shot, and all within 
the brief limits of twenty-four hours. This surpasses 
in danger, hardship, and loss all our previous military 
experience combined. 

At this fight occurred one of those blunders which 
have destroyed so many lives during the war, because 
necessity placed men without military knowledge high in 
position. Gen. Corcoran stationed the Sixth in support 
of the Seventh Battery, in a swamp, at right angles in- 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 205 

stead of parallel with the Battery, so that any one shot 
might have riddled the regiment, had not Col. Follans- 
bee taken the responsibility of arranging his men as they 
should be placed. 

There were not many unpleasant features, aside from 
the casualties, to mar the expedition. One colonel was 
in a state of beastly intoxication, and was made to sur- 
render his sword, and come home in the rear of his regi- 
ment, under arrest. The habit of rum-drinking was 
most wretchedly abused — if such a practice is ever not 
abused — by oflScers in Peck's division. If a private got 
drunk, he was punished, and was not allowed whiskey, 
except in case of excessive fatigue ; but officers gener- 
ally used it, and very often to excess. And there was 
too great a disposition on the part of officers to screen 
each other when they drank to intoxication. It was the 
cause of a great deal of disaster to the service. 

The enemy had fourteen guns, the largest of which 
were twelve-pounders, to our twelve guns, the largest 
being ten-pounders. Our infantry undoubtedly exceeded 
theirs ; and, had they not got far in advance of our forces 
at daybreak, we should have given them the fate that 
ought to befall all traitors. 

Thus the Sixth Regiment lost six men, — Lieut. 
Sawtelle, G. W. Blodgett, Alanson Withington, Au- 
gustus Reed (mortally wounded), and F. I. Howard, 
of the Groton company (B), and B. F. Leigh ton, of 
Co. F. (Cambridge), detached to FoUett's Battery ; 

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206 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

and the Seventh Battery lost three ; namely, J. P. 
Huntington, H. G. Craig and John Keegan. On ampu- 
tating Huntington's leg, no less than nine balk, probably 
from a case-shot, were found in the limb. Craig's port- 
monnaie, containing a roll of bills, two daguerreotypes, 
and his knife, were driven through his leg by the force 
of the shot. Sad were we all at the death of these noble 

I fear I have not said enough of the perilous position 
in which our regiment was placed, and the cool bravery 
with which they sustsdned themselves, field and staflf, line 
officers, non-commissioned, and privates. Infantry against 
infantry, or even charging a battery, is infinitely less try- 
ing than to lie, as they did for hours, silent and unflinch- 
ing targets for death to bombard. But from the time 
that Col. FoUansbee said, " Now, boys ! we are to keep 
this position till we are ready to charge on the battery ; 
remember and sustain the credit of the old Sixth ! " till 
we pursued the flying foe, they did their duty hke vet- 
erans. A New York adjutant told me, " They syistained , 
the national reputation which the regiment enjoys ! " 
And these were not veterans, but raw militia. 

Readers at a distance may wonder why, in the battle 
of " Deserted House," our forces did not proceed with 
more dash and dan. They will find the explanation 
in the topography of the country: an almost continu- 
ous forest and swamp extend from the Nansemond to 
the Blackwater. Through this dense growth runs the 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 207 

narrow road, and an occasional opening occurs, just 
about frequently enough to afford a good position for 
batteries to be stationed. At the '* Deserted House," the 
clearing is some twelve feet above the general monoto- 
nous level of the country, and the approaches to it are 
by this narrow road. Of course, our forces were as 
much exposed while advancing as though crossing a 
bridge, swept by hostile cannon. Cavalry cannot be 
made effective ; and artillery and infantry can only ad- 
vance literally into the cannon's mouth. This ours did 
gloriously, effectually, till they drove the enemy from 
altogether the best position between the rivers. Had 
our forces been large enough, we might have flanked 
them. But with nine miles front to defend, and the pos- 
sibility that the rebel attack was a feint to cover an 
entrance into our works, we had to be content to give 
the enemy a fair flogging in a regular stand-up fight. 
Our casualties in all were twenty-six killed, and eighty 

How many more of these precious lives must be given, 
we asked, as the price of our national honor and salva- 
tion ? We know that not one of them shall be given in 
vain. Every drop of blood now shed shall be coined into 
blessings for the generations to come, who shall count 
the humblest one who dies to-day as worthy of more 
honor than a score of those ignoble beings who live to 
old age, incapable of such sublime self-sacrifice as is 
being made by these noble sons of a heroic lineage. 

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208 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

". Oh, where can dust to dust 

Be consigned so well, 
As where Heaven its dews shall shed. 

On the martyred patriot's bed ? ** 


Elbridge Conant died February 10, of brain fever, 
contracted at " Deserted House." He was an excellent 
member of Company E, and was from Acton. 


All sorts of methods were adopted by those who de- 
sired to smuggle contraband goods from Dix's realms 
to Dixie, and a good deal of ingenuity was needed to 
foil their schemes. I am sorry to say that the most suc- 
cessful cheats in this line were of the feminine persua- 
sion. The younger and fairer they were, the more likely 
they were to succeed ; for it is hard for a gallant oflScer, 
however keen and loyal he may be, to distrust a lady's 
declaration, — when she is handsome; and I fear that 
many a one has " pulled the wool " over the eyes of 
provost marshals elsewhere, as well as in SuflTolk. Not- 
withstanding that, a good deal was captured by Major 
Smith, our provost. 

On one occasion, one was arrested who, under her 
feminine garb, wore two full suits of male attire, and 
who, in addition, was able to conceal a small haber- 
dasher's variety, for the aid and comfort of her friends 
in Dixie. And, just before we left. Gen. Peck re- 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 209 

ceived a telegram, stating that a lady was in the train 
then on its way from Norfolk, with passes, who had 
complete sketches of all the defences of SaflFolk screwed 
into the handle of her parasol. 

A YOUNG hero's DEATH. 

On the 27th of February, the whole camp was sad- 
dened to hear of the death of Augustus Reed, of company 
B. " Gussy," as he was affectionately called, was but 
nineteen years old, at the time of his death. His arm was 
amputated at the battle of " Deserted House ; " but 
secondary hemorrhage set in twice, and the loss of blood 
made so great a drain on his system, that, after lingering 
nearly a month, he died. He was a brave, gallant boy ; 
and, having done his duty nobly, he only asked that he 
might go home to his mother and die. A few minutes 
before he died, he prayed a brief sentence ; and, from 
the blood-stained cot of the hero, he went to the hero's 
final home. 

THE long roll. 

The same night, for the first time, the long roll was 
beat throughout our regiment and camp. At about nine 
o'clock the alarm commenced, and, in a camp as large as 
Suffolk, the effect of that wild alarum is strange and 
startling. First one drum rolls, then another, and an- 
other, and at length the entire camp resounds, far and 
near, with the rapid pulsations of hundreds of them. 
Then comes the " limbering up " of artillery, the clatter 

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210 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

of cavalry horses and sabres, the rumbling of artillery 
wheels, the gallop of orderlies, the " thunder of the cap- 
tains, and the shoutings," until the entire force is in posi- 
tion to meet and repel any advance. Our own regiment waa 
promptly in line, and desirous of nothing more than that 
the enemy should attaclc us, instead of compelling us to 
move against him. The alarm was caused by a return- 
ing body of cavalry, that was mistaken for a rebel force. 
After a couple hours of watchftdness, the cause trans- 
pired, the " voices of the night " subsided, and 

" Silence, like a poultice, came, 
And healed the blows of sound." 

On the first of March, the gardens were smiling with 
crocuses, snowdrops, and hyacinths, the advance guard 
of the hosts of summer ; and, on the trees, the swelling 
buds already prophesied the speedy birth of the leaves. 
And this reminds me of " a little joke " which was in 
circulation. " The regiment has a long march ahead, it 
seems," says one. "Ah, what is it?" "The month 
of March," was the reply. 


During March, the mud was so deep, that but very 
little movement was attempted. On the 17th, however, a 
cavalry and artillery force of about five hundred returned 
from an expedition that turned out rather imsuccessfiilly, 
though under the circumstances our forces escaped re- 
markably well. Two sections of the Seventh Massachusetts 

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The Nine Months* Campaign. 211 

Battery, under command of Capt. Davis, and six com- 
panies of the Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavaky, all com- 
manded by Col. Spear, left camp at midnight of Monday to 
reconnoitre a position near Carsville, where the rebels were 
reported to have thrown up a redoubt, and to have a force 
of seven hundred, with one gun. The expedition reached 
the place without adventure, and Col. Spear immediately 
ordered three of his companies to charge the redoubt. 
His boys obeyed, as they "were always glad to do ; and they 
went with a will till they were within twelve feet of the 
works, when a wide ditch in front forbade further progress, 
and a furious discharge from some four or five guns, in- 
stead of one, and a flank movement by at least three rebel 
regiments, met them. Determined not to give it up so, 
Col. Spear ordered his other three companies to charge, 
and the same result ensued ; but the flank movement of 
the rebel infantry by this time looked rather formidable, 
and Capt. Davis considered himself lucky in being able 
to extricate his guns in safety. Before withdrawing, 
however, Lieut. Farrar gave the enemy seventeen rounds, 
which must have damaged them a good deal ; and then 
our forces made a somewhat rapid exodus from the limbo 
in which they found themselves. 


On the 20th and 21st, we had a severe snow-storm, 
fully up to the New England standard, and well calcu- 
lated by its hyperborean character to keep us from home- 
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212 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

sickness ! A similar stonn took place as late as April 5tb. 
During this time, there was little done or apprehended 
from the enemy, for the state of the roads embargoed all 
military movements. The time was passed quietly, and 
the quantity of correspondence with home, manufacture 
of bone rings, rustic furniture, and the like, was quite 
extensive. Time at length began to lay heavily, and 
most of the men were anxious for something stirring to 


A unique performance came off on the evening of 
March 24th, at a rough log-hut very near our camp. 
This was nothing less than a wedding, the ceremony of 
which was performed by the chaplain of the Sixth, between 
a gallant young artillery-man, attached to a regular bat- 
tery, and a fair damsel of Isle of Wight County, Va. 
Of course she belonged to one of the first families, for 
all Virginians do that I have ever met; though it did 
strike me a little oddly to see her roll the sweet morsel 
of tobacco under her tongue, during the ceremony, and 
eject the brown juice with surprising accuracy into the 
ample fire-place that occupied nearly one end of the room. 
Indulging in a little conversation at a bridal call, made 
next morning, with my wife, I ventured to suggest that 
it was well for kindred souls to be united, to which she 
responded in the vernacular that I have found general 
among Virginians of all colors : " Yaas ! I oilers thought, 
when a gal loved a feller, she'd better have him soon's 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 213 

she could git him ! " When the refreshments were passed 
at the close of the ceremonies, I was not a little taken 
aback to see that they consisted of hot flour biscuits 
(a rare dish where com bread is the regular food, for in 
Virginia the staff of life is a cornstalk), and sausages, 
and sugar candy ! But maugre the oddities of the oc- 
casion, the main thing — the union of two kindred hearts, 
(though the mudsill was a great ways superior to the 
daughter of Virginia) — was at length consummated, 
an act typical of what is now rapidly transpiring, — the 
union of North and South : — 

" A union of hearts and a union of hands, 
A union of fates none can sever. *' 


A very sudden change of programme took place on the 
9th of April, when " Special Order No. 99 " came, re- 
quiring the colonel to have his regiment in readiness to 
move at a moment's notice, with all its ammunition, and 
camp and garrison equipage. Extra baggage was rapidly 
sifted out, and started for home. Among the superflui- 
ties, several women and children were prominent ; for it 
was reported that we were destined for New Berne. The 
men on detached service were returned ; the fixtures 
of cabins, furniture, windows, doors, and the like, were 
given away, until camp was stripped quite bare ; and we 
were even loading the train to convey us to Norfolk, 
when the order was countermanded. Col. Foster, our 

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214 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

brigade commander, sent a very complimentary special 
order to the ofiScers and soldiers, thanking them for the 
fidelity and cheerfulness with which they had obeyed all 
commands ; and, in parting with them, he gave them his 
hearty good wishes. But information had reached head- 
quarters, that Gen. Longstreet, with 40,000 men, was de- 
tached from his recent field of operations, and was rap- 
idly approaching SufiFolk, as though to make a formidable 
attack. In a brief space of time, the regiment resumed 
its statu quOy minus the " improvements " given away, 
and all were on the qui vive for what should next occur. 
Other re^ments that were to go with us received orders 
to move, and some were already in the cars, to start for 
their destination. A rebel mail was captured on the 
10th, which divulged the rebel plans, and changed the 
movements of the loyal forces. 


On the 11th, Gen. Peck ordered all women and children 
to leave Suffolk. Some of the fair Yankees present were 
strongly disposed to disregard this edict ; but their friends 
among the officers were unwilling to incur the risks that 
might follow ; and accordingly by railway train, and in 
transports down the Nansemond River, the precious 
loads were sent away. Before they left, however, the 
advance of the enemy was briskly engaged in skirmish- 
ing with our videttes, and the cannonading from the 
wharves on the river began as some of them were leav- 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 215 

ing. Their desire to remain, and their coolness and 
pluck under the unusual circumstances in which they 
were placed, gave an excellent example to some of the 
sterner sex. 


One lady from Lowell was taking care of her husband 
in the hospital ; and she refused point blank to go away 
until her husband was better. Dr. Bumham told her that 
the enemy would be shelling the camp in a short time. 
" Let them shell ! " was her quiet answer. 

Li contrast with her spirit was the conduct of an agent 
of a certain philanthropic commission, who called on me 
a day or two before the alarm, and who professed a very 
earnest desire to go where he could look after the spirit- 
ual interests of the soldiers. The sick were transported 
to Norfolk ; and, while the train was being made ready to 
convey them away, I went to see about the preparations 
for our own sick. There was a long train of cars, on 
which, as yet, but a solitary person could be seen, and 
he the one so anxious to be of service, availing himself 
of the first opportunity to have that "enchantment" 
which " distance lends to view." 

Both in and out of the regiment, there were notable 
instances of sudden indisposition, at the prospect of an 
attack ; soldiers and officers were taken lame, or remem- 
bered slight wounds that other people, and even them- 
selves, had pretty much forgotten ; and weakness of the 

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216 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

spine was manifested on the part of those who had pre- 
viously kept a fair perpendicular. They were but 
exceptions, though ; for the regiment generally desired 
nothing so much as a rebel attack, so confident did they 
feel in their ability to hold their position, and each man 
went into his designated place with the utmost alacrity ; 
and on Saturday afternoon our pickets on the " South 
Quay " and *' Petersburg " roads were driven in. 

The writer of this, with his wife, was on horseback 
about three miles from camp, when the long roll began 
to sound from the further side of the town, and orderlies 
began to fly to and fro, and ofiicers on horseback were 
seen dashing furiously to their positions, and all the " hot 
haste" appropriate to an attack appeared. Inquiry 
was answered by the tidings that the enemy was coming 
on the Somerton Road, double-quick, and were already 
within a mile or two of camp. The reader can perhaps 
imagine the John-Gilpin speed with which we ran our 
horses to camp, across ditches and fields, when he con- 
siders that three little children were left alone in quarters, 
and that ima^nation already heard the shrieking shells 
dancing and exploding among them. They were soqn 
found, and placed in a temporary shelter, and on the 
morrow conveyed to Fo^ress Monroe, and thence home. 

It had never seemed to the writer of these pages, that 
the rebels designed a formidable attack, or a siege. At 
that time they had never assaulted fortifications, and it 
seemed unreasonable that they would jump out of the 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 217 

frying pan of scarcity into the fire of our fortifications. 
Accordingly, in his correspondence with the New York 
" Tribune," he wrote : — 

" There are several considerations that look like some- 
thing besides a serious attack on us here : — 

" 1. We have been very lenient to the people all 
about here, and a few days' sojourn among them of the 
rebel forces from Petersburg would give large accessions 
to the enemy's commissariat. 

" 2. We had a large detachment of troops that were 
about leaving Suffolk when a rebel mail was somewhat 
ostentatiously captured ; and the approach of the rebels 
prevented their "departure, and may have been designed 
to that end. 

" 3. The enemy knows our strength perfectly, and 
if, as the rebel mail and captured prisoners assert, they 
do not number more than 25,000, they do not intend to 
assault our works, but are on a ruse to conceal other move- 
ments, — perhaps the capture of Foster. 

" Still, the enemy may be stronger than I suppose, and 
may be carrying out the threat frequently made by secesh 
residents, to attempt to flog us. If so, be sure he will have 
a good time of it ; for a strong fort will meet him at every 
angle in the breastworks that circumvallate us, while a 
string of gun boatsdefends the river, with guns that can 
not only toss huge projectiles far into their lines before 
their field-batteries can damage us, but, should they get 
within our lines, would make them hasten out as fast at 
least as they entered. 

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218 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

" Be that as it may, on Saturday our scouts and outer 
pickets were driven in, and the signal-station in sight of 
our works, and about a mile from us on an air-line, was 
taken by the enemy ; and yesterday they were in plain 
sight of our camp. Our cavalry has charged on them, 
and taken a few prisoners in return for our pickets cap- 
tured by them, and we have now and then dropped a shell 
among them ; but our sharpshooters have done a driving 
business with their telescopic rifles, manifesting great 
daring and enterprise, and have picked oflf quite a number 
of adventurous rebels from incredible distances. Further 
than this, nothing as yet has been done, and we are all 
waiting with everything ready for the enemy. If it is a 
ruse, when he leaves he will find somebody on his track ; 
if he intends to assault us, he will find a large-sized flea 
in each ear. 

^^ He threatens us on an arc of a circle three miles 
long, — about one-third of our front, — where, should 
he approach, he will be subjected to an enfilading fire 
from forts and field-batteries, and infantry behind breast- 
works, such as would be terrific and unendurable by any 
troops, and more especially by such as have always kept 
behind defensive works themselves. The day on which 
they make the attempt will be a dark and bloody one in 
their annals." 


A melancholy episode occurred one night in the very 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 219 

beginning of the siege. Hawkins' Zouaves, whose time 
had nearly expired, arrived in Suflfolk to reinforce the 
garrison ; and Lieut.-col. Kimball, a very brave officer, 
attempted to stop the progress of Gen. Corcoran, who 
with his staflF was riding to inspect the disposition of the 
forces, when the latter drew his revolver and shot him. 
The general opinion in the camp was, that that worst en- 
emy of the country, whiskey, was at the bottom of the 
sad affair, as indeed it was of most of the insubordina- 
tion, crime, violence, blunder, and disaster that occurred 
within my knowledge during the term of our service. 
I have seen every grade of officer and soldier, from 
brigadier-general down, drunk, and often under circum- 
stances requiring the possession of all the powers, — such 
as the ambulance officer at the head of his train of 
wounded; and the ambulance driver, in the night, on 
rough and strange roads, with wounded men in his charge ; 
the surgeon in the hospital and on the field ; the officer 
in command ; and the soldier on the march, in the enemy's 
country ; even the vide tte stationed at the very front, — and 
I am sure that no one cause has done so much damage, 
and so retarded our progress, as the use of whiskey. If 
it could be entirely discontinued, it would at any time have 
given our army a reinforcement of more than 100,000 


On the night of each day after the rebel advance, the 
open fields lying around our works were blazing with 

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220 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

burning houses, set on fire accidentally by our shells, or 
purposely, because they interfered with the range of our 
guns, or would be a cover to sharpshooters. 

At the time, I wrote in the Boston "Journal": "Errly 
Sunday morning the rebels could be distinctly seen at a 
distance of about a mile from our works, and squads of 
them came in sight all day (rather ostentatiously, if a 
regular attack on us is intended), and several of them 
were picked off by our sharpshooters. Our cavalry made 
several charges, during the day, on the rebel skirmishers, 
and brought in prisoners ; and once or twice we dropped 
a peppercorn, in the shape of a shell, among them. But 
so far, it has failed to elicit any response from them. Of 
course they have succeeded, by crawling around our out- 
posts, in capturing a few of our pickets. But further 
than this, as yet, nothing important has transpired. 

" Scarcely ever was an army more ready or desirous 
for an enemy to come on ; and I still think, as the rebels 
know the strength of our position, that the whole thing 
must be a ruse to cover other movements ; for it seems 
too good to be true, that their forces (which are not sup- 
posed to be more than twenty-five thousand) can be so 
foolhardy as to depart from their usual policy of defence, 
and assault an army nearly as large, behind such works 
as ours. Still, I may be mistaken. We shall see. If 
they do, look out for good news." 

During the siege, Dr. Humphrey was temporarily 
detached from the regiment, to attend to the sick and 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 221 

wounded of FoUet's, Howard's, and Davis's batteries, and 
Dr. Bumham was chief operating surgeon of the divi- 


Eariy in the siege, one of those occurrences took 
place, which have disgraced the Confederates so fre- 
quently. A family, whose house was burned, just out- 
side our works, attempted to seek safety by fleeing 
to our lines. A rebel squad commanded them to halt ; 
they disobeyed, when a volley was fired, killing the 
woman. The family were entirely rebel, but were not 
spared on that account. It was one of the saddest 
sights I ever beheld, to see a little boy coming on before, 
waving a flag of truce, while the afflicted husband fol- 
lowed, driving a team on which lay the dead body of his 
wife, murdered by these fiends. 


From this time onward, the enemy lay around our 
works, — we on a segment of an irregular circle, nine 
miles long, flanked, at each end of the arc, by a 
swamp; and the rebels about four miles distant, on a 
parallel, but, as subsequent examination showed, much 
weaker line of works. I shall chiefly describe the prog- 
ress of the siege by extracts from my correspondence, 
with such omissions and additions as the sequel makes 

From the " Tribune;' April 14, 1863 : — 

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222 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

" Nothing of startling interest occurred yesterday. 
Early in the morning, rebel skirmishers and sharpshoot- 
ers made their appearance in the edges of the woods, 
and our own went half a mile or so, outside our fortifica- 
dons, to exchange shots with them. A great many 
lively rencounters took place ; and some of our men, par- 
ticularly among the Thirteenth Indiana, were wounded. 
I have yet to learn of the first death on our side, though 
from our parapets I have seen a great many of the 
enemy fall Toward night, the fusillade between the 
two lines of skirmishers was rapid, and, after dark, 
the flashes of the guns illuminated the night like 
the gleaming of fire-flies. Once during the day a 
battery made its appearance, but the emphatic protest 
of three forts, enfilading it, soon caused its withdrawal. 
A couple of shells were thrown over the woods, toward 
our skirmishers, with no effect ; but, aside from this, the 
enemy's fire was exclusively of musketry. Our own 
fort guns and batteries kept pounding away, at intervals, 
all day and night; and the shots they sent to places 
where the rebels appeared must have annoyed, if they 
did not punish, them exceedingly. 

" Prisoners and deserters came in at the rate of ten 
or fifteen an hour, during the latter part of the day. 
They report that the enemy intend to make another 
Harper's Ferry of Suffolk, having ample forces, they 
seem to think, for the purpose, of infantry, cavalry, and 
artillery, among which are two heavy siege guns. They 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 223 

transport their supplies to Franklin by riail, and the re- 
maining twenty-two miles they are hauled over these 
execrable roads. If an attempt to take the place is 
seriously intended, the time during the three days past 
has been employed in planting batteries behind the 
woods. There is every indication that the enemy will 
approach us, if he comes, by the Somerton road, where 
the rifle-pits are held by the Sixth Massachusetts, One 
Hundred and Sixty Sixth New York, Hawkins' Zouaves, 
One Hundred and Twelfth/ New York, Thirteenth In- 
diana, Davis's (Seventh Massachusetts) Battery, and 
swept by a withering fire from three forts. He'll have 
a good time of it, coming over that road. 

" Our men are in admirable trim, and are anxious to 
have the struggle come, such confidence have they in 
themselves and the strength of their position." 

From the " Journal " : — 

" Deserters and prisoners came in quite numerously 
during the day. Our artillery practice is splendid, and 
when it comes to be directed to the living column, its 
eflFect must be tremendous. The Somerton road, on 
which the Sixth is posted, is guarded by several regi- 
ments, and is swept by cross-fires from more than sixty 
cannon. An experienced artillerist and a general de- 
clares that one hundred thousand men could not emerge 
from the woods, and form a line of battle, and enter our 
fortifications. They would be entirely cut up before such 
a purpose could be effected. 

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224 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

" Aside from the loss of life, it was one of the prettiest 
of sights, to stand, last evening, just after dark, about a 
half mile beyond our works, and see the flashes of our 
own and the enemy's guns, like thousands of fire-flies, 
and the great blazes from the deep-mouthed cannon, and 
the huge lights from burning buildings, and to hear the 
roar and rattle, and participate in the excitement of the 
day. The whistle of rebel missiles, uncomfortably near, 
however, soon modified the pleasure of the time, and I 
re-entered the breastworks. The firing ceased soon after 
dark, and was only broken at intervals through, the night 
by the deep booming of our gun-boat cannon, baying 
deep-mouthed welcome to the foe, and, no doubt, dis- 
turbing him in his concealment in the woods. 

" This morning, we are dropping shells from batteries 
and gun-boats, in all directions, and our sharpshooters 
are briskly coquetting with the enemy's. The fire is 
particularly lively for two or three miles down the Nan- 
semond, from our gun-boats, that are shot at, once in a 
while, by the rebel riflemen. Report says that a big 
siege-gun is being planted by the rebels at our old signal 
station, which is in plain sight At the rate at which 
the shot and shell are being deposited in that vicinity, 
they are finding it rather uncomfortable working. 

" The boys of the Sixth, who are on the extreme right, 
enjoyed their skirmishing last night immensely: twice as 
many volunteered to go out as were wanted ; and after 
firing off their sixty rounds, some of them came in for 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 225 

more, and went out on the double-quick. So far, not 
one has been scratched. 

" On the 16th, the fourth day ef our ' siege,' besides 
the skirmishing of sharpshooters, and some little billing 
and cooing between our gunboats and rebel batteries, 
seven or eight miles down the Nansemond River, nothing 
was done. Very few casualties are reported, and none 
of them among any of the New England regiments. We 
are all lying in the trenches and forts this rainy day, — 
the fifth of our fronting the enemy. The eloquent voices 
of our cannon are talking in a semi-circle of five miles 
from the Edenton road, where Fort Dix is shelling the 
distant woods, around to the Nansemond River, where 
the gun-boats are scolding the rebel batteries away from 
any attempt to control the river navigation." 

During the 16th, the usual amount of shelling of woods 
on our part, and of mutual skirmishing was had, causing 
a few — some eight or ten — on our side to be wounded, 
more or less severely. Every advance in every direc- 
tion, on the part of the enemy, was handsomely repulsed, 
with comparatively very little effort from u«, giving him 
to perceive clearly enough that there was no link loose 
in the armor which Gen. Peck had built around us. 
And every hour the works were made stronger and 
stronger. Those who deny the industry of the colored 
men ought to have seen them volunteer to do their part in 
erecting the defences, and the zeal with which they took 
hold. I have no doubt that they have built works in 


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226 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

five days equivalent to a re-inforcement of 5,000 

From the signal-station in the heart of the city, every 
appearance and approach of the enemy was distinctly 
seen and notified, so that a few minutes sufficed to 
transfer forces from one point of the defences to another; 
and the man at the station telegraphed to gunners, who 
could not see the effects of their own shots, exactly how 
to vary, in order to do more execution. In most respects, 
we could not have asked to he better situated for a suc- 
cessful fight. 

Frequent skirmishes and slight engagements occurred 
all along the lines, in which the losses on our side were 
few. The enemy, during the night, would dig rat-holes, 
each large enough for one man, from which he would 
shoot at us during the day. At times, for hours, there 
would be a continual drip, drip, from these sharp-shoot- 
ers ; and yet it was seldom that they hit one of our men. 

We frequently shelled them, and sometimes detach- 
ments were sent out to charge them. On some of these 
occ^isions the contest would be in full sight of thousands, 
who gazed on the conflict with feelings that cannot be 
described. Up to April 18th, not a man from New Eng- 
land had been scratched, out of twelve or fifteen regiments 
in the division. 

The nineteenth of April, ever memorable in the history 
of the country, and doubly dear to the members of the 
Sixth Regiment, was intended to be held as a holiday ; 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 227 

but its character was somewhat changed by circumstances. 
Our shelter-tents were pitched against the logs of our 
breastworks, and each man had his accoutrements on; 
while the cannonade, and the hum of rifle-bullets from a 
foe separated from us but by a narrow stream, gave to 
the day an emphasis that no civic display, no holiday 
show, could impart. It was the holy Sabbath ; and yet, 
with all the preparations of war around us, we watched the 
foe and were ready for his approach. 

Deserters began to report that Longstreet had no in- 
tention of besieging Suffolk, but that he designed to hold 
us in by a strong front, while he was raking the country 
of all food, negroes, and animals. During those times, 
we appreciated the efforts of Gen. Peck, in obliging us to 
dig so much for months before. Spades became trumps 
with us^ and we agreed that, in its place, "the spade is 
mightier than the sword." 

With the exception of slight skirmishes, one day fol- 
lowed another without much variation. We kept close 
watch from our rifle-pits and parapets, and, on seeing a 
little puff of smoke, t6ok the hint, and stepped aside before 
the messenger of death had quite time to reach us ; and 
many a souvenir of Suffolk was brought away, in the 
shape of a bullet well intended, but that failed to perform 
the errand on which it was sent. Some of them, how- 
ever, came surprisingly near, and a few left emphatic 
marks on the perscms of soldiers. The wonder was 
ever new-that so many could be fired and so few hit, — 
not one to ten thousand shots. 

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228 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

April 23d, we were all laughing over a jolly and per 
fectly sailor-like adventure that occurred. 

A detachment of tars, to the number of seventy-five, 
landed on the left bank of the Nansemond, with a little 
howitzer, and a mule-cart load of ammunition, and pro- 
ceeded toward the village of ChuckatuclE, a short distance 
from the river. As they approached the place, they found 
it in possession of a squad of rebel cavalry, that seemed to 
be the rear-guard of a retreating force. Firing immedi- 
ately commenced, whereat the mule attached to the am- 
munition cart became greatly ^' demoralized," as the rebels 
call being afraid, and he broke, and ran for the enemy. 
Seeing that they were in great danger of losing all their 
ammunition, our nautical allies, regardless of rebel shots, 
went on the double-quick after the supplies, meanwhile 
peppering away at the enemy. This movement was a 
new one to the rebels, and in a short time nothing could 
be seen but the tails of their horses. The tars caught 
their refractory animal, and found a rebel captain and 
three soldiers killed, and captured three horses, and last 
but not least, the "town" of Chuckatuck. The end 
of the adventure corresponded with the beginning. One 
of the sailors attempted to ride one of the captured horses 
home, and the animal, not used to marine methods of 
steering, ran away with his rider, who shouted "Avast ! " 
" Belay ! " and all the terms he could think of, in vam. 
Not liking his position, he drew his revolver, and plunked 
a ball through the head of his horse, and literally brought 
him to. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 229 

On the 24th, a reconnolssance proceeded bj the Eden- 
ton and Somerton roads. The Edenton force was quite 
large, under Col. Foster, of the Thirteenth Indiana ; and 
the Somerton expedition was commanded by Col. Buhler, 
of the One Hundred Sixty Fifth Pennsylvania, leaving 
Col. Follansbee, of the Massachusetts Sixth, in command 
of the entire front toward these roads. Lieut-Col. Beals, 
of the Sixth, led the right, and our force pushed on to a 
position just in front of the rebel rifle-pits, when our bat- 
tery shelled the enemy with great severity, and the skir- 
mishers worked their way up as near as was contem- 
plated Jn the movement, — the object on the Somerton 
road being to engage the enemy's attention, while the real 
engagement in force was on the other road. The boys 
went in gallantly, the Sixth — the only New England 
regiment on this road — consisting of companies C, G, 
H,and I, with dmall details from all the other companies 
except D, behaving as coolly as could be asked. The 
only reply was from the enemy's rifle-pits. 

Out of about forty killed and wounded, the Sixth had 
, one* man slightly wounded, C. C. Foot, company G. The 
same day, Horace W. Waldron, of company D, was 
wounded in the leg by a ball from a sharpshooter. His 
company was stationed at the Petersburg Railroad Bridge 
two weeks, skirmishing with sharpshooters ; and his was 
the first injury received, though John Hood, of company 
D, was knocked over by a ball that passed through a seven- 
inch cypress log, and struck him on the breast The es- 
capes that might be chronicled seem almost miraculous. 

.. .. , ^oogle 

230 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

On Sunday, the 26th, quite interesting interviews took 
place, under a flag of truce, in front of our camp, be- 
tween Col. FoUansbee, Major Stott, who was oflScer of tiie 
day, and other oflScers, and a party of rebel oflScers. At 
the first meeting, in the morning, quite a shabby repre- 
sentation of the enemy appeared. The colonel wore a 
pair of blue pantaloons, with a sergeant's stripes, and 
other integuments equally unsuitable to his rank, includ- 
ing a shocking bad hat ; and his con&^res were in keep- 
ing with him in their habiliments, for the only uniform 
the rebels seem to have hereabouts is a lack of uniformity. 
At an adjournment, in the afternoon, however, a different 
set attended, more fortunate in their apparel, and dressed 
in cadet gray, showing that some of the enemy, at least, 
can wear good clothes. Cigars and refreshments circu- 
lated (at the expense of our oflScers, of course), and all 
drank to peace, without specifying the conditions. At 
the second meeting a general order from Gen. Longstreet 
was produced, prohibiting all flags of truce, unless or- 
dered by the commander-in-chief of one of the armies. 

John Humphrey, on the 27th April, John M. Davis, , 
on the 28th, and Geo. B. Whitney, on the 28th, all of 
company D, were slightly wounded. 

At 4 o'clock, May 1, said my correspondence with the 
« Tribune," " The New York Ninety-Ninth, Col.Wardrop, 
led by Lieut.-Col. Nixon, Col. Wardrop being brigade 
commander, was ordered to cross the South Quay Bridge 
and ascertain the strength of the enemy in the rifle-pits 

• Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 231 

fronting Gen. Terry. The enemy had been permitted 

to honeycomb the* land across the river with his rifle-pits, 
so that he not only was able to annoy the gunners on the 
forts, but to wound men in the roads, and even in the 
camps on the South Quay. After having been very active 
and annoying for several days past, they had become very 
quiet, and the Ninety-Ninth was sent out to reconnoitre. 
Laying plank across the gap in the bridge, about two 
hundred and fifty went over. The enemy understood the 
movement, and succeeded in decoying the brave fellows 
along, by firing only an occasional shot, until they were 
very near the rifle-pits, when the hottest volleys were sent 
out from behind their breastworks, and large reinforce- 
ments emerged from the woods and deployed from the rear 
of the pits. Then the cannon from Fort Nansemond, the 
South Quay batteries, and from light batteries which had 
been playing on the rifle-pits with accurate aim and 
thorough execution, were pointed at the advancing col- 
umn of gray. The whole scene was in full view of thou- 
sands ; and our boys, who were compelled to be inactive 
spectators, could not repress cheers of joy as they saw 
the solid shot and shell plough through the ranks of the 
enemy. We have no means of knowing the loss of the 
rebels, but it must have been very large compared with 
our own. 

" Meanwhile, our infantry being entirely inadequate to 
the work of advancing on such a force, fell back and re- 
crossed the bridge, leaving, however, twenty or thirty 

^ Digitized by CjOOQIC 

832 Thb Nine Months' Campaign. 

of their number killed and wounded on the field, within a 
short distance of the enemy's sharpshooters. The en- 
gagement lasted about two hours. 

^' At about sundown, some two hundred commenced the 
hazardous work of bringing oflF the dead and wounded. 
As each one, bent on his humane errand, and without 
arms, crept along behind what shelter the formation of 
the land permitted, the murderous villains in the rifle- 
pits would exercise their skill in shooting at them, until 
it became so dark that they could not see to draw a bead. 
But the brave fellows persevered, notwithstanding, and 
brought off every one of the killed and wounded, 

" Among those who volunteered to this humane work 
was Quartermaster-sergeant 0. F. Swift, of the Sixth 
Massachusetts (of Falmouth). The whole scene was in 
full view of our regiment. The number of casualties 
was forty-one killed and wounded, — all of the Ninety- 
Ninth New York. The Ninety-Ninth was partly raised in 
Massachusetts. The list of killed and wounded — forty- 
one out of two hundred and fifty — tells an honorable 
story of gallantry in behalf of the Ninety-Ninth." 


Circumstances had for several days indicated that 
the force beleaguering Suffolk, after twenty-two days in 
front of it, were about departing; and on Sunday, May 
3d, Gen. Getty and a strong force crossed the river to 
test their position, and ascertain their intentions. En- 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 233 

gagements took place at several points ; but the enemy 
were evidently on the move, as was afterwards ascer- 
tained, to the assistance of Lee. 

The Sixth was kept behind the fortifications, in reserve, 
though the writer of these pages was out to the front, and 
was a sad spectator of the fall of Rev. Dr. F. E. Butler, 
chaplain of the Twenty Fifth New Jersey, an estimable 
gentleman and faithful officer. He accompanied him to his 
quarters, and assisted at his funeral service. It was soon 
ascertained through deserters, prisoners, residents along 
the roads, and the ever faithful contrabands, that the 
rebels were hastening across the Blackwater. The gen- 
eral movement commenced at sundown, Sunday. 


The Sixth joined in the pursuit, on the morning of the 
4th, on the Somerton road. The following letter was 
written at the time for the Boston " Journal : " — 

" The * siege of Suffolk ' has been raised. The be- 
leaguering foe has ^ folded his tents like the Arabs, and 
silently stolen away,' only he hadn't a chance to steal 
any tent, and so had none. And to-day we are return- 
ing from shelter-tents to barracks, and from rifle-pits to 
our old shanties, without any running accompaniment of 
whizzing bullets whenever we show our heads. The inky 
Blackwater, twenty-two miles away, rolls between us and 
the discomfited rebels. We are all as willing to * speed the 
parting ' as we were ready to ' welcome the coming guest.* 

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234 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

They began their retreat simultaneously with the cross- 
ing of Gen. Getty's troops on the night of Saturday, and 
during the fighting of Sunday they wore already depart- 
ing. What Gen. Peck set in motion to feel their position, 
they regarded as a movement in force to flank them ; and 
though they professed a desire to meet us outside of our 
works, yet at the first serious attack they hastened to de- 
part On Monday morning, at daylight, mot a regiment 
waa left within five hours' march of our troops, and be- 
fore noon of Monday they were across their Styx, in 
the Hades beyond. 

" The Sixth Regiment and other forces, not knowing 
but they might be on a nise, started on their track at sun- 
rise. We followed the Somerton road twelve miles ; but 
aside from stragglers and deserters, not a rebel soldier 
could be found. About a hundred were picked up on 
that road, and more than as many more on other roads, 
by other forces, that have explored all the approaches to 
this place, even as far as Carsville. The roads are en- 
tirely clear of men, though the excellent earthworks on 
all those approaches show that there would have been 
warm work had we gone out to assault them ; for it must 
be confessed, that for neatness and beauty, — though I 
cannot think for strength, — they far surpass ours. But 
their character establishes one fact: if they came here 
intending to assault our works, they immediately aban- 
doned that purpose, for their works are too far out to 
command our entrenchments, and they are constructed 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 235 

solely to defend against attacks Suffolkward. This they 
do eflFectually. 

longstreet's purpose. 

" I talked with a good many prisoners and deserters, 
and residents along the road, black and white, who lis- 
tened to the conversation of officers ; and they all agree 
that the expedition was for forage, of which there is 
good evidence to make one believe they obtained an 
immense quantity. 

" One deserter tells me that he heard a quartermaster 
say they had obtained 1,500,000 pounds of pork, besides 
beef, corn, etc. ; and one bright fellow — a contraoand — 
told me he saw an immense drove of cattle, in which, he 
heard a man 'tell an officer, there was about a thou- 
sand head, besides other droves he saw. Think of the 
army this immense quantity would feed, and then think 
that we have been ' protecting ' it all this time, in other 
words, saving it up to enable the enemy to protract the 
war. Every highway and cross-road has been ransacked 
and raked clean of all portable food, paid for in Confed- 
erate scrip, or taken without pay, — which amounts to 
pretty much the same thing, — leaving the impoverished 
inhabitants with scarcely enough to keep the wolf from 
the door till the lean and stingy earth hereabouts can be 
made to send out a little com, or a few long-nosed shoats 
can grow into something resembling ' meat.' The Lord 
pity the women and children among them ! The food 

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236 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

they obtained was immediately transported towards 
Franklin, and thence by rail to feed Southern soldiers. 


" Surely the Sixth Regiment and the Seventh Battery 
have reasons for thankfulness as they remember how they 
have escaped. For twenty-two days, company D has been 
stationed at a post where, it is within bounds to say, ten 
thousand balls were fired at them by sharpshooters, and 
yet but one was seriously hurt, and he is doing finely, 
while the others have been more or less exposed all the 
time, and in one sharp skirmish, and all preserved. So 
the Seventh, on Sunday, occupied a post of great expos- 
ure, and did excellent service ; and, though shells hit 
cannon and wounded horses, not a man was harmed. 

" We are all quiet to-day, and it seems like Sunday 
to us all. Whether we shall remain as we are, or be 
sent in advance, or go around and help gallant Joe 
Hooker, we know not. Undoubtedly, great changes in 
the disposition of the forces will immediately take place. 
Of them it is not proper that I should tell what I know, 
which I may say, en passant^ is very little. 

" The enemy's loss, in killed, wounded, and prisoners, 
was estimated at from eight hundred to one thousand. 
Our loss during the twenty-three days was forty-four 
killed, two hundred and twelve wounded, and very few 
prisoners. Gen. Peck issued the following congratula- 
tory order : — 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 237 

Head-quaktebs, U. S. Forces, 

Suffolk, Va., May 5, 1863. 
General Order No. 31. The Commanding Greneral recognizes 
in the issue of the ineffectual investment of Suffolk for twenty- 
three days by the enemy, and in the final withdrawal of his baffled 
and dispirited forces, marked evidences of the Almighty's, 
favor. With the acknowledged flower of his army, after long 
premeditation, with superior numbers, and under his ablest gen- 
erals, he has failed. In view of this gratifying test of the forti- 
tude and gallantry of the officers and soldiers of this command, 
the Greneral Commanding tenders them renewed expressions of 
confidence and thanks. 

By command of Maj.-Gen. Peck. 

Benj. B. Foster, Maj., A. A. General. 

Ttere were apprehensions that the enemy might re- 
turn, and heavy dietails were hard at work on the 
defences, and large numbers were constantly kept on 
picket. The weather, meanwhile, grew very warm, and 
for a week we enjoyed the accompaniments of a south- 
ern spring. 


Wednesday, May 13th, the regiment again heard the 
bugle call, and the drums beat, and the familiar order, 
" Fall in with three days' rations." We started just 
after noon, and marched somewhat deliberately to the 
old " Deserted House," where we bivouacked two hours. 
The expedition was commanded by Col. Foster ; and 
Foster's brigade waa commanded by Col. Follansbee. 
The object of the expedition was to protect a party of 

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238 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

workmen engaged in taking up the mis of the Seaboard 
and Roanoke Railway, so that the rebels could not use 
the roads, nor convey the rails away to repair their other 
roads, or manufacture batteries with them. The weather 
was oppressively hot, and the march a very hard one, 
continuing through the night ; and the column reached 
Carsville at daylight. Col. FoUansbee commanded the 
advance, while the main body rested at Carsville. The ad- 
vance halted about three miles from the Blackwater, where 
the workmen were employed in tearing up the rails, and 
sending them back on the track by horse-power. While 
busily engaged in their work, they were suddenly scattered 
by the explosion of shells from a rebel battery that had dis- 
covered their movements. This discovery was caused by " 
the conduct of the brave, but impetuous, Col. Spear, who 
determined to capture the rebel pickets known to be in 
front of an earthwork of theirs, at the junction of the 
railroad and the pike. The writer of these pages, anxious 
to see a cavalry charge, obtained the gallant colonel's 
leave to join his squadrons. Away we went. I could 
think of nothing but a whirlwind, a cloud of dust con- 
cealing us from each other ; and the horses, all used to the 
thing, seemed to enjoy it quite as much as the riders. We 
drove the rebel videttes into their fortifications, and then 
as swiftly countermarched. It seemed as if we flew ; and 
my own enthusiasm at one time was lost in the thought 
that my mare — educated in the cavalry — would carry 
me out ahead of all, as she passed one after another. 

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The Nine? Months' Campaign. 239 

But my feelings changed considerably, as the rebels in 
large force followed us back, and I saw I should not bring 
up the rear. Of all the excitements I ever experienced, 
commend me to a cavalry charge. We returned, having 
narrowly escaped, capturing several prisoners by the aid 
of two companies of the Indiana Thirteenth, deployed 
down an intersecting road. 

Gallant as was this charge, it proved a damage to our 
enterprise, for the detachments that followed us discov- 
ered our working party ; and when about five hundred 
yards of the track had been removed, the workmen, par- 
ticularly the darkies, came skedaddling at a two-forty pace 
down the railroad, followed by the solid shot and shell 
of a couple cannon that were hurried after them to a 
place commanding them perfectly. The regiments pro- 
tecting them weje very much exposed, and withdrew 
immediately. A Pennsylvania regiment set a very bad 
example. I happened to be going up the track to dis- 
cover what progress the working party was making, when 
I saw the hospital attendants and surgeon, the latter in 
his shirt-sleeves, running away from the place where duty 
called them, accompanied by many of the soldiers. In 
justice to the regiment, however, let it be said that the 
officers did not flinch, and succeeded in rallying the bal- 
ance. Col. Foster was under positive instructions from 
Gen. Peck not to brmg on an engagement, unless in de- 
fence of his enterprise ; and Col. Follansbee, who had 
command of the infantry, wisely withdrew to our main 

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240 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

position, it being the opinion of both officers that the 
lives of men are of more value than railroad iron. In 
this attack, there were three killed and ten wounded. 

During the engagement, our regiment, with others, 
was ordered to the front, where position was taken out 
of the range of the enemy's artillery, and the workmen 
continued their labors. We were kept in Ime of battle, 
just out of Carrsville, during the night of the 14th. It 
rained hard during the night, and the boys were thor- 
oughly saturated. Attacks were made on the pickets. 


On the 15th, the enemy troubled our pickets; and 
companies A and F were ordered forward from the main 
body, as skirmishers. The enemy was found to be ad- 
vancing in large force ; and the rest of ihe regiment, with 
cavalry, and Lieut. Farrar's section of the Seventh Mas- 
sachusetts Battery, were sent up to support them. The 
artillery was posted in the road, just in front of Holland's 
House," near " Hebron Church ; " and the Sixth was in 
support of the battery, the right and left wings on each 
side of the road, respectively. Companies D and B were 
then sent forward to reinforce our skirmishers ; the enemy 
and our skirmishers being concealed in the woods, while 
our three lines of battle stretched across an open field, our 
regiment, a part of the New York One Hundred and 
Twelfth, and Farrar's (section of the Seventh) Battery 
constituting the first line. The enemy advanced in force. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 241 

and our skirmishers fell back to the line of battle. The 
enemy then appeared in the edge of the woods, and 
opened on us vigorously with musketry. Our artillery 
and first line of battle replied, and for nearly an hour 
the firing resembled the continuous roll of drums. The 
engagement closed, and strange to say, though the air 
was thick with flying bullets, and though the trees near 
the house, the gun-carriages, and caissons, and fence- 
rails were perforated with baUs, not a man was scratched. 
A tree near which the colonel stood was tattooed as 
though a woodpecker were rapping it, during the iiction. 

At the end of an hour, or thereabouts, companiea H 
and G, with some of the Tenth New Jersey, were thrown 
forward into the woods as skirmishers ; and they drove the 
rebel skirmishers back to their lines, when they were re- 
called, and C and I were sent out. They were imme- 
diately charged by the rebels in superior force, when 
they fell back. One horse. was killed and mne wounded 
in the Seventh Battery by sharpshooters. A part re- 
mained in the woods, and laid between and under the 
two fires, which, as before, broke out with great fury, and 
was general along both lines, the enemy employing only 
infantry to our infantry and artillery. The firing, as be- 
fore, subsided by the falling back of our forces a short 
distance, to draw the enemy on, and then we advanced 
again, to resume our former position. 

While we were returning, the fire became fast and 
furious on the part of the rebels, and the hottest part 


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242 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

of the engagement then came on. The battery got 
out of ammunition, so that the fight was one of infantry 
alone. To protect our guns, as well as to secure a better 
position, we fell back to the opposite edge of the field in 
which we were, and picketed that position for the night. 
In the last engagement, the Sixth was not on the front, 
it having given place to others that had not borne the 
great heat and exposure of the day. 

All of the losses experienced by our regiment were 
during the second round : — 

Killed — Ira Bowles ; Geo. H. Grey. 

Wounded — Company C, J. E. Wilson, slight; G. I. Fox, 
leg, mortal ; Anson G. Thurston, leg, mortal ; John Keith, lungs, 
serious ; Lewis A. Pierce, leg ; David H. Groodhue, mortal. Com- 
pany B, C. A. Luce, arm, severe; G. F. Lillis, arm, slight; G. A. 
Famsworth, slight Company H, Hiram £. Hartford ; Chas. F. 
Clark, wrist, seyere ; Augustus P. Frazer, head, slight Company 
K, Thos. Lines, slight ; Albert L. Burgess, slight Company F, 
Thomas Drinan, slight. 

Missing — Joseph Stevens, of Company I, a drunmier, taken 
prisoner, unhurt Fox and Thurston were wounded, and taken 
prisoners ; and J. M. Thurston, father of A. G., and W. H. Drinker, 
of Company D, went in search of Thurston and Fox ; and J. Sweat, 
D. H. Godhue, Norman L Austin, and B. F. Evans went in with 
a stretcher, and all but Evans were captured. As these brave 
fellows approached on their humane errand, the rebels began to 
fire. An officer among them shouted to his men to desist firing, 
as the boys were aiding the wounded. This was done to catch 
them ; for, as soon as they were within their reach, they were 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 243 

Fox, Thurston, and Goodhue afterwards died of their 
wounds, in rebel hospitals. They were gallant fellows. 
Indeed, it was a common remark that it would be dij£cult 
for the enemy to destroy so much moral excellence in the 
same number of men, among the survivors. 

Grey was placed in a gig, after having been stripped 
of clothings and in the night was run near our pickets, 
•where he was found in the morning, the brutes who had 
killed him having thus insulted his lifeless remains. 

Thurston died of the wound in his leg. His father 
was with him, and was afterwards exchanged. He was 
a young man of much promise, having left Harvard Uni- 
versity, where he had been two years, at his country's 

During the night of the loth, the enemy tried a scheme 
to entrap prisoners. They would call, so that our pickets 
could hear them, " Col. Spear! Col. Spear! Come and 
get me ; I am badly wounded ; I can go no further ; I 
belong to the Sixth Massachusetts ; come and get me ! " 
But they tried in vain. 

Nejt day, afifairs were mostly quiet until toward noon, 
when picket firing and skirmishing commenced, which at 
length were stilled by cannonading from Davis's and How- 
ard's batteries. The enemy almost surprised the unso- 
phisticated pickets we had thrown out (from the Pennsyl- 
vania One Hundred and Seventy-Sixth). Their uniforms 
are so nearly the color of the dirt, that they can scarcely 
be distinguished from it. Taking advantage of this fact. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

244 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

a large number of them had wriggled their way along 
till almost up to our front, when they rose, and with 
a yell charged. For a moment our pickets fell back ; 
but Howard's and Davis's guns opened on the enemy, 
and they rapidly retreated to their position. In the 
skirmish, we had one man mortally and five otherwise 
wounded. The enemy's loss must have been consider- 
able. Next night all was quiet. The enemy's force was 
about 8,000, mainly infantry. 


It was a sight of thrilling beauty and interest to see 
the boys of the Sixth (while iliose who were with them 
from other regiments, unused to the skirmish drill, fal- 
tered) go forward in perfect line, rise and fall like one 
man, and conduct throughout as coolly as though in a 
sham-fight. Making off myself with a wounded man on 
my horse, who was hit at my side at one time, and at an- 
other lying so close to the ground that an emmet could 
scarcely crawl under me, I could not help seeing how 
admirably our boys were distinguishing themselves during 
the last days of their service. 

It is curious to think how men's thoughts wiU assume 
a ludicrous phase, even under circumstances of great 
personal danger. After the firtft round of fighting was 
over, I had just been into the house (" Hollands"), and, 
supposing the engagement was ended for the present, 
and that our men would lie on their arms for a while, I 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 245 

was moving a few rods to the rear, where our hospital was 
located, to endeavor to sleep a little in the church, as 
doubtless " many a friend aiid brother had done before 
me," when the second volley suddenly burst upon us. I 
fell prostrate on my face, some three rods behind our line 
of battle, and finding that the bullets sang their death- 
song rather nearer than was pleasant, I began to devise 
some way of bettering my prospects, for I lay on my face. 
It seemed to me that I had chosen an unfortunate posi- 
tion ; for the most prominent part of my body, in that 
position, was one on which I could not describe the wounds 
in a mixed company. I turned on my back, and then I 
remembered that a wound in the bowels is more likely 
to prove fatal than elsewhere, and, besides, my head was 
toward the enemy, and thus there were two vital presen- 
tations ; so I placed my body parallel with the rebel line 
of battle, when l«uddenly was reminded that I was as 
much ^orse ofiF than before, as five feet nine exceed two 
feet. Place myself as I would, I wished I was otherwise 
and otherwheres, and with a laugh I could not control, I 
rose, the bullets ploughing the- dirt and sounding their 
zmmm all around me. I made for the road, and lay 
under the slight proteqtion of the bank, till the firing 

Another incident: While the fight was going on 
briskly, our men lying down and the officers standing, 
the men instinctively hugged the ground, when one 
officer, who never failed to do his duiy, standing where 

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246 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

his command could not see him, but where " a chiel 
among them taking notes " could, was heard to say, 
"Boys [ducking his head], don't dodge! [Another 
duck.] It's of no use to dodge when you hear the 
sound of a bullet. [Duck again.] The ball passes long 
before you hear the sound. [Duck.] I am more ex- 
posed here than you are [duck], and you need not 
dodge more than Jdo ! " [Duck again.] 


I ascertained, at this time, the manner in which some 
very glowing newspaper reports of battles have been 
written. The reporter of a New York sensation sheet 
came to me, as I was standing with my regiment, and 
remarked that he had found an admirable spot from 
which to view the approaching fight, pointing to an open 
place in the field, hard by. He had scarcely spoken 
when the tattoo of .the enemy's musketry began ; and, as 
some of the balls hummed uncomfortably near, he tum- 
bled 'off his horse, and crouching to the ground, and 
dragging the bit almost out of his horse's mouth, in his 
haste to get to the rear, he disappeared from view, amid 
the derision of all who observed his cowardly conduct. 
Next day I met him in Carsville, some three miles to the 
rear. He came forward with much more coolness, I 
thought, than he exhibited the day before, saying, " I 
found a better spot from which to see that fight. I 
made up my mind that I could see it with less prejudice 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 247 

from Carsville ! " When the paper came, containing his 
account of the affair, it began in these words, with im- 
mense capitals and an excess of exclamation points : 
" Great fight at Carsville ! ! ! Our correspondent in the 
fight, and wounded ! ! ! " And then followed a long ac- 
count, describing what was accomplished by Corcoran's 
Brigade, which was not under fire at all, and omitting 
all mention of the Massachusetts Sixth, and New York 
One Hundred and Twelfth, the only regiments that fired 
at the enemy. So much for surveying matters at such 
a distance. 

Recounting such incidents as these of ourselves and 
each other serves to make many an otherwise tedious 
hour of camp life pass away pleasantly and cheerfully, 
and the memory of them will remain with us life-long 


Oh Saturday night, the writer of these pages came 
near taking one of those involuntary journeys to Rich- 
mond that so many of our men have accomplished. Just 
before dark, I had an interview with Dr. Hand, medical 
director, who had come out from Suffolk to obtain facts 
concerning the casualties, and to look after the duties of 
his office, and gave him the items concerning the woimd-' 
ed, which, in the exercise of my duties as a correspond- 
ent, I had gathered ; and just after dark it occurred to ' 
me that I might convey to the readers of the " Tribune " 
and the "Journal " the earliest news of our fight, and 

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248 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

also bring out the mails that had arrived for the mem- 
bers of the regiment, and thus kill two birds with one 
stone. Accordingly I started. At Kinsale Swamp, our 
last regiment, the New York Ninety-Ninth, was posted. 
Col. Wardrop informed me that Dr. Hand and two others 
had just gone in toward Suffolk, and at first I resolved 
to hurry after him and overtake him ; but, on reflection, 
concluded to save my horse's wind, in case it were 
wanted. I soon overtook an ambulance train ; but, find- 
ing its progress too slow, I left it, and struck out on my 
own responsibility. The way was dark and lonely enough. 
I heard a gun ahead of me, after leaving Kinsale Swamp, 
but pushed on, keeping a leisure lope or walk in the 
open, but giving my horse her rein in the dense woods. 
Thus I rode about eight or nine miles, till I came to our 
pickets, three or four nules out of Suffolk. No one had 
gone in, and I thought that perhaps the doctor had taken 
another road. 

Next morning, I went to head-quarters, and found he 
had not made his appearance. It turned out that he 
had ridden but two or three miles when he was suddenly 
ordered to halt. He declined the invitation at first, and 
gave his horse the spur ; but a more pressing invitation, 
in the shape of a bullet through his horse's neck, '^ pre^ 
vailed on him to stop," and his horse tumbled headlong. 
The next feature on the programme, as the doctor 
jumped up to run, was a blow with the lutt of a rifle 
on the head; and he came to himself, a while afl»r, 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 249 

riding on a strange horse, through the woods, a prisoner 
in the hands of a squad consisting of a sergeant and six- 
teen men, that had flanked us, and that lay in ambush 
to pick up small parties. The refusal of the doctor to 
halt compelled them to fire, — as they had not intend- 
ed, — and then they feared that the shot would bring a 
party down on them ; so they left for the Blackwater, at 
Zuni. A few minutes after, I cantered by, and found no 
obstruction, — thanks to the gun that was fired at Dr. 
Hand. But, had the doctor intimated to me his intention 
of going into Suffolk that night, or had I overtaken him, 
I should have been of his party, and might have got a 
worse fate than befell him ; for I don't think I would 
have halted unless my horse or self had received more 
than a word. He was exchanged in a few days, as I, a 
noncombatant, ordinarily would have been ; but the cor- 
respondence for the New York " Tribune " in my pocket 
might have given me a bitter dose of Southern hospitality. 
That is as far as I ever went on the road to Richmond. 


At about the same time, Capt. Jepson went into Suffolk, 
sick, with a couple of ambulances, when, as they were 
moving slowly along the road, four shots were fired at 
them, one of which took off the arm of one of the two 
cavalrymen riding with them. There were not more 
than three armed men with our train ; but the cowards 
in the woods only dared fire from a distance. I have 

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250 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

been in eight fights ; and it will illustrate the manner in 
which, for at least two years of the war, the fighting was 
done. * I never knew our army to be posted in th3 woods, 
nor the rebels to fight in an open field. Indeed, I never 
saw a rebel, when fighting was going on, unless he was 
brought in as a prisoner. They always kept in the 
woods, and our troops always occupied the open. 

Having finished our task, our forces fell back in the 
night of the 18th, toward Deserted House, when a mel- 
ancholy blunder and fatal mistake occurred, between 
Deserted House and Carrsville. Our forces were mov- 
^g) ^7 ^^0 highways and the Seaboard Railroad, in 
three parallel Unes, from Carrsville to Deserted House, 
having started a little after midnight. They had been 
about an hour on the march, when the columns on the 
other two roads were startled at hearing the sound of a 
volley of musketry from the northern route. In a short 
time several men from the New York (Corcoran's) 
Legion, hatless and without arms, which they had dis- 
gracefully thrown away, came running across from the 
road on which the firing was heard, through the woods, 
to the railroad, and reported to Col. Foster that the 
rebels had fired upon them and charged them. One of 
them declared that a whole regiment charged his com- 
pany, and that he and one or two others alone were left 
to tell the tale ! 

Col. Foster ordered two of Col. Follansbee's regiments 
and two pieces of artillery to hurry to the scene of con- 

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The Nine Months* Campaign. 251 

flict, and despatched orders for one of the regiments sta- 
tioned at Deserted House to move to the same place, 
when word came from Col. Murphy that his column had 

arrived at Deserted House. Col. , of the , 

was lighting his pipe or cigar with a match, when his 
horse jumped suddenly, and caused a man's musket to 
go off, when it was supposed to be an attack on the regi- 
ment, and a most disgraceful panic ensued. Men threw 
away their arms and accoutrements, and in their igno- 
minious haste to escape supposed danger, rendered them- 
selves helpless and powerless by their own folly, while 
others, willlly and at random, fired into each other, and 
killed three, and wounded four men. In the confusion 
that followed, for a short time, we had a miniature Bull 


We bivouacked, on the night of the 19th, on ground 
for which we fought on the 30th of January, and Gen. 
Corcoran came out and assumed command of the forces, 
in consequence of the sudden illness of Col. Foster. 
During the day, we lay at the Deserted House, expecting 
orders to return to camp, when we were directed to sup- 
ply ourselves with three days' rations ; and toward night 
we moved for Windsor, a station on the Norfolk and 
Petersburg Bailroad. Here we remained, in support of 
Howard's Battery, while the track of this road was being 
torn up, expecting a brush at any moment, until Satur- 
day, May 23d, when orders came from Gen. Peck, re- 

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252 The Nine Months* Campaign. 

lieving us from duly ; and we left on the easiest march 

we ever accomplished, — the road toward home. We 

reached camp at about nine at night, as happy a crowd 

of boys in blue as ever was seen. We were very much 

reduced in strength. Camp life had agreed so well with 

us, that many of us weighed twenty-five pounds each more 

than at home, when we left on this expeditioni ; but the 

great heat, and hard marching, and watchfulness, and 

hard fare, had reduced us so that we scarcely looked like 

the same regiment. We were as happy to reach camp 

as we ever could be to see home. We received orders 

to leave Suffolk on the 26th. Before leaving, a dress 

parade was formed, when the following orders were 

read: — 

complimentabt obdebs. 

From our brigade commander : — 

Head-quarters Foster^s Brigade, ) 
Suffolk, Va., May 25, '68. J 

To THE Officers and Soldiers of the Sixth Mass. Vols. 

The time has arrived when the period of service for which you 
enlisted has expired, and you are to return to your homes and the 
avocations of business which a few months since you so sacrificing- 
ly left, to aid in quelling the rebellion, which, in its attempt to 
overthrow the best government in the world, needed the strong 
arms and steady hearts of its supporters to subdue. 

In the separation from my command, which has been of long 
standing, and of an exceedingly pleasant character, permit me to 
return my sincere and appreciative thanks for the manner in which 
you have discharged your duties. It is needless to refer back, and 
recall those obligations performed ; there are living evidences all 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. * 253 

over this command that bear witness to your gigantic efforts, and 
the patience, energy, and willingness by which they were accom- 

Let me suffer the hope, that, aft«r a i:etum to your homes, you 
will again enroll yourselves under the flag of our country, again to 
lend your efforts ^o remove all stains that a wicked people are 
striving to place upon its gorgeous folds, and to plant that glorious 
ensign so that it will cover our whole country from gulf to gulf, 
and from the one ocean to the other. You are now veterans. You 
are acquainted with the realities and inured to the hardships of 
war, and your country still needs your services. Let me suffer the 
hope that the " Old Sixth " will soon again appear upon the stage 
of action, and be instrumental in securing and riveting the bonds 
of this glorious country in the slumbers of a perpetual peace. 

With many well wishes to the living, and the warmest feelings 
of condolence to the friends of the dead, 

I am, very respectfully, 

R. S. FOSTER, Col. Com'g Brigade. 

From our division commander : — 

PEBS Unit: 
Suffolk, Va., May 25, 1868. 

Hbad-quartebs United States Fobces, ) 

General Orders, No. 34. 

1. The term of service of the Sixth Regiment Massachusetts 
Volunteers being about to expire, the Commanding General is 
unwilling to let the occasion pass without expressing his reluctance 
at parting with it, and his appreciation of the service it has ren- 

Among the earliest, if not the first, to take the field, it served its 
original term with credit and distinction. With unremitting 
patriotism, since the necessity of the country still called for brave 
hearts and strong arms, it again offered itself. Its second term has 
been served almost exclusively with this command. Its record is 

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254 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

an honorable one. Whatever have been the demands of duty and 
discipline, they have met a cheerful response ; and its steadfast and 
courageous demeanor before the enemy is witnessed by the list of 
its lamented and honored dead. 

The Commanding General trusts that many of this veteran 
regiment may again be found rallying to the flag whose honor 
they have so long and so ably contributed to sustain. 

2. In recognition of the services rendered by the Massachusetts 
troops, the battery between Fort McClellan and Fort Nanse- 
mond will be hereafter known as " Battery Massachusetts." 

By Command of Major General Peck. 

BENJ. B. FOSTER, Major, A. A. General. 
Official: Chas. R. Stiblino, Aide-de-Camp. 


We had passed as pleasant a campaign in Suffolk as 
usually falls to the lot of soldiers ; and we parted from a 
great many friends with regret. It had always seemed 
to me that Suffolk was an unnecessarily expensive post, 
and that three or four regiments at Deep Greek would be 
equal to thirty at Suffolk. I wrote in the Boston "Jour, 
nal," on leaving: "I notice that fortifications are being built 
at a very strong position between this place and Norfolk. 
Would it not be an interesting fact if Suffolk should b6 
evacuated ere long ? We can hold it easily ; but so ex- 
tensive are the defences here, necessarily, that a large 
number of troops must be kept here. Suffolk evacuated, 
and the most of them would be available elsewhere. The 
movement would be an economical one." 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 255 

A few weeks from this writing, the vast earthworks 
were levelled ; and a stranger could scarcely believe it had 
ever been the place we left it. So, ere long, may every 
trace of this cruel war be obliterated ! 

In a railway train to Norfolk, and thence in the S. R. 
Spaulding, a noble steamer, during three cloudless sum- 
mer days, along the coast, to Boston, briefly describes as 
pleasant a homeward trip as ever a regiment took. We 
reached Boston in fine spirits, were addressed with words 
of welcome by Gov. Andrew, from the State House steps, 
to which Col. Follansbee responded with his accustomed 
brevity and point, when, declining the offered hospitali- 
ties of the city, we proceeded to the Lowell Railroad 
station, through dense crowds of people. The track was 
thronged, at all the way-stations ; but when we reached 
Lowell, we had such a reception as was never surpassed. 
Business was suspended; and the entire population, men, 
women, and children, thronged the streets of the city of 

Debarking, we were escorted by the city government 
of Lowell, selectmen of neighboring towns, Lowell fire- 
department, and other bodies, through dense crowds of 
people, to the South Common, where Mayor Hosford 
addressed the regiment, and where the officers and men 
were able to greet their friends. Thence the regiment 
was conducted to Huntington Hall, to a most bountiful 
collation, and then furloughed till the next Wednesday, 
for mustering-out. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

256 The ^in£ Months' Campaign. 

The companies were promptly present ; and, after a 
review, were mustered out of the United States service, 
and thus finally closed their second campaign. 

In sickness, wounds, and death, the regiment was 
remarkably favored throughout the nine months, consid- 
ering the unhealthiness of its location, and its exposure 
to danger. And it proved, by its uniform conduct, and 
its moral condition on returning home, that the oft- 
repeated stories of war's demoralization are not always 
true of soldiers. They would compare favorably with 
any equal number of men taken promiscuously from any 
community, and, when they returned, were as upright 
and moral and religious as when they left their homes for 
the trials and temptations of the camp. 

Among the pleasantest recollections of the writer of 
these pages wiU always be the men whose acquaintance 
he formed, and with whom he went through the Nine 
Months' Campidgn of the Sixth Massachusetts Regi- 


As in the first campaign, so in the second, a complete 
list of the officers and men is here presented, with such 
previous and subsequent military service recorded against 
each name as the author has, by diligent inquiry, been 
able to ascertain. Tears hence, these items will be pored 
over by reverential eyes. % 

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The Nine Months' Ca!^paign. 257 


Colonel — Albert S. Follansbee, Lowell ; Captain of Co. 
C, 6th Mass.) 8 months, 1861, and Colonel in 1 00 days, 1 864. Horse 
killed at his side, January 80, 1863. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Melvin Beal, Lawrence; 2d Lieuten- 
ant and Captain in Co. F, 3 months, 1861 ; and Lieut.-Colonel in 
100 days, 1864. 

Major — Charles A. Stott. 

Surgeon — Walter Burnham, Lowell ; Surgeon, 1 00 days 1 864. 

Chaplain — John W. Hanson, Haverhill; Chaplain in 100 
days, 1864. Also, he visited each Massachusetts Regiment from 
Washington to Florida, from January to April, 1864, under an 
appointment from Gov. Andrew and from the Massachusetts Con- 
vention of Universalists. He was the pioneer of the Soldiers' Mis- 
sion, a benevolent organization of the Universalists, supplementary 
and complementary to the Christian Commission. 

Adjutant — Thomas O. Allen, Lowell; Sergeant in Co. C, 
3 months, 1861 ; Major in 100 days, 1864. Horse killed at his side, 
January 30, 1863. 

Quartermaster — William G. Wise, Lowell ; Acting Brigade 
Commissary, resigned January 26, 1863. 

Quartermaster — Charles H. Coburn ; promoted from Com. 
Sergt., January 29, 1863 ; subsequently Conamissary in 1st U. S. 
Colored Cavalry. 

Assistant Surgeon — Otis M. Humphrey, Lowell ; subse- 
quently Surgeon in Charge U. S. A. Hospital, New Orleans, La., 
Med. Director 19th Army Corps. Promoted Lieut-Colonel by 
brevet, 1865, "for faithful and meritorious services." 

Assistant Surgeon — George E. Pinkham, Assistant Surgeon 
in 3d Mass. Heavy Artillery.^ 

1 The Third Massachusetts Heavy Artillery occupied the fortifications 
near Washington. It was raised during the last months of the war. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

258 The Nmje Months' Campaign. 


Sergeant Major — William F. Lovrien, Lowell; Corporal 
in Co. A, 3 months, 1861 ; subsequently in U. S. R. R. Service ; 
prisoner in 1864. 

Quartermaster Sergeant — Oliver F. Swift. 

Commissary Sergeant. — Charles H. Coburn, Lowell ; pro- 
moted to Quartermaster, January 29, 1863. Commissary in Ist 
U. S. Colored Cavalry. 

Commissary Sergeant — John T. Billings, Lowell ; promoted 
from private, Feb. 6, 1863. 

• Hospital Steward — Fraito J. Milliken ; discharged for dis- 
ability, March 4, 1863. 

Hospital Steward — Isaiah Hutchins, Acton f promoted 
from private, March 4, 1863 ; 2d Lieut, in 100 days, 1864. 

Drum Major — Elisha L. Davis, Lowell ; mustered out by 
an order abolishing the office, October 29, 1862. 


In sam£ regiment^ 1861 ; disbanded^ 1865. 

Captain^ Andrew C. Wright, aged 42, Lowell ; 2d Lieut in same 

regiment, 3 months, 1861 ; discharged, Nov. 1862. 
" Alfred J. Hall, 25, Lowell ; Corp. 3 months in 6th 

Mass. ; promoted from 2d Lieut. June 3, 1863. 
First Lieutenant^ Enoch J. Foster, 24, Lowell ; Sergt. 3 months 

in 6th Mass., Co. A ; discharged, Feb. 20, 1863. 
" George W. Snell, 35, Lowell ; Sergt. 3 months in 

6th Mass.; promoted to 2d Lieut Jan. 3, and 1st 

Lieut Feb. 24, 1863. 
Second Lieutenant, Solomon Clark, 27, Lowell ; Corp. 3 months 

in 6th Mass. ; promoted to 2d Lieut Feb. 24, 1863. 
First Sergeant, 3 AMKs M. Torser, 28, Lowell ; 3 months, 6th Mass- 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Cami»aign. 259 

Sergeant^ Henry M. Woodward, 26, Lowell ; 3 mos, 6tli Mass. 

" Irving Gray, 19, Lowell. 

" Geo. W. Frost, 33, Lowell. 

" Henry S. McAllister, 26, Lowell. 

** JosiAH H. Stokes, 53, Lowell ; disc, dis'y, Jan. 24, 1863. 
Corporal, Henry H. Brown, 28, Lowell. 

« Benj. F. Shaw, 29, Lowell. 

" Charles A. Davis, 26, Lowell ; in Cavalry. 

" John W. Tilton, 19, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery. 

" John C. Hobbs, 25, Lowell. 

** Benj. Melvin, 35, Lowell. 

" Wm. Barker, 30, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

" Peter Devlin, 20, Lowell. 

" Orrin R. Park, 21, Lowell ; died, Suffolk, Nov. 15, '62. 
Musician, Horace H. Rollins, 22, LowelL 

" Andrew C. Wright, Jr., 17, Lowell; 100 days* ser- 
vice, 6tli Mass. 
Wagoner, Adoniram J. Colgrove, 30, LowelL 


Chas. ^. Andrews, 20, Tyngsboro'; 1st Mass. Cav. 
Thomas Allen, 43, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Edwin S. Bowers, 24, Lowell ; 29tli Mass. ; Commissary in 

Hospital Dep't. 
Joseph Blood, 42, Lowell. 
Firth Brooks, 29, Lowell. 
John Bramhall, 28, Lowell. 
Michael Bradley, 33, Lowell. 
Patrick Burns, 38, Lowell. 

Wm. Brittan, 30, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 
I^muel Chapin, 28, Lowell. 
Patrick Cusack, 18, Lowell ; 59th Mass. 

Digitized by CjOOQI.C 

260 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

John Connelly, 24, Lowell ; 8th Mass.,' 3 months, 1861. 

Michael Cavanaugh, 18, Lowell ; 59th Mass. 

James Connor, 44, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Aaron Cleworth, 31, Lowell. 

Gea Conway, 18, Lowell ; 69th Mass. 

Patrick Collins, 25, Lowell. 

Thomas Church, 32, Dracut ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Oliver Cheever, 44, Dracut. 

Barnard Calahan, 19, Lowell ; 59th Mass. 

Grin G. Cobum, 23, Dracut 

Geo. S. Crocker, 22, Lowell ; 3 months, 6th Mass., 1861. 

Stephen Dunnigan, 18, Lowell; 30th Mass. 

Frank Donnelly, 1 9, Lowell ; subsequently in the Navy. 

Thomas Delaney, 18, Lowell. 

Thomas Derbyshire, 89, LowelL 

Peter Devno, 26, Lowell. 

Albert T. L. Davis, 20, Lowell ; Cavalry. 

John P. Elliot, 38, LowelL 

Benj. Freeman, 30, Lowell. 

John Grant, 18, Lowell. 

Jotham Goodall, 44, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. ^ 

Joshua Hill, 35, LowelL 

James Henwright, 22, Lowell ; in 59th Mass., and since died. 

Thomas Howaith, 23, Lowell. 

Levi Harrison, 40, Lowell. 

Andrew J. Herrick, 28, Lowell ; 3 months, 6th Mass. 1861 ; died 

in Suffolk, Nov. 80, 1862. 
Michael Keough, 82, Lowell ; died after the campaign. 

* The Eighth Massachusetts was a Niue Months' Regiment, from Essex 
County. It waa out in 1861, three months, under Col. Hinks, and served 
in North Carolina, from Nov. 1862 till July, 1863; and, after a short tifbe 
Maryland, it arrived home, and was mustered out, Aug. 7, 1863. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 261 

Martin Lynch, 18, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

James W. Lee, 24, Lowell. 

Jeremiah Murphy, 28, Lowell ; died after his return home. 

Chas. S. Marston, 20, Lowell. 

James Maher, 19, Lowell; 6th Mass., for 100 days, 1864. 

Hugh McClusky, 19, Lowell. 

Dependance Morrowson, 88, Lowell. 

Michael Moran, 44, Lowell. 

James J. Masterson, 18, Lowell; discharged, Dec. 28, 1862, and 
shortly afterwards died in Lowell. 

James Nuthall, 27, Lowell. 

George Nesmith, 20, Lowell. 

James J. O'Connell, 19, Lowell ; in Cavalry. 

Daniel O'Neill, 22, Lowell. 

Daniel O'Brian, 43, Lowell ; deserted on his way to Suffolk. 

Alexander Park, 22, Lowell. 

Amos Packard, 44, Lowell. 

John Rogers, 18, Lowell. 

Thomas Rogers, 19, Lowell. 

John Rafferty, 45, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Art., taken prisoner- 

Joseph Simpson, 89, Lowell. 

Wm. H. Snow, 37, Dracut ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery, since pro- 
moted to Lieut 

Patrick St. Leger, 35, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Geo. Short, 18, Lowell; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

James Slowey, 23, Lowell ; 80th Mass. 

James Sullivan, 1 9, Lowell ; in Ambulance Corps. 

Morty Scullay, -20, LowelL 

James Scott, 25, Lowell ; deserted while home on ftirlough. 

Dennis Toomey, 28, Lowell. 

Thomas TuUy, 29, Lowell ; in Cavalry. 

Jame Thornton, 81, Lowell. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

262 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

John Thompson, SO, Lowell. 

John Whalen, 39, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Thomas W. Wood. 27, Lowell. 

Abram M. Webster, 26, LowelL 

James W. Wlnttier, 22, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Daniel A. Whittemore,i29, Tewksbmy ; 2d Mass.;,Heavy Artillery. 

Enos H. Wheeler, 23, Lowell. 

Lewis A. Young, 27, LowelL 


In Three Months*, 1861, and One Hundred Days', 1864. 

Captain, GeorgeTF. Shattuck, aged 24, Groton ; 1st Lieut, in 

3 months, 1861 ;]^Capt. in 100 days, 1864, 6th Mass. 
First Lieutenant, Samuel G. Blood, 37, Groton ; 2d Lieut in 3 

months, 1861 ; accidentally wounded with pistol 

Sept 30, 1862 ; wounded, Deserted House, Jan. 30, 

1863 ; in Navy, 1864. 
Second Lieutenant, Edward D. Sawtelle, 28, Groton ; killed 

Deserted House, Jan. 30, 1863 ; Sergt. in 3 months, 

1861, 6th Mass. 
" " Joseph A. Bacon, 26, Groton; promoted 

from 1st Sergt. Feb. 9, 1863 ; Corp. in 3 months, 

1861 ; Lieut, in 100 days, 1864. 
First Sergeant, Wm. T. Childs, 41, Groton ; Sergt. in^3 months, 

1861 ; 2d Lieut in 100 days, 1864. 
Sergeant, George H. Stahl, 23, Groton; in 3 months, 1861, 

6th Mass. 
" Harrison Wait, 20, Groton ; in Signal Corps. 
" Franklin M. Jewett, 34, W^stford. 
" George R. Shattuck, 25, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 100 

days, 1864. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The iMNE Months' Campaign. 263 

Corporal^ Thomas Gilson, 23, Groton"; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 

1861 ; in Signal Corps, 1864. 
" Ellery C. Wright, 18, Westford. 
" Daniel S. Kendall, 28, Groton; in 100 days, 1864, 

6th Mass; lost legfby scythe, July, 1865. 
" Chas. a. Luce, jr. 18, Manchester, N. H. ; wounded, 

in arm, Hebron Ch., May 15, 1863. 
" Chas. M. Lovejoy, 21, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1861. 
" Henry B. Story, 18, Pepperell; in 100 days, 1864. 

6th Mass. 
" Chas. H. Balcom, 21, Pepperell; died Jan. 7, 1863. 
Wagoner, Chas. L. Nutting, 40, Groton ; disc., dis*y, Jan. 7, *63. 

Geoi^e H. Balcom, 21,JPepperell. 
George Blood, 24, Westford. 
George W. Blodgett, 18, Westford'; killed, Deserted House, Jan. 

30, 1863. 
Charles Blood, 38, Groton. 

Abel R. Brigham, 18, . 

Timothy Caiman, 28, Lowell. 

Greorge W. Childs, 18 Groton; in 100 days, 1864, 6th Mass. , 

Charles N. Clark, 18, Groton ; in 100 days, 1864," 6th Mass. 

Gilbert Colbum, 39, Groton'; in Signal Corps, 1864. 

Francis W. Cragin, 18, Groton. 

John Condon, 18, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 

Edwin P. Dodge, 19, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 

Joseph Donnelly, 25,ILowell ; discharged, disability, Nov. 20, 1862. 

George H. Farnsworth, 26, Groton; wounded, Hebron Church, 

May 15, 1863 ; reenlisted. 
Henry M. Farnsworth, 21, Groton. 
Joseph Fitch, 41, Groton. 
Daniel Gilson, 2f6, Groton. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

264 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Sumner Gilson, 18, Groton ; in 6tli Mass., 1864, 100 days. 
Bowman S. Gale, 23, Groton; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 
Albert H. Harnden, 18 Groton. 
Charles W. Hildreth, 20, Pepperell; slight wound, Deserted 

House, Jan. 30, 1863 ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Wm. H. I. Hayes 18, ; in Mass. 59th, since. 

Francis S. Howard, 35, Westford ; wounded at Deserted House, 

Jan. 30, 1863, from which died, Feb. 1st. 
Isaac S. Knight, 44, Groton ; in 59th Mass., 1864. 
Charles E. Kilburn, 26, Shirley. 
George R. Lawrence, 18, Groton. 

George F. Lillis, 18, Groton ; wounded, Hebron Ch.,May 15, '63. 
James McDonald, 25, Lowell. 

Daniel H. Madden, 19, . 

Frederick L. Mansfield, 19, Groton; disc., dis*y, Jan. 14, 1868. 

Edwd. D. Nutting, 20, Groton ; killed accidentally, Groton, 1864. 

Richard Pierce, 20, Townsend. 

George F. Patch, 20, Groton ; in Mass. 6th, 1864, 100 days. 

Wm. F. Patch, 21, Groton. 

George H. Richardson, 21, Groton; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 

Rufus B. Richardson, 18, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 

Wm. Reed, 39, Westford. 

Augustus Reed, 18, Westford ; wounded, Deserted House, Jan. 

30, 1863; died, Feb. 27. 
Alfred A. Richardson, 20, Groton ; died, Dec. 8, 1862. 
George Russell, 35, Groton. 
Amos L. Shattuck, 37 Groton. 
Henry P. Shattuck, 18, Groton. 

Dexter D. Smith, 37, Groton ; in N. H. regiment, 1864. 
Kimball A. Stevens, 35, Dunstable. 
Wm. Short, 45, I^well. 
Warner H. Souther, 23, Groton. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months* Campaign. 265 

Wm. T. Stackpole, 18, Lowell ; in 7th Mass. Battery ; also Mass. 

15th Battery, subsequently. 
Albert D. Turner, 18, Townsend. 
Augustus W. Thorning, 27, Ashby. 
Thomas Tully, 36, Lowell. 
Charles H. Tileston, 18, Grotpn. 

John E. Whiting, 19, Pepperell; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 
Charles A. Wright, 19, Townsend ; in Mass. H. A. 
Charles G. Woods, 20, Westford. 

John J. Wooster, 24, Groton ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 
Wm. M. Whitney, 23, Westford. 

John H. Whitney, 27, Westford ; in 6th Mass., 1864, 100 days. 
Alanson Withington, 1 9, Townsend ; killed, Des. Ho., Jan. 30, *63. 
W. Whitcomb, wounded slightly. Deserted House, Jan. 30, 1863. 


In Three Months'^ 1861, and One Hundred Days% 1864. 

Captain^ John C. Jepson, 44, Lowell ; 2d Lieut in 6th Mass., 3 

months, 1861. 
First Lieutenant^ John W. Hadley, 34, Lowell ; Sergt. in 6th 

Mass., 3 months, 1861. 
Second Lieutenant, Isaac M. Marshall, 23, Lowell ; Corp. in 6th 
Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; slightly wounded. Deserted 
House, Jan. 30, 1863. 
Sergeant, Bbn J. F. Goddard, 23, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 
1861 ; Capt. in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
" John H. Lakin, 24, Lowell. 
** Bradbury N. Robinson, 20, Lowell. 
" James B. Trueworthy, 34, Lowell. 
" William B. McCurdy, 22, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 3 
. months, 1861 ; 1st Lieut. 6th Mass , 100 days, 1864. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

266 The Nine Months* Campaign. 

Corporal^ John A. Richardson, 22, Lowell ; 2d* Lieut, in 6th 
Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

" Edward G. Tuckerman, 21 , Lowell. 

** Albert A. Manning, 41, Lowell; in Signal Corps. 

" Leonard Bbown, 41, Lowell. 

^ Morrill C. Goye, 38, Lowell ; in 15tli Mass. Battery. 

" Rupus K Green, S3, Lowell. 

" Andrew J. Burbank, 26, Lowell. 

" A. F. Egoleton, 32, LowelL 

" George W. Swain, 23, Lowell; died Dec. 24, 1862. 
Aftwtcuin, Franklin P. Norris, 17, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 100 days 

«* Harlan O. Page, 17, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 
days, 1864. 
Wagmier, Henry Martin, 83, Lowell. 


Nelson T. Aldrich, 20, Lowell; 15th Mass. Battery. 

Hanson W. Allen, 33 Lowell. 

Nonnan L Austin, 26, Lowell ; prisoner, Hebron Ch., May 15, '63. 

Henry C. Bruce, 35, Lowell ; in 2d Mass. Cavalry, subsequently. 

Charles R. Bill, 24, Lowell ; in Navy, subsequently. 

Wm. J. Blake, 21, Lowell ; ip 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

John H. Caverly, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass.,. 100 days, 1864. 

James G. Clarke, 23, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Ransom E. Cady, 34, Lowell. 

Henrj' Carle, 23, Lowell. 

Horace A. Carter, 36, Lowell. 

John G. Crockett, 26, Lowell. 

Alonzo P. Clifford, 29, Lowell. 

Joseph Conway, 42, Lowell. 

Charles A. Donahue, 23, Lowell. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months* Campaign. 267 

Reuben A. Derby, 32, Lowell. 

Henry H. Dadmun, 21, Lowell. 

Timothy F. Dow, 22, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery. 

George H. Drake, 20, Lowell. 

Orlando G. Delano, 3 1 , Lowell. 

Alfred Day, 26, Lowell. 

Wm. H. Dorr, 27, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Asgill H. Eames, 20, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 18G4. 

Benj. F. Evans, 29, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1804. 

Lewis H. Frost, 18, Lowell ; died, June, 1864. 

Luther A. French, 18, Lowell. 

Benj. F. Freeman, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Gecwge L Fox, 21, Lowell; wounded and taken prisoner. May 15 

1863 ; died in enemy's hands. 
Blaney Godfrey, 25 Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Wellington Greenleaf, 24, Lowell. 
Greorge Graham, 29, Lowell. 

George A. Gray, 23, Lowell ; in 7th Mass. Battery, subsequently. 
George G. Gragg, 26, Lowell. 
Charles W. Goodhue, 31, Lowell. 
David H. Groodhue, 28, Lowell ; wounded. May 15, 1863 ; died 

in enemy's hands. 
Theodore F. Gardner, 19, Lowell ; in 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 
George H. Gray, 27, Tewksbury ; killed in action. May 15, 1863. 
Albert Hamblett, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
G©orge G. Hanaford, 40, Lowell. 
Henry A. Hartley, 21, Lowell. 

Wm. T. Hatch, 22, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Cavalry, subsequently. 
Prescott L. Jones, 19, Dracut; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864, 
Cyrus P. Johnson, 33, Lowell. 
Gardner W. King, 20, Lowell. 
Joel4^napp, 27, Lowell 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

268 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Jolin H. Keith, 19, Lowell; wounded, May 15, 1863 ; died, May 
1 6, in hospital. 

Marshall Lincoln, 34, Lowell. 

John Leslie, 28. 

Greenleaf W. Metcalf, 28, Lowell; band of 6th Mass. (Bugler), 
3 months, 1861. 

James Murphy, 31, Lowell. 

Rodney Mansur, 22, Lowell. 

George W. McLennan, 19, Lowell. 

George Matthews, 22, Winthrop. 

Moses G. Nichols, 30, Lowell. 

Daniel Nary, 28, Lowell. 

George R. Northum, 25, Lowell. 

Edmund H. Osbom, 33, Lowell. 

George D. Otis, 22, Lowell. 

Alfred G. Parkhurst, 24, Chehnsfoi:d. 

Isaac B. Pendergast, 23, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Lewis A. Pierce, 21, Lowell ; wounded in leg, May 15, 1863, He- 
bron Church. 

George H. Proctor, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Julian A. Richardson, 19, LowelL 

Albert F. Ring, 23, Lowell ; discharged, disability, March 30, 1863. 

Josiah T. Smart, 32, Chelmsford ; wounded, Des. Ho., Jan. 30, '63. 

Wm. H. Sherman, 37, Lowell. 

Frederick P. Sanborn, 21, Lowell. 

John A. Sawtelle, 17, Lowell. 

Luther B. Swain, 29, Lowell. 

John H. Saunders, 18, Lowell. 

Wm. C. Stanley, 35, Lowell ; 7th Mass. Battery, subsequently. 

Torrey E. Stratton, 25, Lowell. 

Joseph G. Sweatt, 19, Lowell ; prisoner, Hebron Ch., May 15, '63. 

Anson G. Thurston, 21, Lowell; taken prisoner, Hebron ChurCh, 
May 15, 1863 ; wounded, and died in rebel hospital. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months* Campaign. 269 

Ambrose S. Wilder, 25, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

George K. Willand, 31, Lowell. 

James E. Wilson, 18, New Hampton, N. H. wounded May 15, *63. 

Dudley L. Watson, 26, Lowell. 

Frederick White, 30, Lowell. 

Robert H. Walker, 19, Winthrop. 

Benj. A. Young, 20, Lowell. 


In Three Months\ 1861, and One Hundred Days', 1864. 


Captain, James W. Hart, 41, Lowell; Capt. in 6th Mass. 3 

months, 1861, and in 100 days, 1864. 
First Lieutenant, Samuel C. Pinney, 43, Lowell ; 3d Lieut, in 
3 months, 1861, and 1st Lieut, in 100 days, 1864, 
6th Mass. 
Second Lieutenant, Hiram C. Muzzey, 19, Lowell ; in 8 months, 
and in 100 days, 1864, 6th Mass., and Frontier Cav. 
First Sergeant, Edward D. Dillingham, 32, Lowell. 
Sergeant, Wm. P. Cummings, 23, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 

1861 ; subsequently Lieut, in Me. Regt. 

" Reuben H. Ditson, 33, Lowell; in 100 days, 1864, 

6th Mass. 
" William G. Brady, 47, Lowell ; 15th Mass. Battery. 

" Andrew Stewart, 27, Lowell ; in Me. Regt. 

Corporal, Prosper Tyler, 23, Lowell. 
" A. W. Heald, 23, Lowell. 
" Moses F. Wheeler, 27, Lowell. 
" John Douglass, 28, Lowell. 

" Wm. a. Chandler, 29, Lowell ; in 2d Mass. H. Art. 
" Howard Coburn, 20, Dracut ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 

" Jason J. C. Brown, 29, Lowell; in 6th Mass. 100 
days, 1864. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

270 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Corporal Nathan C. Hoyt, 26, Lowell. 

Musiciarij Chas. H. Collins, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 

days, 1864. 
Wagoner, Wm. Anderson, 21, Lowell. 


John F. Bow, 35, Lowell. 

Asahel M. Bryant, 22, Lowell. 

Joseph Bixby, 24, Lowell ; in Co. C, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Chas. F. Badger, 38, Lowell. 

Lucius Butterfield, 20, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

John Cafy, 36, Lowell. 

Chas. P. Craig, 22, Lowell, 

Zebulon Clapp, 44, Lowell. 

Silas T. Chaplin, 30, Lowell. 

Wiseman W. Chaplin, 32, Lowell. 

James Critchett, 31, Lowell. 

Ivory H. Carleton, 18, Lowell ; in Navy, subsequently. 

Chas. A. Cutts, 18, Lowell; died, Nov. 25, 1862. 

Chas. F. Dane, 22, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Dudley Davis, 30, Lowell. 

Joshua Dow, Jr. 32, Lowell. 

Peter Duvill, 22, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

John M. Davis, 18, Dracut; wounded, April 28, 1863; in Navy, 

Wm. H. Drinker, 18, Lowell; taken prisoner, May 10, 1863; in 

2d N. H. Cavalry. 
Edwin A. Fuller, 21, Lowell ; in Co. C, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Chas. A. Green, 19, Lowell. 
Hugh Golden, 26, Lowell. 

Luke Gray, 21, Lowell; taken prisoner, Nov. 19, 1862. 
Geo. Gardiner, Jr. 18, Lowell ; discharged, disability, April 29, 

1863 ; Deceased, May 3, 1863. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 271 

John Hood, 18, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Cavalry. 

Walter W. Hoyt, 19-, Lowell; 2d Mass. Cavalry. 

BeDJ. Horn, 32 Lowell 

Jonathan T. Harriman, 24, East Cambridge. 

John Humphrey, 82, Chelmsford; wounded, April 27, 1863. 

John W. Hopkins, 30, Lowell. 

Henry Harper, 36, Lowell. 

John H. Housler, 40, Dracut. 

Chas. N. Keyser, 27, Lowell ; discharged, disability, Feb. 24, 1863. 

Geo. S. Langmaid, 27, Lowell 

John S. Lugg, 20, Lowell ; re-entered service. 

Peter Littlehale, 26, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864 ; Fron- 
tier Cavalry. 

Sylvester W. Lord, 24, Lowell. 

Nathaniel Lathe, 39, Lowell. 

Geo. T. Lawrftice, 29, Lowell. 

Luke W. Lovrien, 60, Lowell; died, Oct., 1862. 

Hiram A. Legro, 18, Lowell; died, Dec. 23d, 1862. 

Jerry McCarthy, 18, Lowell; in Navy, subsequently. 

Patrick McNulty, 40, Lowell. 

Alphonso Merrill, 26, Lowell. 

Forrest B. Nichols, 18, Lowell ; in Navy, subsequently. 

Aaron Noyes, 33, Lowell. 

David P. Nudd, 21, Lowell. 

John A. Oldham, 23, Lowell. 

John M. Page, 18, Lowell; in 7th Mass. Battery^ 1863. 

Thomas Probert, 36, Lowell. 

William Partridge, 24, Lowell 

Wm. H. Parker, 21, Lowell ; Conn. Cavalry. 

Washington L. Poor, 26, Lowell. 

Geo. W. Pelsue, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Samuel Reeves, 43, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 

272 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Samuel A. Smith, 18, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Stephen Sargent, 36, LowelL 

Aaron Sawyer, 36, Lowell ; in 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

John W. Sullivan, 18, Lowell. 

Solomon Spalding, 38, Tyngsboro' ; 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Jonas L. Thompson, 28, Lowell. 

Adolph Tetro, 25, Lowell. 

Geo. F. Tilton, 21, Lowell. 

Parris K. Taylor, 23, Lowell. 

Joel M. Thurston, 39 Lowell ; taken prisoner. May 10, 1863. • 

James M. Whitney, 85, Dracut ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Eugene E. Whipple, 18, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Cavalry. 

John Wyman, 23, Lowell. 

M. J. Wentworth, 23, Lowell; Sergt in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Horace W. Waldron, 24, Lowell ; wounded, April 24, 1863. 

Lycurgus K. Watson, 27, Lowell. 

Geo. B. Whitney, 18, Lowell; wounded, April 28, 1863. 


In Three Months ^ 1861, and One Hundred Days, 1864. 


Captain, Aaron C. Handle y, 39, Acton. 

First Lieutenant, Aaron S. Fletcher, 32, Acton ; 4th Lieut. 

6th Mass., 3 mos., 1861 ; resigned, March 6th, 1863. 
Second Lieutenant, Geo. W. Rand, 39, Acton ; 2d Lieut. 6th Mass., 

3 months, 1861 ; 1st Lieut., March 10th, 1863. 
" " Geo. W. Knights, 28, Acton ; Sei^t. of 6th 

Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; promoted, March 10th, 1863 ; 

Lieut, in 100 days, 1864. 
Fhst Sergeant, Frank H. Whitcomb, 24, Acton ; Capt. in 100 days, 


Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. . 273 

Sergeant^ Andrew J. Sawyer, 80, Acton ; in 6tli Mass., 3 
months, 1861 ; in 100 days, 1864. 
" Levi H. Robbins^ 23, Acton. 
" Francis W. Goodwin, 26, Acton ; in U. S. Cavalry, 

" Wm. Morrill, 30, Acton. 
Corporal, Francis E. Harris, 18, Acton; 

" Abel Farrar, Jr, 24, Acton ; in 6th Mass., 3 months^ 

1861 ; in 100 days, 1864. 
** Samuel G. Brown, 27, Acton. 
" Varnum F. Kobbins, 22, Acton; in 6th Mass., 3 

months, 1861. 
" Joseph N. Robbins, 27, Acton ; in 5th Mass., 3 months, 

" Geo. L. Sawyer, 23, Acton; in 100 days, 1864. 
Musician, Wm. Allen, 17, Lowell; in Navy, subsequently. 
Wagoner, Wm. D. Clark, 29, Acton. 


Geo. T. Ames, 18, Acton. 

Hiram Butters, 47, Acton. 

Charles H. Blood, 20, Acton. 

Henry L. Bray, 21, Acton ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; in Mass. 
Cavalry, subsequently. 

Marcus Conant, 20, Littleton ; in 11th Mass. ; wounded and pris- 
oner at Bull Run ; Lieut, in 14th unattached Heavy Art 

Wm. Chaplin, Jr., 22, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Eldridge Conant, 21, ^cton ; died, Feb. 10th, 1863. 

Francis Dutton, 26, Sudbury. 

Edwin Dwinels, 20, Harvard. 

Solomon Davis, 36, Sudbury. 

Albert A. Dyar, 35, Chelmsford; in 15th Mass. Batt. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

274 , The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Oscar Dwelley, 38, Acton ; in 56th Mass.^ ; prisoner at Petersburg. 

Charles W. Fletcher, Acton. 

Chauncey U. Fuller, 18, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Charles Franklin, 19,* Littleton; in 58th Mass.* 

Daniel H. Farrar, 24, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

John Griffin, 22,Boxboro'. 

Forestus D. H. Hoar, 32, Acton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Eugene L. Hall, 18, Acton ; in 26th Mass., subsequently ; killed, 

Sept. .19th, 1864. 
Henry Hapgood, 20, Acton ; deceased, Nov. 25th, 1863. 
Charles H. Holton, 24, Littleton. 
John S. Hartwell, 35, Littleton. 
Marshall Hapgood, 21, Acton. 
John L. Hill, 31, Harvard. 
Walter O. Holden, 25, Acton. 
John Hancock, 18, Westford. 
Wm. F. Hale, 21, Westford. 

Sherman J. Hoar, 33, Acton; disch., disability, Oct 24th, 1862. 
Isaiah Hutchins, 84, Acton; promoted Hosp. Stew. March 4th, 

1863 ; 2d Lieut., 100 days, 1864. 
Charles F. Jefts, 19, Littleton ; in 100 days, 1864. 
Greorge Jones, 22, Acton; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 
George W. Knowlton, 18, Littleton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
John M. Kidder, 23, Littleton. 
Albert Moulton, 37, Acton. 

Joseph Monn, 23, Boxboro* ; in 26th Mass., subsequently\ 
Lewis J. Masters, 20, Boston. 

^ The Fifty Sixth Regiment was raised in 1864, and did excellent ser- 
vice in the closing scenes of the war. 

* Now known as Charles Franklin Pierce. 

■» The Fifty Eighth Regiment was completed soon after the Fifty Sixth, 
and left Mass., April 28, 1864. It was nearly extinguished m the Fall of 
1864, by casualties. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 275 

Augustus Newton, 25, Stow. 

Wm. H. T. Nichols, 44, Harvard. 

George N. Pierce, 18, Acton. 

John H. Pollard, 20, Acton. 

Oscar Preston, 18, Littleton; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

George B. Parker, 25, Acton; disch., disability, March 16th, 1863. 

Wm. Reed, 41, Acton ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 

Albert W. Robbins, 23, Littleton ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Kendall J. Rand, 24, Harvard. 

Wm. ¥. Stevens, 23, Boxboro'. 

Charles E. Sprague, 24, Harvard; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Matthew Smith, 19, Sudbury; 59th Mass. 

Allen G. Smith, 21, Westford. 

Matthew A. Smith, 19, Westford. 

Nathan E. Tuttle, 40, Littleton. 

Henry W. Tibbetts, 27, Harvard; 15th Mass. Batt. 

Joseph R. Vangesel, 22, Kent Co., Del. 

Allen P. Whitcomb, 35, Littleton. 

Nahum H. Whitcomb, 24, Littleton; died, Dec. 13th, 1862. 

Henry Willard, 23, Littleton. 

Augustus G. Whitcomb, 19, Boxboro*. 

Wm. H. Whitcomb, 32, Stow ; wounded, Jan. 30th, 1863, Deserted 

House ; in 56th Mass., subsequently. 
Alonzo W. Woodward, 26, Boxboro'; died, Oct. 6th, 1862. 


This company was raised by Captain John S. Sawyer, 
immediately before the Sixth started, and sustained itself 
honorably throughout the campaign. Its commander 
endeavored to recruit it again for the Hundred Days, 
1864 ; but the Sixth started for the seat of war before 
the company's ranks were full. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

276 The Nine Months' Campaign. 


Captain, John S. Sawyer, 31, Cambridge. 
First Lieutenant, Theodore Collamore, 38, Cambridge; re- 
signed, Feb. 11, 1863. 
" " Calvin A. Damon, 34, Cambridge ; promoted 

from Ist Sergt, Feb. 11, 1863. 
Second Lieutenant, Lowell Ellison, 30, Cambridge ; 3 months, 

3d Mass., 1861. 
1st Sergeant, Samuel Hoyt, 25, Cambridge; subsequently in 

nth Mass. Battery. * 

Sergeant, Chas. M. Howlett, 22, Cambridge ; 3 months, 3d 
. Mass.,* 1861. 
^' James Richardson, 28, Belmont. 
" Henry A. Smith, 25, Cambridge ; 3 months, 3d Mass. 

1861 ; since Lieut, and Capt., Mass. 59th. 
" Darius P. Richards, 24, Cambridge; 1st Lieut, in 
60th Mass., 1865. 
Corporal, Thomas H. Lucy, 20, Cambridge; 3 months, 3d 
Mass., 1861. 
" Joseph P. Cartwright, 25, Cambridge ; 3 months, 

3d Mass., 1861. 
" George E. Hixon, Jr., 24, Cambridge. 
" Frederic W. Hagar, 32, Cambridge. 
" Melville D. Jones, 20, Cambridge ; 3 months, in 

5th Mass., 1861. 
*< Chas. H. Morgan, 25, Cambridge; 18 months, 17th 
Mass., previously; 19 months, 1st Mass. Cavalry, 
Q. M. Sergt., subsequently. 
" Herbert D. Johnson, 28, Cambridge. 

1 The Third Massachusetts, under Col. Wardrop, served three months 
in 1861, and nine months under Col. Richmond, from Oct. 22, 1862, till 
.In no, 1863, in North Carolina. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 277 

Corporal, Christopher A. Kendall, 31, Cambridge. 
Musician, Edwin W. Snow, 18, Cambridge. 
Wagoner, Silas F. Wheeler, 35, Cambridge. 


Thomas Allen, 81, Cambridge. 

Theobald Alexander, 32, Cambridge. 

John G. Bachelder, 20, Cambridge. 

Wm. C. Burgess, 26, Cambridge. 

Albert L. Burgess, 18, Cambridge ; Slightly wounded, May 15, 

1 863, Hebron Ch. ; since in Mass. Battery. 

Edward L. Bowers, 23, Cambridge. 

Isaac H. Black, 20, Cambridge ; 3 months, 3d Mass., Co. C. . 

Edwin Bartholomew, 37, Cambridge. 

Wm. M. Cutting, 24, Cambridge. 

John H. Costellow, 23, Cambridge. 

Oscar Chandler, 36, Cambridge. 

Joseph Crosby, 44, Cambridge ; subsequently in 56th Mass. 

John Coggens, 22, Cambridge ; 3 months, 69th N. Y., 1861 ; since 

in 59th Mass. ; wounded, and discharged. ' 
Harvey G. Davis, 30, Cambridge. 
Daniel W. Davis, 18, Cambridge; subsequently in 4th Mass. 

Thos. Drinan,40, Cambridge; slightly wounded. May 15, 1863» 

Hebron Ch. ; since in 61st Mass. 
Owen Dailey, 40, Cambridge ; subsequently in 56th Mass. 
Wm. H. Edgarton, 23, Cambridge. 
James W. Ede, 22, Cambridge. 
Constantine Eckstadt, 29, Cambridge; deserted, Sept. 9, 1862. 

1 The Fourth Cavalry was organized early in 1864. It served in South 
Carolina and Florida, and afterwards near Richmond. It has had a brill- 
iant experienoe. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

278 The Ninb Months' Campaign. 

Wm. F. Farwell, 82, Cambridge. 

Frank Fox, 37, Cambridge; subsequently in 2d Mass. Heavy 

Augustus Frazier, 28, Cambridge. 

Alexander N. Fields, 29, Cambridge. 

Stephen W. Gale, 28, Cambridge. 

James Garry, 29, Cambridge. 

John Grinham, 27, Cambridge. 

Wm. U. Grannan, 35, Cambridge ; 3 years service, 7th New Jer- 
sey, in Mexican War; in N. Y. 69th, 3 months, 1861 ; Co. 
E, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Enoch D. Hewlett, 42, Cambridge. 

Nathan Hutchinson, 33, Cambridge. 

Joseph H. Hasty, 18, Cambridge. 

John Hennessy, 27, Cambridge. 

Hugh Holland, 21, Cambridge; since in Heavy Artillery; se- 
verely wounded. 

Chas. E. Hall, 25, Cambridge. 

Wm. M. Harding, 36, Cambridge ; disch., dis'y, Dec. 28, 1862. 

Henry M. Jones, 27, Cambridge. 

Joseph Locke, 32, Cambridge. 

Wm. P. Livessey, 20, Cambridge. 

Chas. E. Lovett, 20, Cambridge. 

Wm. L. Luce, 25, Cambridge. 

Paulin Laclote, 31, Cambridge. 

Frank Leighton, 25, Cambridge; killed. Deserted House, Jan. 
30, 1863. 

Jeremiah Murphy, 44, Cambridge. 

Alexander D. McKenzie, 19, Cambridge. 

John R. McKenzie, 24, Cambridge. 

James McCalvery, 38, Cambridge ; 59th Mass. ; killed in Battle 
of Wilderness. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 279 

Wnlter H. Merrill, 18, Cambridge ; 1st Mass. Cavalry. 

John McCannon, 80, Cambridge. 

James L. McKeever, 20, Cambridge; prisoner, Nov. 19, 1862. 

John G. Noble, 44, Cambridge ; subsequently in 1st Mass. Cavalry. 

Oilman Page, 44, Cambridge. 

Edwin Poole, 21, Cambridge. 

Thomas Ryan, 30, Cambridge. 

Edward Roome, 22, Cambridge. 

James J. Roster, 29, Cambridge; subsequently in 59th Mass. 

Wm. F. Riggs, 40, Cambridge. 

John Scanlan, 40, Cambridge ; 59th Mass. ; killed, battle of the 

Wilderness. * 

George Smith, 32, Newton. 

Geo. H. Spencer, 21, Cambridge ; 60th Mass., 100 days. 
Tromas J. Stafford, 18, Cambridge. 
Andrew J. Studley, 18, Cambridge. * 

Chas. H. Smith, 23, Cambridge. 
Wm. E. Stiles, 22, Cambridge. 
George Shalon, 21, Cambridge. 
Peter J. Thorogood, 28, Cambridge. 

John Q. A. Thompson, 34 ; Com. Sergt. in Mass. H. A. 

Samuel J. Woodward,. 22, Cambridge. 

Edward P. White, 29, Cambridge ; subsequently in Mass. 

Heavy Artillery. 
Wm. Whitney, 32, Cambridge ; in 1st Mass. Cavalry. 


Company G was organized in 1862, as the Amateur 
Drill Club, and paraded and drilled during that year ; 
and when the Nine Months' troops were called for, an 
attempt was made to obtain the services of the company. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

280 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

It succeeded only as far as a small part was concerned ; 
but the ranks were recruited, so that it entered the 
Sixth. Its drill was excellent ; and it passed through 
the campaign with credit second to that of no other 
company in the regiment. 


Captain^ Geo. L. Cady, 27, Lowell. 

First Lieutenant^ Selwyn E. Bickford, 29, Lowell. 

Second Lieutenant, Alfred H. Pulsifer, 80, Lowell ; Capt. 2d 

Mass. Heavy Art. 
First Sergeant^ Nathan Taylor, 23, Lowell ; Capt, in Co. G, 

100 days, 6th Mass. 
Sergeant, Frank Buncher, 21, Lowell. 
** Stephen Kenney, 26, Lowell. 
*' Clark R. Caswell, 27, Lowell. 
" Charles O. Billings, 21, Lowell. 
Corporal, Alonzo C. Grout, 28, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Cavalry ; 
wounded near Washington. 
Andrew J. Sanborn, 25, Lowell. 
Marcus W. Copps, 25, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days. 
Geo. H. Favor, 27, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days. 
Geo. G. Tarbell, 22, Lowell ^ in 6th Mass., 100 days. 
Wm. E. Hill, 29, Lowell; 15th Mass. Battery. 
Franklin S. Peavey, 20, Lowell. 
Henry Hutchinson, 27, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 100 days. 
Wagoner^ Wm. B. Tingley, 24, Tewksbury; 6th Mass., 100 days. 


Willis B. Atkins, 31, Billerica. 
tTohn M. Averill, 19. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 281 

Otis J. Brown, 31, Lowell. 

Chas. H. Bassett, 25, Lowell; 1st Lieut, in 6th Mass., Co. G, 100 

• days, 1864. 
Stephen A. Bullens, 24, Lowell ; 6th Mass., Co. G, 100 days, 1864. 
Henry T. Barnard, 21, Lowell. 
Benj. Baldwin, 43, Lowell; Frontier Cavalry, 1865. 
Henry A. Coburn, 21, Lowell. 

Geo. D. Coburn, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., Co. G, 100 days, 1864. 
James Christie, 19, Lowell. 
Jeremiah M. Chute, 24, Lowell. 

Theophilus J. Crowell, 19, Lowell ; disch., disability, Oct. 29, 1862. 
Jairus A. Dexter, 21, Tewksbury; 2d Mass. Cavalry; dead. 
Franklin Davis, 28, Lowell. 
William P. Farrington, 30, Lowell. 
Chas. C. Foote, 34, Lowell; wounded, April 24, 1863. 
Chas. Fosdick, 29, Lowell. 

Clarendon Goodwin, 22, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Lathrop C. Grout, 21, Lowell; 2d Mass. Cavalry. 
Samuel W. Grimes, 20, Lowell; Sergt.-Major, 6th Mass., 100 

days, 1864. 
Geo. W. Gordon, 38, Lowell. 
Levi C. Grant, 33, Lowell. 

Albert T. Green, 22, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Erastus H. Gray, 20, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Amos S. George, 83, Lowell. 
Chas. H. Horton, 18, Ix)well. 

Edward B. Holt, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Chas. B. F. Hoyt, 29, Lowell. 
William A. Hodge. 33, Lowell. 
George Healey, 27, Lowell. 
George W. Huntoon, 26, Lowell. 
Henry S. Houghton, 21, Lowell. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

282 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Frederic A. Hanson, 18; in Vermont Regiment 

George W. Hall, 21, Lowell 

Moses AL Hilton, 27, Lowell; died, April 26, 1863. 

Lucius W. Hilton, 21, Lowell ; trans, to Mass. 39th, Sept. 1, 1862. 

Cbas. B. Kitchen, 35, LowelL 

Manlius Knowles, 22, Lowell. 

Wm. H. Kimball, 18, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Andrew Liddell, 23, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Thos. J. Leighton, 21, Lowell. 

S. Augustus Lenfest, 21, Lowell ; in 6ik Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Randolph C. Lord, 27, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Benj. C. Lane, 20, LowelL 

WnL A. Morris, 21, Lowell. 

John R. Moore, 20, Lowell. 

Thos. A. McMasters, 28, Southboro. 

Lucius I. McMasters, 26, Southboro. 

Granville K. McAlvin, 27, Lowell. 

Paul Paulus, 28, Lowell; 2d Lieut, 6th Mass., 100 Days, 1864. 

Edward P. Pearson, 28, Lowell ; 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery; killed, 

George G. Perry, 20, Lowell. 
John H. Prescott, 21, Lowell. 
Albert J. Pike, 29, Lowell. 
Chas. H. Parmenter, 24, Lowell. 
Edward E. Reed, 34, Lowell. 

Chas. H. Richardson, 20, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 Days, 1864. 
Geo. H. Richardson, 18, Lowell. 
Joseph H. Rines, 21, Lowell. 

Aaron W. Scales, 43, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 
Samuel E. Stearns, 25, Lowell; in 6th Mass. J 100 days, 1864. 
Alfred A. Sawyer, 21, Lowell. 
Almon S. Senter, 18, Tewksbury ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 283 

Wm. H. Spalding, 21, Lowell; Q. M. Sergt., 6th Mass., 100 

days, 1864. 
Martin F. Spalding, 18, Tewksbury ; Com'y. 2d U. S. Colored 

Cavalry; brigade and division Com'y* 
Frederic J. Small, 23, Lowell; wasin6tb Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 

15th Mass. Battery. 
Chas. Spencer, 21, Lowell. 
Joseph H. Sears, 24, Plymouth. 

John Spencer, 19, Lowell; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Albert S. Stackpole, 20, Tewksbury. 
Wm H. Townsend, 22, Lowell. 

John F. Townsend, 19, Lowell ; in 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 
Wm. A. Underwood, 18, Lowell; in Navy, subsequently. 
Geo. W. Wiggin, 21, Carlisle. 
John C. Watkins, 21, Lowell. 
Chas. W. Wilder, 25, Lowell. 
Augustus W. Weeks, 29, Lowell. 
Harvey Weld, 24, Lowell. 


In 3 months^ 1861. Disbanded, 1865. 


Captain, Rodney C. Ferson, 28, Lowell. 

1st Lieutenant, Charles E. Poor, 31, Lowell ; Sergt. in 6th Mass. 

3 months; 59th Mass.; wounded, Petersburg; 1st 

Lieut. U. S. Colored Infantry, March, 1864. 
2d Lieutenant, Albert Pinder, 21, Lowell ; 6th Mass. 3 months, 

1861; 2d Lieut in 59th Mass., April, 1864; Capt. 

in March, 1865. 
15/ Sergeant, Chas. F. Rolfe, 29, Lowell; 6th Mass., 3 months, 


Digitized by CjOOQIC 

284 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Sergeant, Albert C. Wilkiss, 21, Lowell. 

" James G. Maxfield, 24, Lowell ; in navy. 

" John H. Nourse, 22, Lowell ; 6tli Mass., 3 months, 1861 . 

" Charles Pinder, 28, Lowell. 
Corporal, Levi Brown, 41, Lowell ; 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 

" Joseph H. Trask, 35, Lowell. 

" Chas. E. Ricker, 26, Lowell; Co C, 6th Mass., 100 
days, 1864. 

" Geo. H. Foster, 20, Lowell ; deceased. 

" Henrt p. Parker, 20, Lowell. 

" Wm. H. Cargill, 22, Lowell. 

" John O'Grady, 22, Lowell. 
MuHcian, Marshal M. Hayden, 14, Lowell 

'* Albert G. Hayden, 17, Lowell , 

Wagoner, Edwin Leavitt, 31. 


Chas. E. Bartlett, 18, Lowell. 

Jas. H. Bumham, 19, Lowell ; Co. C, 6th Mass , 100 days, 1864. 

Samuel D. Butterworth, 23, Lowell. 

Martin J. Brown, 29, Lowell. 

Ira T. Bowles, 82, Lowell; Killed in action, May 15, 1863. 

Michael Caine, 29, Lowell. 

David Carr, 26, Lowell. 

Francis Campbell, 32, Lowell; Mass. 59th, Jan., 1864. 

James Cassidy, 27, Lowell. 

Roscoe G. Crowell, 25, Lowell ; Co. C- 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Daniel Corr, 23, Lowell. 

Chas. F. Clark, 22, Lowell; wounded in arm. May 15, 1863 ; 2d 

. Lieut, 78th U. S. Colored Infantry, Jan., 1864. 
Henry Dodge, 24, Lowell. 
Geo. A. Daniels, 19, Lowell. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 2S5 

Chas. H. Danforth, 24, Lowell. 

John F. Dix, 18, Lowell. 

James P. Emerson, 19, Chelmsford. 

J. Chandler Eastman, 33, Lowell. 

Wm. T. Eager, 22, Lowell. 

Geo. H. Fleer, 26, Lowell. 

Wm. S. Flemming, 20, Lowell. 

Maurice S. Ferrin, 32, Lowell. 

John Flood, 24, Lowell. 

William B. Farwell, 18, Lowell. 

Edward Frazer, 33, Lowell ; slightly wounded, May 15, 1863 

Rufus B. Gardner, 28, Lowell. 

George W. Garland, 20, Lowell ; discharged for disability ; died 

Jan. 1863. 
Daniel E. Hardy, 25, Lowell. 
Charles F. Hatch, 20, Lowell. 
George R. Hussey, 34, Lowell. 
George F. Hustwick, 23, Lowell. 
Alvin F. Haines, 35, Lowell. 

Hiram E. Hartford, 32, Lowell ; slightly wounded. May 15, 1863 
Lawrence Hayes, 28, Lowell. 
Alexander Hastings, 28, Lowell. 
Thomas Hardy, 38, Lowell. 
Samuel Handlen, 22, Lowell. 
John H. Haggett, 21, Lowell; 6th Mass., 100 days. 
Edward Hutchinson, 26, Lowell. 
William M. Haynes, 28, Lowell. 
William A. Johnson, 37, Lowell. 
Jefferson P. Kennerson, 29, Lowell. 
Almon Libby, 24, Lowell. 

David B. L. Lamson, 20, Lowell ; Co. C,6th Mass. 100 days, 18G4. 
Samuel (J. Ladd, 32, Lowell. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

286 The Nine Months' CampXtgn. 

Charles E. Lovrien, 18, Lowell ; Co. C, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864. 

Patrick E. Lowney, 24, Lowell. 

Dennis Lynch, 36, Lowell. 

Peter Leslie, 44, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

Frederick Munn, 29, Lowell. 

Charles Morse, 22, Lowell. 

George Murkland, 20, Lowell. 

John Moulton, 19, Lowell. 

James Mullen, 26, Lowell. 

Patrick Murtagh, 33, Lowell. 

Thomas McCarthy, 27, Lowell. 

James McKnight, 23, Lowell. 

George F. Nowell, 22, Lowell. 

Azor Northrop, 23, Lowell. 

Silas D. Newcomb, 29, Lowell. 

Lafayette T. Newell, 40, Lowell. 

Alonzo Putnam, 28, Lowell. 

Jonathan Park, 27, Lowell. 

Thomas E. Ross, 24, Lowell. 

John Rose, 22, Lowell. 

Lawrence Roach, 25, Lowell. 

Philip Riley, 19, Lowell. 

Jacob Saunders, 21, Lowell. 

William A. Smith, 31, Lowell ; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

James H. Smith, 20, Tewksbury. 

Nathaniel Shackfbrd, 25, Lowell. 

Francis R. Scales, 34, Lowell. 

John Shortall, 34, Billerica. 

Benjamin F. Tracy, 23, Lowell 

Alfred Taylor, 28, Lowell. 

Edwin Wells, 22, Lowell. 

Zalmura Washington, 28, J^owell. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 287 

Michael Whooley, 34, Lowell ; Tth Mass. Battery. 
Henry Wright, 21, Lowell. 


In Three Months^ 1861. Aho^ it was recruited by Capt. Ham- 
Utorij in 1864, for Ninety Days service at Galloupe^s Island 
. Coast Service. 


Captain, Augustine L. Hamilton, 26, Lawrence ; 2d Lieut. 6th 
Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 90 days, 1864, Galloupe's 
First Lieutenant, Eben H. Ellen wood, 24, Liiirrente ; 3d Liuut* 
6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 90 days, 1860, Gal* 
loupe's Island. 
Second Lieutenant, Robert H. Barr, 22^ Lawrence; Corji, in 
6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; killed, Tanner's Ford, 
Dec. 12, 1862. 
" " Frederic G. Tyleu, 27, Lawrence; Corp* 

in 6th Mass., 3 months, l^til ; CTalloiipt^'s Island 
1864 ; promoted from SergL ; L'apt. in 1WG5. 
Ist Sergeant, Surrill Flint, 24, Lawrem^e ; in 3 months^ 1861. 
Sergeant, James S. Knights, 26, Lawrt:nte| in 3 mouths It^GL 
" Forrest B. Chamberlain, 30, Lawrence, 
" Charles H. Trueworthy^ M, Lawrence. 
" Laroy a. Dearborn, 19, Brtjwn's Corner, Me. ; UO 
days, 1864, Galloupe's Island. 
Corporal, Jeremiah Dineen, 18, Lawrence. 

" James S. Roberts, 25, Lavfreuee ; Lie«t in Co» U 

" Uranus Lawry, 29, LawiH^nce^ In fitl Masi.t 3 
months, 1861. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

288 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

" John G. Robinson, 26, Lawrence ; in 6th Mass., 100 

Aays, 1864. 
" Frank H. Morrill, 26, Lawrence. 
" John M. Harmon, 19, Maiden. 
" Lewis Grant, 31, Lawrence. 
" Daniel B. Simpson, 21, Lawrence. 
" James K Hodge, 26, Lawrence ; discharged, disabU- 

ity, Dec. 27th, 1862. 
Musician, Stephen M. Colby, 19, Lawrence; in 2d Mass. 

Heavy Art. 
" Joseph B. Stevens, 16,Pepperell ; taken prisoner at 

Hebron Ch., May 15th, 1863. 
Wagoner J Smith Vaughn, 17, Lawrence; Sergt. in 59th Mass. 


Christian Adler, 41, Lawrence. 
Daniel G. Bracket, 42, Lawrence. 

George Blanchard, 30, New Portland, Me.; died, disease, 1864. 
Matthew Connor, 18, Lawrence. 
John Cain, 18, Lawrence. 
Seth F. Clark, 1 9, West Buxton, Me. 
George W. Col burn, 19, Lawrence. 
Frank T. Crocker, 18, Lawrence ; in Navy. 
Patrick Curtin, 18, Lawrence. 
John J. Carroll, 21, Lawrence. 
William Casey, 50, Lawrence. 
Orrin S. Carlisle, 24, Lawrence. 
Thomas Cochran, 26, Lawrence. 
James R. Cole, 39, Bradford. 
Robert Comberbeach, 32, Westford. 

Charles G. Connor, 39, Lawrence; discharged, disability, Dec. 31, 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Nine Months' Campaign. 289 

Frederic W. Crocker, 18, Lawrence ; discharged, disability, Sept. 

20th, 1862. 
Patrick Doherty, 44, Lawrence. 
Simeon S. Dean, 34, Lawrence. 
Edward Dann, 80, Lawrence. 
Charles T. Ellenwood, 19, Lawrence ; re-enlisted. 
James Fleming, 18, Lawrence. 
Ira Frye, 27, Lawrence, 
Wm. K. Foster, 32, Lawrence ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 

11th Unattached Art, 1864. 
James W. Fitz, 29. 
William Graham, 18, Lawrence. 
Frank A. Gordon, 19. 
Patrick Gallagher, 21, Lawrence. 
John F. Hogan, 21, North Andover. 
William Harrison, 18, Lawrence. 
Charles M. Harriman, 18, Lawrence. 
Eli Howaith, 25, Lawrence. 
Ivory P. Hanscomb, 27, Lawrence. 
Andrew L. Hodge, 21, Lawrence. 
Henry Holroyd, 88, Lawrence. 

Joseph D. Hill, 40, Andover; furlough expired, April 22d, 1863. 
James W. Joyce, 21, Lawrence. 
Greorge A. Knowles, 18, Lawrence. 
Daniel Leary, 19, Lawrence. 
James H. Larrabee, 32, Lawrence. 
Andrew Larrigan, 21, Lawrence. 
Mark Lundy, 28, Lawrence. 
Charles E. Locke, 18, Lawrence ; 8th Co., Unattached Heavy 

Calvin McCrillis, 37, Lawrence. 
Amos E. Maynard, 19, Lawrence. 

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290 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

Patrick McAleer, 18, Lawrence. 

Thomas Manning, 85, Lawrence ; 30th Mass., died Aug. 1862. 

John McCarthy, 25, Lawrence. 

Patrick McCarthy, 19, Lawrence. 

John A. S. McGowan, 19, Lawrence. 

James McAloon, 20, Lawrence. 

Wm. W. May, 24, Andover; 11th Unattached Heavy Art, dis- 
charged, Aug. 1st, 1864. 

James McQuaid, 26, Lawrence. 

Philip Moglain, 22, Lawrence. 

Dennis McCarthy, 22, Lawrence ; killed by a tree, Jan. 27, 1863. 

Charles H. Newbert, 21, Lawrence. 

John O'Connor, 21, Lawrence. 

La Forrest Parmenter, 19, China, Me. 

James Parton, 84, Lawrence. 

John Parks, 40, Lawrence. 

Wm. L Patterson, 83, Lawrence ; in 6th Mass., 3 months ; in 25t]i 
Mass., from Sept.^ 1861, to June, 1862; Unattached Art. 
1864 ; discharged, disability, June, 1865. 

John F. Reynolds, 18, Lawrence. 

Patrick Bossitter, 18, Lawrence. 

Kneeland Sibley, 36, Ijawrence. 

Charles Smith, 18, Lawrence. 

Joseph H. Saffbrd, 22, Lawrence. 

Frank L. Smith, 18, Lawrence. 

Wm. P. Smith, 44, Lawrence; in 90 days, 1864, Galloupe's 

William Smith, 23, Lawrence. 

Edwin D. Sprague, 22, Lawrence. 

Joseph C. Vamum, 18, Lawrence. 

Augustus Wagner, 18, Lawrence. 

Charles Whittier, 88, Lawrence. 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 291 

Arthur O. Waterman, 19, Lawrence. 
Edward K. Walker, 26, Lawrence. 
James Walsh, 18, Lawrence. 
G«orge Westhall, 18, Lawrence. 
John Wolf, 42, Lawrence. 
Ernest Wagner, 21, Lawrence. 
Ferdinand Wagner, 26, Lawrence. 

This company was raised expressly for the Sixth Regi- 
ment, and the nine months' campaign, in Lowell and the 
neighboring towns, and was disbanded on returning home, 
after a creditable service to the country. 


Captain^ Charles E. A. Bartlett, 26, Boston ; slightly injured 

at Deserted House, Jan. 30, 1863. 
First Lieutenant^ William F. Wood, Acton ; formerly in 26th 

Mass. ; discharged for disability ; slightly wounded 

at Deserted House, Jan. 80, 1 863 ; now Sergt. in 3d 

Mass. Heavy Art. 
Second Lieutenant, Shapleigh Morgan, 26, Dracut. 
First Sergeant, Charles A. Barker, 21, Chehnsford ; 11th Vt. 3 

months ; formerly in 2d Maine ; subsequently Lieut. 

in Maine Heavy Artillery. 
Sergeant, Geo. A. W. Vinal, 28, Andover ; 14th Mass., discharged 

for disability previous to 9 months ; afterwards in 

59ih Mass. Vols. 
" JoNA. S. Davis, 29, Dracut. 
" Abner D. Holt, 23, Chehnsford. 
" Charles H. Sweeney, 28, Lowell; 5th Mass., 3 

months, 1861. 

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292 The Ninb Months' Campaign. 

Corporal, Josiah R. Fletcher, 40, Chelmsford. 

" RoLLiN Perkins, 18, Methuen ; Co. B, 6th Mass., jl 00 

days, 1864. 
" Edwin Bowman, 38, Billerica. 
" William T. Wilson, 18, Dracut. 
** Edward E. Lapham, 21, Chelmsford. 
" Albert O. Davidson, 21, Dracut 
** William E. Clark, 23, Chelsea. 
" MiLO J. Proctor, 21, Chelmsford ; discharged for 

disability, Nov. 16, 1862. 
" Henrt S. Perham, 18, Chelmsford; discharged for 
disability; Co. B, 6th Mass., 100 days. 
Mudciany Arthur Jones, 16, Lowell. 
Wagoner, Roswell S. Burnham, 40, Lowell. 


Stillman Byam, 44, Chelmsford. 

Daniel P. Byam, 20, Chelmsford ; Signal Corps, U. S. Army. 

George A. Byam, 18, Chelmsford. 

George F. Butterfield, 18, Winchester ; Co. B, 6th Mass. 100 days. 

Richard Bums, 88, Tewksbury. 

James L. Boston, 24, Chelmsford. 

Kirk H. Bancroft, 23, Dracut ; Asst. Surgeon in U. S. Navy, on 

gunboat Iosco. 
Patrick Buckmaster, 21, Chelmsford. 
John Buckley, 42, Billerica. 
George W. Bridges, 18, Lowell. 
Michael Burrows, 26, Billerica. 

John T. Billings, 26, Lowell ; promoted Com. Sergt., Feb. 1, 1863. 
Dennis Crehen, 22, Dracut 
John Crehen, 24, Dracut. 
Thomas Carney, 45, Westport 

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The Nine Months' Campaign. 293 

John H. Colburn, 24, Dracut ; discharged for disability, Jan. 29 

Charity L. Dunn, 21, Chelmsford; 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 
Joseph V. Danforth, 31, Billerica. 
Alonzo A. Davis, 33, Chelmsford. 

Elijah N. Day, 23, Chelmsford ; 4th Mass. Cavalry ; dead. 
Benjamin F. Day, 31, Chelmsford. 
Herbert H. Emerson, 20, Chelmsford. 
Amos B. French, 18, G^helmsford. 
Charles F. Fletcher, 18, Chelmsford. 
John P. Fisher, 20, Billerica. 
George U. Gragg, 30, Billerica ; U. S. Navy. 
Byron H. Griswold, 18, Dracut. 
Joseph Hallo well, 21, Dracut. 
Henry H. Ingalls, 21, Chelmsford. 
Franklin Jaquith, Jr., 23, Billerica; Co. D, 6th Mass., 100 days ; 

also in Navy, 1864-5. 
Nelson E. Jewett, 23, Chelmsford. 
Nathan B. Lapham, 23, Chelmsford. 
Thomas Lines, 21, Dracut; wounded, Hebron Church, May 15, 

Daniel Murphy, 35, Billerica. 
Dennis Murphy, 33, Billerica ; 30th Mass. 
John Mc Evany, 21, Chelmsford. 
Michael McNulty, 41, Billerica; 8th Infantry U. S. Army, 4J 

years previous to 9 npionths. 
John McCarthy, 26, Billerica. 
Henry E. Putnam, 86, Chelmsford. 
John Parkhurst, 3d., 35, Chelmsford. 

George A. Parkhurst, 29, Chelmsford ; Co. B, 6th Mass., 100 da}s. 
Amos A. Parkhurst, 1 9, Chelmsford. 
John Pierce, 18, Chelmsford. 

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294 The Nine Months' Campaign. 

James B. Peck, 18, Westford; 4th Mass. Cavalry. 

Peter Pendergast, 38, Lowell. 

Oliver Pasho, 24, Billerica; discharged for disability, March 

18, 1863. 
Hiram F. Russell, 34, Billerica. 
Charles F. Reed, 27, Chehnsford. 
Charles L. Richardson, 38, Billerica. 
John Reall, 21, Dracat; taken prisoner. May 3, 1863. 
Benjamin Sharp, 25, Billerica. 
Henry Sharp, 85, Chelmsford. 
William H. Smith, 28, Billerica ; slightly wounded, Jan. 8, 1863, at 

Deserted House ; 59th Mass. 
Henry W. Stravens, 21, Chelmsford. 
Jesse A. Sargent, 38, Lunenburg. 
Edward Sullivan, 18, Chelmsford. 
Peter E. Staples, 37, Dracut 
Elbridge Stearns, 25, Billerica ; 1 5th Mass. Battery. 
Hudson F. Smiley, 21, Chelmsford. 
George A. Seaver, 18, Tewksbury. 
John T. Smith, 23, Tewksbury. 
James Welch, 30, Dracut 
Jonathan Wright, 36, Chelmsford. 
John Webb, 32, Dracut; discharged for disability Jan. 29, 1863. 

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#m gtmbrjeb gags' Campaip* 

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The One Hundred Days' Campaign. 


jlHE last campaign of the Sixth was very brief, 
and equally monotonous. There was a hiatus 
between the expiration of the time of some of 
the veteran regiments and the coming in of new 
organizations for three years, when the govern- 
ment called for regiments for one hundred days. 
There were several of the State militia organizations anx- 
ious to respond, five of which came forward promptly, 
within a week or two of each other. The first one 
ready, as usual, was the Sixth. Its services were of- 
fered to the government early in July, and accepted ; 
and it took camp July 13, in Readville, Lieut.-Col. 
Beal commanding the companies as fast as they arrived. 
The companies were mustered in the following order: 
Co. K, on the 14th ; Cos. A, I, and G, on the 16th ; Cos. 
C, F, D, and H, on the 16th ; Co. B, on the 17th, and Co. 
E, on the 19th. The colonel, lieutenant-colonel, adjutant, 
surgeon, and first assistant-surgeon were mustered on the 
17th, and the time of service dated from the 20th, on 

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298 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

which day it left camp, with thirty-six officers and nine 
hundred and ninety-four enlisted men. It immediately 
proceeded to Washington, via Groton, Conn., New York, 
Philadelphia, and Baltimore, arriving in the capital on 
the 22d. The reception in Baltimore, on this its third 
march through the monumental city towards the South, 
was very gratifying ; and the officers were assured that 
iheir command was distinguished for its excellence of de- 
portment, among the six hundred thousand who at that 
time had passed '^ through Baltimore." 

After remaining all night at the. Soldiers' Rest, the 
regiment reported to Gen. De Russey, at Fort Corcoran, 
and was ordered into camp, in shelter-tents, in the rear 
of Fort C. F. Smith, on Arlington Heights, in old Vir- 
ginia, — a most magnificent position, with a full view of 
the Potomac and Washington, — about a mile from the 
Aqueduct Bridge. Here the regiment remained, without 
special incident, for the most part broiling in the torrid 
heat of July and August, until August 21st. One day 
regularly followed its twin brother, having similar duties 
for the soldier, with an occasional drill or inspection, and 
fatigue duty in bushwhacking, — that is, clearing and 
burning brush in neighboring ravines. On each Sabbath 
the regiment, in a body, attended divine service, before 
headquarters ; and during several evenings of each week, 
devotional meetings were held in the company streets. 

The intense heat— often 110^-120^, in the shade — 
induced a great deal of illness, which, however, was but 

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The Hundred Days' Campaign. 299 

slight, only one member of the regiment having died at 
Arlington, — private W. J. Conn, of Co. H. His illness, 
pneumonia, was very brief, and his death very sudden, 
on the 9th of August. He was a resident of Brooklyn, 
N. Y. His body was embalmed and sent to his friends. 

July 25th, Adjutant T. 0. Allen was elected major, 
by a vote of twenty-five out of thirty ballots cast. And 
August 1st, First Lieut. E. C. Coleman, of Co. F, was 
appointed adjutant. August 4th, the chaplain arrived, 
and entered on his duties. 

When off duty, and the weather permitted, the time 
was improved by many in visiting Washington ; and 
when the weather was insufferable, we lay under our. can- 
vas roofs, waiting and wondering if government had 
nothing for us to do ; when we were startled and pleased 
by orders to move, with three days rations ; and, accord- 
ingly, August 21st, we turned our faces homeward. 
Our voyage was not eventful, though, of course, in pass- 
ing through the Quaker City, we could not escape a 
Philadelphia welcome, which, to a soldier who has expe- 
rienced it, means hospitality of the most generous char- 
acter. The Sixth had now been entertained in Philadel- 
phia, at the Cooper Saloon, five times, and each greeting 
seemed better than its predecessor. It was the season 
of fruit, and a soldier of the Sixth could scarcely find a 
market for his money, or room for the bounties lavidied 
on him. 

August 23d, the regiment reached Fort Delaware, 

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300 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Del., by the steamer Major Reybold, and went into ex- 
cellent barracks, where, during the remainder of their 
time of service, they were comfortably quartered. 

Fort Delaware is a fine fortification, on Pea-Patch 
Island, about midway between the New Jersey and Del- 
aware shores, some forty miles below Philadelphia, in 
the Delaware River. It is pierced for three hundred 
guns, and had, besides our regiment, three batteries, to 
work the guns and guard some nine thousand graybacks. 
We relieved' the One Hundred and Fifty Seventh Ohio 
Hundred Days' Regiment, and immediately commenced 
guard duty. Our barracks were nearly all new, and 
were . very convenient and comfortable ; and everything 
was done that a soldier could ask, or had a right to ex- 
pect, to render us well situated, and to make our resi- 
dence on the island pleasant, by the commander of the 
post, Brig.-Gen. A. Schoepf. The almost entire absence 
of that red tape with which so many anxious officers en- 
tangle their own and everybody's feet contributed not a 
little to our enjoyment. 

The duties of the regiment consisted in standing guard 
at the various posts on the island, in and around the bar- 
racks ; in escorting squads of prisoners that were at 
work in improving the island with new buildings, reno- 
vating old ones, cleansing the ground, and hauling mili- 
tary stores about the island ; and assisting at the arrival 
and departure of prisoners. 

All the married officers of the field and staflF, and some 

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The Hundred Days' Campaign. 301 

of the company officers, were accompanied by their fam- 
ilies ; and thus a delightful social condition was enjoyed, 
never for an instant marred by an inharmonious word. 
Indeed, the most of us look back on the days at Fort 
Delaware as among the pleasantest of our lives. The 
only drawback was the lack of incident, and the indolence • 
that necessarily belonged to such a service, on the sunny 
side of war. 

A fine library, a billiard-room, and frequent visits to 
Wilmington, Newcastle, and other places on the main 
land, helped to break up the monotony. 

A gem of Gothic architecture had been erected by 
Gen. Schoepf, to conserve the religious interests of those 
who should be stationed at the post; and the chapel was 
regularly open on the Sabbath twice, and the chaplain of 
the Sixth officiated once each Sabbath. 

A great many interesting incidents connected with our 
intercourse with rebel prisoners might be related, liad we 
space. But it need only be said that our charge was 
kept perfectly safe, and that not an attempt to escajie was 
made during our stay. Our boys seemed to cherish not 
a spark of ill-will toward their captured enemies, and 
yet, in the discharge of their duty not one of them would 
have hesitated a moment to shoot one who should be 
insubordinate. The pleasantest relations existed between 
us, and, so far as the regulations allowed, agreeable 
intercourse was had. A personal incident may illua- 
trate. I was one day near a rebel officer, when I isaid, . 

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302 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

" From what State do you come ? " " From South 
Carolina," was the reply. " Give me your hand," said I ; 
" I am from Massachusetts, and if men'from South Caro- 
lina and Massachusetts cannot sympathize, who can?'' 
" Sure enough," said he, and a pleasant acquaintance was 
the result. • Many trinkets wrought by rebel ingenuity 
were carried home, and will long be kept as mementoes 
of the place.^ 

I desire these pages to be among the many witnesses 
that are to relate to posterity the treftatment our authori- 
ties manifested to their prisoners, while our poor fellows 
in the hands of the enemy were the victims of barbarities 
that should disgrace Fegee Islanders. I can testify 
that our prisoners at Fort Delaware were fed, clothed, 
sheltered, and treated every way with the utmost kind- 
ness, when well, and that when sick, there was no per- 
ceptible difference between their clothing and fare and 
that ^f our own men. A visit to our hospitals, from 
Washington to Florida, qualifies me to say that the treat- 
ment received by the rebels in the hospital at Fort Del- 
aware was far above that of the average in Federal 

Here we found, as we ever have, the prevalence of iur 
temperance among officers — from which our own regb- 

1 Among the visitors to the island was a distinguished Union exile, Rev. 
Dr, Juukins, President of the University of Virginia, and father-in-law of 
Stonewall Jackson, and author of a powerful work, entitled " Fallacies of 
Secession," leaves of which he distributed among rebel prisoners as army 
tracts. He preached in the chapel, and spoke in our company prayer 
meetings, to the great satisfaction of his hearers. 

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The Hundred Days* Campaign. 303 

mental officers were remarkably exempt — to be a prevail- 
ing sin. Had our men and officers been like many in the 
garrison, the rebels would have had very little difficulty 
in overpowering their guardians at any time. Gen. 
Schoepf, however, and Capt. Clark, commissary, are 
honorable exceptions to this remark. 

The weather was a great improvement on that in Vir- 
^nia, and the health of the men began to improve; 
though the prevalence of the small-pox, in the rebel bar- 
racks and in the garrison, excited no little apprehension. 

The Sabbath was particularly observed. Not even a 
mail arrived on that day, no militaiy duty, except dress 
parade, company inspection, and guard duty, was re- 
quired, and the day approached nearer a New England 
Sunday than the regiment had ever found in camp. Be- 
sides public service in the chapel, several social meetings 
were usually held, and a remarkable quiet and decorum 

The most important event that broke the tedium of 
garrison life was the arrival and departure of prisoners. 
They usually came from recent battles, often wounded 
and sick, and generally ragged and dirty ; and I have 
often seen them, when exchanged, receive shoes and 
clothing from our officei*s ; while the physical appearance 
of those taken from the hospital was in great contrast 
to those who came. Indeed, the food given them, both 
in quantity and quality, was excellent. 

On Monday, Sept. 6th, J. H. Dodge, of Co. I, died. 

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304 The Hundred Dats* Campaign. 

quite suddenly and unexpectedly, of diphtheria. His 
body was embalmed, and, after impressive funeral ser- 
vices, it was sent home to his friends. He was an excel- 
lent man and a fwthful soldier. On the 13th, private Geo. 
W. Thacher, of Co. H, Boston, died of chronic diarrhoea. 
He incurred his death during the heat of Arlington 
Heights. He died full of Christian hope and fafth, 
saying, " I am anxious to live, but willing to die." His 
funeral was both miUtary and masonic, and his body was 
embalmed and sent home to Boston. He was the only 
son of his mother, and she a widow, and was one of the 
many noble young men of the first families of Boston and 
New England, whose deeds of self-sacrifice in this great 
struggle will immortalize their names. 

September 21, Assistant-Surgeon Sargent, recently 
appointed, arrived, and entered on the performance of 
his duties. 

On the 27th, John Long, of Co. D, died of confluent 
small-pox. So malignant was his disease that no one 
was permitted to visit him, and he was buried on the 
main land, on the Jersey shore. 

September 29th, Assistant-Surgeon Bass went home 
sick, and did not return during the campaign.^ 

^ During this, and the previous campaign, the reginoent was under great 
obligations to the United States Sanitary Commission, the Good Samar- 
itan on a war footing, whose munificent sanitary supplies were priceless 
blessings to our sick. The Massachusetts Agency, under direction of Col. 
Gardner Tufts, one of the most excellent institutions, managed by one of 
the most efficient of men, also conferred great favors. 

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The Hundred Days' Campaign. 305 

October 19th, the regiment was relieved by a Del- 
aware regiment, and embarked for home. After a repe- 
tition of Philadelphia hospitality Jpnd treatment in New 
York, and a pleasant though somewhat long journey, we 
reached Boston, October 21st, and were released for a 
few days, to report at the camp in Readville, October 
24th ; and were mustered out of the United States ser- 
vice, the 27th. 

The third campaign of the regiment was not eventful, 
and yet it was a contribution to the service of the coun- 
try of no small importance. 

This was the value of the regiments raised for the brief 
period of a hundred days : they held important posi- 
tions until new men came in, to take the places of those 
whose term had expired ; and for the time being each 
man was of as much worth to the government as any 
other. Besides, many of them could leave important 
positions at home for so brief a period, who could not 
have been obtained for a longer time. On the whole, 
the call for the " hundred days men " was a judicious 
one ; and each soldier who served his country for that 
brief season can always feel that he has done something 
for his country in her hour of need. 

The regiment separated with the most kindly mutual 
feelings ; and most of us will always look back on the 
brief campaign with feelings of satisfaction. Many of 
the officers and men again entered the service, and were 
heard from as rendering gallant service to their country. 


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306 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

On leaving Fort Delaware, the general commanding 
issued the following order : — 

V Hkaim^uauters, Fort Delawabs^ ) 
Del., October 18, 1864. ' J 

Special Orders, No. 366. 

The commanding general, in taking leave of the officers and 

men of the Sixth Massachusetts Begiment, desires to extend to 

them his congratulations upon their gentlemanly and correct 

soldierly bearing, and assure them of his well wishes and kind 

remembrance, for the manner in which they performed their each 

and several duties, while at this post ; and his confidence that in 

the future, as in the past, they will be ever ready and prompt at 

the call of their country's need. 

By command of Brig.-Gen. A. Schoepf. 

Henrt Warner, Lieut, and Post-Adjt 

[The author found his allotted space so encroached 
upon, that he was obliged to omit much matter concerning 
this campaign, which otherwise he would have inserted.] 


Colonel — Albert S. Follansbee, Lowell ; Capt Ca C, 6th 
Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; Col. 6th,Mass., 9 months, 1862-3. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Melvin Beal, Lawrence ; Lieut and 
Capt Co. F, 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; Lieut-Col. 6th Mass., 
9 months, 1862-3. 

Major — Thos. O. Allen, Lowell ; Sergt. Co. C, 6th Mass., 
3 months, 1861 ; Adjut 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-3. 

Surgeon — Walter Burnham, Lowell ; Surgeon 6th Mass., 
9 months, 1862-3. 

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The Hundred Da.ts* Campaign. 807 

Chaplain — John Wesley Hanson, Haverhill; Chaplain in 
6th Mass., 9 fnonths, 1862-3. 

Adjutant — Edmund Coffin Coleman, Boston; promoted 
from Lieut., Co. F. 

Quartermaster — Wm. E. Fabrar, Lowell; Lieut., 7th Mass. 
Battery, 1861-3. 

Assistant Surgeon — Wm. Bass, Lowell. 

" George Sargent, Lawrence. 


Sergeant Major — Samuel W. Grimes, Lowell ; 6th Mass. 
9 months, 1862-3. 

Quartermaster Sergeant — William H. Spaulding, Lowell ; 
6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-3. 

Commissary Sergeant — Orford R. Blood, Lowell. 

Hospital Steward — Henry S. Woods- Lowell. 


Still a military organization. 

This brief sketch was furnished by a member of the 

Company A was composed mostly of young men en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits, who felt that they could 
iD afford a long military campaign; but having, as our 
honored governor calls it, " cannon on the brain," they 
cheerfully responded to the call for troops to garrison 
fortifications in the vicinity of Washington, esteeming it 
a great privilege to bear some humble part in suppress- 
ing the rebellion. 

It was recruited with great despatch, by Capt. Joseph 

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308 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

M. Coombs and First and Second Lieuts. Moses 
Briggs and George A. Chipman ; the first two gentlemen 
were then, and are now, lieutenants in the Boston Police 
Department ; the third was then, and is now, engaged in 
extensive business with his father. 

The recruiting office was at Tremont Temple, the 
trustees of this edifice kindly giving its use for this 
purpose, while the patriotic appeals of R^v. Justin D. 
Fulton, pastor of the church worshipping there, greatly 
encouraged the rapid enlistments which enabled the 
company to complete its required number in forty-eight 
hours, with its officers commissioned, and ready for duty. 

For the interest taken in their behalf, it was voted 
that our company be called the Temple Guards. 

^efore leaving Camp Meigs, nearly the whole company 
signed the temperance pledge, and there was also insti- 
tuted a weekly prayer-meeting, which was continued 
throughout the term of enlistment, with much profit to 
the members of the company. Its own officers, the 
chaplain, and others in the regiment, were frequent visit- 
ors, and often took a part in these interesting services. 
When the regiment moved to Fort Delaware, the meetings 
were held in the ample company mess-room, the walls of 
which were decorated with mottoes and inscriptions, such 
as " Temple Guards/' " The Union, it must and shall be 
preserved," " God is love," " In union there is strength, " 
'' Get thee up, eat and drink, for there is a sound of an 

abundance," " Wisdom is better than weapons of war," 


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The Hundred Days* Campaign. 309 

" Better is a dinner of herbs, where love is, than a stalled 
ox and hatred therewith," " Geo. Washington," " Col. 
Follansbee," " Capt. Coombs." 

The musical talent of the company was brought into 
requisition, by some of the members giving a number of 
interesting concerts, — vocal and instrumental combined; 
the melody was rich, the harmony good, the audience 
select, and the entertainment satisfactory. 

No death occurred in our ranks ; but the insatiate 
archer, who "loves a shining mark," on the 16th of Oc- 
tober, pierced the clayey tenement of Joseph H. Coombs, 
aged nine years, our captain's only son. He came out 
with his mother to spend a few days at the Fort, when 
a fatal disease carried him beyond the bounds of time. 

The grief of the parents was assuaged by the sympa- 
thy extended to them by the Hospital, Post, and Regi- 
mental chaplains, and other friends. 

In this brief review it can be said in justice to our- 
selves, that our company became quite proficient in mil- 
itary tactics, under the thorough instruction of our ac- 
complished oflScers. 

While some of our company would not pass a rigid 
surgical examination, being exempt from draft, and in 
no way to be compared with the bronzed and scarred 
veterans of many campaigns, yet all rejoiced that we 
were counted worthy, by the mustering-in officer, to b8 
enrolled in the Union army, and to march under our 
^ glorious national emblem, and to adopt the sentiment 

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310 Thb Hundred Days' Campaign. 

uttered many years ago by an eminent statesman, " Our 
country, bounded by the Sabine and the SI. John, or 
however othermse bounded, cherished in all our hearts, 
defended by all our hands." 


Captain, Joseph. M. Coombs, age 39. 

Fint Lieutenant, Moses Briqgs, 40. 

Second Lieutenant, George A. Chipman, 21 ; 9 months, 46th 

Sergeatit, Frederick T. Volekers, 22 ; 22 manths in Navy ; 8 
months, 2d Mass. 
'* A. Pomery Briggs, 22. 
" Henry A. Walker, 20; 15 months, 6th Maine: 12 

months, 47th Mass.* 
" Alpheus F. Jenkins, 18; 9 months, 47th Mass; sub- 
sequently in the service, at the capture of Richmond. 
" Lucius Allen, Jr., 26. 
Corporal, Wm. W. Mershon, 22 ; 3 months, 47th N. Y. ; 9 
months, 167th N. Y. ; 30 days, 71st N. Y. 
" Albert Leavitt, 21 ; 9 months, 8th Mass. 
" N. Henry Stevens, 23. 

" David S. Green, 40 ; 12 years in English Army. 
^* Samuel Beecher, 23. 
" Alden D. Wellington, 25. 
" Isaac £. Hersey, 26. 
" Charles F. Holt, 25. 

» The Forty Fifth Massachusetts, the " Cadet Regiment," Col. Codman, 
was organized daring the autumn of 1862, and served an honorable cam- 
paign in North Carolina, till June, 1868. 

• The Forty Seventh Massachusetts received marching orders Nov. 39> 
1862, and reached New Orleans Dec. 31, and performed guard and provost 
duty in that vicinity till it left for home, Aug. 5, 1863. 

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The Hundred Days* Campaign. 311 

William H. Bacon, 20. 

Charles H. Butler, 19 ; 12 months in 50th Mass. 
Charles F. Batchelder, 19 ; 14 months in 168th N. Y. 
Henry P. Brown, 20. Christopher T. Braizer, 18. 
Elbridge M. Bickford, 30. Sylvanus BuUard, 20. 
Sumner T. Bradbury, 18. William H. Bartlett, 20. 
Oliver Bumham, 18. Oscar S. Bigelow, 20. 
George A. Conn, 20. William F. Corson, 18; in the navy. 
George E. Cox, 18. Hiram W. Cheeney, 25. 
Joseph S. Corliss, 22. George R. Cate, 18. 
William A. Cline, 18. Timothy F. Crane, 18. 
George W. Conant, 22. Charles H. Daniel, 28. 
Horace Drew, 20. Edward H. Drew, 19. 
Daniel Duming, 18. Albert H. Dunn, 82. 
John M. Elliot, 24 ; subsequently reenlisted. 
Joseph L. Eldridge, 34. Francis W. Ellis, 20. 
Alexander B. French, 20. John M. Fisk, 19. 
George B. Frazer, 21. Eugene Gardner, 18. 
George H. Gardiner, 18. William H. Oilman, 19; 9 months, 

42d Mass.^ 
Francis W. Hickson, 1 9. George B. Hubbard, 44. 
David Higgins, 36. George Holbrook, 18 ; reenlisted; lost an arm 

before Petersburg. 
Albert E. Hawes, 21. H. Waldo Howe, 18. 
Henry Howe, 45. Frederick P. Jaques, 18. 
Charles H. Johnson, 18. Dudley C. Kidder, 19. 

^ The Forty Second Massachusetts, Col. Burrill, was the old Second, a 
Boston Begiment, and was organized Nov. 6, 1862, and left in transports 
for New Orleans early in December. After great dangers by sea, it ar- 
rived* A portion was captured in Texas, and kept prisoners a long time, 
and the rest served the balance of its nine months in the campaign near 
New Orleans. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

812 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Jeremiah Eelliher, 20. Saml. Leadbetter, 28 ; in the navy. 

Charles S. Ivord, 21. George W. Little, 18. 

James U. Matthews, 30. Bernard McCabe, 22. 

Geo. A. Mason, 18. Ira K. Messer, 21. 

John P. Martin, 20. Hiram McLaughlin, 19. 

Geo. H. Prentiss, 18. John B. Pickett, 18. 

David B. Pillsbury, 25. Wm. A. Roberts, 21. 

Chas. H. Rankin, 19 ; 9 months, 41st Mass. 

Danl. C. Smith, 27 ; 9 months, 44th Mass.^ 

Wm. A. Stickney, 20. Richard B. Sewell, 27. 

Frederick A. Sanborn, 20. Saml. W. Taylor, 19. 

Chas.F.Tinkham,18. Chas.H.Trafton,18; 10 months, 41st Mass. 

Benj. R. Tarbox, 18. Thos. K. Trout, 19 ; 9 months, 42d Mass. 

Hiram A. Thomas, 19. Henry A. Winn, 20. 

Chas. C. Webster, 41. Geo. W. Wyman, 18. 

John R. Waytt, 20. Weston Wyman, 19. 

Benj. F. Willey, 20. Eugene Willworth, 20, 

Oliver Wilson, 34. E. Ross Walker, 22. 

Geo. A. Williams, 32 ; 6 years, regular U. S. A. 

Walter J. Wellington, 19. Geo. P. Walkins, 18. 

William F. Whipple, 18. James E. Walker, 27. 

Augustus E. Williams, 18. 


In 3 months, 1861, and 9 months, 1862-63. 


Captain, George F. Shattuck; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 
9 months, 1862-63. 

^ The Forty Fourth Massachusetts is the old Fourth Battalion, and left 
Readvaie Oct. 22, 1862, for a nine months' campaign in North Carolina. 
It made a good record there, and returned, and was mustered out July 
21, 1868. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 313 

First Lieutenant^ Joseph A. Bacon; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 

1861 ; 9 months, 1862-63. 
Second Lieutenanty William T. Childs ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 

1861 ; 9 months, 1862-63. 
First Sergeant, Charles F. Whitcher; in 11th 111., 1861. 
Sergeant, Burton W. Patter ; in 14th Vt. 

** George R. Shattuck; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 

" Daniel S. Kendall ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 
" Henry B. Story; in 6th Mass., 9 months., 1862-63. 
Corporal, Charles F. Williamson. 

** George W. Childs ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 
" Charles W. Hildreth; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 

" Edwin P. Dodge; in 6th Mass., 9 months 1862-63. 
" Henry S. Perham; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63 ; 

Co. K. 
" George A. Parkhurst; in 6th Mato., 9 months, 

1862-63 ; Co. K. 
" RuFus B. Richardson; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 

" Rollins Perkins ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63 ; 
Co. K. 
Musician, Bowman S. Gale ; in 6th Mass., 9 months., 1862-63. 

" John Bohanon ; 16th N. H. 
Wagoner, Charles Blood ; in 6th Mass., 9 months., 1862-63. 


Charles Adams. John H. Bennett. 
Joel A. Bartlett. Rufus S. Brown. 
Thomas S. Brigham. Joseph Baxter. 
Alonzo K. Blood. Timothy Bran nan. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

314 The Hundred Day8' Campaign. 

James Broyan. George W. Bennett 

Charles S. Barrett. Abel R. Brigham. 

George F. Butterfield; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63; Co. K. 

John N. Brown; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 

Alfred D. Cutler. Curtis S. Childs. 

Charles N. Clark; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 

Lewis E. Comey. William H. Gate, Jr. 

John Cordon ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 

Joseph B. Emerson. Greorge M. Foster. 

William S. Flanders. John W. Farrar. 

Daniel A. Feiton. George H. P. Greenwood. 

Elbridge E. Gay. Paul Gerrish. 

Sumner Gilson; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 

Samuel K. Gilson. Henry. T. Goldie. 

George H. Green. Charles H. Holden. 

James P. S. Hitchings. Lorenzo F. Hemminway. 

Jerry Haley ; died, Jan., 1865. Frank Harnden. 

Henry H. Ingalls ; in 6th Mass., 9 months ; Co. E. 

Charles E. Isaacs. Edward Johnson. 

Oscar S. Johnson. Seth N. Kingsbury. 

Alvah B. Kittredge. Ira G. Litchfield. 

William D. Lee. George L. Lakin. Charles Livermore. 

Frank M. Loring; in 44th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 

Edward E. Lapham; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63; Co. K. 

Allan F. Little. James C. Moody. 

James Murry ; in 6th Mass. Battery. James A. Nuttiog. 

Albert A. Nickerson. George H. Nutting. 

George F. Patch ; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-68. 

Walter B. Parker. Wilfred C. Parsons. 

Marcus F. Prue. Rufus Prescott 

George H. Richardson; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-68. 

Wilber S. Ring ; deceased. Alvah H. Richardson. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 315 

Charles H. Ross. Ai Richards. 

Isaac F. Saunderson. Charles Spaulding. 

John B. Spaulding. Henry Startevant. 

Charles F. Spaulding. Benjamin B. Spaulding. 

Marshall D. Spaulding. Wesley Smith. 

Charles H. Stone. Charles H. Torrey. William R. Wright. 

John H. Whitney; in 6 Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 

John J. Wooster; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 

William H. Whittemore. Everett J. Woods. 

John E. Whiting; in 6th Mass., 9 months, 1862-63. 

William T. Wright 


Was in the Sixth Mass, 3 months , 1861, and 9 months, 1862-3. 


Captain, Benj. F. Goddard ; 6th Mass., 3 and 9 months' cam- 
Lieutenant, W. B. Mc Curdy; 6th Mass., 3 and 9 months' cam- 

** John A. Richardson; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Sergeant, Isaac B. Pendergast ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

*' AsoiL H. Eames ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

" Stephen C. Amsdkn ; 7th Mass. Battery ; previously 
discharged for disability. 

" Ira Stiokney ; 6th Mass., 3 mos. ; 7th Mass. Bat. 1865. 

" William J. Blake ; tfih Mass., 9 mcmths. 
Corporal, Albert Hamblet ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

** Ambrose S. Wilder ; 6th Ma«s., 9 months. 

'* George H. Proctor ; 6th Mass., 9 months ; Lieut. 
10th U. S. Colored, 1865. 

" William H. Dorr ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

316 The Hundred Days' Campaion. 

Corporal^ Prescott L. Jones ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

" Enos Collins ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 

" Charles H. Ricker ; Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months. 

" Milton E. Grant ; 27th Maine. 
Musician, Frank P. Norris ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

** Harlan O. Paige ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

^ Alphonzo Eastman. 


Ira Atkinson. Henry Buckland ; in Frontier Cavalry, 1865. 

Gersharo C. Bassett. Arthur H. Brown ; 15th Mass. Battery. 

William Bowie. John Bowie. 

Augustus Burgess ; 7th Mass. Battery. 

James H. Burnham ; Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months ; 7th Mass. Bat. 

Fred H Barnard ; since in Frontier Cavalry. 

William F. Barry. Willis H. Brooks. 

Joseph Bixby ; Co. D, 6th Mass., 9 months ; 7th Mass. Battery. 

James G. Clark ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

William H. Clark. Edward H. Clark ; 44th Mass., 9 months. 

John H. Caverly ; 6th Mass., 9 months. Hugh Campbell. 

James P. Campbell. Charles F. Carr. 

Jason W. Crosby ; Frontier Cavalry, 1865. 

Benjamin F. Crosby ; 7th Mass. Battery. . 

Edward W. Cowan ; 1st Me. Cavalry ; discharged for disability ; 

since in 18th N. H ; discharged for disability. 
Robert Carver ; 1 year in Navy ; died June 17, 1865. 
Roscoe G. Crowell; Co. H, 6th* Mass., 9 months. 
George W. Cross. William B. Crafts. 
Dudley B. Cole. William D. Day. Niles I. Donaldson. 
William H. Diggles;. 19th Mass. ; discharged for disability. 
Edward Downing. Benjamjn F. Evans ; 6th Mass., 9 months, c^ 
Teddy Eno; Frontier Cavalry, 1865. Edward A. Ellis. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 317 

George T. Farmer ; Sergt. in Frontier Cavalry. 

Benjamin F. Freeman ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Joseph Farrell ; 7th Mass. Battery. 

Edward A. Fuller ; Co. D, 6th Mass., 9 months. . 

John H. P. Guild. Blaney Godfrey ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Edward Gilman. Edwin M. Gray. William R. Hamilton. 

Freeman A. Hobart; 1st New Hampshire, 3 months, 1861 ; since, 

18th New Hampshire. 
Edward B. Harlow. John H. Humes ; 7th Mass. Battery. 
Harvej^C. Hardy. Edwin Hovey. 

Thomas H. Harrington ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 
Daniel B. L. Lamson ; Co. H, 6th Mass., 9 months. 
Edwin Ladd ; 118th N. Y; discharged for disability. 
Alonzo Lary. Charles E. Lovrein ; Co. H, 6th Massachusetts, 9 

Frank Mansfield ; 1 2th Maine. John Melvin. 
William Marr ; 7th Mass. Battery. 

James Marr ; Co. A, 6th Mass., 9 months. Kimball Marshall. 
Irving W. Mason ; 3d Vt. ; since, 15th Mass. Battery. 
George B. Ordway. William H. Perrin. 
Andrew J. Putnam. Frank B. Peabody. 
Frank O. Rolfe; 15th Mass. Battery. 
Nathaniel Roberts ; Co. H, 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 
George H. Smith. Cordyce R. Sprague ; Frontier Cavalry. 
Lawrence Stan wood; 71st Indiana; discharged for disability. 
George Short; Co. A, 6th Mass., 9 months; since, 7th Mass. 

Charles A. Stevens ; 7th Mass. Battery. 
Augustus C. Stearns. Oliver S. Sanderson. 
Samuel Titus ; Orderiy Sergeant Frontier Cavalry. 
Alvin S. Twiss. Charles A. Vinal. 
John D. Wadleigh ; 2 2d Mass. ; dis. for disability ; navy since. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

318 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Butler J. Wetmore ; 7th Mass. Battery. James Ward. 
William C. Witham. Orestes L. Woods. 
George E. Wright Matthew F. Worthen. 

In 3 MorUhSy 1861, and 9 months 1862-3. 


Captain, James W. Hart ; 6th Mass., 3 mos. ; 6th Mass., 9 mos. 
First Lieutenant, Samuel C. Pinnet ; 6th Mass., 3 months ; also, 

9 months. 
Second Lieutenant, Hxbam C. Mussey ; 6th Mass., 3 months ; 6th 

Mass., 9 months ; 2d U. S. 
First Sergeant, Jason J. C. Brown ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 
Sergeant, Charles W. Webber; 47th Mass, 9 months. 
*' Reuben H. Ditson ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 
** James M. Sanborn ; 6th Mass., 3 mos. ; 1st R. L Cav. 
^* Howard Coburn ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 
Corporal, Peter Littlehale ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 
'' Solomon Spaulding ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 
*< Simeon C. Chandler; 6th Mass., 3 months, 3dd 

** Harrison Nourse ; 44th Mass., 9 months. . 
" Charles F. Simonds. 
** Albert P. Pe AXES ; ^ 1st Mass.; mustered out May 

25, 1864. 
" Henry A. Button; 26th Mass. 

^ The First Massachasetts left the State June 5th, 1861 : the first of the 
three years' regiments. It was at Bull Ban, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, 
Glendale, Malvern Hill, Kettle Run, Second Bull Run, Cbantilly, and 
Fredericksburg. It gave Stonewall Jackson his mortal wound. After> 
wards it was at Cbancellorsville, and other great battles, and has i 
record to immortalize every member of it. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 319 

Corporaly Charles F. Dane ; 6tli Mass., 9 months. 
DrummeTj Charles H. Collins ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 
»* John W. Babb ; loth N. H., 9 months. 


John W. Abbott. Sylvester D. Abbott 

Charles H. Abbott; 47th Mass., 9 months. 

Hiram H. Aldrich. James W. Adlington. Joseph H. Back. 

Robert O. Bird. Greorge E. Barker. James Boyle. 

Oscar E. Browne ; 6th Vermont. John H. Browne. 

Otis S. Browne. Lucius M. Burke. 

John H Butterfield ; 6 th Mass., 9 months. 

Lucius Butterfield. Edwin M. Brooks. Charles M. Butler. 

Edward Bulfinch ; 5th Mass., 9 months. Edwin W. Bartlett 

William S. Bennett. Henry H. Cochran ; 33d Mass. 

Frank Crowley. Addison G. Coburn. Edward M, Converse. 

Charles Cummings. James H. Carton. 

Waldo B. Church. Charles Chapman. 

Henry Desouza; 47th Mass., 9 months ; navy, subsequently. 

Albert L. Dutton. Fred. Davis. Michael Dassey. 

Peter Duville ; 6th Mass., 9 months. Walter H. Eagar. 

Michael Farrell. William E. Frost. George W. Forbush. 

John T. Godfrey. Charles A. Gordon. Joseph D. Gilman. 

Lorenzo D. Gilman; 19th Maine, 3 years. 

John Gray, Jr. George B. Greaves ; reenlisted. 

Joseph A. Goodwin; 44th Mass., 9 months. 

Charles W. Goodhue ; 15th N. H., 9 months. 

Frank D. Hill. Abial P. Holt 

Benjamin F. Harris. George F. Harris ; 20th Ct., 9 months. 

Newell Harris, Erasmus Holmes. Simon Flynn. 

William Kemmick ; 47th Mass., 9 months. 

Charles H. Kibbee. Georoje F. Leird. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

320 The Hundred Days' Caxpaigk. 

John Long ; died Oct 4th, 1864, at Fort Delaware, of 9nall^>ox. 

Greorge A. Locke. Samuel L. Lane. Patrick C. Murphy. 

Thomas H. Mullen. Frank S. Mason. Thomas J. McDcHmelL 

Jonas £. Monroe. James Meredith ; navy, 1 year. 

James McAloon ; 6th Mass., 9 months ; navy. 

James O'Brien. Elbridge W. Pierce. 

George W. Pelsue ; 6 th Mass., 9 months. 

George B. Pike ; •27th Maine, 9 months. 

Charles F. Robinson. William M. Rushworth. 

Charles 8. Richardson. John H. Shields. 

Willard S. C. Sargent. George F. Smith. George C. Smith. 

Samuel A. Smith ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Moses W. Stockman. Thomas S. Stone. George W. Sawyer. 

Merrill J. Wentworth; 6th Mass., 9 months; reenlisted. 

E. Amri Thissell. 


In 3 months, 1861, and 9 months^ 1862-63. 


Captain, Frank H. Whitcomb ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
First Lieutenant, George W. Knights; in 6th Mass., 8 and 

9 months. 
Second Lieutenant, Isaiah Hutchins ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
First Sergeant, A. B. Clinton Douglas; in 18th Missouri; 
discharged on account of wounds, received in battle 
Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. 
Sergeant, George L. Sawyer ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
" Henry M, Hoyt ; in 44th Mass., 9 months. 
" Andrew J. Sawyer ; in 6th Mass., 3 and 9 months. 
" Albert W. Bobbins ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 321 

Corporal^ Forestus D. K. Hoar ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
** Charles E. Sprague ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
" RoLLiN O. Linsley; in 6th Vermont; discharged 
on nccount of disease contracted in Peninsular 
*^ Oscar E. Preston ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
*' Francis E. Harris ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
" William Chaplin, Jr. ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
" Alonzo F. Burbank; in 44th Mass., 9 months. 
" George W. B^nowlton ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Frank W. Ames. Frank Atherton. 
Albert Albee; 4 2d Mass., 9 months; taken prisoner at Brashear 

City, June 23, 1863 ; paroled June 26, 1863. 
Sylvester Brown ; 3 years, in Navy. Alfred Brown. 
Thomas H. Brooks, Jr. Chelles Byam. Henry O. Burnham. 
George S. Bugbee. Fred. G. Cooley. J. Sherman Conant 
Waldo Chaplin. Charles F. Cora. John Conway. 
John Cass. William H. Chadsey. Asa Collier. 
John Conley. Richard D. Child. 
Dudley P. Cole ; transferred to Co. C. 
Andrew J. Putnam ; transferred to Co. C. 
Frank B. Peabody ; transferred to Co. C. 
Samuel Beecher ; transferred to Co. A. 
Charles H. Eaton. John W. Evans. Ephraim Forbush. 
Daniel H. Farrar; in 6th Mass, 9 months. 
I^onard A. Felton. Chauncey U. Fuller ; in 6th Mass., 9 months. 
Benj. F. Foster. Meldon S. Giles. 
Lewis H. George ; 47th Mass., 9 months. 
William U. Grennan ; in 7th N. J., 8 years, in Mexican war ; 

3 months, 69th N. Y. 1861 ; 6th Mass., 9 months. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

322 Thb Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Eliflha Goodwin. Benj. D. Gorham. 
Albert Hardy. Frank M. Holmes. 
True E. Holmes. Lucius Hosmer. 
Edmund P. Hosmer. William Haley. 
Charles W. Uapgood. Alfred B. Jenkins. 
Jonas A. Kelton. Charles M. Kimball. 
Hiram Knights. Alonzo A. Knights. 
Edwin Little. Dennis Long. 
Peter La Mountain. James P. Litch. 
John McElaney. Edmund Maunder. 
George Mace. James Melvin. James C. Melvin. 
Lewis W. Mathu ; in 28th Mass. ; discharged on account of sick- 
ness, Jan. 81st, 1864. 
Henry W. Moore. Thomas H. G. Marston. 
John Q. Nichols. James H. Noble. 
' George G. Puffer. Rockwood Puffer. 
Henry D. Parlin. Moses S. Page. William Roach. 
Luke Smith; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861; 26th Mass.; di»- 

charged on account of sickness. 
George D. Smith. Henry W. Smith. 
Emery A. Symonds. Henry H. Spaulding. 
Edwin G. Thomas. Charles H. Tuttle. 
John B. Taylor, Jr. Albert Vilno. Ethan Valentine. 
Edwin F. Webber ; in 44th Mass., 9 months. 
Robert Wayne. James Wayne. 

Eben F. Wood ; in 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 12 months in Navy. 
Homer A. Warren. Andrew C. Wright, Jr. 
William A. Williams. John B. Walker. J. Fletcher Whitney. 

Was an unattached company of the Independent Division 
of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, raised in South 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 323 

Boston in April, 1864. It was organized, May 6th, by 
the choice of Henry W. Wilson as Captain, Edmund C. 
Colman as First Lieutenant, and Richard J. Fennelly as 
Second Lieutenant. With the approbation of His Excel- 
lency, Gov. Andrew, it adopted the name of the Andrew 
Light Lifantry, and as such, on the evening of Wednes- 
day, the 7th of July, the evening of the day on which 
orders were promulgated, voted to respond to the call 
of the governor for 100 days' troops, which action was 
repoirted at head-quarters the day following, and orders 
were issued for the company to be recruited to the max- 
imum number. On Saturday, July 10th, the commander 
reported the company full, and ready for duty. On 
Wednesday, he received orders to go to camp at Read- 
ville, which was done the day following. 


Captain^ Henry W. Wilson. 

First Lieutenant^ Edmund C. Colman; promoted from First 
^ Lieut, to be Adjutant, Aug. Ist, 1864. 

" Archblaus N. Leman ; promoted from First 

Sergt., Sept. 14tli, 1864. 
Second Lieutenant^ Richard J. Fennelly. 
First Sergeant^ Archelaus N. Leman; promoted to be First 
Lieutenant, Sept. 14th, 1864. 
'« WiLLARD L. Ha WES ; in 5th Mass., 1862>63. 

Sergeant^ Thomas H. Evans, Jr.; 4 2d Mass., 1862-63. 
" James F. Rumrill. 

« J. Davis Wilder ; in 7th Maine, 2 years; discharged 
for disabilSty. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

324 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Sergeant^ William F. Gardner ; io 42(1 Mass., 1862-68. 
Corporal, Charles H. Kendall. 

" Jacob W. Haskell. 

» Frank £. Park. 

" William H. Conway ; 1st Mass. ; discharged for dis- 
ability, Oct 18th, 1862. 

'^ James £. Stanley; 42dMass., 1862-63. 

^ Franklin Hawes ; 42d Mass., 1 862-6:^ ; since ia Navy. 

" Chas. U. Hawes. 

" Bartholomew Halet. 
Musician^ Wm. £. N. Potter. 


Joshua Atwood, Jr. 

Geo. F. Bartlett ; served previously on the gunboat ** Louisiana,** 

13 months ; since re-enlisted in Navy. 
. Frank Bailey. 
Edwin H. Blias; previously in Navy, re-enlisted in Vet Rea 

Corps, and since died. 
Stockwell Bettes. 

Charles Butler ; 1st Maine, 8 months *, discharged for disability. 
William D. Blois. 

James Brownlow ; in 29th Mass., 2 years ; discharged, (^sability. 
William F. Bacon. 

Isaac Bartley, in Cook's Battery, 8 months, 1861. 
Henry Buck ; 35th Mass. ; wounded at South Mountain ; discVd^ 
James B. Brown. William W. Bryant 
Danl. EL Balchelder ; in 18th Mass.,^ 18 months, discharged; dia- 


1 The Thirteenth Massachusetts was in the most arduous and faithful 
service, three years, from July 80, 1861. The Second Bull Bun, An- 
tietam, both Fredericksburgs and Gettysburg, Grant's chief battles, and 
most of the stirring scenes in which the iminortal Army of the Potomac 
participated, were experienced by this heroic regiment. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days* Campaign. 325 

Francis Burns. James O. Brown. 

Valentine Bradshaw. George Burke. 

Thomas Clark. George S. Cole. Albert Converse. 

Peter Carley ; re-enlisted, and since died. Chas. H. Durgin. 

Lorenzo J. Damm ; served on the gunboat ** Miami ''16 months. 

Dennis W. Downing. Francis Eaton. 

Lawrence W. Flood. James Freeman, Jr. 

William Fitzgerald ; 42dN. Y., 18 months; wounded, discharged. 

Dennis Foley. John H. Gardner. 

Frank W. Griffin ; in Navy. Peter Glynn. 

Frederic A. Harding. Charles Hertkorn. 

James Hatch. Benjamin A. Ham. 

John H. Haskins; 4 2d Mass., 1862-63 ; Frontier Cavalry. 

Lucius Howard, Jr. Oliver Howard. Charles Henan. 

Orrin C. Hussey; 0th Mass. Battery, 15 months; discharged for 

disability; died, Oct. 26th, 1864. 
Henry H. Hall. Charies W. Holmes. 
George Howard. Patrick Hanley. 
Saml. S. Enigdon. Warren A. Lewis. 
Lewis Lunt D. Swanson Lewis. 

James H. Leighton. James Leavitt Joseph G. Layfield. 
Thomas J. Linton ; 2 2d Mass., 8 months ; discharged, disability. 
Elijah G. Learned. Chas. F. Morrill. 

Lunos F. Mendall. William H. Mason. Joseph S. McCully. 
John R. Merrick; 18th* Mass., 2 years; discharged. 
Lyman B. Manning. SamL Newmarch, Jr. Edward Noonan. 
David Powers ; in 25th N. Y., 3 months ; also in Ist U. S. Artillery, 

14 months; dis .-barged, disability. 

^ The Eighteenth Massachusetts Regiment left the State in August, 
1861, and was at Gaines' Mills, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, 
Shepardston, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Mine 
Creek, and Grant's battles before Richmond. Sept 8d, the battalion was 
consolidated with the Thirty Second Massachusetts. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

326 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Frank Pluto. James H. Rush. Henry L. Reed. 

James A. Riley ; 20th Mass. ; wounded at Fredericksburg ; disch'd. 

Robert S. Ripner. David Robinson ; 42d Mass., 1862-63. 

John Smith ; 28th Mass. ; wounded, discharged. 

Henry R. Smith ; on gunboat *' Louisiana/' 13 months; time out. 

Hugh Turish; 9th Mass.; discharged, Aug. 18th, 1861. 

George A. Thomas; died, Nov. 13, 1864. 

Oliver Thompson. 

William A. Taylor; on gunboat ^' Hunchback,^' 13 months. 

Augustus Wilder. 

Eben Wilder; sloop of war " Dacotah," 1 year; time out. 

Chas. C. Wadleigh; gunboat "Macedonia,' 1 year; time out. 

John Weigle. Thomas B. Wiggin, Jr. Thomas Walsh. 


In 9 months^ 1862-3. 


Captain^ Nathan Taylor ; in 6th Mass., 1862-3. 
First Lieutenant^ Charles H. Bassett ; 6th Mass, 1862-3. 
Second Lieutenant, Paul Faulus ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 
First Sergeant, George G. Tarbell ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 
Sergeant, Marcus W. Copps ; 6th Mass.,- 1862-3. 

" John F. Townsend ; in 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

" S. Augustus Lenfest ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

** James R. Hill ; previously in 11th Mass. ; afterward 
in 15th Battery. 
Corporal, Charles H. Richardson ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

'* Albert T. Green; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

" Edward B. Holt ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

" Randolph C. Lord ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

" George H. Favor ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 327 

Corporcdy Andrew Liddell ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

" Samuel E. Stearns; ethMass., 1862-3. 

" Stephen A. Bullens; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 
Musician, Erastus H. Gray; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 



George W. Adams. Ora A. Atkins. 

William E. Averell ; 12th Mass. Battery.* 

Andrew I. Angell. James F. Auld ; 1 2th Mass. Battery. 

Frederick A. Baron. John D. Bickford ; 7th Mass. Battery. 

Charles Breckenridge. William Black. 

Oliver K. Bradford. Allen Bailey. 

Joshua H. Bailey. Edward Bailey. 

Edward T. Bartlett. Hervey Bingham. 

Elias H. Colbum. George D. Cobarn ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

William W.' Chase. Marshall H. Clough; died, July, 1865. 

George A. Davis. John Engell. 

Amos B. Filmore. Clarendon Goodwin; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 

Samael W.Grimes ; 6th Mass., 186 2-3, promoted to Sergeant Major. 

Thomas J. Gray. 

Joseph C. Hill ; 8th Me., discharged for disability. 

Charles A. Hilton ; 27th Me., 1862-3 ; 12th Ma'ss. Battery. 

Charles B. Holt Henry H. Holt ; 2d Mass., three years. 

Charles H. Huntoon. George C. Hedrick. 

Henry Hutchinson; 6th Mass., 1862-8. 

Alfred A. Hatch. William Hanneford. 

Amos T. Hersey. Henry H. Harris. 

John H. Haggett; 6th Mass., 1862-3, subsequently, Frontier Cav. 

William A. Ingham ; 47th Mass., 1862-8. 

1 The Massachusetts Twelfth Battery left the State, Jan. 8d, 1863, and 
b as been stationed in the Gulf Department. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

328 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Julius C. Jockow. William H. Kimball ; 6th Mass., 1862-8. 

Abner L. Kittredge. Nathan 6. Lamson. 

Horace H. Leavitt George F. Lawton. Laurin Martin.. 

Joseph A. Mongovan; 15th Mass. Battery. 

Patrick H. Mannix ; Frontier Cavalry. 

J. Eldridge Morse. Daniel W. Mosher. 

George A. Noyes. Eugene W. Norton. 

Lyman B. Patten. Daniel O. Pearson. Henry Pail:er. 

John Pierce ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. Auburn F. Pearl. 

Sydney A. Parker ; left arm blown off, and finger and thumb of 

right hand, when firing a salute in Carlisle, celebrating the 

fall of Richmond. 
WilUam B. Piper. 

John H. Prescott ; 32d Mass., discharged, disability. 
Thomas Stott Samuel E. Stott 
David Scott. William W. Savage. 
Owen H. Savage. John Spencer; 6th Mass., 1862-8. 
Sylvanus Sanborn. James B. P. Sanborn. 
John C. Sanborn ; 2d Lieut 16 th Vermont; discharged disability ; 

Frontier Cavalry. 
George C. Stevens. G. Warren Spaulding ; 7th Mass. Battery. 
Henry M. Thompson. William B. Tingley ; 6th Mass., 1862-3. 
Daniel H. Vamum. Walter O. Wetherbee. 
Thomas Willman. John R. Willman. 
Alfred Worthington. George M. Whitcomb. 
William P. Wadleigh. Charles Washburn. 

Has a brief, but most creditable history. In response 
to the call of the government, a recruiting office was 
opened in Boston, July 11th, by Capt. Ware, and Lieuts. 
Tripp and Chittenden ; and the next day the muster- roD. 

Digitized by CjOO^IC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 829 

contained one hundred and twenty-five names, from 
which the company was selected. It reported at the 
State House the 12th, went into camp the 14th, and was 
mustered in the 16th. Without making any invidious 
distinction, this company can be characterized as compe- 
tent to occupy a position in any regiment, however well- 
drilled, and prompt in the discharge of the duty required 
of soldiers. 


Captain^ Moses E. Ware; 45th Mass., 1862-3. 
Firat Lieutenant, Georoe L. Tripp; 44th Mass., 1862-3. 
Second l,ieutenant, Albert A. Chittenden ; 45th Mass., 1862-3. 
Sergeant, William R. Adams; 44th Mass., 1862-3. 

" Benjamin V. Coburn; 45th Mass., 1862-8. 

" Frank G. Gorham. 

" George T. Lovejoy; in 45th Mass., 1862-63. 

" Henry S. Macomber; 44th Mass., 1862-63. 
Corporal, Edward F. Butters; 45th Mass., 1862-3. 

" John M. Call, Jr. 

" William Gallagher ; 1 7th U. S. Inf. ; discharged, 

" George E. Hey wood ; 46th Mass., 1862-3. 

" Charles L. Le Cain; 44th Mass., 1862-63. 

" William B. Livermore; 44th Mass., 1862-63. 

" Charles S. Pike; 45th Mass., 1862-63. 

" George H. Tewksbury ; 44th Mass., 1862-68. 
Drummer^ Julius C. Shailer. 

" George G. Allen ; 5th Mass., 1862-3. 


Ora S. Abbott. Henry H. Ashcroft. 

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330 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Lyman Andrews, Jr. Lucius A. Brown. 

Allston G. Bouvd. Walter C. Bowers. Frank T. Bayley. 

Edward H. Bowers; 1st Batt. Penn., 8 mos., 1861. 

Wilfred Barker. Dana B. Brigham. Frederick Grossman. 

Isaac Curtis, Jr. ; 20th Mass. ; discharged, disability. 

William J. Conn ; died at Regimental Hospital, August 9th, 1864. 

Daniel Carter ; 47th Mass., 1862-3. 

Charles T. Clark. Ransom F. Clayton. 

Luther G. Chandler. Edward F. Clark. 

Lorenzo B. Dutton. Joseph 'H Dorety. 

Aaron BL Downs. Warren P. Dustin. 

Melville Eggleston. Edward Flannagan. 

William I. Fletcher. Charles A. Fox. 

Eben A. FolsonL M. William Greenwood. 

Charles W. Grant. Charles F. Gardner. Nathaniel Grant 

Joseph H. Hunneman, Jr. ; 45th Mass., 1862-3. 

John G. Hutchins. Albert H. Hopkins. 

Charles S. Hersey. B. Frank Hatstat. 

Frank S. Henry; Co. B, 10th Vermont; discharged, disability. 

Theodore L. Harlow. Nathaniel H. Kemp. 

Wells G. Kellogg. Charles F. Low. John Loughrey. 

Stephen Mitchell; 66th N. Y., one year; discharged, disability. 

S. Oscar Merrill. Timothy Murphy; 36th N. Y. ; 2 years. 

Luther Moulton ; 88th Mass.* Charles H. Nowell. 

Gardner O. North ; 53d Mass.,' 9 months ; discharged, disability. 

Albert Norton. George E. Otis. 

John H. Oviatt. Frank L. Putnam. 

1 The Thirty Eighth Massachugetts started for the seat of war, Sept. 24, 
1862, and arrived in New Orleans, Jan. 1, 1863. It was at Port Hadson, 
Bed River, and in the Shenandoah Valley under Sheridan, and at Cedar 
Creek, etc. 

* The Fifty Third Massachusetts spent its nine months of service in the 
Department of the Golf, and served an honorable campaign. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days* Campaign. 331 

Arthur W. Pope. Arthur Rogers. 

John Rider. Thomas Scott. 

Edwin R. Swett Clarence A. Swan. 

Gregory Stone. Charles L. Snow. 

Robert W. Storer; 45th Mass., 1862-63. 

Frederick W. Stackpole ; 45th Mass., 1862-63." 

George T. Scott. Pelatiah R. Tripp ; 27th Maine, 1862-63. 

Daniel L. Tower. 

George W. Thacher; died, Fort Delaware, Sept. 13, 1864, of 

chronic diarrhoea. 
Francis A. Taylor. Walter T. Winslow. 
H. Howard Wilson. William M. Whitehouse. 

Company I, the Salem Mechanic Light Infantry, is one 
of Athe oldest and most honored companies in the State. 
It was organized February 22d, 1807, and paraded 
for the first time, July 4th, of the same year. It has 
uniformly preserved its organization to the present time, 
and never paraded with fewer than twenty-five non-com- 
missioned oflScers and privates. Before 1861, and since 
the three months' campaign of that year, it was always 
known as company B, Seventh Massachusetts ; but 
it was detached to the Fifth Massachusetts, by the Gov- 
ernor, and received orders, April 19th, 1861, at 3 p. m., 
to report in Faneuil Hall at 10 the next morning. • At 
7 o'clock, April 20th, the company assembled in its 
armory, to the number of one hundred and twenty, includ- 
ing three commissioned officers, answered to roll-call, 
and then marched to the City Hall, where Col. Perley 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

332 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Patman, the first commander, presented them a silk 
American flag, in behalf of the ladies, when, followed bj 
the cheers and regards of the whole city, they departed 
for Boston, arriving at the place of rendezvous at ten 
precisely. The surplus men of the maximum number re- 
quired were sent home, very much to their disappointment. 
At 7 o'clock on the morning of the 21st, the Fifth Reg- 
iment left Boston, with Cook's Battery, arriving in Wash- 
ington April 26th, in the vicinity of which city and of 
Alexandria they remained till July 16th, doing garrison 
and fatigue duty, when the regiment left in the direction 
of Bull Run. The Fifth did good service on that un- 
fortunate day, and fell back with the rest of the federal 
army to Washington on the 22d, and reached Bostoi^ a 
fortnight beyond its time, on the 30th. It had a mag- 
nificent reception everywhere ; company I receiving from 
Salem, on the 1st of August, a most flattering wel- 
come. Captain Staten entered the campaign as First 
Lieutenant, but was promoted to the captaincy on the 
promotion of Captain Pierson to the lieutenant-colonelcy, 
July 6th, 1861. 

The commissioned officers of this company, from 
1807 down, were as follows: 

Captains. — Perley Putnam, 1807-10; Benj. Ropes, 1810-12; 
Joseph Edwards, 1812-16; David Robbins, 1816-20; Daniel 
Millett, 1820-22 ; Benj. George, 1822-24 ; David Pulsifer, 1824-28 ; 
Jeremiah 8. Perkins, 1828-84; James Chamberlain, 1834-37; James 
Kimball, 1837-41; John A. Browne, 1841-43; Wm. B. Brown» 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 333 

1843-47; Wm. Saunders, 1847-50 ; Benj. R. White, 1850-3; 
Simeon Flint, 1853-6; Albert S. FoUansbee, 1856-7; George 
H. Peirson,l 857-61 ; Edward H. Staten, 1861-65. 

Lieutenants. — Several of the captains, and Oliver Peabody, 
Wm. Roberts, Josiah Lord, Wm. Brown, Jonathan L. Kimball, 
Wm. Merritt, Wm. H. Danforth, Thomas M. Dix, Reuben G. 
Nelson, George Norris, Jr., Henry F. Saunders, Lewis E. Went- 
worth, Jesse B. Edwards, Daniel B. Lord, Israel P. Harris, Isaac 
S. Noyes, Daniel B. Lord, Jr., Chas. D. Stiles, Joseph H. Glidden, 
Greo. M. Crowell. 


Captain, Edward H. Staten ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 6 

months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862. 
First Lieutenant, Joseph H. Glidden; 5th Mass., 3 months, 
1861 ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862 ; 
Capt. in 1865. 
Second Lieutenant, George M. Crowell ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 
1861 ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862. 
Sergeant, Robert P. Clough; 5 months at Fort Wafrren, 1862, 
in Battalion of Cadets. 
'* Joshua W. Dowst ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; Capt 
Reed's Mounted Rangers ; discharged for disability. 
'< Benjamin F. Pickering ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 

6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862. 
" Charles A. Williams; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 
" Charles H. Gwinn; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 6 
months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862. 
Corporal, Elden Bennett; 6 months at Fort Warren, unat- 
tached, 1862. 
" Augustus Shepard ; 6 months at Fort Warren, 
unattached, 1862. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

334 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

Corporal^ Charlrs A. St A ten ; 6th months at Fort Warren, 
unattached, 1862. 

** Warren P. Dodge ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unat- 
tached, 1862. 

" Nathaniel A. Symonds ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 

" John Chandler. 

" Joseph E. Waldron; 5 months at Fort Warren, 
Battalion Cadets, unattached, 1862. 

" Daniel Staniford ; 5 months at Fort Warren, Bat- 
talion Cadets, unattached, 1862. 

Peter F. Adam's. Thomas M. Adams. Frank Atwood. 
George F. Averill; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862. 
George W. Bragdon ; re-enlisted in Frontier Cavalry. 
John H. Burrough. Albion W. Bodwell. 
Otis Burnham; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862. 
Edward W. Burding. Arthur Branigan. 
William Collins; 8th Mass., 1862. Daniel A. Caskin. 
Patrick Collins; 8th Mass., 1862. 
J. H. Dodge ; died of diphtheria. Sept 5, 1864. 
Walter S. Daniels. 

Henry F. English; 8th Mass., 1862; 1 year in Navy. 
James W. English ; 5 years in 2d U. S. Cavalry. 
George Evans; Navy, 8 years. John Flood; 48th Mass., 1862. 
George L. Goss ; 23d Wisconsin ; discharged for disability. 
William Goodrich. 

Charles H. Giles ; 5th Mass., 3 months, 1861. 
JohnH.HaU. Onis K. Huff. 
James A. Hall ; re-enlisted in 6 2d Mass. 
Thomas T. Hines ; 48th Mass., 9 months. 

Thomas Hartman; 17th Mass.; discharged for disability ; re-en- 
listed in 6 2d Mass. 

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The Hundred Days' Campaign. 335 

Nathaniel K. Howard. William S. Ininan. 

Luther D. Kilbourn. Jeremiah Kerby. 

Charles L. Lord ; 6 months at Fort Warren, Bat. of Cadets, 1861. 

William D. Lufkin. Henry A. Long. Greorge C. Lord. 

Hiram O. Lamb ; 5 months at Fort Warren, Bat of Cadets, 1861. 

John E. Moody. Charles £. Moulton. 

Greorge Murray; 3d Mass. Cayalry, from Jan. to Aug., 1865. 

Edward Moulton ; re-enlisted in 3d Mass. Cavalry. 

Phillip A. Manning ; re-enlisted, Frontier Cavalry. 

Hugh Murphy ; re-enlisted, 1 7th Mass. 

John J. McKenny. Frank B. Messer. 

Joseph A. Moulton ; re-enlisted, 9th N. Y. Cavalry. 

Edward North; re-enlisted, 17th Mass. 

William H. Nichols, Jr. ; previously in R. I. Cavalry. 

Thomas Nugent. 

Thaddeus Osgood ; re-enlisted and served 7 months in unattached 

Joseph H. Oldsen ; re-enlisted in unattached. 

John O'Connor. 

James E. Perry ; 12th Mass. ; discharged for disability^. 

Isaiah B. Peabody.- George Pettengill. Charles D. Paine. 

Richard Poor ; 6 months at Fort Warren, unattached, 1862. 

John O. Rollins. Nathaniel^ A. Riley. Joshua O. Rider. 

John E. Rogers ; 2 years in Navy ; discharged for disability ; 4th 
Mass. Cavalry. 

Robert Rowley. 

Samuel A. Stevens ; 24 Maine ; discharged for disability. 

Frederick H. Sanger. George L. Stone. John J. Sheehan. 

Abner K. Sanborn; previously in 27th Maine. 

Joseph ITiompson. John Thompson. Joseph F. Thomas. 

Theodore P. Teague ; 5 months at Fort Warren, Battalion of Ca- 
dets, 1862; 4th Mass. Cavalry, 1865. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

336 The Uun«>red Days' Campaign. 

Walter F. Tarlton ; previously in 8th Mass. 

Austin Towne. Russell T. Varney. 

Frederick Wright ; 1 7th Mass. ; discharged for disability. 


This company was a pew one, raised mostly in Law- 
rence upon the call of the Governor for five thousand 100 
days' men. Recruiting commenced on the 11th day of 
July, 1864, and the company was filled on the evening 
of the 12th, went into camp on the 13th, was mustered 
into the service on the 14th, and, on the 15th and' 16th, 
the men were clothed, armed, and equipped throughout, 
and ready to move on the 17th, — just six days after the 
first movement was made. 

" Capt Sherman," says the '' Lawrence American," 
" under extraordinary difficulties, raised a company of 
men for nine months' service, himself enlisting as a pri- 
vate, from which he was promoted to a captaincy, and, 
as we personally know, no braver or more faithful officer 
has left our city ; always attentive to the needs of his 
men, and even when weak and* emaciated with sicknet^s, 
as we saw him at Port Hudson (in the 48th Massachu- 
setts) leaving the hospital, agamst the positive prohibi- 
tion of the surgeon, to lead his men in the assault." 

Lieut. Batchelder was in the siege of Charleston, and 
in the assault on the forts there, with the Fortieth Mas- 
sachusetts, one of the finest regiments in the service. 
Lieut., now Capt. Emerson, was drummer in the old 
Sixth, April 19, 1861. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 337 

Captain, Edgar J. Sherman; Capt. in 48th Mass., 1862-3. 
First Lieutenant, Moulton Batchelder ; Private, Corporal, 
1st Sergt. and 2d Lieut, in 40th Mass.; ^resigned, 
Jan. 30, 1864. 
Second Lieutenant, John D. Emerson ; drummer in 6th Mass., 3 

months, 1861 ; Capt. Co. K, 1865. 
First Sergeant, George N. Archer ; 8th Mass., 3 months, 1861 ; 

2d Lieut. Co. K, 1865. 
Sergeant, Smith Decker; 13 th Vt., 1862-3 ; 1st Lieut, 1865. 
" John M. Fisher. 

" William H. Siner ; 36th Mass. ; wounded and disch. 
" Lorenzo S. Leavitt, 23d Maine, 1862-3. 
Corporal, Alanson C. Haines; 15th N. H., 1862-3. 

" Samuel Broughton; 40th Mass.; wounded, dis- 
charged ; Frontier Cavalry. 
" Joseph A. Babb; 4th Mass., 1862-3. 
" Charles J. Rhoades ; 44th Mass., 1862-3. 
" J. Frank Eaton ; 4th Mass., 1862-3. 
" Albert E. Lazelle. 
** Edward B. Taylor. 
Drummer, Aaron P. Ordway ; drummer, Co. H, 4th N. H. ; 
discharged for disability. 
" Frank A. Edwards. 

Charles H. Abbott. 

John Adams ; 3d Mass. Cav. ; 1 year in Virginia and Colorado. 

Henry F. Barnard. John Boyle; 4th Mass., 1862-3. 

Thomas Bagley. John B. Brierley. 

Joseph Buckley. William Blyth. 

John Bond. John Busfield. 

William Barker. George Buchan. 


Digitized by CjOOQIC 

338 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

William F. Belanger. John Brannan ; 4th Mass., 1862-3. 

James M. Cutter. John Chelley. 

Willard L. Carleton. Frank C. Carleton. 

Patrick Curry. Baldwin Coolidge. 

Gardner A. Carpenter. Thomas Donnelly. 

Ai £. Durnrin. Remi Dionne. 

Thomas A. Dyson. Solomon N. Davis. 

William IL H. Davis. Daniel N. Davis. 

Franklin E. Doyen. Benjamin L. Dixon. 

John J. Dixon. Trustram S. Goss. 

Warren George. Moses F. Goodwin. 

George H. Greene. William Heap; 4th Mass., 18G2-3. 

David Henderson. Michael H. Herbert. 

Benjamin F. Hodgdon. William C. Holt. Thomas Ilernon. 

Seth C. Hildreth; 4th Mass., 1862-3; Frontier Cavalry. 

James T. Johnson. David Johnston, Jr. 

Mark Judge. James Leach. 

Murdo McA. McKenzie. John McCullough. 

Angus McPhee. Thomas Norris. 

Albert Needham. Edward W. Packard. 

James Partington ; 4th Mass., 1862-3. Nathaniel B. Parsons. 

James H. Rowell. William Rushworth. 

John A. Ross. Bernard Rourk. 

John G. Rines. Leander A. Robinson. 

William Sorton. George I. Sargent. 

Daniel Stevens. Melvin E. Smith. 

James Standring. George Stewart. 

John W. Stewart. John Soule. 

John Summers. George W^. Town. 

David Y. Tufts ; 6th Mass., 3 months, 1861. Duncan Wood. 

James Waddington. Russell Wentworth. 

John Welch. Lamont C. Willouby. John F. Whitehill. 

Edward Lurvey ; Deserter. . 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Hundred Days' Campaign. 339 

Additional items, relating to the Three Months* Roster, obtained 
tvhile the book was passing through the press, are here printed. 

Company A, W. F. Lovrein was promoted sergeant in 1861 ; 
was 1st lieutenant in Mass. 30th, and prisoner from June, 1864, 
to April, 1865. William Higson afterwards was in the Navy. 
Gilbert A. Hood was not killed. Bradford S. Norton was ser- 
geant and 2d lieutenant in the 26th, and was killed at Cedar 
Creek. Charles H. Richardson was sergeai^t in the 26th Mass. 

Company B. William T. Childs was 2d lieutenant in the 6th 
in 1864. Joseph A. Bacon was 1st lieutenant in 1864. Solomon 
Story joined at Relay House, May 20th. Avander N. Blood was 
a musician. Russell O. Houghton was promoted captain. Ansell 
A. Stall was in the 33d. George N. Spalding became 1st lieuten- 
ant in Mass. Cavalry. Charles H. Wright and Henry F. 

Whitcomb afterwards served in a Massachusetts regiment. 

Company C Joseph J. Donahue was in the 8d N. Hampshire. 
Seth Bonney was major in the Mass. 26th. Thomas Burns was 
in the Mass. 6th Battery. 

Company F. Lieutenant Stone has been major of the 41st 
Massachusetts. Andrew J. Butterfield has not served since the 
three months* campaign. W. Marland has been captain in Nims's 
Battery. James A. Troy was captain in the 26th. 

Comjmny G. Major Harrison W. Pratt was wounded mortally 
at Fisher*s Hill. Brown P. Stowell was 2d lieutenant in Mass. 
4 2d. John E. Caligan was sergeant and lieutenant in Mass. 34th. 
Thomas E. Cogger was in company A, Mass. 17th. George H. 
Conklin was in Mass. 51st, and was 1st lieutenant in Unattached 
Artillery. Thomas A. Doherty was in Mass. 21st. John Emer- 
son was captain in Mass. 4 2d. Church Howe was aid to Major 
General Sedgwick. John F. Methuen was 1st lieutenant in 
U. S. A. Dennis H. Nolan was sergeant in 8th Penn. Cavalry. 
Henry M. Richter is not dead, but was afterwards sergeant in 7th 
R. Island. John F. Tovvle was in 7th R. Island, and was wounded 
at Petersburg. Charles H. Wilson was wounded at Roanoke 
Island. John Wolf was in 7th Connecticut. J. Wallace Wood- 
ward was sergeant in Mass. 51st. 

Company L Major Oliver has been lieutenant-colonel. 

Company K was a long time in the Fifth Artillery, and after- 
wards in the First Infantry. J. S. Burrill and Robert Cowdin 
should be omitted from the list of captains. James E. March is 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

340 The Hundred Days' Campaign. 

now brevet major of volunteers. William H. Daly was in the 
30th regiment. .Omit Fire Zouaves after Lysander J. Hume. 

Company L. Sidney L. CoUey was promoted to lieutenant. 
Charles H. Barry promoted to lieutenant. James D. Sanborn 
was sergeant instead of captain. 

Company G. Worcester. By the kindness of His Honor. 
Mayor Lincoln, of Worcester, I am able to present some interest- 
ing facts that had not come to my knowledge when the roster 
passed through the press. 

The original charter bears the date of 1804, and has the sig- 
nature of Harrison Gray Otis, Speaker of the House, and Caleb 
Strong, Governor. The petition for the company is signed by 
Levi Lincoln, Jr. (afterwards Governor), Levi Thaxter, John 
Nelson, Jr. (afterward Rev. John Nelson, d. d., of Leicester), 
Daniel W. Lincoln, and thirty-three others. The first officers 
were Levi Thaxter, captain ; Enoch Flagg, lieutenant ; and Levi 
Lincoln, ensign. Many of the principal citizens of Worcester 
have been in the ranks of the company, among whom may be 
mentioned Joseph R. Caldwell ; Edward D. Bangs (Sec. of 
Mass.) ; William Lincoln (historian of Worcester) ; Joseph Wil- 
lard (historian of Lancaster) ; Brigadier-General William S. 
Lincoln (of Mass. 84th) ; Brigadier-General Calvin E. Pratt (of 
N. York 31st) ; Hon. Isaac Davis ; Hon. George W. Richardson ; 
Hon. D. Waldo Lincoln (Mayor of Worcster) ; and others dis- 
tinguished in the civil and military history of the state and nation. 

The company was in Boston, in defence of the coast, from 
Sept. 14, till Oct 31, 1814. 

The following is a complete list of captains from 1804 to 1806 : 

Levi Thaxter, 1804-6 ; Enoch Flagg, 1806-9; William E. 
Green, 1809-11; Isaac Sturtevant, 1811-12; John W. Lincoln, 
1812-16; Sewall Hamilton, 1816-20; John Coolidge, 1820-22; 
Samuel Ward, 1822-24 ; Arteraas Ward, 1824-26 ; John Whit- 
temore, 1826-28; Charles A. Hamilton, 1828-31; William S. 
Lincoln, 1831-34; Charles H. Geer, 1834-37; Henry Hobbs 
1837; Dana H. Fitch, 1837; D. Waldo Lincoln, 1838-40; 
Ivers Phillips, 1841 ; Henry W. Conklin, 1842; Joseph B. Rip- 
ley, 1843; Edward Lamb, 1844-8, 50-51, 56-57; Levi Barker, 
1849 ; Charles S. Childes, 1852 ; Samuel P. Russell, 1853 ; George 
W. Barker, 1854; George F.Peck, 1855; Harrison W.Pratt. 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

^t f 0MI Mommnxt, 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Lowell Monument. 



HE propriety of placing a monument above the 
remains of Ladd and Whitney was suggested 
by Mayor Sargent, of Lowell, directly after 
their funeral; and the body of Ladd was re- 
turned to the city with the understanding that 
a monument would at some time be erected. 
In 1861, the mayor and aldermen of Lowell ad- 
dressed a petition to the General Court, asking for aid in 
constructing it ; but the petition was referred to the next 
Legislature. In 1863, Mayor Hosford urged the matter ; 
and the legislature of that year passed a resolve, appro- 
priating $2000, provided the city would give a like sum. 
A plan was obtained, designed by Woodcock & Meach- 
um, of Boston, and the monument was wrought by 
Runels, Clough, & Co., and erected on Merrimack — 
hereafter Monument — Square. It was finished early 
in April, 1865, and the intention was to dedicate it on the 
19th, — the anniversary of the event it commemorated ; 
but the melancholy death of President Lincoln postponed 
the services to June 17. April 28, the bodies were de- 
posited in the vault beneath the superstructure. 

June 17th, 1865, dawned intensely hot, yet very 
pleasant, and saw Lowell crowded with thousands of in- 
terested strangers, who had come from all quarters to 
participate in the day's exercises. They were very suc- 


Digitized by CjOOQIC 

344 The Lowell Monument. 

cessfuUy performed. More than 4500 persons were in 
the procession, while the city, along the route, was 
densely thronged. The oration was by Gov. Andrew, 
and the religious exercises were conducted by Rev. Dr. 
Amos Blanchard. The services of consecration were 
performed by the Massachusetts Grand Lodge of Free 
and Accepted Masons. The Governor closed his oration 
in these words : — 

" Let this monument, raised to preserve the names of Ladd and 
Whitney, — the two young artisans of Lowell, who fell among the 
first martyrs of the great rebellion, — let this monument, now 
dedicated to their memory, stand for a thousand generations. It 
is another shaft added to the monumental columns of Middlesex. 
Henceforth shall the inhabitants of Lowell guard for Massachu- 
setts, for patriotism, and for liberty, this sacred trust, as they of 
Acton, of Lexington, of Concord, protect the votive stones which 
commemorate the men of April, '75. 

" Let it stand as long as the Merrimac runs from the mountains 
to the sea ; while this busy stream of human life sweeps on by the 
banks of the river, bearing to eternity its freight of destiny and 
hope. It shall speak to your children, not of death, but of im- 
mortality. It shall stand here, a mute, but expressive witness of 
the beauty and the dignity of youth and manly prime, consecrated 
in unselfish obedience to duty. It shall testify that gratitude will 
remember, and praise will wait on, the humblest, who, by the in- 
trinsic greatness of their souls, or the^ worth of their offerings, 
have risen to the sublime peerage of virtue." 

At the close of the services, a banquet was enjoyed at 
Huntington Hall, which was richly decorated for the oc- 
casion. Among the adornments were about fifty portraits 
of those who had laid down their lives for their country dur- 
ing the past four years, furnished by Count Schwabe, a 
noble foreigner, who, during the war, contributed thou- 
sands of dollars for the relief of our sick and wounded 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 

The Lowell Monument. 345 

soldiers. Beside the 1400 guests feasted here, multi- 
tudes were provided for elsewhere. 

After dinner, in response to sentiments offered by C. 
C. Chase, Esq., toastmaster, gentlemen were called up 
by Hon. J. G. Peabody, mayor of the city, president of 
the day. Rev. Mr. Peck, Gen. B. F. Butler, and Rev. 
J. W. Hanson, responded. The latter was called out 
by the following sentiment : — 

" The Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, first in the field 
of danger : its record will form a bright page in the history of the 

The reponse was in rhyme, as follows : — 

" Of those who at ThermopylaB were slain, 
Glorious the doom and beautiful the lot; 
Their tomb an altar: men from tears refrain. 
To honor them and praise, but mourn them not ! 
Such sepulchre nor drear decay. 
Nor all-destroying time shall waste! " 

Two white-winged ships from Europe sought the late-discovered shore 

Of bountiful America, and each full freightage bore. 

To colonize the wilderness and found a mighty state, 

To stand among the nations, down to time's remotest date. 

In the Mayflower's rude cabin rode a freedom-loving band. 
Resolved that Heaven's great institutes should govern all the land, — 
Law, liberty, and knowledge, rights of man and fear of God, 
Should go where'er their homes and fanes should rise above the sod. 

In the cabin of the other floated a lordly crew. 
Whose highest law, " The many shall be subject to the few; " 
And in the hold beneath them, stripped of all that manhood craves, 
In manacles of iron, crouched a group of negro slaves. 

Each colony a landing found; one reached old Plymouth Rock, 
And on New England's sterile soil set freedom's hardy stock ; 
And one in fair Virginia planted that Upas tree 
Beneath whose poison shadow lies the blight of slavery. 

Both grew apace, — their monuments rose high in all the land ; 
The pilgrims built the school-house, the church, and sent the band 
Of colonizing emigrants, till, like the vital air. 
Their heaven-born institutions were potent everywhere. 

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346 The Lowell Monument. 

The other, cruel, arrogant, its deadly inflaence threw 
Wherever its protecting folds the star-spront banner flew, 
Till all raen*8 hearts were failing them, as they with anguish saw, 
Suspended o*er the land, the sword of Heaven's avenging law. 

In the heart of each lay nourished a stern, relentless hate; 
And both foreread the prophecy, writ by the pen of fate, 
That in a mortal conflict they their forces should array, 
And Liberty or Slavery bear universal sway. 

At length the destined hour came on, when Slavery, filled with hate, 
Drunken with human suffering, entrenched in church and state, 
Lifted its iron gauntlet high, to smite, with dastard blow, 
Time's last and best republic, to a fatal overthrow. 

The flag that waved on Sumpter's walls, from Carolina's sands, 
Was rent in twain by hostile shot, — torn down by traitor hands; 
And where the cloud-born eagle shrieked from out the stripes and stars, 
The viper of secession hissed, behind its symbol bars. 

But every^ cannon's loud-voiced wrath, that o'er the country rolls, 
Finds echoes quick responding in twenty million souls, — 
And legions swift, invincible, the summons gathers forth, 
From the happy homes of freemen, in all the loyal North. 

First to meet the hastening danger, foremost to do and die, 
The sons of Massachusetts heard the loud alarum cry; 
And Essex shops, and Suffolk marts, and Worcester valleys then, 
And Middlesex's factories, sent out their bravest men. 

On Baltimore's rude pavement their blood was freely shed ; 
With an immortal valor they the martyr legions led; 
And on the bright'ning pages of the muster-roll of fame. 
To-day we write, in living light, each proud, illustrious name. 

Since then, what sacred blood has poured its tides of crimson glow. 
By Mississippi's yellow floods, where James's waters flow, 
Along Potomac's rugged banks, on Carolina's plains ! — 
A thousand thirsty fields have drunk those pure and precious rains. 

To-day four rapid years have passed, and lo ! each patriot ,3ye 
O'er Richmond and o'er Charleston sees again the old flag fly, — 
The rebel cohorts scattered wide, and Treason's power o'erthrown, 
Its altar's crumbled fragments in ruin wildly strewn. 

A reunited country, restored by patriot hands. 
Honored at home, and all abroad, she now securely stands, — 
Her beauteous shield no longer marred by battle-dints and scars ; 
And on her untorn flag she wears all the old stripes and stars I 

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The Lowell Monument. 347 

Tears for the fallen martyrs who've died withont the sight 

Of this, the glorious triumph-hour of Justice, Truth and Right ! 

Yet theirs a happier lot to win than ours but to receive ; 

For blessed most of all are those whom God empowers to give ! 

Each grave shall be a hallowed shrine, a Mecca for men's feet, 
Around whdse sacred boundaries shall countless pilgrims meet, 
To bless the hands that struggled, and the hearts that nobly bled, — 
The soldiers of the army, the living and the dead. • 

Among them all we celebrate Our Dead, who went before. 
And poured their precious blood upon the ground of Baltimore ; 
Their noble lives and nobler deaths shall still be fondly known. 
When Time, with iron tooth, shall gnaw to dust yon shaft of stone ! 

Hail ! Needham, Whitney, Taylor, Ladd ! the pioneets were ye, 
Who led the bright procession on to death-bought victory ! 
Your memories embalmed shall be in a grateful nation's tears, 
Your names be passed from sire to son, down all the coming years ! 

And here shall linger loving hearts your honored names to read ; 
Here generations yet unborn shall emulate each deed ; 
Your hands have joined to 'Seventy-Five the days of Sixty-One, 
And married fairest Baltimore to gallant Lexington! 

To-day, upon this granite shrine, we kindle a new fire, 
Whose flame upon its glowing hearth shall never more expire; 
Its light shall down the future shine, to guide the patriot's way; 
And men shall learn to live and die, directed by its ray. 

And when the drum forgets to throb, when o'er the cannon's mouth 
The spider weaves his web, and when, from North to fai'thest South, 
The sword shall rest in idleness, the battle cry shall cease, 
And o'er the land the happy bells ring through long years of peace, — 

When, from Maine's rugged coast of pines to the far-oflf Golden Gate, 
Our happy children shall possess a land regenerate. 
And our blood-cemented Union, great, glorious, and free. 
Shall draw the wand'rers of all climes to a realm of liberty, — 

To the heroes who have fallen, the brave who've lived and died, 
To all who've bled for Freedom's sake, she'll point, with holy pride, 
And, leaning o'er each silent bed, as here we bend to-day, 
Will pour her choicest chrism on their consecrated clay. 

The monument is of Concord granite, cruciform, meas- 
uring fifteen feet on the longer, and twelve on the shorter 

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348 The Lowell Monument. 

arms. It is twenty-seven feet and six inches high. The 
central shaft is placed upon a plinth and high base, on 
the two sides of which, forming the longer arms, are two 
sarcophagi, having on their sides the names of the mar- 
tyred soldiers beneath, and on their ends granite leaves. 
The cornices of the sarcophagi are ornamented with thir- 
teen raised stars ; four more are on the plinth trusses, 
and four near the top of the shaft, making thirty-four, — 
the number of the States in 1861. On the other two 
sides of the base, forming the shorter arms, are two 
plinths, of the same height as the sarcophagi, on one of 
which is the following inscription : — 

" Nothing is here for tears, — nothing to wail, 
Or knock the breast ; no weakness, no contempt, 
Dispraise or blame ; nothing but well and fair, 
And what may quiet us in a death so noble." 

L. C. Ladd. a. 0. Whitney. 

18 6 1. 

On the opposite plinth : — 


Born in Waldo, Me., Oct. 30, 1839, 


Born in Alexandria, N. H., Dec. 22, 1843, 

Marched from Lowell in the 6 M. V. M. to the 

Defence of the National Capital, 

And fell mortally wounded in the attack 

On their regiment while passing through 

Baltimore, April 19, 1861. 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

And the City of Lowell, 

Dedicate this monument to their memory, 

April 19, 1865. 
A. O. Whitney. L. C. Ladd. 

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The Lowell Monument. 349 

The horizontal lines are merged Into the vertical by- 
fluted trusses, resting upon the four arms ; and above 
these is a plinth, with moulded base and ornamental 
cornice, on two sides of which are bronzed medallions, 
representing the coats of arms of Massachusetts and 
Lowell, respectively. Upon the plinth is a pyramidal 
shaft, terminating in a cone. 

These ceremonies were a fitting conclusion to the 
career of the Sixth during the great Four Years' Rebel- 
lion. Having felt the first blows given in the war, it 
had sent into other organizations those who received the 
last blows, and who yet remain in the service of their 
country. Not a moment during the struggle was it 
unrepresented or misrepresented. And now, with its 
ranks full, its discipline thorough, with accomplished 
officers and brave men, it is, and (let us hope) will 
ever remain, as in 1861, ready to quell domestic trea- 
son, or repel foreign aggression, should either ever 
threaten. May it always do honor to its historic tra- 
ditions and fame ! 

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The adventures of the car containing company K and Major 
Wataon, having been somewhat different from those of the 
rest of the regiment, the author desired Major Watson to 
furnish the story in his own language. Just as this book was 
being published, I received the following, which will be of great 
interest to all. I extract from the Register that part which has 
not previously been stated in these pages. 

" Lawrence, October 30th, 1865. 
" My dear Sir^ — I regret that my eugagments have not permitted me 
time to comply with your request, that t should furnish you a state- 
ment of my recollections of the first campaign of the Old Sixth. 1 have 
been too much engaged to write a single line at any time, for publication, 
about the deeds of our good old regiment. lu looking over the Massa- 
chusetts State Register for 1862, I find a statement which briefly and 
imperfectly, but nevertheless substantially, embodies my recollections of 
that part of the passage through Baltimore coming under my personal 
observation. I think it is mainly to be relied on; but it would be 
strange if all memories should exactly agree upon the details of that 
exciting occasion. You 'are at liberty to make such use of this as you 
may think proper. Very truly, your obedient servant, 

"B. F. Watson. 
"Rev. John W. Hanson, 
" Chaplain and Historian of 6th Regiment Mass. Vol. Militia, 
Haverhill, Mass.** 

* * * " On arriving at the Susquehanna, our train was greatly 
augmented by the addition of cars containing an unarmed corps 
of young men, apparently from sixteen to twenty-two years of age, 

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Appendix. 351 

numbering, as was said, about one thousand, and calling them- 
selves SmalPs Brigade. I am unaware that any official recognition 
took place between the two corps at any time. In re-arranging 
the train on the south side of the Susquehanna, it being night-time, 
some of the cars, in which were a portion of the Sixth Regiment, 
were misplaced, separating them from the other companies of the 
regiment, and breaking the order in which it was embarked in the 
cars at Philadelphia; namely, in regular order from right to left^ 
each company occupying a single car, the last and *left' com- 
pany being company K, Captain ^ampson, from Boston. This 
disarrangement of the line was not discovered by the regimental 
officers, and was afterward the occasion of unhappy results. The 
great length of the train so retarded its speed that we did not ar- 
rive in Baltimore until nearly noon. * * * The colonel also ordered 
Major Watson, his second in command, to repair, upon the stop- 
ping of the train, to the left company, Capt. Sampson, to remain 
in the car with that company until ordered to file out into place 
in column, and charged him to see the rear of the battalion 
through the city. When the train arrived and stopped, Major 
Watson proceeded, in obedience to this order, through the gather- 
ing and excited crowd, from the forward car to that one containing 
Capt Sampson's command. No orders came to file out ; and, in 
a few minutes' time, all of the cars forward of the one occupied 
by Capt. Sampson's company, or the larger portion of that com- 
pany, disappeared, and horses were being attached to that We 
knew nothing of the movements of the balance of the regiment, 
as no intimation had been transmitted to us of a change in the 
orders. Our car was drawn by horses until it came to the first 
turn in the street, when, owing to the obstructions, it was thrown 
from the track. Major Watson ordered Capt. Sampson to pre- 
vent his men from leaving the car, while he, with the aid of a pass- 
ing team, succeeded in replacing the car upon the track. At this 
time, the mob were much excited, and many missiles were thrown 

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352 Appendix. 

at and into the car. We proceeded on to Pratt Street, nearly 
opposite the dock, when the mob surrounded the car, and, de" 
taching the horses, stopped the car in suspicious proximity to a 
large pile of paving-stones. Here a most furious and determined 
attack was made with stones and other missiles and fire-arms, 
wounding several in the car, and making of it almost a complete 
wreck. After we were fired upon, the fire was returned from 
the car. Major Watson ordered the command to shelter them- 
selves, so far as was possible, by lying upon the flocw of the car, 
while he went out into the crowd, and by threats, enforced by 
the formidable appearance of his revolver, compelled the driver 
to re-attach the horses, and, amid a fresh volley, it went forward 
a short distance, when the horses were again detached. Here 
the crowd was less numerous, and Major Watson succeeded in 
again getting the horses replaced ; and the car was drawn to the 
Washington Depot without further diflSculty, other than an occa- 
sional stray shot or brick-bat and torrents of imprecations and 


" 92, Huntington should be Harrington. 

" 101, for Garson, read Ganson. 

" 102, 1. 9, for May, read Maj. 

" 118, 1. 2, for Harrsion, read Harrison. 

" " 1. 13, for Lowell, read Lovell. 

** 150, and 151, for Terry, read Ferry. 

" 322, 1. 12, For Mathu, read Mather. 




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